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Full text of "History of the town of Hanson"

HANSON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Hanson Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyoftownofhOOsn 



HISTORY 



F 



TEE TOWi^ OP HAKiSON 



s7. 



/ 



Hanson Tovm Meeting, March 2, 1959 

Article XX: To see if the Town will vote to have its 
Selectmen appoint a committee of five (5) to make a 
survey of the History of Hanson and report to the Town 
on the ways and means of some permanent method of 
perserving the same. 

Proposed by the Board of Selectmen. 

VOTED J To have the Selectmen appoint such a committee. 
The Committee appointed to carry out the provisions 
of this Article were: 

Bertha H. Baresel 

Elsie G. C alder 

Harold W, Churchill 

Harold T. Clark 

Margaret E. Grossman 

Russell H. Gardner 

Beatrice T. Harley 

Ellgabeth. A. Harriott 

Daniel J. Lewis .--c^s^i^^^^^j^ 

Robert B. Rich 



* TfJ fcf^ 



INTRODUCTION 

Mot to know what has been transacted In former times 

is to continue always a child. If no use is made of 

the labors of past ages, the world must remain always 

in the infancy of knowledge. 

Cicero 

In a certain sense all men are historians. 

Carlyle 

They who live In history only seem to walk the 

earth again. 

Longfellow 

« •» -:!• * -Js- -If -;5- -;f * 

The Hanson Historical Committee was instructed to 
collect and compile as much of the early history of our 
Town as possible without thought of editing, limiting 
or weighing the relative importance of individual data. 
This has been done, but we know there must be much more 
information wtoich has not yet come to light. As this 
history is read by the townspeople, we are sure that the 
comment will occur to many: "Why didn't they include 
this-or-that fact, or what-so-and-so did?" 

The answer to these anticipated criticisms is 
that no one on the Committee was aware of that event. 



Introduction (Cont.) 

fact or person - hidden away in family memories - and 
so for the benefit of future generations your Committee 
requests each one to write out his or her contribution 
- or correction - and pass it to some member of the 
Historical Committee* A supplemental file of such 
historicsuL data will be compiled as further facts are 
reported. In this way some future Town HlstoriGUi will 
be supplied with as complete information as the memories 
and the research of our citizens can contribute* 

Collectively, the Committee believes that the study 
of history p local national and foreign - is an important 
segment of our educational system. In particular we 
believe that a knowledge of local history leads to a 
love for and a pride and interest in one's home town. 
This we consider a basic requirement of good citizenship, 
and something the youth of our Town should have always 
available to them. Therefore, the Committee to whom this 
work was entrusted feel they have rendered a worthwhile 
public service up to this point, eund are appreciative of 
the opportunity given them to contribute something of 
▼alue to both the present and the future citizens of 
Hanson. 



C Q If gigs 

X iBdian HU«ory of ^his A9Mi 

4 tia* i9;«st Farl»lk Be<}d3MMi itiuiaoa 

5 £«rly £iMiUBtvtMi ftod Ba«liM«s«a 

6 3ocl«l Llf« and »»«%ine ?1m»«« 

7 ifiuil«iaiw 

d G«a«p«X £Stftr«a and bvMiiiMis««a 

9 TTftiMi^rtstlon aitcl GoffiRinlotttlon 

10 OhaptftabXe laatitattofi* 

11 Old douses 

12 likm ^ohool njrattn 

13 nhupeh«« 

\$ Uilitmvf History of th» To*a 

16 i»5rofss»lonsl ^op^s 

17 ¥l»««)ll<moo'4S 



inptkH arsTORY or T&m mm 



imuM m$Tom of mmon 

'B3^jp» a£*« eertftin problcfms p6ealier to wn;^ aoQeunt of 
Xadian ttm»a of « given loeelifey whleh is r«eognised today 
by oompermttv^Xy aodoro bomndftries* aaeh «9 those of e 
townahlp 6S is the es«« b»re, for ttm origin*! inhabi teats 
of this rsgion kn«w only th« goographiosl bounds or ses, 
SMKintftinsy risers » end ths territories of other tribes «idoh 
BMitsr or ffisy not» havs been friendly to them. 

Then, it mast be realised* their very way of life nas 
imre or less noraadio within their own territories and sooh 
bounds as they did reeogoise <mried t»etveen several oonfeder&ol< 
est in, our area particulorly* as the politieal influenoe and 
stren^^th of eaoh group fluetttttted tPQa tine to time. Also 
of neeeasity, depending upon the aeason and souree of 
thoir food supply locally, herring (omisswog) in the spring* 
planting tine for eorn (weeohaffiin), s«|UAeh|, pumpkins* beans, 
etc.; the seashore for olaas (sagoquash)* or lobsters 
{ohogeeeh) and the wide beaehes for pifidog* then baek for har* 
vest to t&ieir Mattakeesett or "Old/fish/ftBd planting' ^e^oGusds 
before retiring to a protected simi^ for the winter where 

was ever at hand. 



I^is eoupled with the faet that they had no written 

language, at least until the Sngllsh aiissionariea (»ide trans- 
lations of the "Bible" (1663) "Fsslma of Bevld*' and a **Cey to 

the Indian Language*' with phoneti0ally«>d«vii3«d words fro^ 
the native Algonkin, !^kes it neeeseery to rely upon the 



Fortunatoly 6liis i»e its bri#it side aa tMs «»vid@»o@ 
do«8 not Ii«^ and la ast op^ti aoid #v®r<*urifoldiRs book to t&ia@€ 
Qoellfled to in^arpp^t it, Aliihoui^ this wea n^trnip iat@a<l«d 
to be re&d« jr«t It b«0CMBS6 thtt Sisrest setst^od poasibl^ with 
the * tools* givoDi uui by tho atoatie a#a and does» in faet, 
^V9 OS now trnQtiaatloaed advaota^ ov&v prairiooaXy written to&fn 
hlatorlerfi long accepted aa eoiaplatal/ eofspreheiaialrd* 

TkilB a«ooa8t vlll dafifie tfaa three ottltore perloda in» 
dltrlduutlly la order to nake clear and uaderatefideble the part 
eaoh plajred la the local pre*hl story refereneea to our own area 
striving always to iceep within fe^e aoaawhat lijtilting town 
bounds » following throu^ to the last ethnlo trseee and 
stappljlng pictorial si^terlal relating to eaoh of these periods* 

fhe references and sotxreee of this material <- bot^ 
do«imented and published^ and tradltlonstlj. frois nallire 
8oare«^Si, will b@ bound In the ba&lc of this article In list 
fora. 



l^lffiooXt as It Rsey b« to xHstallze* %iwre vdire r«pr«s«ii%R<» 
tlves of All ancient Eskioo^llke ealtops • tha early Arohnio, 
ppobsbXy of a almllar of i gin* bat arrivlRg at & m»h earlier 
period than i«>d«rn Kaki^o sttooii * %Aio left iQdisimtabXa 
•tridanoa of their oeoapation of sites i^ithin the present bounds 
of Banson and the retaarabl® aarbon-U^ dating ssethodt reeentXy 

A 

daveli^ed and ii^roved^ plaee those first Kansonites here 
in our a»n looality sons l4#300 jreara before our time. 

Sbeir only tcnoim village stood a few miles soa^^mest of 
Hanson on the near shore of the Assawai^aett Fond. "Rhe^sr ar« 
known to have oremated their dead in speeiall^r boilt 
ereisatories previoas to burial, to have built houses of ae 
unusual anail«>8hell shape * the overlaping aide %mXl tevmlng 
the do&f%my and plaaed so as to faoe avra^ fro® the prevailing 
Kinds ftnd oontelning a small fire pit close b^ the entraee, 
R08<iuitos evidently being as great a nosianoe then as in our 
own times* 

fhese dwellings were of a etuoh larger sise « U^ to 60 feet 
in diasietar * than those of the ^Igonkins of later tlwes «* 

16 to ZO feet in dis.e«@ter being the rule * and were not stsokaded 
as tmnj towns of historie tisses* the inferenee hers being 
that there w«re no enemies to fear as they imre l&e sole 

inhabitants at the tim& <• a Faleo peopl^i pr@@&ed@d them of j^&m 
little is yet Knot««« Hsrcrsver* no Hanson sit^ oan be identified 
as Paleo* these houses were d$Hible*9tak&d snd were narvels of 



«ngi{t«»rlng ia Umt no iat^rlor ss^port was required «xoo{»t 
ia th« lap^st dvolliogs. 1!he9@ were probiii)I;f eo^ertid wit£^ the 
MUM as6«risl9 - push tmta i»> eedftp &«x*k - aa as«d at a la tar 
tina OQ Algonkia vlpiati». I^oasibly skina w#j>e uaad also* 
Ihair InpleRasnta ara Mcwltly anl«|i2e aeid ar«t tihua, aluaa ^lioh 
identify thaiy aae^aitas from thoaa of later ooot;^ations« 
Iha olu or wonaQ*a Icaifa ^diioh in eallad satti-looar for 
Ita halfotaoon shape, tha narrow foll-i^roovod ^^ouga, the siniier* 
al»pad plaeamot « baliavad oaad as a fish lure •» and tha long 
9laQd«r» fluted and aida notohad apaar point baing trndatsmrks 
of auoh aitas* Thay icnati nothing of the bov and arrow, bat oaiad 
avantually tho Atlatt, a liyand apaar-throving dairloa and an 
latproveosnt on tha original ahort-hanaiad apaar* 

Htm Hanaon sitaa idontifiad irith theaa %rly Arahaio 
paopl«i ara tha nwth^vastam shore of Monponsatt Fond, off the 
sotttharn and of Plaeaaat Straat batwaan tha Pond and Wom south 
of twMtaoak Brook • latar oalled Sasaey*a Kaaic by tha Boorna 
fasdly • ^on a oallar axoavation ^find* of a olu (in Plata 
#1), a fuIl»groovad gouge and a pls&ssei^^t. Ihaa® raposa, today 
in th© large private ©ollaotion of Hr* layaiood SeeiBana of 
Halifax tAio kindly parnsittad s plata to b«t t)»tda for this 
aeoount, l%d.e lams, latar, &n(» of the araas «d^ra i^aaaaoit 
acMi his sons huntad and built their oanoaa* 

fha aaaond «a©h ♦find* hev@ *r«« ^ada by Kaatev Ahola, 
a Finn har«sit« Mho livad i^r tQi^%^ yaars en t^a praa«@t site 



dogoat in winder and & \4l^m.m-lik® structupe io su^amer, fhis 
pfo6i3Xi9d « aarf*ow« fttll-g^poov^d ^Mig« (Plaice #!}« & lo^ng 
ftflrrow side«tiotdhQd« rXutdd ap«tmr»p&int oMOtiQ o%h»v thioga end 
ftpp«ftr«d to be It oresaftion biiri&X covered wlt^ a lurg® ^Ifib 
of aton«» «» u&uhuaI fenture. 



fhlsy along vltli a hair-portion of a ulu knife foucd at 
Soatli Hams on Baptist Ohureh abova ZndiaD Bead Food bjr E* H» 
OaTdoer of Hanison aro incl(£d@d in the coXXactloa of 1Kt!M> 

"fec^roke HfatorieaX Society" and coj^Xatoa that known 
fsaberiaX ralatio^ to the Arohaie pariod* of Hanson* a Eiatory and 
««t <^^v, pro£;ras8« in ita aatoreX ohronoXoi^Xy to th(» o«x:t 
period of aborigi»aX ocoupatlon, the AXgonkln, which will 
divided into t%ro phaaaa* 

4i>It ia iateresting to note that tha XocaXity iocludini; Moapoti* 
satt PoAd» the Oreat Cedar Simop^ the Sttanp Brook, and the 
Svatsp (or Kaasapenooic) into v^iloh it flcn^rs and th@ Eobiota 
?ond, b«Xow» war© tha bed of a gpaat posfe-^aotal laksa ehain. 
Hha Moitpoasatt and Bobin»« pofida being the only loodern r®ainaat®. 

It i» to thia pXaoe« th«i Great oadar SimiBp atid Monponaett 
Poiad» thet l^aaaaeoit aod hia sons oaiaa in hiatorie tim^a to 
bttild their oaaoee and th#ro ia eo reaaoa to doobt that this 
irtui the raauXt of anoient pv&ke&d^nt^ 



ladifttt UUtoTT c? HiinaisR » ^Al^g^lo" (Early Hiae©) 

1Sm» Murly p]2fiad of %liis ooeu^&tloti uppeered here 8oa« 
3,500 yearn a^ and is bolle-red to b© an sarly brasioh of th© 
Koimdbaildara of Vtm Hlasiasippl Valley who had reaoh«d the 
Orest Lrnkt^s and Earned eastward $o tho Haw England Coastal 
ItagloQ* Ihex^f ove«» a lon^ parted of titm to develop an lsBj>rov»d 
oaXtura; ^va, va saparata this stoat: iotd t»ro o alt ore parioda 
thoosji thali* ano®afc3?y Is IdantXeal for ths moats part, 

Ihaaa vv» a Iarga«>fraRied broad*headad people, pathas' 
unlika t;ha riaklmoolika Xo(igap»haadad people «^o praeaadad tiiaes* 
Thara la aoiaa raaaoa to ballava one vaa ll^tar a^iamsd tlxan 
the othar as hlstopio Indlacs, iiare, varied frosi dark olive 
to yallowlabobrown in oolor. Ihore aro eartain IMioationa 
that the latter absorbed the ra^naats of the fcriMr as thay 
8aas)« from hare oe, to inoorpopata oultvira- traits of both 
atoal^a, 

Baa earliest Algonklas wara rasponaibla ftx* tho Introdua* 
tion of the bow and arrow, the asaoking pipe, and the jsaiasa- 
baaed agrioultare hare la Urav Bnglaad, Ihis, of Oouraa, ohatiged 
the entire mode of life fro«i that previously known hare» %«y 
had aa agriculture for a »ora stable aaoaoffiy and, la tt& saareh 
for soiteble material for pipe^maifiiig, stealita or soapatoti® 
%iaa diaooverod leading to the first troa iadiatry ever praetioad 
hare in Haw England, Hi® atone bowl industry essployed for tlie 
fl3r»st ti©a bot^i saxes in the ssaaafacfeu2»a and the systaes of 
trade establlahed in the very extaoaiva operation of this 
indoetry. -IMs too^ them far vest and sottt±i fro@i M'a England 



UQtlX tk^ ^;Fm&\mX y^-pl&o&smnii 9f th® stoe® v^melB, Mtth at 
eerasslo eotrntorp^rt, iS3a#d oat thlet t®s% t£«.&e Sfstmi, In tlie 
»d«nti9s®» thi^ hM, X«ftras4 to nae the shellfish ^ieh wore 
foimei'Ii' anfenotm to tttess n^r^ had ^««oa® l«olftt@S from oMk®r 
iHiglons b;' th« esovenefst of %ho pow«}*f»l end ^mrXike Xr0<;ttoi» 
to th© v^at end south* «Qd the %i*rfttijQ«s (A^cmkl) to Mi« 
Ri{»*th * viiOf tl%oa^ of tij^llftr stook: 1q tlid l«ttt9r eA«$„ 
hftd hold t0 ttAO old Qc^adlc Xif&* 

So bagAfi « aov era in oar sHSH^ohiati^rf. T&nn ^later* 
AlgOQkla found h©r« by the SnsHiiii, vaa the •Hi»torlc« 
Xtiiilfta* 

A trefttjBwat of ^6 f9P«^iag «• •Iat«r phftft«* to follow 
mxi&%0 both b« pi*«sont»4 to ppiafp<tvly fojrg« the 'oulttxrel* 
ohftl» of ohen^os l«tt<iia£ up to tbe floftl ateges of aboriglruBil 
lifeii hero «^tlob pleyea suaih a vital role la oar colos^ial eetab- 
lishfis«nt a»d derolopis&iittj 90, le order tlxat tbe eihronologieel 
asi^eete ba^ be eleerl^^ uuiderstoo4y it la presented io ^is 
fori^^ aad now let at see Juat «fltiat did hxpp^n to the mativea 
to ehange the old life end prepare them for momeritaafi ^JLmg^ 



^Algoakia'* (tater fhaae) 

"Uie later pheu»® M«a iB»rk®<l b^ t^ otr©<idfi iim--isss»x«, iililch 
progreased froiis a poi&te<l*baae4 to a roa«idl»baae4 veaael thro»#i 
four stages and a feudal politloal ayetem baaed osi &&. a^iouX- 
t$sral nQsammits of a ^ore aettled siattigNt thaa formerl^ri pei'ing 



siseXler banda* 

Bils, beglaniag ftboat: 2,000 jr^urs a^^ aod &Xthoi]tsh g^«ida»I« 

Hanson oontaicta tho old poad »r *Orossw&y* b«t^«i»Q two 
suoh s:amil Algonkin a«ttlosaeata ii^th &hi»lx' eorafiaXd^ acd 
tmvTins wlara. Ona at Hattakaeaatt (P^tabroUa l^oada) the o^ther 
at Satttftkett (fiobia'a Pond Hast Bx*ldga%fatttr}« Iha Indian 
naase of tlibla path waa 'Tank* and waa in ootamoa oaa aa lata 
aa two gaaeratlona ago» (ay graodstothdi*, Mary EXl:sa CBlobbirta) 
@arda«»r, alwaya aallad HaEuioii *D0vn ?unk* and i^« i<raa b&)«n 
July 13* iSJk a^ Oanaa Corner • now kalkoyto - and daaoeadad 
froa tha native atoek}« IVaaalatad it ateane litaraXly talking 
Wall or Bridge* B^snjaaia Hanks, repated aneaator of Abrahan 
Liaooln, onoa owaad tha aoa^btorn !uilf of lot 35 of tha fai^d 
^jor*9 Forcimsfi), throui^ ^ioh this 'Croaa^tmy* passed. Eia 
d«6d aalla it *Ya moat Soatharly way hf ya C«^dar Brldga. 
Latar loeally eallad *Jolmsoiti*s Landing* tAiara hamloek asd 
oadar loga «N»re aaloadad fr^s ox dravn ioa slada in td^intar* 
Oldtlpsars still r^os.!! bms t^« loga vmra laid in a ariss'oroaa 
pattarn aod the gra«» eadara, now soatly ^ii&» arahad ao 
tiniokly oTor^aad that it vaa lika a tumial on the suaniaat 
day. liven today, if t«a follow this aaoiaQt path to tha top 
of a ridga high abora l^'oor Maadow Brook, onaa the baak paatora 
of tha lata poliaa ahiaf • Jcshn IbbitsoQ'a j|tth@r, and now tha 
property of Mr» itlilliais atillman, just aorth of tiiM prasaot 



Ia^fy,p H^atcnr of Hanson * "Algooigp'* l^f r fbxkm 

hli^tenslon line w© fim? © Isirge, vhslft-ahsped glacial bouldtr 
into tbe aide ot *tilob. In s sft(5dl*-llke d«pr*9Blon la worked 
e fln«, de«p and syrabtrlcsl raort»i— hole op IndlBO Mill. The 
0G« lasting aotitismat left Iff early travelers through, vh^t Is 
now HftDsoo* (Plate i/2) The plotare ahowa elso s stono pestle 
froiQ Robin *o Pondf e scant alle fro« the Mortar Rock» whloh wa» 
the tjTpA of Ifflpldffl^ot us9d In coa junction with auch a mill. 

One grave h^s husti found, froa tbl^ parlod clof>e beside 
the Old 0ro8s%»ay where It passed the Hanks dwelling on Tithttt la 
now the northerly ilde of Main street oppo8lt^!fa«d 3treet. 
Thle was found In 1921^ during ths excavation of a eellar being 
dug for Henry otraffln by Gksorge .iayee and produced the booea 
of a tall Individual • Judging frocs the l^g bonea and one 
oonteet vessel with the round bottom and bottle«>rlm belonging 
to the We??t»Indla ruffl trade, 

The Ranks fatnlly Bsust havs built and llv^d there all l 
unaware that alsiost beneath th&lr dooratoce, so to speak, 
slept an Xr^claa of long ago who msuld remain uoaistarbed for 
200 years. 

The following verse by F. H. Sardner of Hanson trades the 
ancient tuny: or Indian CroiSi*»»y through Hanson, was published 
In "Tha feoaon Courier". 



Indian History of Hensoa » "AlitQaRJa" (Lfttor Fhaae){eoQfe. ) 

The Aneient F&tih 

*Twee». HsttftEeeaett and 3tttuei£«t 

Wends nor»@Bsfe fco sou'wesfcifcmrd 
A pafchway, aid aa th&y who £as.k© it, 

Ttus Itidlen Way by caooe«.3iQ tj?od« 
From th& ponds iiihere spetwn the 
8l@wlve9, 

Fro© the fields of waving corn. 
Winding 6*dr the t;^Xand hiXIalaes 

Deoply In feh« sod Hia wcro, 
Sstouring for the ^eat sumsp Isiada 

¥h«re ^4©k th» gloosy cedar grow, 
*Croaa tha narrows at the island, 

the canteen logs laid row on row. 
Bridgin o*er the black swamp watar 

fo the point acrosQ the slou;^. 
Haunt of nink, muskrat end ottar <• 

Whara bp^ all thasa oreaturaa now? 
To tha rid^ abova tha river 

H®r« a resting place is found. 
Corn ground in th« graat rock mortar 

Fed first trav»l©fs o*«r this ground. 
How a choioo to him is offered 

i^ho farther on this way is bound - 
A canoe from here is faster 

l^an by foot »ooas wooded sound, 
Soon another, greater river 

Cornea in view, and sweeps around 
The ancient village of 3atuck«t, 

Of it, today, no si^xt nor soutid, 
Ko traveler left i^o knew it vdiolly, 

A fading ja«Q»ry 'tis, I say. 
Except when we vrho live beside it 

Care to drutaro an hour away* 



"Historic Tiffies" 

¥e eo^e now to the period of English settleiaent «^en th^re 
is for the first time, except for the vague Horse Sagas, & 
written reaord of the tiioaa. "Siis must be tesispered, in th® oas« 

of the aboriginies, by the understanding that what was written 
of theia was often predjudioed and at best desultory. A f®w 



Indian History of Hansoo » BXsfeorte (Conf;,) 

mocounts, however, «p« anbiRsed end v© fsasfc glfe feh#»© great 
credit* 

1^ earliest r«eorda pert^it^ing to i^«t ia now Hansoti ar@ 
the Iftdiftn Deeds or land. 1%i« first being th» 6«l<g, ifi 16i|9» 
of Bridg«¥ator (Satusifet) hy Kaaeasoit - Great Si^ohaig * of the 
Waenpanoag. Thia inolud«d all land for seven ffillea in all dlr* 
eotlons from tho velr* Ihen in June of 1650 a oionth after the 
deed vas reeorded at Plymoath, soeie Indiana appeared elalming 
that th® land actually belonged to Chiokateubat, Saehem of 
Hassachasett near Boston, It la eignifieant that thie olalm 
tiaa honored and the I<^nglish obtained, from the elal^ants, a 
eonflriaatftry deed for lands *north*«ird froo the aouth four- 
mile line of Bridgewater" for "ten po&nda in money and one 
hundred acres at Poor Meadowe" - partly in Ranson. 

1h.ie is a graphic exaii^le of the intermedia t® ststui© of 
Indians, politically in the Fea^roke-^Bridgewater area, utao were- 
on th® borderlln© of the Massaehusett - Wempanoag territoryi 
Chiokataubut having a vigvasa as f&r a oath aa Titiout, between 
Bridgewater and Hiddl«)boro and Haasasoit having a wigwae at 
Honponsett Fond on the north, t^cli lies partly in Hanson and 
just south ot Hanson's border. Here the iafftBsou.3 oaptur© of 
l4Bi88asoit»s eldest son - Moonanaia or Wassutta (AleMinder by 
English translation) oeeorred, helping, t^ore than any other one 
incident, to open ho£ttiliti«t in King Hiillip's ¥»r«» 



Xadlan Hlsfcorg of Henson ■- Higtoylo (Cont.) 

I!fe8 rormer pocrchase (Bridgewater) wata mad® fop Doxbury 
bat tho next was t*he» so o ailed * Major's Furohas«* mads by 
Hajojt* Jesiah winolov oa July 9y X662, for hiinsalf attd thirt;y- 
four otherSf Nathaniol Ihosas Secretary of th« Haae&ohasetfe 
Sachem V/a^atuok (called Joalas) son of Old Ch.lokataabut» 
eots^rising th« sain body of the praaant town of Hanson. 

llha Saehefit reser^ad for hia son and Gaorga Waa^jr 900 acraa 
and 100 aeraa* raapaotlvely, "to be for tha asqpraas aaa of tha 
Indians and thalr hairs forav$r"« IMa was tha "thoasand 
Aoras** aboat the Pembroke Fonda and bounded as follows} • 
"Beglnninrr at tha soath bound of Hanson on Indian Haad Pond 
it follovsd the old road that onoe mn aaatvard around tha 
south sida of Graat S^ndj Bottosrs Pond to tha brook at Furnaee 
Pond (probably part of tlie 'Qli Indian Croasway* pravioosly 
mentioned ) from which It follcjwed the Una of I69S that divldad 
tha Hatteksaaett Grant of 1662, betwean Sio^bury and ^.ar3hfi®ld» 
to a graat roo^ on a hill Just aast of tha Indian Sattlainant 
in *tha Fields* and thence to the eout^ of the small brook which 
runs into the northar and of Oldh^an Food" • tha wastarn botmd 
was lass definita* bat was probably aloaa to tha 16l!43 li<R«* of 
Old Soitoata, from tha mouth of Indian lead Pond» following tha 
Indian Head Brook to Bars tow* a Land, whioh wass first purchased 
from WasiEptuek in 1668 by Gorn®t Bobert Stetson "for the us© of 
the Colony" and sold in 1671 to ^fsseph Bart tow and ofehara, but, 
oOBimonly called B9>rstow*s Land* 



Indian Hiatory of I^Rgon - Historle (Cont.) 
First sale of t&ls land oalltd the '^'Thouaana Aerss** to 
1^® En^ii^ wii9 j^de hf J«r$mifih Ho@®»lfligu« and his sc^oa feo 
Hajor Hilliaa Sr«dfopd «mi JIfty 16, X693 top fourteen pounds 
one himdi*»d cteres a% laisttssak<i@-0otli Foods blooded "South by teliii 
ponds aii^ lortljJiwtft by ^^ pismds asid. the towns of Duxbury and 
I'terslifield^ Vort^ttest by oetid to%ms im& Soateheat &e fox* as will 
Wkkm 100 ftcrea"* Althcro^s^ this perc«l was not r p&p% of %diat; 
2.*lt<ar beasjBs f«eibi*oke*8 K«at Ferieh» then Baneoti, it began Wike 
GOixvBreiotk of the Indian Coloajr pfop^r, into a ooloaial township, 

1ti@n, at Poor Moadotm (the Titinutt Indiao H#a«£'vati9n 
bax«deF«d th@ 1662 Peohaog furohasa along ita entire vesterci boand 
to Poor M@adows on th« north) Jeremiah {ifonantagti* and hia aqvm, ' 
"only datt^t©r and sol© hair of Josiaa Wampatack" sold to 
TChOBas Sosll sixty-two of tha handrad aoraa rettju»n®d to her 
^andfftthccr in 1650 by tha ^idg^water purohaaera "for a 
valtiable eonsidaration of flK)eey* on Maj 6, 1691^. 

ISxeae umm Indiana sold feo I©tlii8iiieX Biosiafl of Ite-shfiold 
for tuelir© pounds on® handrad aores bordering on Indian M^&d 
Hivart near the first purchase of Metiianlel Sioeaae (250 acres 
purohaaad in 16%) *'^ara ha built tha first 4^^ ^^ ^^ oolony 

according to tradition and the first flshway for the passage 

of the alswives to Indian lead I-ond in 1703* l^ila vss doabtlaas 
tdia first ©oKservation tmssar® adopted by th© Colony* aa a fine 
of fiT© shilling® isaeh "for fish thtr^aftar tak«2ii or klllad 
frosj the> dam to th© sea" %fas l©iriad sad John Foster, #ohn Df&Tf 
and Riohard 3@©r«8 vfer© a|?pointad inspectors • two Eansos firsts. 



11« de@©®adaots (Kttt«a relatisd how fch« ^ond (?own Hall or Mms^ 
p&tiic& Pond) filled in & sieigle oi^tt %ix&n m^ dam w%s first 
built in X695» i&Q^ it a&®ms liko & r^iiaoQable tradition as 

%t Is of lnt®i*«8fc fco note thmt ©lthoa#i pur felons cf th« 

"fhousAad Acre** w«re later sold b|- th« heirs of Wsiap^atusk, 
tftio p»«Rfe«r p&rfe w&fl nott and 1» feh« only land l«i lih® Goloisty 
tMSTOP loyally sold by t4i« Indien ovnera « the renmtnincj ladlana 
dying off ox* removing to other pftrta* Sotw treditlonally o&em 
to sefefcl® in the hilly pinrfc of Tank or Hanson aod to Hobia's 
Pond* 

IMs tarings us to an«th«r tradition^ handed dwn In the 
itmilf of Oeiptftla 3o»«ph SMlth, ^oae hoae@ ima bou#^t with 
prise m&mf S^&Jt bia sorvioa la tlM War of lAd6p#»daQO0 a»d is 

lao»t«?d ott KtQ'Uftn Str««t n«»r tto« Pond of tMt nmtm^ at® story 
being that "an Ii»21ftn wigwam forasarly stood wli©r« tit© hoii^te 

was lat^r built". IMa story is well*r©fae®fe®r»d by ^a, Avis 
Bilker - wife of Ouy Baker of Halifaac, e til®©© of Saaaa Sasitii 
• as hjavin^g b©©n told la iier h«ttriag as a girl ««d la that very 
house* It la the only mantlon of an Indian dwelling having 
stood wast of tha p&nds within the »1?hottfiand Aer®a» and thiAs, 
witliin Hanson*© bounds. Tradltloa doaa not isaisa thm lafiian 
family %^m llvad h&p^^ hat a« tha nam© of ^.m^n ?ati©ne©«a 
dau^^r, Abigail Quaston or Q.t;^neon haa <^& »&m s^anlng and 
as h«r dauj;#Asr St^y or Sisk® probably uiarried Into th® 

Jos0©ljn fesjily{f?*mHy ti»«?4ltl« mjn Silky -mn S^mml ¥• Jo«s®l|[fi»a 



Indisp Raters' q* ZQ.CQ^a - Historic (Cont.) 
aaooiad vtte and Fembrok roooi'd^ i»«y * ^ky Jodljo (oolareti 

and tiell «f9x>« Just «fest of Peateroke Gaofeex' on the JoaseXyn 
Flaee eppomltm tha pond we might assueie that poasibilitj. 
Tb«s«t weree by the w«y, the belx-s of tfeifflpatuok and would have 
bald olalm to thla ground bafore .jclth's purohaaa* 

In 176^* T»* ^ohn Wadaweorth attaoded thla Abigail Quaaon* 
Ruth Wampy, and ^rab Duoiei for whom ha preaoribad thualys 
"Hhubarb, ienna, Calonal, J'alap» saffron watar, and erabas 
ayaa". Thay airldantly raooTQred. 

Deseendanta of tho Joaaelyn f&nily, above, who lived at the 
old CaacoD Thonaa Joaaalyn Place on what ie now Crescent i%raat 
have a tradition that thia house was oooa saved by an Indian 
aneastor who lived there* from being burned by some Indians who 
had been sent by lories as a result of l>eaeon Thonas* stand on 
the oosnittee opposing the ^^amp Act (Thooaa Joaselyn, ^« was 
ODcof the settlers of Old Abington), evidently beoauae she waa 
of thoir own reoe thay listened to her pleas and loft the dwelling 
untouched. This house (who*s last ocoupant In llnn^ wsta %fl»2al 
feTllllams Josselyo, %•. aa biaclrsRilth, of the original faodLly) 
was later mlled the Fish Flaoe and eventually moved to fiarnatabla 
intaeta where it stands today} as far as the writer ki^ows the 
aama of Josselyo still is disceroable on one of its baama. 



Hbma* «r« bat « ftw of th« meiiy fsaclQiiting tn^dl^ioas 
wi^iK»at iirhl«h imx&ii. 9t the loeal flavor of th« (Hurljr tii»s «roai<l 
be last todajr* fh* old ftpt &f p«rp«tuuttl»g aar histoid end 
tQlklorn hf peeoantltig it fron geaoretloo to generfittion in th« 
tima'»h&n0r9& fesMon is fast di«ttpp«ufiai^ fros oar eibtftagiag 
vftj of life. t9 iaelode soate of the tiKles from this "Great 
Q^miritten Book of fk>a4itioa^ en these pages of e histox*/ wcKild 
be perhaps jost a bit presaaptioasi but for thits feet end 
•Iso that it seefBS possibly the last opportutsitjr to pass these 
^tts on to sttoeeediog geaeratioas of readers i^et anbom idho 
vomld otherwise sniss this sort of thing eatirely and vooid 
tmquestionablj be the poorer top it. 

?ew of the native raoe retained their old ^Igosycia nam»s 
into the 19th oentory, moet taking the English naoes of those 
families i4io vers frieodli' to them or for whom they %rero 
serTsnts or slaves^ psrtiottlarljr after ICiog Hdllip*s Mmv 
when nany were enslaved by their oaptors* fhey were often 
^eed upon their master's death but sometime a interisarried 
with negros Bn& even whites reiaeinins for ienerations with the 
saaw fwsily* Soa» wo«M)Q «nd teinsr ehildren were taken to be 
apprentieed in prominent fa^lies to the age of twentyfour 
l^n thejr were freed aluost entirely from the fasellies of 
those Cape Cod Saehesis «^o %mre sospsoted of syg^athi' with 
ling Phillip's oause, end oalled to aeeo«int at Flyi^o^th by 
dtsvemoo* Winslo^^ were without €is>m@mmy sent to t^e Meat 
Indies as slaves mod their families disposed of as explained 



XadlAa UiBt&ef of Hftoaes • Histoi>ie (Ooots.) 

ttm^vta SftoliMHi iN»«id«ot( ofi Oftp« God, lafeo t3l&i« regiost tommrlf 
under the dfrnimtiooi of thtt ikt»Mm&ttwBe%tt 

Ot», Ceptftin SftmoeX wiXXiRSii Bfti*k;«r« vhose «dr«f 
Fgttl«fiee (Sftaffox>d} H9wXii&d-BiuHk«rii Ic bixpl«4 on Um MXX Itt 
^« OXd Gem&t^Pf stt Fera HIXX la Baoaon <iiite Hissr g, X0C^* hmd 
tmtx^ loaisa and Hesi*o sXuvds t^iX« iiimy r«8ld«i4 nfc th» Old 

Jancty «id Loado«i»« oe^fipi* Loadoci fmrriod aei Xn<ll«iEi osesdiS 
Hajpfehft t«<S oo Maroli 22 • X7^3 «nd laajr b« tibtt EiGitard Lo%r$l«Q 
{thlB imjm aXso spoXXed Loader aed Loudoo* iMi^) died Joiie 30« 
Xd23 at 89 and hia wifa i^fartiha Lewdaa* diad Jona 21^, XS3X at 
d6« 1^0 are aXso buriad hara la tha oXd Oaoatavy at Paim HIXX 
Ha&aoa aa th» daaoandanta of Oapt. SaeoaX (Gapt# Sam*X* vaa 
ooaaia of Hobartf Jv« Faasbroka'a firat aattXas*) and Fatlaitea 
Sarkai* aettXod in Banaoa a»d »ra JosaeXyos in tha aaxt ganustra* 
tio»* Iha^ ara boriad Mv aXao* 



tliaaa Xaat ramiiantfi %ift»d«ir Xika X#a% aoaXa throoi^ 
raeorda of tlie X70C*8 and a&rXj X30O*s, HKnj want to aaa 
Xatar a»d baaa^a aative In t^ i^^Xiog iMuatry* for t^odoh thajr 

vara in @p«at daswod aa boats tasrr@rs^ t^M Ixarpoooarajt leeiriiig 
thair fttce^Xlaa for months at a ti^a to shift fi»r tia<ai»e.aXva$« 

1!b.a Xaat Bm'vef of **Xiidiftisa of Kasaaekoaatta** bf tJte 
Stata 0o»»i88l.OR«r» «70hii MiXt^n fi^rX® waa iMda in XSSf »@d 

X860 and pobXiahad im XB&X* It aaja @f tha Xaat ra^^iniag 



Xii4ift8 niMtorf of H«4uof» • mat^orlo (Oimi.) 



iiitfe«k*«s«tt;i>$ "th^ mt^^Jtn of thin tplb^ ttppeeF to b& 
eiftpftblOf l8t«llig:«fi«, ftnd moptl a»4 tti"® oa^oratooil «& b« 
in eajoycesat of l»b»ir oiiriX ri^^ts ®s oitis^ns of tsh^ Sfeft%«* 
Ihoro eFo known to bo othcx'a th&n tiioso listod liiriag in ^o 
7ioiRitsr« tiat Rs tliof eojo; Ishoso ri|^%« «r4 «po no lofsfor 
wurds of tho Slt«t«y it i« Qot doorsod noonosopj to pttrsue 
t&o lootilry tQ3PVtt6g^t msre'o Mi© pltft «a t^oa® inscords ai»® 
aeaot «»noa^ at b«8t, fov being ooa^Ioto or ooQ»(&oti«r« 
o»ou|^ to ooc^ilo $»a«»oIogios» 

« mis 1361 ootifitts fotmd that stoot fooiliosi of X»difta« 
or doMoodoats of Zodieoo liYis^ oa or hovtagi olaiffi to XMion 
Undo «t that tiao "knov littXo or (^othio^ of thair baok^ound 
«xoopt for ^20 tradition that tho? w«re ladiano and tho faot 
th«t ^loy poaaaoood tha ph^oieaX eharaotorlatioo of Zadiaao 
vist tfa0 laaky gloasf blaok bair» the high ohodkboaoa, nod 
tha brii^ty dork o?o«" lliio, iii addition to tim foot that as 
csush a« ^i^itf yoaro «lapiied hatM«an aay attesapt to record thdir 
vital raoordfi la itny form or k«ap traok of thoir moTe^ats oa 
or off th@ir allotod r^aanro tioaa.* fmke» it a marv«l that thoy 
ooold b® traead at ftll# 

Sehooleraft, la lS5o, said that mlr »«v®a or «i#it fsall 
bloods r^maia@d out of a total of ^1 in th« etat«« Harl«« 
la 1861 held '^a fow ©lai^ f«ai bloods'* a«d ilstad 376 f&^liaa 
aad li^38 iadividoals and 1610 kaowa daaoaadants of IMlaa«* 
lh« Waas»aaoag had 122-B aad the ^asaoh^ioatt had ooly 129 ia 
total, Mistt»^a©««tt listed flva fa^lliaa aad tw^aty-flw 



Indiiio UintQvj of HaBsoo • Hlatorto (Gout.) 

lotfivltfttftia of F«mb70ic«{ tw«Xv« In Hatiefecf SLiid 1X7 la Pixnkftpos. 
FtmkKpog «D<3 Itatlok war* two of %h9 a»veD "Prayloe Tovbs" of 
ooEsverts vh«re the lodlaii ooovarts wero first to alDg In ^^aaaft* 
obuaetta ohurob :no«itlGgs. Punkapog vaa «»ade up of ^oogbtoe 
and CaotoD. 

Frofaaaor TrBnk 0. %aek of tb« Volvaralty of FotmayXiraQla 
wrota In 19£8 *^any of thaaa mlxad*bleoi)a ware even than (1861} 
dlaparaed throughout the acSJaoant towns and eltles and they have 
oootlnued to prooeaa (Intermarrying with other raoea and apread* 
log out) to aaoh an extent that the total number of deaoendanta 
stay have Inoreaaed oonalderably« bot with eorreapondlng loaa of 
Identity »aa Indiana • and raolal dlatlnetlveneaa." 

Prlnoe and Woodt the Xaat aurvlvlog fatalllea of looal deaeen* 
danta of Indiana to realde or be reoorded In Hanaon were Martin 
Frlnoe and hla wife Katfaer (Freeman) Prlnoe and their ohlldren 
andgrandehlldren* So known ploturea of thla fatally reaaln* but 
they lived In Pembroke^ near the ooroer of Weat li.1^ and Oldham 
Streeta and In Eaat Ablngton (Hookland) and Martin died In 

Brookton. All their vital recorda are to be found In Hanson and 
the ^ate Indian Censua. 

Isaao Wood and hla wife Luoy (^plt) Wood who were married 

in 1830 at the old Itelon Ohoroh Buffered the Xosa of five jsenbera 
«t one tliae aooordlng to the reeord i^en they were. 



Indl«o History of mnsoxk • ISm iMst S-as»vlvora (Oo«6,) 
*«liif(^1itu»»tel|' ^omm4 lis Oi<lliaiB*a faad.'* Hsilon Choreh sfeood 
yibmv« B«ti08ti«« (Lfafih«s} 8«$ndp£t is toSdy &% Ilk® &Qx*mr of 
C®^i? eisd ^la 3fej^«%a to Esnson* Afe ^a* tiisa fefelt spot wmt 
part of laslt lB^idg9Wftt»r« But fajm of J^o snd Hfsr\Q&h(Robbln) 

e«l.lar hoI« vmminB* 

Ey»feti 

I t»6liav« «» shottld iacla4« «h« %a«t famlljr i^o, 
ftXthoa^ lh«7 livad le F«ttS>po)c«» vara %fell<»knaKB throa^iout 
th9 Hafiaaa«FaBl»rok9 araa and wf»9^ doa&fcl««8« tOsio last sarviTors 
of tha Boyal :lhieilj of Katltakeaaatt* th« »ama waa first apaliod 
Hai^ » &a early aa 1693} ^an Hoyitt • l>y tliasia«Xv«f | ISita» 

Hi^til Hoyt; and fl«3«lXy l^afet. yas^atuok* aoe of aiUokatayt* 

isj&rrlsd 
bat had a dau^tar Abigail |^, Jar»mia& Koma&ta^xa (of 

funkapoag} acid ^d a daa^tar Fmtl%m« iti&osa first kuabatod wtm 

toblaa Goeaba aed aaaoftd huabaad Joaaph flioiiaa (or Joaapia 

Fatar)» and probably esarri«d Qoasoa (fiama Qiaaaon aaeia aa 



Quan) by whom sha had a dao^t^r Abigail Qoasoa whoaa first 

Oaleb 

h«uibai»d %ma a Brand, lliay had xi soa/Wo ^arrlad Ba^sria 



and had a son J^ims y^o «wi^rri«d laon^ah Had* i9rohe 
Quae froa« to d«ath in hia wigwam wh«!»rd ha livad %dth hia sfea 
before 17^9 oo tha Eobbln'a flaea In ^^bingtoa. 

Abigail Quaaon by her aaeond hoabaad « Eiehard Oagood 
had two dat^tera • ¥iol«t, vla.& sfflitrriad Faffar Loado» ; and 
Soka or Sitky (B^^amah) »i^o Karriad flrat Biahard Hlte 8^»d 
had two ohildran • Jaaa ami Joaaph Willlaesa Hl^t. Soky 



Zodiiia EistoFj of Hfi&soti • Tix6 L&nt Sorvlvora (Coat.) 

l«t«p «lthor mmvTi^d « ^oarnXfn &p adopted thet »«!»«• 
Hdf dfteg^ter, Jane Hl^h6, iiev«r ]>»rri<id, bat Joe«ph tierpled 
Abi^il ChoisatOAiEtt of DoJcbuiH^ « e d«sp«ndent of %b» Me9^p«« 
ftrlfee -end lived oppoBlfi^ th® E©b©^ok Pood la F««iferok®, 1to«f 
hftd thx^e ohlldron Josaph ¥•, J)p», la«iiiih J,, and Susbo Jaaa. 
Saaan iTetne married Perk9p and ahe oft«a told jroang Harold Olar^» 
**! doa*t l«t tio i^oa In my hoiaae*'* whan ha attet^tod to daliver 
Jber groeerlaa fpoa hit fath«r*s stora. I^ej vara pajsaabarad 
hf hnntti (Daaon) CoHian of Main dtraat aa« "Coalng to the 
Rafehodtat Chuptih In Bryanttlll® waarlRg wi^ita glovas and oaa 
of th«« was ©ailed Varapy or Kaspj," vra faava oo raoord of tM« 
ehlld, unleas It waa a oiokoajaa for ona of thoae listed* Hie 
beat raisaflA»arad vaa Baory Clay Bjatt id^o waa nueh la dasaad 
throag^out tha looallty at alaugbtetrlng tii8e« whloii work ha 
did barefoot uiVH •xptrt Iwnd* Me carried Ablpdl SofMsUL* 
Peteraon and their daugiiter* Abigail* Siarvives, 

Hobblaa t 

fbe Bobblaa faisilir iraa tba laat to reside In Haosoii 
proper, fhay eaaw to thla toim froa vaat Abln^toa aboat 1350 
and novad a hoaae onto the flljah laiasdall Hea« at mm»*a 
(Walteey*s) ooreer near tha 7o«m Mall. 1h*f novar pisrohaaad 

M>e listnd, eo it r«««inad Hasiad^ll property, mnd «a the lobbii^«a 
plaee btirt^ad aboat ISSS* Elijah's gr#afe»gr®afe graadsoa hue new 

8Wi"sr®?l ^n&^h&r h©us« onto the old E©bblm<s foaadation. 



ladista Blstotry of Heiyiou • 'But L&Bt Sorvl'^ops (Qont*) 
TlPftdltioa nmys that the q\4L t»tt» wts Hdbin^ bafe bf the 

tlei& It: appoervd is atais6 Xodifta Oeasus p«oordfi ia 1361, 1% 

%r«fi Hobblitfl* 

Old Bb«a««ap l^obbias awrrlei Slixe C« Josscrlyii* ElixA 
C» Joaselyn «fr8 born in le^20 6he y«ep HeQSOn ima iBoorpos'ttM* 
ahe «fi8 the tiftagliter of Sama«l Jaast^iia of H«iuion, Elis« wts 
£ben«Ber'«> second «?lfe soa tmditlsa •ft;fR thoy w&r« s»ers*ied 
et the old £^« Hillllpa plftoe on Brook Street In Hsissoc}* 
Mrs. Hilllips and Id's. JRenedoll wer« si«t«ra of HJlsft, 
Bipoooeor and Blliea had thr«« 6hildr«a «> Hllaa Ei&dora, fbon«s«r 
IA»l»«t«i' (Web) a»d SamMl WjpasMP, tl^dition says th@ year 
of 1« Veb't birth Is iooorreot end no «other ia r^eofded. In 
▼iet# of tSbrH ftmily tradition anJ th« feot that K» Veb^Sr, and 
K* Vob, Jlp, and ffary Slixa vera Rppralaad aa b«at Indian 
typaa« thia la algi&lfloant* E« Web laarrled Laura Ana Jaeuiatte 
Vade and their ohlldren were - Laura A«» £• Vebster^ lr.« 
Hary Eliaa (the writer *a graadm»i^er) aod Ifellie Hay «rho died 
of pnetmonia aftor 3wa.Ilot#iag tst thii$bl«s« %«ir mother died 
early and Web remarried, 7h@ stepmother* iidio vea c^uit® harsh 
ulth the ohildrean waa told by tea year old lary '^lisea, "fois 
oB&y be &f atepisother, bat you tfon^t etep on «e$** vith ^hia 
aha fled to her ^^pandB>other'*» little houae near "imblng*9 
Corner, forsserly Bowker*« etore appoeite th® 7mm H«ll« 
From h©r®, she end fc^r little o^iisln l^ry Aaguist® (dao^^iter 
of Samiiel) iiall&ed to the Mptlst Ohuiroh eaeh :^inday» gatii'^rcid 
herbs in th^ wooda and ®v«« ifisit®d old Or®BdiB« B«rk»r, fe@n 



Offts hundi'&di feurs oIj3« In the ol^t Ooihing hoase, l&is direct 

l®«i»ia t^ old fftsslly %r«dltl©a« Tipst haad ft-os 014 Sitaa 
Initio tlfto VFOts «1I U®T e0rr®sponS«»ee in verse a»4 t8»»kM « 
clay pipe. Both Mar^ Tliaun »n4 Jfftfjr i^u^^ttstsa cXftlssM tbst 
their ir*^<i^«te6iP bobbins wftt t rttttlva ItidiftB &{i<i reeopdo 
support this tradition. 

arigin«l v«ra« ^^y jpAX3 Qf |iT|fi^,^,m, 

la tBv r9amt%, iotrguiog dft/a« 
fr« any nail had grneod ttiA baya 

1h«r« dw@It « migiaty natton h«r« 

iSio lived in i^aee y%mi^ after year. 
fhey OGOupied tvxM Boatoa doim 

Along Sottth Shore to Plyntotttb tovn 
And on their harbor island grew 

Their naise and beans tend ptttnpltina tooj 
And ialafid •roand the herring pondt 

A tbousan «gres store of corn, 
Ati& fish in «nultitade woald run 

Xlp froCT tha sea in apringtisMi atin 
^ gllaten in the alei^ire vair, 

fh.ey kn^v not dlacoait^nt nor fear, 
fheae nativee of AlgonUin raoe 

VI th jet-blae'^c hair «»i dnsizy fmo®. 
liaeir life waa so«^» but ooald not last 

Whan vlil?i9 imti »«»© %fit!i muakot biss*; 
^••e wild» free landct to fenee «rith ^tone 

And di'i'v© t!i® ?'ed Haa froa thoir horn®, 
Bie &ing« or Saohem, of thia iand, 

\?ho first estanded frlsnd??hip»s hMki^±f 
¥ea {?hiektaabtit« Ho«bse*a*l*ire« 

He JakfliJed uhen fngllth naed was dir«. 
He donned a aia.t of F^ngliah elothea 

•*'lth ^i^sidlj s«siillpox imrtm ©ftesles©?3. 
Was l^uried at Hoont 'i»'olia9ton« 

And thee stieeeeded by his son. 
fhia son« wild @ooa«» oalled Wat^attietk 

To l!ttl®k?9«a® his people toul? 
B««te to the ancient flsntlnij Qroand 

Ehcirelint* "Ferabroke'e ponds «r©tmd| 



<^re6t ft€>upe« of food ts t^l^f eottl^ irialii 
?& Dtneing Hill fcy Eerring Brook, 

Bwlr h»rv«»t: rf?^»ler« r«vox»©d nook, 
FvJPopty |r«ars witili ir^e haM 

B« rul«^ his rest <l#c lining h&n&, 
Wp&tk bSB Ammth hit )»t»o«ii«p took 

Lsat Ctii«rt©lne!ilp of CI<' P«B:i>poks, 
E<«0« %w»Qt7 7«ttz<« WRS all liis sfNiia • 

S«r r«lan was l0«8 * bttt tlt^en fmPM * 

Dftollne of rpee rod isecdccs tenre* 
flMtt «•«• y»tl«»e9ir saaoy ^« • 

Kcp saonuffient, ~a«en«» Eyoofe: «Hi».rby, 
A« ais«ftt« ftci poT»rt;^ SNfca nmmk 

F«tti* to the h«ftrt8 of her people stvtzek 
And &r6«r ft row '^ow ii^ Boboaiook 6rov«» 

AweL<r her t*rlbe their eed «r»jf vove 
IPo ^iii&h«m*a i?oi»^| eM SttfiOf ;^^e 

Ihei^ ttp£«d taxelr %e«n t.^!!??! th©» fso fly- 
To l^mk, IbM OspxMimmf a»d b«yond| 

To Old Sat^ateet, F?obln»5i Pond, 
'Stmlv Caeeiif (gFeoddftughtep of Chiekfttfti^t»«it, 

Befuaed, tk» leave tlieir eneleftt laud 
And liv^ed mXovm on iSfftOhem n%;£»^M, 
nhose eat^ay fifiget*, llly-rlnc«<2, 
Forevor points to the ^Jravajs-of-Klnga^ 
^lier© eXote bont^^th the pinu-elad shors' 

ftepe legr thre« JLusbande, ^.tme before. 
iind Abby Quen, the 'rfild Roa® fair, 

Bar dfto^lier vritfh tim rairea hair 
She dl^d In ««veRfe0^n ■":i,-^tt;r§clfcht^ 

Laal( C^Eaeon eoT ifaaamejaiusett'G great; 
Hsr lodg« til eishtc-ea huaar^.:'. atr^od, 

DeeajrlRg •sKmuet the forest w{)o<a« 
%© ^'aseft'ls goa$, h»r people tool 

!SftII piRea iijitf wave nia^re eom ofiee grew. 
And ell fiff.t*s l-t-ft to t^lloof thsro 

Af»e broken tools <^ 3t(Ohe*A^ He«« 

fb>6f atilX are foimd on hklX and pXaisi 

B«»^ln'Sln;^ tho#€ of us -=#ho eisrt. 

Of aooient tmn %^o florlf^h^tl there* 

by 5iaai»ell E. 0«rt!.ri*p, S^aasoti 

IS la r«l«tiam to the foregoliig T©r»®| 1% traetsi the ioy«l 
line of l^s0aeb.tt®ett> who l«®t r«8i^®<i i® 0X4. Pe^i^ro'jc©, iSLBlaf 






Zt 1« triio 1»} Eistorio fA6% ftad record In @ir«ry i^9i'«»i6 
pa*tloul«!«, i3®tt®aXogleal «.b«I otfc«pfe-is®j but ip0Qrpmm%ing 
si&m brftditlooAX f««6tar«« to eahftitQ^ ths liasitt afttter* X% 
vtt« 9is%eP€id 1ft tilt Fodtiy? Conteat* Adult Clftsa &f tli« Pefsbrolc« 
Poetry Morteffhc^ la 1956 Kod won Soootid l^lse sind m&» Ump%B.ft®v 
paJoli9h»d in tbn f o«try Wc»*i(CShop AunttiiX Toi* tbat i-^ar. It »att 
ppevlooflly publlsliod io tiM HAHSOS OOKBZEEf hmmimr^ 8^®« 
eh«a^8 hav« b««a raftd«, slao« th««« appoarftoow of this original 
histopleal vttZ'ao «ad i« flow th» tpuott to notiml r<sooz*dM his ton?* 
lo fnet. Also not« in »«Qsi»l9 that «% l««st two living ^s« 
o«{idftat« «urvlv«* 

Fe&m Dlr* Brof2Bos l%»*llftss* Aretui««Soo* lb E4it« o^ too* Soil* 

^Ati AppPitisiiX of 3ift G0ao]ffttio«« of I^otos of the Bobbin's 
fftaiXy" 

0r« l^ttjrieo Kobbl^Sf fkaB* AttX«i1»oro» l^ss* 

*I ftffi lamppi ^d 8«j ^lat tli« sevoml photogmpibft of this 

Hob&ina* fsuslXy aeonod to so to Miro dofinito Xodi«a i^aloml 

olu^ftotopistloo. I ootody for «3eiui#X«« lt^ M^ m&l&r &r&hi6a, 

es«ggor«to4 or&it«X ridg#«» fwtttX ^v«l<^^s»»»t ced eroiil&X 



'^thla %ms esp^iaXXir aotlo«iil»X4i in two of thii niitX^s i^od 

iXlXRf doiO^tlosa ti!>ao««bX# to eaol^r lo^iftn str»i«i*) ^'H^e 
Eobbln® tumilf ammmi to b« of H»oo«ohilsotl«« 03st)?«otioti b^ w«2r 



of th« PuQkfipQg Becid* As tbss^ p«i^Xe seeis to have be&n rmt$4 
fts fullbloodff l»|r .lftrl« (3tfiti« XMinn Censi^m^ 1S6X} bM as Im 
S.a earefol fee nofto Mj© p«^««ae© of foreigsi cn» aiiiced toloei, 
theli* {|«ge«6fi^fita (in %h« presaafe g^neMttioni) would heve 
iah»Pit«d eofssidepable of the blood. 

^It is %mXI to Qoti«,i slflo« 6bfit by lS6l ttuiny w«r9 qo% 
}.lvlag t^oa th«lr tribmX r«««rvtttiOQ» but; as Vbmy h«Xd i>i||its« 
tM» X«Qd, waro oaiaaict by SarX«» Tblti bobbins ttmlXf i«tfty wall 

have b€»«n among thaaa absont XandohoXdera." 



nwrnmomt 

l>r>» ^uri@a Hobbios., Hi«i>* Mit^i!' af Bolletlti »M Bipaator of 
laska Bpoaaon Mus«u®# .i^fefelaboro, l^fass. 



imun mTM km mmiammB ikk ^^^m^m or the kmmrlmn imtm'* 
pubXiahaS by Heya FcHii^aHoti* M» i^ aariaa or pablieatioaa 
0«/oi» r-slafciGg to tha Aoapiaafu Aborlgialaa by ^rof . ?^sk 
&• Spaoi£ oi' tkm QF.oi' iPaana* oa ^T«j?z*Itorial SubdlTiaioaa &t 
tha wasipanoag, Haaaaehasatt ttnA Mauaat InSians^ E41taS by 
by F, y. a^dga, X928. 

HIifor/ Qf Ckmm by Griffith on X7SS ladian Grant 

LEasiTM AIII> tAMDmnm of Fi^BEQEl by Hasn^ i^eatXaad, Utehfi^td, 
XfOti 

IB^ 1I^A|IWIU£ mM^ lliatorle ^®fsbs»ok# X712*X912» A '$pmlml 
tsitton. fiabXia&ad on tha SOOtfe laai^aftary of felie laaorporatioa 
©f ^b@. ?o%ra of faii^roka, Haaa* a@o,.£d,Laiiiis Atjigast ifl2# 

rLlfl»U1ll SOLOIST EEGOEI>i, BOOK QW mmf QmmB fol4V,i»ll3A7k» 
207, 22^ oti a0v*winaXoii»8 OiNSai* to a«glftT«i feh© fa^ilias of 
G«|)a Cos XfiSian Saeh@-Sj@« 






8««i9rd« dT J* T»pn«r ftn4 X* Mrker^ t&p thirty fQ«f« 

®tft^ -Report on X1B)B1^ IS fSB COi^Dli^MLI^ for the Qe<r8p»«»!* 
Aod Cotm. 1359 and IB6O C«n»vm Fulb* I@6X end mag, 3«a&t« 
i^ap«r» #96»ld41 both by #*{!• l«rl«» Oorais, 

BiiXI»ti» 30 of BI1SM9 Of AKEBZ0AS EfHlK^LOGY of fho Sisltfhaotiian 
Xmstifttit* Vfltahiagtociy P,0* PiuHta 1 ted 2. 

IPeim 71tal Heeerds of P«i^i!^ok«« Rtifuioti, E.]^ldgo«atex»9 Bclttm%o» 
G«fittoii« 0u*vor» B«i>oattebl«, A'^egton, &«uct>aiijt l^Xyt»oath» and 
Fly sap ton. 

the stftto Arohlve* tied Llbf>tKPy Stuto Hoitao Bob ton, f&uis* fcr 
Logittlfitivo ffifttorlftl OQ Xodiaiis. 

Flymoa^ Fi»ol»ato H«oord9f Book U» F«S7lif B5»* flU? ^ 3| 1$ 
F 137 fPOffl ia5 ««d to P*235l BS,^.IU>| B33,m9j a2!i*l».308«9j 
B.22,Pl21-3 «Rd P.SlpI B26,P.I|23l B6, F.609I B,U,P.270| 
B«37«i%lU6*7 (in r«libl(Mi to tho Bobbloir family) 

fan Hiouiiand Yoara la Aaarlea 1^ tfs.Ssiith Foirlap, l*tib«l>y 
Vantftga Fraaa on oulturoa 

'Xhtt tradltiooal soosHioa «x>e» la^tXy |»lT«n In tho aooooiat 
Itaalf and httrv b««n abaorbod* ovox* aarty y«ara« from tb^ i4rit@i**0 
01m sad otiier old faatlllea aitd gXaaaad fpon tiao oldar gafu^rationa 
by tha iminataklns qusstioains of thos® %^o ooold roaall mm^ 
of v«IiM« oavar paaordad« but ^ving oloaa to tlutt vSaieh oaa 
b« provad» and at tb« aarn® time, giving looal flavor to ^e 
aoootmtt "B&ia beia^ at every ^porttmlty folloirad op %si^ 
parelatant Isvaati^-atloo^ for avary aatbantloatlon poaaible* 
ilao Biaisy yaara of aaaklng oat and Ideatlfyliig aiutlent Imutioa^ 

in. ifTd^r to ba faralllar id.th all aa{»«ota of tl:io ooantr^'* as 
It waa aod la nmtt alao in roapact to Easaoa'a last Indian 
faatlly* tha SMtpara of Orraa l^aah of Abtoftoo in ^Ablogton 
Mat* Soo* (Baf • 1>>9 P*^ yr« lBl|6 also Q92, F«136 fro» papars 
of 0asla iatn Raah* Sax, lat Oh«) 



INDIAN HI STORY 




The Robbins Family in 1860's 
The Last Indian Family in Hanson 



INDIAN HISTORY 




Mary Eliza (Robbins) Gardner 

Last Generation of Native Indians 

Born in Hanson 



INDIAN HISTORY 




Ancient Indian Mortar - Poor Meadows (Elm St.) 




Gouge and Ulu Knife unearthed in Hanson 
Archaic Tools approximately 2000 B.C. 



INDIAN HISTORY 





West Indian Rum Jug 

Unearthed from an old Indian Grave on the 

Benj. Hanks Farm 1924 (Main St.) 



,^:^9e;(?,(^,2|^ 



CHH KOLOGY vOP TOWN SET OFF PROM PLYMOUTH 
COLONSr TO llSSTlWns, 1HS tOWM OP MASS ON 

fHE MAJOR'S PURCHASE 

Ife is oeocasRry for aa onderstaadlng of a map, end 

important &8 a m&ttor of Interest, tl3&t we ^nov something 

of the territorial changes t^hich took pleoe as this sree. 

expanded into a to%m* 

First, ve most find how the land was obtained, and we 
must learn its boundaries and the reason they came to be 
leid oat, and we must know something of its topographical 
characteristics. 

Tke early history of what is now the town of Hanson 
we find included in that of Pembrolce. Peinbroke is made up 
of what was the we stern portion of Duxbury, and a large 
grant of land known as the "Major's Purchase". 

This purchase was made by Major Josiah Winslow of 
Marshfield and 3h other proprietors July 9, 1662, who bou^t 
of the Indian Sachem Josias >.'aa^atuok '*a tract of land and 
meadows, bounded by the lands of Plymouth and DuK.bury on 
one side, and of Brldgewater on the other side, and extending 
north and south from the lands formerly purchasad by Capt. 
Thosms Soathworth unto ttie ^eat ponds, provided It incltule 
not the tjousand acres given to my son and George Wasapy about 
these ponds" • 



CEHONOLOGY OF TOWS SET OFF FHOM PLYMOUTH COLOICf 

fo imnmm iHt; fowN of hahsoh (xsonfc.) 

Ihe l^Jlor*d Purchase t 

These botiads vere so loosely defineed, it osused 

ftrguoaents and oont&ation in ths several to«ras utitil ly&k 

when the proprifitors agreed to ohooae three men as e 

oon3i3ittee to resuz*vej the leads to settle the ffi&tter* 

%ey selected on© raany from f^ddleboro, on© from Pembroke, 

and one froa Duxbury, Their work mast have been well 

done «>nd to the satis faotAon of tlie proprijfetors bscause 

the record showa fthRt their sfurvejr was aooepted. Ihe 

bounds they drew up have never heen changed. Each isan 

was reiS^arded with a satoatantial grant of lend for his 

services. 

The grant of 2$0 acres of lands giv^n to Nathaniel 
Ihosaa in 1680 is Is^ortant to as beeause it cojapriaes a large 
pert of the town of Hanson, In 16"^-9S» Nathaniel ISaoraas 
bou^t from the Indian Wa«i$>atack 250aaor®a siore and* aeoord*- 
ing to tradition, he also received the "right" to use water 
from Mnqoan and Indian Heed Ponds s^nd brook to build r^ daii 
(thought to be the first dam in the country) which for genera- 
tions was known as the Mill Pond and la now called Wampa tack 
after the old Indian Chief » O)pon this d«« Ifathanlel ISioroas 
erected b saw mill for his son Isaac fhotmB* 

As the settlers taoved away from th^ coast 0«>«)klng land 
for ai^^ii^altural ?t*rpos®a, they were j^ttraoted by the fertile 
soil, the green laesdows, the natoral resoorces such as the 



CHROIfGLOGfy OP TOWN SET OFF FROM PXXMOUfH COLONS 
TO IHS-PITUTE THE TOWK OF HASSON (Confc.) 



fh© Major's PurchRse: 

pleatlful supply of oak and piae Tor building i&At;eri8l» the 

possibilitios or water power, and iron or© deposits here about, 

With the increased population and extended development, 
l^e detsend cecaa for snore convenient ohuroh and school 
privileges. 

A petition was drawn up in 171^^6 addressed to the General 
Court praying t^at a proportion of land be "set off" from 
Pembroke to beoome a new town or precinct. In 171^6 the 
Meat Parish was incorporated. It comprised ;!>not only the 
western area of the Major's Purchase of Pecabroke, but also 
parts of Banover, Abington, Bridgewater, and Halifax, all 
of f^loh would be better aocoensiodfited in the new parish, for 
idiiieh a suseting house was already being built* 

Hanover ceded a tract of land lying between Indian 
Head Brook and the then western line of Peesbroke. This 
tract had been purchased by Cornet Eobert stetson and sold 
by him in I67I to Joseph Barstow end was known at that 
time as Barstow* s Land. Ihis area and the "gore" made by 
the brook beeame part of the West Parish in 1727* Abington 
gave the rest of Barstow* land west of the Hanover line. 
Bridgewater in 1663 had acquired hf a Court ord@r a trianga** 
lar piece of land giving her a new eastern boundary on the 
Major* 8 Purchase as far north as Barstow* s Land. It was 
ttiia triangle that Bridgewater gave up. Halifax ceded a part 



CHHOIK)LO{IS' OF TOWH BET OFT FBOH PLSTMOXTEH GOLO^ 

TO imnrum mz twH o? m^os (Gout.) 

of her fcerritorj secured frora Pei^rok© in 1731^ situsfeediin 
"Sodoin" sad Uie 6r«at Cedar Sws^. 

Ihe Weat Farlsh oontinoed as thus conatituted until 17514 
^eoi it» petitioned the GeQerel Court that the parts belonging 
to other totrnfl be nrnde part of the town of Fesbroke* the towns 
Interested having given consent. On Jane 7» 17^ $h3 above 
mentioned towns became part of Pembroke territory. And when 
in 1820 the West Pariah bee em© incorporated as the town of 
Hanaon, all these grants were a part of it, totalling an area 
of over 17 miles* 

Ihere is an ancient lew that reads j ''The Honorable 
Board of Selectraent shall perambulate the boundaries of the 
town every five years." This is an exoiting experience, but 
not an easy task. Arrangements are made with the selectmen"^ 
of the town bordering each secfcioa and together they must 
out their way throu^ brush end briar, wade sw&j?^, cross 
lakes to see that the boundary stones are in place. 

Hansen has 31 "corners" or boundary isarks.aad if we should 
persBibulate with our seleotmsnt, it would add greatly to our 
general information, and we would beoosae familiar with the 
outlines of oar town. We will find corner number one by 
following Monponsett Street southerly for about ll|00 feet 
to a ©art path «^ieh we follow westerly to its end, about 3 
3000 feet, near summer cetaps on the north shore of Monponsett 



GmomhrnY of Tom sEf ofp from Fvsmwm colchy 

fO IlfSHTtJIS mB 'Smn of EAKSOH (Cont.) 
the lfejor»a Purehases 
pond* Sere w© fiad a dark coldred atone laonuGsent a little 

over two feet hl^ id.th the letters "H** on the east and 

west faces. (For Hftlifaz end Hanson.) 

Corner mxi^er two we find by following Pleasant Street 
southerly for About a mile to the north shore of Monponsett 
pond. Here we take a boat, and skirting the north shore 
of Monponsett pond in a westerly direction we coioe to 
nui^ber two tdiioh is oalled a "floating land** marker, a 
bunoh of oedar stakes driven into the swao^* We are told 
that many years ago a atone was placed her®, but the swacnp 
soon swallowed it. Since then oedar staices with the 
initials of the seleot^sent and the date is driven in. 
Stakes dating before the Civil War are found there. 

Corner three Is in a heavily wooded eedar swasap about 
a mile west of Fleeaant Street and is also a bunch of oedar 
stakes or floating land toarker* 

Corners four and fitre are in a southerly aad extreme 
south-westerly dlreetion and eaaily located* Ve have 
followed the Halifax line for about four miles. 

Corners six, seven, eig^t, and nine border last 
Bridgewater, and ere in a northerly direction in pasture 
land, and bushy shadow. !&iese are stone monuments with the 
letter *S^ on one face and "H* on the other. 



cmtomwGY OF tows s5;t ofp from Fmm'um colgni 

TQ imnWfE fHE T(^K OF HASSOH (Goofe.) 
Ttxe Major's Furehaset 

Fi*om h»]pe w© follow e fairly stiral^^it line along S&st 

Bride©%?Rfe#r in a north westerly direction to corner ton, a 

gr&ait© atone south of th® railraod station in Whitman wlMi 

E, B. A, H« 1630 cut in it. ISiis stone marks the corner of 

three towns, B;aat Bridgevater, Abington Bad (now Whittsan} 

and Hanson* The stone waa set in 1330. We have covered a 

little over three miles along this border. 

Northwest we go again to corners eleven and twelve 
along li^fhitsaan for about two eailes through cultivated fields 
and firmly wooded spots* 

the twelfth monuments tsarks the angle of three towns 
and has the letter "H" on the south face, "'^ on the west 
face and ^^** - for Hookl&nd - on the east faoe. Our HocEcland 
border is less than a mile. 

About on@*half mil® west of King Street in a swamp, we 
find corner thirteen which also marks the angle of foav towtis. 
She letter "H^ is cut on the south -Hanson; "H" on the east 
• Hanover; "R** on the west - Rocklandj "A" on the north - 
Abington, now Whitman* 

How we come to a boundary tdbdeh runs in the channel of 
Indian Head River (corner fourteen). It is meusHced by a 
witness stone situated in a wall on the westerly side of 
King Street, near the Junction of King and Whitman Streets 



OHROJTOLOGY 0? TCMS SSf OPP FBOM PLTMOUIH COLOSX 

fo iHsninrEs THE m^m of mi^os (confc.) 

fh© MeJ|or*a Pda;»©iiasej 

In feha north parfe of Hans on • 

Gorner fifte©R la aifeoated also in tli© channel of 
Indian Head river at t&e junction of Boekj Hun Brook* W^ 
have travelled t^irou^ our Eanov«r bordsr which is I®as 
than a mile. We continue to follow a watery path aottth by 
the town of Peaibiroke to corner sixteen near a oulvert at the 
Janotion of Washington Street, Hanson, and Colufflbos Street 
I'an^rokQ. 'hiatx south %rest by the town of Pembroke to corner 
ssvonteen standing in woodland near State and Brook Streets, 

Comer ei^teen we find is another water boundary on 
the north shore of Oldham Fond. Corner nineteen it in low 
woodland a few feet south of Oldham Pond near Hattekeesett 
Street and of Haquan Street, 

Corners twenty, twenty-one, -two, -three, and -four are 
located in and to the south of Ifequaa Street in cultivated 
fields and woods. Corner twenty-five is on the north-easterly 
ahore of Indian Head Pond at about t^e hi^ water fmpk. Along 
the easterly ahope of Indian Head Pond we fii^ comer twenty- 
six near the intersection of a fajf^a road and a dyke in a 
cranberry bog. 

Corner twenty-seven is situated a few feet east of a 
wall on the westerly side of ^ttekeesett Street about one- 
quarter ail® from Bryantville Four Corners, On level land 
at the junotion of Main and Hattekeesett Streets in Bryantville 



CH1OKOLO0Y OF TOWU 32 T OFF FROH PLYMOUTH COLONT 

TO imfiTufs nm lows of h^isoi (coat,) 

fh© Mr joy* 3 Porchsse: 

Village corner twenty-eis^.t is located. Letter "H" Is out 
on the west face and ^, on th© ©est faee. Corner twenty 
aia« la set oae foot northwest or an angl® In e feaod at 
easterly corner of Bryantvllle Village. Corner fetilrty la 
situated In o alt Ira ted land on the southwest side of 
junction of Plymouth and Main Streets. Corner th*rty-on© 
is in woodland thirty-one feet east of the railroad tracks 
on the slope of a somll hill. 

Froia corner sixteen fco thlrty»one, we have followed th© 
town of Peiidjroke for over five nllea. If we continue south- 
west by the town of Rallfax for U506 feet we have circled 
our town. 

For more ooiaplet© directions frois stone feo stone see 
®ie Atlas of the Boandarlea of fehe Town of Hanson Issued by 
taxe Commonweal to, of Massachusetts In the town hall or 
libraries . 

Inside the borders of Hanson the terrain is fairly 
lr«Tel along the south and westf with elevations up to 100 
feet along the east and nortbieast, Tkm soil is moist and of 
^ood texture, 

Kiere are a number of ponds, Indian Head - 137 acres, 
and ffequan • i|3 acres being entirely within its borders. 
Oldlmm Fond - 39 acres on the Pes^rok line, and Z2 acre® of 



CEaOHOLOGY OF TCWU SET OFF I^OM fLSmmH COLOKY 
fO ISSTlTlJrK; fEE !K)WN OF mSSOK (Cont,) 

JiiM Major's Fuz^ohaaet 

Monponsetfe Pond on the Halifax border, arc partly la Haaaon, 

Maquan Pond tii«ou^ Indlaa Heed PoQd, Indian Head Brook and 

Indian Head Rlvor Is the head waters of the North Blver. 

Another branoh of the Horth Blver flowing from Hanover 
was daaimed up at Winter Street to provide power ^or Indus- 
trial purposes. Ihere Is a turbine type water «^eel In this 
location. ISils pond Is called Factory Pond, Indian Head 
Brook was datntaed In several places to furnish power for 
miles. Stetson Brook v».a damtned near the railroad soath 
of Monponsett Street, and a pond known as Chandler Mil 
Pond was formed and used for saw mills. It Is now used 
to irrigate cranberry bogs. Other bodies of water In town 
ere also used for this purpose. 

Poor Meadow River la forsied by water running throu^ 
the Abingtons from the swafijps of Weymouth, It runs south 
teirough the westerly part of Hanson Into Sast Brldgeweter 
and Robbing Pond, eventually etrgjtylng Into the Taunton 
River, White Oak Ete»ook takes the waters from the swamps 
In the south eastern part of town and empties them into 
Monponsett Pond, Bie Old Cedar Swai^ Broolc near the South 
Hanson station tooic Its name from its souree and flowed 
north throu^ meadows to Poor Meadows River, 



CHRONOLOGY OF TOWH SET OFF PHOM PLYMOUTH COLONY 
to IHSTirjTS mz TOWH of HAHSOH (Confe.) 

thii Mjor'a Purchase: 

Drlnkwator River has its souree in Hookland and foress 

part of tho northern boandary of Hanson and empties into 

Indian Head Hiver. 

Itxrough the years of our growth as a town* these 
ponds ;^ brooks « and rivers have provided the good incomes 
that supported many generations in a happy and prosperous 
way of life. 



Sources of Information ? 

Articles written by William W, Bryant of Bryantville 

Mr* Meroer V« Tills on of Hanson 

llxa Bryantville Hews edited by George !3dward Lewis 
of August, 1912 

^e Hanson Currier edited by Ralph Binns 

The MonogPaph of the Town of Hanson, 1958, articles 

by Robert C« Andrews, Chairman of Boerd of Selectman 

1!he Atlas of the Boundaries of Town of Hanson, 
issued by Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



CHRONOLOGY 




















The Purchade Purchase (Mafor's Purchase) 

The original deed from Chief Wampatuck to 

Josiah Winslow - 1662 which includes Hanson and Pembroke 



CHRONOLOGY 




Map of the Town of Hanson 
1856 



CHRONOLOGY 




Map of the Town of Hanson 
1879 



CHRONOLOGY 







TOWN OF HANSON 

JVTASS. 



Villages of North and South Hanson 
showing Industries and Residences in 1879 



CHRONOLOGY 




Early Dirt Road Gordon Rest Hill (Liberty St.) 
Site of the first dam in Plymouth County, 1695 




Early Dirt Road - The Narrows, Monponsett 
(Route 58) 



CHRONOLOGY 




Boundary Stone marking most northern point 
of the Major's Purchase (West of Liberty St.) 




Split Rock Spring - Natural Curiosity and source 
of early water supply (East of High St.) 



THE PURCHADE PURCHASE 



POBCHADE PimCHASE 

SnoM all men by theso presents that I Joales Wstnpotuok 
Ssohem foeTe and by these presents doe bargain® sell allien 
and dispose of; in behalf of myself co^only Called Paeheag 
pond lying and being between Hamassakett Blver and a certain 
Brook that falleth into Titicutt Hiver; namely the most 
westerly of the three Sraele brooks that doe fall into the 
said River and bounded on the south by Certain Swex»ps and 
low valleys that goe from the said Nanuissakett Blver on the 
east unto the above said brook with all the woods waters 
aieddows end all priviledges and appurtenanoes thereunto apper- 
taining and belonging unto Major Josias Winslmr for himself 
and other English; and alsoe all the meddows lying on the 
westward syde of said Hanasaakett River» as hi£^ as the 
wadeing place att the Taunton path and all such iseddows as 
lye upon any of the three brookes abovementioned through 
without the Crosse exit that bounds the Hooke for end in 
consideration of twenty Pounds of him in hand Heceived, 
and doe herby fully and absolutely Resigne and give up unto 
the said Josias Winslow pteners and to theire heires executors 
and asaignes forever all and singulare the aboveeaentioned 
lands woods waters meddows etc; with all priviledges and 
appurtenances by them to be held possessed and enjoyed for- 
ever; and alsoe I the SAID Joalas have as freely and absolute- 
ly sold unto the said Josias Vlnslow; one other f^atft of land 
and meddows bounded by the lands of Plymouth and Duxburrow on 
the one syde and of Bridgewater on the other syde; and 



farchade Purchase (Coat*) 

extending North and south frosi the land forraerly purohaaed 

by Captaine I^omas Southworth onto the Great pond of Matta- 

keesett provided It enelode not the thousand acres given to 

my Sonne and Gorg Wampey above thoae ponds; and X doe by these 

presents Beslgne up onto the said Josias Vllnalov his heirs 

executors and asslgaes forever; ;all and singular the lands 

above fflensloned by him and theei to be held possessed and 

enjoyed forever; In witness vdierof Z have herunto sett e^ 

hand and seale this ninth day of July 1662. 

Signed sealed and delivered 

in the presence of 

the Mark of Edward Gray !Ehe raark of Jos las 

Wampatuoice 
mark A of George Wampey And a seale 

mark X of John Waoipenes 

Ihe lends abovemensloned sold by Joslas Wampetuok to enee 
and to my ptners although Included in one deed are to be 
understood to be two definite purchases; the former belonging 
unto those eight persons that had thelre allotments upon 
Poohaeg neoke and to theire helres forever; ai^ the latter 
%>aot mensloned lying between the bounds of Plymouth duxburrow 
and Bridgewater; and extending Northward towards Mattakeesett 
great ponds; abe belonging unto all the first proprietors of 
Nasiassakett plantation on both sydes of the River; viz. unto 
the el^t shares upon Pachaeg and imto those that had theire 
allotswnts on the Easterly side of Mmassakett upon th@ 
purchase niade by Captaine Southworth* In witness wherof I 



Forehade Furehase (Coat.) 

have hereuato sett csy hand. 

Josias Winslow 
This was done la Court held att Flymouth the Uth« of Juae 
1669. 



Upon the preseding purchases, the following orders of 
court were adopted Joae 3ff 1662: - "In reference to a 
petition preferred to the Court by sundry of the freeeaen, 
and in reference cuito a graunt nade to sorae to looke out 
aooomodstions of land as being the first borne children 
of this goTeroisent, and for the disposing of two small 
tracts of land lately purchased, the one by Major Winslow 
and the other by captaine Southworth, the Court having 
viewed the small lists of the naises of those that desired 
to be aooofflodated therein, have settled it upon these 
whose names follow • 

Anthony /^nnable for his 

dau^ter 
Hannah Bun^us 

Francis Sprague 

Gorg Settle 
Nathaniel Warren 

Mr. Howland 

Francis Cooke 

Lieutenant l€atthew Fuller 

Lieutenant ifhite 

Willlara Pontus 



Kr. Prinoe 

Mr. Bradford 

Major Wins low 

Mr. Alden 

William ^lullins 

Mr. Brewster 

Phillip Delanoy 

}1r. John yinslo%7 

John Adams 

Peter Browne 

John Chaoe 

Samauel Fuller jun. of Plymouth 



Steven Dean 
Andrew Binge 
Franeis Billington 
Moses Simonaon 
Hesolved White 
William Bassett 



Edward Bumpus 
Samuel Eddy 
Wllllara Hoskins 
Qorg Par trig 

William Nelson by rig^t of 
his wife 



Edward Grey to have a double share 
to be laid forth together 



AC/S&, PMSITIOI© AND REHOMSfRAHCES RfiLATIHG TO TERRITORY O^ 
THE TOftfH OP FEHBROKE. MASSACHl?Sr*fTS 

Act of iDCorpogatlag - Tlae West Parish of PftiabToke 

August 6, I7U6 

A Petition of sundry Inhabitants of Peratoroke, Bridgewater, 
AblQgton« Balllfaji, and H&sover, setting forth the difficul- 
ties they arc under to attend the publlck worship in the 
respective towns to which thsy belong; and praying thet thsy 
maj be ffiad« & sep&rats Township or Prscinet) all the said towns, 
saving Feabroke, having eonsented thereto. 

QBDiMM) that the prayer of the Petition be so far granted 
as that the lands therein ddseribed, bounded as follows, viz: 
Beginning at the south west corner of ^sekiel I'urner's land 
wherein he now dwells, and then ruiming south in the line of 
the Cornet* 8 Purchase, so called, about a mile and a half to 
a stake and stones, it being a corner bounds of Abington and 
Brldgewater; then continuing the saae course in the East Four 
Mile line of Bridgewater, so called, about two miles and a half 
to a Stake and Stones standing in the line between the farn of 
David ^tch and the farxs of Kath*l Hardin, whereon they now 
dwell; then running easterly in the line betwixt said Batches 
and Rardins land to a intake and Stones standing in the line 
butwixt the towns of Bridgewater and lallifax to the Horthwest 
Corner of Cpt. Croads lot, being the 63d Lot In the Kajor*B 
Purchase; then ruiming East South East till it comes to Peaiaroke 
line; and then running Easterly In the line betwixt Jiallifaai 
and Pttfflbroke to a stake and stones near lalston's Saw Mill, so 
called; then running Horth five miles and forty rods to a State 



Aet ot ZneorporAtlag - Th» West Parish of P^broke 

August 6, 1^6 (CoRt.) 

sod Stones on ths soatherly side of Crink Water Biver, about a 

mile and one quarter to the South E^st Corner of aaid Turner's 

Lot, and then running westerly between said Turner's and George 

King's Lot» about two idles and a quarter to the first Corner; 

together with all the land adjoining on the east side of the 

aforesaid Five Mile ano ^^rty Hods Line which belongs to any 

of the inhabitants who dwell on tha lands above described; 

•aving and exoepting out of the bounds aforesaid Josiah Foster 

Jvitxe and David Deling with their estates, who are to reiaaifi 

•till to Pemtooke, as also all the land adjoining on the Vest 

side of said Five Mile and Forty Hods Line that belong to any 

person or persons on the Easterly side of said line in Pembroke; 

and all the Inhabitants living on the lands aforesaid, be ereotd 

into a Separate and Distinet Parish or Precinot, and vested 

with all Sttoh powers and priviledges as Preeinets by law enjoy; 

and that Elijah Gushing, one of the principal inl^bitants in 

•aid Plaee is hereby iopowered to call the first Precinct or 

Parish ffleeting. 



(Passed August 6, ITii^.) 



mmStfOHATlOS OF W1S¥ FAEISfi - PBI^ROKE Pfttitloa 

Tq Ms Jbisoellemsy Willifts Shirloy* Maq* &o. « 

Hufflbly sheif«th Elli&h Cushiogy Agent for & Id belMtir of 
the Seoood PFOclDot in f&mbroke I0 the County of PI;;rB}0(itb 
Shat »d PreeiGct coosists of the Coreers of Five Tisvaa vlzt 
Pea^roko, Halllfax, Brldgowater, Ablogton & Haoover (an<i w©r« 
in tJbo year A.D. 17U6) Voted off by sd Towns la ordor to bo 
Zooorporatsd aa a fown or Proelnct & have over siQoe bdos la- 
eroesing and being very resote froa t he Centers of sd Towns, 
saving PeiBbrooi: which they are mich nearer too» and, by reason 
of their b^ing so reoote they are pat to great Difficulty to 
Attend the fowo Kestings in their several Towns when they 
accidentally hear of them} for no Notifications are ever set 
op in sd Pr eoinot to Xnfora th^, in the Corners of sd Towns, 
of the Town Meetings, and besides they are obliged to pay to 
the support of the (h^asmtr Sehool but can receive no Benefit 
there-frora, and so are obliged to Provide themselves e S^chool 
Master or have none - yr Petr would farther beg leave to say 
that if all the Inhabitants of sd Preeinot and the Estate 
therein k thereto belonging was annexed to the Town of Pejid»roke 
aforsd it would greatly serve the »d Precinct under their Pres- 
ent Difficulties aforsd, and more Ispeoially with Respect to 
the Schooling of their Children, and would also Benefit 
Abington, Baoovsr & lallifax they now being obliged to Choose 
Precinct Officers by reason of a ssKill number of Familys in 
their Precinct takren from the three Towns aforsd, wherefore 
yr Petr in behalf of sd Precinct prays that the Precinct 



Inoorporstion of West Parish - Peaibroke Petition (Gont.) 

aforsd with the Xahabitants &nA Estates therein may be Annexed 
to & made Part of the Town of Peaibroks eforad and Do Duty and 
reoalva Privlledgo there. 

And Tr Petr aa in Duty ^und shall Pray &e. 

(I>igned) Elijah Gushing 
C^der of Coanoil datod April 10 » 175U 
Boase eoneurred June 7» 17S^ 



Sridgewater assented )&iy 1$, i75U 

Helifax * Hay 23 

Manover " May 20 

Ablngton " May ?6 



Opposed ^y 29 by Joseph & Thoasas Josselyn, owing about 600 
acres partly in Hanover and partly in Abington« as detriments! 
to their interests. 



VifSi^ OP THii yf^T PATilSH 
Sept. 18, 1786 "Voted to coae eff as a distinct township." 
April 2, 1Q12 **Voted to aocept the report and doings of the 
agents chosen to renew and settle the line between the two 
parishes in this town." 

"Voted to be separated froa the other parish la this Town 
and incorporated into a distinct Township." 

(Reconsidered at the adjourned meeting held May 2$, I6l2.} 



\m 



PKglTIOM FOR THE HICQRPOSAYIOS OF TH5. TCf^/H OF HAHSQN 

¥o the Eoaor&ble ;^enete «J3€ Housfi of Repv&u&at&tiVdB in G©QdreI 
Cowpt assesbldd Itey 26 » X3X9. 

The iobabitants of the West PreelDet of Penl^oka Id t3a» 
Coanty of Plymouth by Thomas Hcbart» their Agent « legally 
appointed and authorized, beg leave to represent • That the 
territory of said fowa of Fei^roi^e Is very extensive •> fhat 
Eiacy of the Inhabitants have to travel fz*om five to seven miles 
to attend town aisetlng « That on aeeeunt of the anwleldlness 
and various local interests and prejudices of said town the 
Inhabitants are put to aueh Inoonvenlenee, and frequent eon* 
pl&ints and diffleultles are experieaoed In ondduetlng their 
minlcip&l affairs • fhat your petitioners have for along time 
firmly believed that peace, good order and economy would be 
greatly promoted by a division of said town, & setting off the 
said West Freclnet Into a distinct Corporation • Conformably to 
which on the 6th of Maroh» last said West Precinct held a meet* 
Ing and voted (there being but three dissenting) to petition the 
General Court for a separation - And on the 25th of the said 
month at another meating for that purpose, chose an agent to 
conduct the business for them - That afterwards the i:«st or 
Old Precinct gave their consent by a publlek vote - That on 
the 3d day of May Instant the subject casoe before the Town of 

-sAfterwards reported this was a jolstaice, the meeting being 
February 8th. 



Petition for the looorporatloo of the Town of Hfinaon (Oont.} 

Tomlavoks, stod It was there voted aliaost ananiiaously t^t the said 
town coaseot to have the said West Proeiaet Incorporated Into 
ft »%psjmt9 town - at vhioh last said meeting a cosssittee ot six - 
three frost eaeh Preoloct - v«re ehoseD hj th« town for the pur* 
pose of agrealog on the taras of 8»paratioa» a od also to fix 
aod determine whare tha division li0« should be « as BJeK>ald 
host aeoomotodate both towns &. bs th« least prejudicial to prl* 
vate prop<»rty « which said oonmlttee afterwards held a meeting 
and agreed to said terms , and also where the line of division 
should be, and loade up their siad opinion in writing as followsj^ 
vixs 
1st. (In the Aet of Inoorporetion the division line i& given 

the saffie as in the Petition, and therefore onsoitted here.) 
2od. It Is further agreed tl»t the poor already supported end 
those who shall hereafter be returned for support shall 
be supported by the town in whl<^ such poor gained their 
settlement. 
3d. (Debts to be apportioned aeeording to valuation) 
l^th* The Herring Fishery is to be resigned to the old town 
of Pembroke end to continue nndsr their sole control; 
but the inhabitants if the town to be Incorporated s^ll 
be allowed the privilege of purehesltig fish In the saaie 
manner and order as at present practised, they clalstlog 
no proceeds of said Pish & being at no expense in their 
regulation. 



Petition for the Ineorporetion of the Towa of Mmnaoa (Cont.) 

(Silked) ThOBies Hobart 
Oliver Whltten 
Jacob Bsarce 
Kilborn Wbltiaao 
William Torrey 
Davl<S Oldham, Jr. 

Wherefore your petltlooers, conoeivlag that there cao be 
oo reasonable objeetion to your granting their request do 
humbly pray that said Vest PreciQCt of PejBbroke be organized into 
a separate and distlDet town by the name of Hjanaon agreaable 
to the above towns with such alteration as shell be thotai^t to 
be laost fit & proper « and vested with all the powers end 
privildgea and subjeot to all the duties and requisitions of 
other Qorporate towns according to the Idonstitution and Laws 
of this GoramoBwealth • And aa in duty bound will ever pray 

(Signed) Thoaas Hobart, Agent 



flThe oaoe is inserted in the handwriting of ^ben 
Chairjoan of the Coasaittee of both Bouses. 



Paiabroke, May l8l9 

'£o the iiOQor&ble the Sdoate &e. The memorial of the sub- 
scribers » iohablteotfi of the Towd of Pembroke, HiBobly sheweth, 
that wherisas a uumber of tha Inhabitants of tha westerly part 
of Said torn have requested to b« Ineorporatecl ioto e separetd 
towD and It being representad to said town that th« Inhabitants 
livicg within the limits of the oontamplated cav tovta were 
nearly unanimous In favor ot sai^ separation, said town suppos- 
ing en almost unaniflK^us desire for a separation did eTrlst, and 
perhaps vithoat maturely oonsidering the Lo^ropric^ty of said 
Beparetiou, did vote for said divlfilon of the town. Sow we, the 
subscribers, living within the limits of the contemplated new 
town, or near the line of division, are decidedly opposed to 
the division of the town, and pray that said new town may not 
be Incorporated. And as in duty be and, we pray 

Benjamin Bowksr Joseph Bearoe Jonathan Howland 

Srin*ll Hottse, Jr. iJaeneEer Kaon Rlehsrd ■iversor? 

Gsd Bowker Daniel Orooker Charles B, P^rry 

Natbsoiel Pratt RowlsRd Borney Warren Howlerd 

Joseph Booiaey Joaevph Thomas Joseph Howland 

Se>aniel Raasdel Benjamin Tnbbs Crowel Bcnney 

Cornet Cob& Joseph Torry, Jr. Richard Bukar (Barker?) 

Ssjnuel House Isaac B. Barker Oren Josselyn 

Ssth Pdrry George V, I^unroe Frari-aia Josselya 

Jacob Bryient —--tan Bryient Ozen Josselyn 

Bsthusl White L^avl -^verson V/a. Josselyn 

Shedrsch Tbonms John Fish Mathan Dwelly, Jr. 

Zadock Read Micah Foster, Jr. Isai?c Cook 

J&ffies A. Burse Job Cole John 'TQlm&Q 

Sathaa Thorxas .usos Ckij^ Francis Jossalyn, Jr. 

John Bourn Sathan Stevens Jesse Beal 

J--- ---Howlacd? Levi Thomas Koah Bartn-sy, Jr. 

Oliver &»urn Mlcah Foster John Pratt 

Abiel Bourn tJoah BoDKiiiy ;aaiauei rtamadel, Jr. 

Cherlss Josselyn tdward Stavens Job Lutfear 

Jacob Josslyu ^2;ekial Jionoey 

In Senate 3 Juee l8l9 Hous« of Representatives k June l8l9 



^ 



To tha Honorable the Senate &e. 

Bm&hlj shdweth that i^tas'eas there la e petition of part of 

th« inhablfcacts in the westerly part of said tows praying to 

he incorporated lot© a separate to«n, your petitioners living 

vithiet the limits of ths cootemp^ted o&v town* cear the east* 

erly lloe thereof, are fitrasuously opposed to the division of 

•aid Fsmbroka. But if a o«v towo must bs incorporated ve 

B^st earnestly pray that the tioe of divisiuo be exteodad 

westerly so as to la&va yotu' petitioners iohabitaots of tha 

old tovQ. And as in duty bound will svor pray 

P»mbroke, Fob»y 1, 1320. 

Charles Joss^lyn Qeorgo W. Hooi'oe 

Isasc Cook Seth Perry 

John RaJBiJJC-iii Richard Bowitei' 

Nath».n Stevens John Wood 

Micah Foster Bethuel White 

Levi liver son Jacob Josselyn 

Joseph Bsrstovi Growal Bonnoy 
SllvRRua ,iV*3rsoo 



Aa Aot to establish thd Town of Hanson 

Be it anaoted Sta, That all tha wast part of the Town of 
Pembroke, in the County of Plymouth, on tha westerly side of 
th® following lino, be incorporated into a separata towo: 
baginning at the south of Rocky Hun Brook, so called; thence 
up stream, with said brook, until it comsa to the road 
esar Kathan Dwelly'sj theacs on a Una to strike the northwest 
corasr of the laud of S xau@I Parry In ths line- of the land 
of Seth P^rrys thence with the l&aos of said Samusl and Sath 
?©rry to Oldhaja Pood, so called; thence to the northesat ooroar 
of thfc land of Michh Foster, on the southerly side of said 
pond; thence by the line of said Foster *£ land to Indian Haed 



Toad, so called; thence soatharly OQ the margin of said pond to 
the l&Gd of Idfvt EirersoBj thence easterly by said Person's 
land to the road noer the Mpti8t Meeting Housed; thence on 
the northerly side of th@ road to the house of John Oldhesi; 
and thence erossing the ro&d t© the southerly side, and by said 
road to a corner hetwodn ths houses of Levi Thosias end Levi 
^verson, and is a eorner at vhioh the Plymouth road ooneieQees; 
thene^i southerly to the southeast corner of Levi ^Verson's 
store lot, so ealled; thsnee southerly on a course to striks the 
southerly corner of tho east and vest parishes on the Halifax 
line; vith all the iohabitaotft living thereon, ha and hereby are 
incorporated into a separate} town by the name of Hanson &«• 

(Approved February P.3 , 1620.) 



«The Baptist Meeting House in 1320 was the building (1912) 
now the dwelling of areeoleef Kilbrith, opposite tha present 
Methodist Meeting House in Bryentvllle, and stood on that 
site. 



KSOK - P.^ITIOSr OF JOSi^g LEOSABP AST OTH^^S 



To the Honorable Senstfi &«. 

We the undftrelgDed Legal Voters In the Tovds of Hfenaon 
and P«Efcrok-2 of Plymoutb Goucty F-epressnt that the line he- 
tweeo s&id Towns is Crooked acd Incocvenient. 

We therefore prey th»t a lice may be ruo commdcclng at 

the southeast eorner of Levi iuirer8cn*s Store Lot (so oell@d) 

thenee In & Northerly direetloa to ladlac Head Pood (eo 

called) , then Northerly on the isargla of said pond to a stone 

Montunent et the southwest corner of land of ID&vld E. Foster 

and that so mueh of the Tovn of Hanson with all the Inhabit ant t 

and estates thereon lying Northeasterly of said line be set 

off and annexed to the Town of Pembroke. 

J8n»y 1852. 

Joseph Leonard Benjamin I'hotESS 

Henry II. .^verson John I, Mason 

Joseph H. tiverson Jacob M. Bryant 

Harden Drake Nath'l. remon 

Otis H. Bates Heaarj Thofuas 

Lewis T. Gray Marcus Thoaias 
Wm. H. E, Bryant 

(The petition is supported by stateiEents from the following 

inJ^ibltants of Pembroke that the existing line rune through 

their property, necessitating t6:?:e3 in es>ch town. 

John D. Mason Nathaniel trmon 

Jabes M, Gardner Benjamin Thcsms 



SaNSQIj - R.J^O?S-STBASCS TO FSTXTIOH OF JOSEPH LfeOMRD 

To tbs Ho£iora!3l3 c>&nabe 1^:0. 

W® tii& Uiidersigafedj, iahabitsnce of anc Legal Voters in the 
tQVii of Pe£it»r-o^(3, ClouKty of Plyatoutli, would Bsspcctfallj rsp- 
na&feot tia&t >tiae petition of Joseph LsoDar<! »cd others of th« 
towas of iiaaaon aoa i &siia-ok& should not ba Qr&ntcd* for the 
rea&oD that we view it, uoder all the clrcumat&ocea, to b© 
unjust. 

V^e thoreforo respectfully Heawnstrate ftgalflst it, sod 
pray your Honorable Body not to grant ths frsyar of the 
Petitioners. 



All which is most respact fully submit tod. 
PeabroicG February 12th IS52. 



Charles B. For-d 
WillisM 0. Thomas 
Lucius F:s©d 
Acdrew B. Howland 
Kahum Laavitt 
Bemjsfiilo Bearce 
Isaac C. StQtson 
John Fish 
Jairus H. Post fir 



Thomas G. Stevens 
Lavid H. Foster 
Luther liowlsnd 
Hath&R B. Simmons 
VJilliaiB H. Dr-fiii'la 
Alx. B. Frod (?) 
iiatn'l Ford 
Gaivin T. Poster 
Peleg R. tsjjpson 



Joseph Pee<3 
Thomas furaer 
Joseph Fish 

liugene Pish 
Joseph Boylston 

-Jl&th*! S. Perry 



Pembroke Feb. 17th 1852 
Vie the underaigoed vouid certify that these that apou^t 
the Rcaaoostranc® against th« Petition of Joseph Leonard and 
others oilaiinforHi'=^d us, or w» misunderstood them and we signed 
the Remonstrance which we should not have done hsd ve understood 
It. 
Lucius Reed tsfillieuB 0. Thomas Joseph Reed 



HAIiSOH AFFIDAVIT OF DAVID QLTIUM 

This is to certify that I was o»e of the CosBnlttee to run 
the line vhleh divided the td^ns of HaDSoc aad Pembroke, and 
was running on the margin of Indian Head Pond (ao called) &nd 
fk>om thence Intending to run aoatherly straight to Halifax 
line; but vas strenuously opposed by Levi liverson as he was 
very unwilling to have the line eross his fax^; we then 
turned our course to please hlm» starting at his corner running 
fsiasterly by his line to the highway* thence by said highway 
round the land of said Levi Evsraon, to the easterly corner 
of said Levi i;:iVerson*s store lot (so called); thence southerly 
to Halifax Line, leaving the store lot also In Hanson. 

David Oldham 



m^e Remonstrance to the Petition of Joseph Leonard and 
others was written and circulated by ^* B. K, Ourney of 
Hanson. 



ow rmmm:B kdccxxz cc 

f IE FIRST OR EAST PARISB 1712 

TB£ smom (m west pahisr 17146 

SZKCE 1820 THE fGfm OF Mmi^ 



Her fiosts are all thy loyal aoos 

After the inoorporatlon of 17U6 the people of the West 
parish eoQtloued to agitate the question of a separate town* 
ship. It was evident that Peiobroka auist eventaally give up 
that portion of its territory. The sise of the town made it 
sofflewhat onwieldy* and the inhabitants of the West Pariah 
rebelled against the distanoe they were obliged to travel to 
attend town meeting, althoagh one in every three meetings was 
held in the second precinct. 

It was f»>t tmtil May 3, ldl9« that at a regular meeting of 
the eitisens of the twon it was voted almost unanimously that 
the town consent to the separation. The terms were agreed 
upon by a committee of three from each parish. This committee 
was composed of Thomaa Bobart, Oliver Whitten* Jacob Bearee, 
Kllborn Whitman* William Torrey, and Daniel Oldham, Jr. 
Thomas Hobart B.m agent for the West Pariah presented the 
petition to the General Court in the spring of 1819. There was 
some delay in the proveedings, and it was not until February 
22, 1820, that the act of incorporation was passed and the 
West Parish became a separate township. 

The name of lanson was given to the new town in honor of 
Alexander Conte Banaon, editor of the Federal Eepubllcan, who 
was a victim of the Baltimore riot. 



Eaosofi (CoQt.) 

B&QSon l3Ad published an artioI« in Jane 18X2, crlticls* 
lag the adi&inistratlon, and a raob deoollshed the offlee and 
deatrdyed the presses aod type, fhe paper was pabllshed for a 
tlna lo aeorgetowo. but feeling sailed to viodleate the freedom 
of the presSf he returned to Baltli^re, and was again attselced* 

His friends rallied to his defense, but the result was 
disastrous. A« Dr. Dale was killed » and Hanson and his friends 
were hurried to the jail for safety. The mob then attacked 
the jail and sucoeeded in taking their vietims. General 
LingluuB, who was an officer in the W^ir of the Revolution, 
lost his life, and Qeneral Henry Lee, father of Oeneral 
Robert B* Iiee, was e»ide a cripple for the reoainder of his 
days. Hanson was thought to be dead, but he was resuscitated 
and taken out of the city in a Imy cart* 

Zn three months the feeling against Hanson changed, and he 
was elected representative to Congress where he continued 
until 1816. He was then chosen to the United States Senate, 
an office which he held until his death in I6l9. 



TgE WEST mRTSH BECOMES HAHSQH 



» SETTLEMEHT OF WEST PARISH; BARLY SETTLERS 

If you will scratch baneath the surface of our modern way 
of living, you will find our town to have a strong traditional 
character. Many of its families descend directly from the 
earliest settlers. 

The ideals which dominated the lives of the founders of 
Plymouth Colony have left their imprint on the progressive 
character of the Town of Hanson. These he n were not people 
from hardy sea-faring stock, nor were they adventurous explorers, 
Consequently, partially due to the long sea voyage across the 
Atlantic and even more to the effect of the severe winter cli- 
mate and bad food, forty-six of the party died before the spring 
of 1621. 

The key to the character of the Pilgrims lies in the 
motives that inspired their Journey to this new land. The 
driving force behind them was not the more common one of desire 
for fame or for riches. It was, primarily, a determination to 
attain freedom of thought and action and secondly it was the 
fundamental patriotism that rebelled against the loss of 
identification with their native England. 

These character traits enabled the heroic men and women 
to endure the terrible sorrows and hardships of t he early 
years of the settlement. Belief in liberty, determination to 
proceed against all odds and intense patriotism are a part of 
the heritage of Hanson. 



PAGE 2. 
Settlement of West Parish! Early Settlers (Cont.) 
The incorporation of Pembroke resulted from the westward 
growth of Duxbury, whose western boundary was fixed {I64I). 

The North River, seemod to have been, as was quite natural, 
the best means of exploration. Settlements on and near the 
river gradually widened out. The coming of Wampatuck and his 
tribe, the sale of the "Major's Purchase" brought many new- 
comers , 

Colonel Nathaniel Thom«s of Marshfield, in 1691, through 
his connection with the "Major's Purchase", came into posses- 
sion of 250 acres of land in what is now, the center of Hanson. 
In I69I4 and 1695 he bought 250 acres more of the Indians, An 
authority states that about that time ho built a dam on the 
Indian Head Brook, near the Hanson Town Hall, and a little 
later erected a saw mill for his son Isaac. In the year 1711, 
a log house was built on the brow of the hill overlooking the 
mill, at the time of Isaac's marriage. 

The cellar of this house Is easily located at the present 
time. At his death in 1731, Isaac owned 1200 acres of land, 
110 acres comprising his home farm. His estate also included 
five yokes of oxen and five slaves. He and his two wives, 
Anne Thompson and Abigail Gushing sleep in the cemetary et 
Center Pembroke. 

Few today realize that Just about every foot of our Town's 
land was turned into some useful return. The best fields were 
cleared and cultivated for hay, corn and potatoes. The rougher 



PAGE 3 . 
Settlement of West Parish: Early Settlers (Cont.) 

parts wero fenced into pasture lands, the wooded sections were 
carefully used for the timber land. Cedar swamps yielded cords 
of shingle stuff and thousands of fence rails. 

Maple swamps provided quantities of cord wood to keep the 
houses warm during the long cold winters. Oak trees went into 
ship timber and fire wood. Any surplus was burned into 
charcoal. Swamps and lakes were bedded with iron ore so near 
the earth's surface that it was procured with almost no effort. 
It was the natural resources that attracted the first settlers. 

Nothing definite can be ascertained as to who first settled 
in what is now Hanson, nor the time, but as early as 1679, James 
Bishop owned land on Indian Head Fivwr and was living In 1710. 
The name was originally spelled Bushop. 

In I68I4 William Tubbs was granted land "upon condition 
that he bear his part of the church and town charges". His 
land was adjoining that of Abraham Peirco and Nathaniel 
Thomas . 

In 1712, Josiah Bourne, great grand-son of Thomas Bourne, 
one of the settlers In Marshfield, bought a large tract in the 
extreme southern part, next to the "Great Cedar Swamp", "with 
ye house on it" and traces of its location can still be seen. 
It is said of him that he was small in stature, a man of good 
practical sense, determination and perseverance, who made the 
hills and valleys laugh and shine with their abundance. 



PAGE k • 
Settlement of West Pariah: iSarly Settlers (Cont.) 

The Bisbees and Pierces were early located on the Bridge- 
water Road, in the vicinity of South Hanson Station* on the Old 
Colony Railroad. John Blsbee was a tiller of the soil and 
sought situations favorable to it. His sons settled on his 
lands to carry on the same business. 

Benjamin Hanks married in England and came to Plymouth, 
Mass. in 1699 and settled in the west part of Pembroke. In 
February 25th, 1713, he bought thirty acres of land of John 
Partidge. A part of the deed is here given: "In the northerly 
corner to a hemlock tree standing in a swamp thence running eas- 
terly 62 rods to stake marked 36-35* thence by ye 36th lot to 
sttike with stones by ye most southerly way that leads to ye 
swamp conanonly called and known by ye Cedar Bridge and from 
said stake by ye path over said swamp to a white oak tree which 
is the westerly corner bound thence running northerly to ye 
aforesaid hemlock tree." 

This land was the south half of the 35th lot in the Major's 
Purchase. Benjamin Hanks resided here until 1725 when his wife 
died. He then sold his property to Isaac Little for 120 pounds 
($610.00) and moved to Plymouth. The births of eleven children 
of Benjamin Hanks and wife Abigail are found recorded by Rev. 
Daniel Lewis in the First Parish records of Plymouth. 

William the second son born February 11, 1701+, settled in 
Virginia. His son, Joseph, married Nancy Shipley and their- 



PA0ig 5, 
Settleiaent of Weat Pftrlsh; Slerly Settlers (Coot.) 
7our}g9St ehiidt Viencj, born February 5» 17% married Thoaaa 
Lincoln Jiioe 12, 1806. fhey aoved to Buffalo, Kentacky where 
Abraham Lineolo was born February 12, 1809. 

OoQ of the most proaineot fsKllles of the Wast Parish of 
Peabroka baek lo thoaie early daya was the Gushing faislly. To 
go back a few yaara before the time alljeh Cashiog built his 
house, the area which is now Hanson wss in 1650 still a virgin 
forest« Bttge oaks and beeches coluuBcex! the hill sides, deer and 
wolves and wild turkeys roamed among thera, and the woodland 
etreaffls ran aoobstruoted except by sueh dams as the beaver had 
constructed* 

It was all a part of the Old Colony with the white man*s 
authority centered at Plymouth. Be recognized the red chiefs 
as owners of all unpnrchased soil. &>idgewater was pressing 
in from the west, Scituate on the north, while on the »orth»west 
Abington ifould soon be an incorporated neighbor, iiiasterly, a 
less simple situation arose, mainly due to Indian ownership. 
Only a small part of Hanson ever belonged to Massasoit's tribe 
of Wamppnosgs, their "north" being the present Main Street, 
approx li^t sly . 

The rest, including the herring ponds, was subject to the 
Kassachusett tribe's chief, living in whet is now Quincy. 

In the year of Governor Bradford's death • 165 7 » Was^atuck, 
their young head chief, left that place and took residence at 



PAGE 6 . 
Settlement of West Parish: Early Settlers (Cont.) 

at the north end of Furnace Pond in Pembroke as if to serve 
notice that the region would not easily be given up. 

The defeat of King Phillip in 1676 removed all danger of 
general uprising. A plague which swept the herring ponds about 
1685 left hardly a score of Indians in the vicinity of what 
is now Hanson and thus opened the way for settlement by the 
White men. 

Jt wad to. this wilderness area in 1721+ that Jilijah 
Gushing came and built his home. 

When the house was erected the land on which it stood belong- 
ed to the town of Abington. Then in 1727 the land became part 
of the town of Hanover. In 1754 it became the West Parish of 
Pembroke • 

The habits and oastoms of our forefathers and mothers 
are important in this history in showing the every day life 
amongst them. Every man and woman was addressed as Goodman 
and Ooodwife, Only the very highest classes in society were 
given the titles of Mr. and Mrs. fft was the habit In those 
days for men to wear very long beards. Females, whether 
old or young were content with a homespun flannel gown for 
winter and wrappers for summer. The latter were without a 
waist and gathered at the top. For occasional dress, a 
calico or poplin was enjoyed. Both leather and broadcloth 
shoes with high, wooden heels, covered and peaked toes 



PAG^ 7 . 
Settlement of West Parish: Early Settlers (Cont.) 
turned up, were worn by females. 

Brocades were a luxury and not much indulged in. When 
they were once obtained, they lasted long, being transmitted 
from mother to daughter through successive generations. 

The meals in those days were frugal, the course at 
dinner in winter was first porridge, a broth with a few 
beans thrown in and seasondd; second an Indian Pudding; and 
third boiled pork and beef with potatoes and pumpkins. 

Suppers and breakfasts were usually alike, milk with 
toasted bread in it. They had no Sunday dinner until both 
meetings were over. 

Succotash prepared from corn and beans was a favorite 
food and they were delighted to serve brown breed made of 
rye and Indian meal. 

Later a custom grew up where by they ate salt fish 
on Saturday. 

There was an unwritten law that required everybody feo 
attend church. Men and women sometimes walked ten or twelve 
miles to attend services. Often the "well to do" came to 
church on horseback. It was no unusual thing for the owner 
and his wife, the one on a saddle and the other on a pillion, 
with perhaps a little boy or girl before them and aa infant 
in the woman's lap, to ride half way to the place of worship 



PAaii 8. 

Settlemeot of West Pariah: oarly Settlers (Cont.) 
and then dlsraount on arriving at the half vey block and 
hitch the horse for the neighbors who set out on foot, walk- 
log thaaaslves, the rest of the way. 

Oar early aettlera ware a thrifty, self-reliant and 
industrious peopla. There are many instances vjrhere sym- 
pathy, kindness or service has bees rsvealed. There Is 
soraethiog about their way of life that strengthened character 
end brought forth men and wosen of stanina. 



SOORGJsS OP ISPORMATION; 

Old Pambroke (MDCCXIIC) W.W. Bryant and ^.vie Crew 
History of Plyooutli County I;. H&xnllton Hurd, Ifenson 

Pages 3ii2 - ^..B.K.Gurney 
Richards History of fiarshfield Chapter ^6 



EARLY dTREET NAMB3 

Hanson Center Is located In the geographical center of the 
town and surrounding the Town Hall, 

On a map of Hanson, I83O, by iCaptaln Joshua 3nlth, the 
streets have no names whatever. Indian Head Street was known 
as the Boston Road because the stage from Plymouth to Boston 
traveled over it. It was celled Rowland Street at one time. 
On the map of I856, Indian Head Street was named Hanson Street, 
In 1692 when the Hanson Improvement Society made and erected 
street signs revising several names of streets, Hanson Street 
became Indian Head Street. 

County Road was so named because most of the expense of 
building it was paid by the County. Hanson raised no money 
for it by taxation. 

The large, old elm trees that are growing on film Street 
were set out by Berney Everson In I8I47 when he was sixteen years 
of age end employed by Eric Osborne who owned the former 
John Ibbitson home. These elms gave the street its name. 
Before this, the street had been called the Sodom Road, 

Years ago, Washington Street was divided into three 
sections. The first section, called Station Street, was from 
the East Bridgewater line to the corner of the present Holmes 
Street and County Road. The next section was from the above 
named corner to the corner of Winter Street and was known as 
Willow Street, The third section was from the corner of iW 



Early Street Namea (Cont.) 

Winter street to the Pembroke line at Dwelly street and was 
sailed North -liitreet. 

There Is a lane leading from Spring Street which the 
citizens of Hanson voted to dignify by the name of Glenwood 
Place. It had been called for some time Josselyn Place 
for caamuel W. Josselyn who lived in the house at the end of 
the lane, Rhbert Thomas, a blacksmith, lived in this Josselyn 
house at one time and was the owner of a Jackass of which many 
amusing stories are told - hence the name of Jackass Lane was 
applied to this former private roadway. 

Main otreet was known as Bridgewater Road; High Street 
was named Bonney Hill; Homes Street was named School Street; 
and South Street was called Thomasvlll©* 

Dame's Corner, the intersection of High Street, Liberty 
Street and County Road is now known as Walkey's Corner. 

The community known as Fosterville was located in the 
vicinity of the junction of Mattakeesett a Street and Maquan 
Street. 

The railroad station, commonly known as South Hanson, dis- 
played the usual signe - with the name Bryantville thereon. 

The Burrage station was originally called Bourntown. 

The railroad crossing now known as Monponsett Station was 
originally known as Joel White Crossing. The original White 



Early street Names (Coot.) 

family lived in an old colonial house on Monponsett Street, 
across from the former Charles White home, now owned by Mr. 
Albert William Nicolls, 

Many people think that Bonney Hill is the highest land 
in Plymouth County, but this is not the case. By actual 
leveling, Dsna Pratt found that the land around the house 
of the late Thomas Bourne is 165 feet above sea level. 



BftRI^r I Ifl2I?STR T^ him BtfSINESSKS 



OCCUPATIOSfS AND INDUSTRIES 

Hfothing definite can be aaoertalned of the occupations of 
the first men vdxo settled here, more than that they were gener- 
ally tillers of the soil, and sought situations favorable to 
It. 

A nun±>er of later residents are known to have made 
shingles by hand, and were known as shingle-weavers* These 
would go into the woods and swanks, where they procured their 
lumber, and remain there, cutting trees and making shingles 
on the same ground. 

In different parts of the town were coopers; Gamaliel 
Bisbe, Jedediah Seal, and lEhomas Macomber worked at this 
business, maing buckets and tubs of various kinds, Ebenezer 
B* Keene made nails near his father *s house. Snos Cox made 
hammered nails and many made tacks by hand, among them Thomas 
Gurney, Bphraim and White orab Cox. 

Several blacksmiths were in town before I8OO. Nathaniel 
!Qaomas had a shop near the saw-mill at the foot of Almshouse 
Hill* ©iree suooessive generations by the name of Bonney were/ 
earpenters, the last, Noah, was born I871, 

Many worked in iron foundries and found work in East 
Bridgewater, Kingston, and Easton. On the gravestone of Lemuel 
Bonney who died in i803f is inscribed, "One of Mie greatest 
iron founders in America". 



Occupations and Industries (Cont,) 

There was a tannery near where Soper*s Hall now stands, 
carried on by Gershom Orcutt. John Cook was a hatter near by. 

Ihe first store of which there is any knowledge was 
kept by Ebenezer Bonney at his place near Indian Head River 
Bridge. People came a long distance to buy. An aged lady 
remembers hearing her grandmother relate her mother and 
father going there in the fall to buy sufficient for the 
coming winter. Mr. Bonney also kept a tavern. 

During the Revolutionary War Alexander Soper had a store 
and kept a tavern at the junction of Bonney Hill and Main St., 
where Walter Gaidar »s first store was. 

In 1823 Samuel Briggs built a store a few rods east of 
the Baptist Church. He traded here two years, then moved it 
half a mile east on the same road, and continued business 
until he sold to Martin Bryant I830. 

About that time Lemuel Hatch had a store in Hobart's 
building, near where the town hall now stands. It Maa after- 
wards burned. 



-SHOE mKING IN THE OLDSN TII4ES 

Nearly all of the shoe-makers of Hanson as far back 
as 181|0 had a small shop or worked in a room in their own 
house. A man with several boys in his family kept them 
busy pricking and pegging shoes until they were large enough 
to last them and then they were soon capable to make an 
entire shoe. 

Whigs and Democrats both made shoes, talked politics 
discussing the affairs of the Nation; until both got hot under 
the collar and it was no uncommon thing to hear such ex- 
pressions as "That is a Whig lie". When the debate waxed 
so fierce that they could find no words to express them- 
selves, the leading Whig would start in singing a campaign 
song and all the boys joined in the chorus. After the song, 
the Democrats went home thoroughly disgusted with the other 
party, only to meet again the next evening to fight the 
same battle over again. 

Brogans and boots were made at this time. !!5iey cost 
five dollars a pair and a man was not considered well 
dressed without these boots and a silk hat. 

Kip brogans had two rows of pegs, six to the inch 
and the workmen received twenty-two cents a pair for 
making them, although in dull seasons they were made 
for seventeen cents a pair. 



.SC 



SHOE MAKISG IN THE OLDEN TIMES (Cont.) 

Women used to bind and stlteh the shoes receiving 
three dollars for sixty patrs, until Elias Howe invented 
the needle used in the sewing-machine. Then the manufac- 
turers had that work done in the shops and the women lost 
their job. Bae nachine did a prettier job than could be 
done by hand and gave the shoes a nicer look. 

Manufacturers soon began making Oxford ties, Creoles 
and Congress boots. Very few men could make a first class 
Congress boot and it was considered a feather in anyone's 
cap -who was able to do so. 

Boys still continued to prick and peg them for four 
cents a pair and many boys earned a pair of skates at 
seventeen cents and a seal akin cap which cost him twenty- 
five cents. (These seal skin caps were worn by old and 
young. ) 

Hanson had two shoe manufacturers, Isaac Poster and 
Benjamin Franklin Thomas. 

Mr. Foster was Solon Simpson* s grandfather. His shop 
was situated on Maquan Street in the village known as 
Posterville, IRie shop has been made into a dwelling house 
and is now (I960) occupied by William Gr. Preel. 

The Benjamin ISiomas shop was situated on High Street 
opposite the residence of the late Benjamin Thomas, but at 



■MtM 



SHOE MAKING IN THS OLDEN Tims (Cont.) 

the time the shoe shop v;as running^ occupied by Lather 
Chaadler. 

Tbo shop was run by steam power, but not being able to 
con^ete with the larger manufacturera, they were forced to 
give up their business and the shop was taken down and the 
luiaber moved to Whltaian, 

About iQpl Lyman Blalce completed his sewing machine 
and the shoe business had to be taken into the manufacture 
shop to save carting from the large to the smaller shops. 

Blake's machine sewed all but the toe. IlacKay invented 
the horn and that completed the machine. Blake sold out to 
J&cKay for |l},0,000. and the machine is known as the MacKay. 

Prom this time pegged shoes were made in less numbers 
each year. If shoe makers worked on sewed shoes they had to 
feo to the large shops. 

When the shoe»maker worked in his little shop he was 
independent, now he is whistled into the shop and whistled 
out, thereby losing his independence. 

Daily papers were not plentiful in those days, so the 
shoemakers chipped in and had a Daily come every day to 
Bowker's store which was in Bourne's Hall, near where the 



SgJT: mKIHG IM THE OLDEN TIMES (Cont.) 

Town Hall now ia, Samuel Rogers used to read aloud to the 
company. One evening >ir. Rogers being absent, Mr. 
taking up the paper and observing the words "Manassas 
Evacuated" printed in large type, smacked his lips and 
exclaimed "Great news, boys, great news," On being asked 
what it was, he read as follows: 

"The troupes under General MacClellan went out to 
re CO moter. They crossed the Pot o mac and idien they 
arrived at Mon as to they round it was ovocated." 



WATER PQWLINa IN HAHSOH 

The aarly settlers being raore or less dependent on wild 
life for their meat became aware of the poaalbllltlea of wild 
fowl eapttire to add to their diet, 

Hanson being on the divide between the North River and 
Taunton River systems, had ample water courses In the town* 
Ifaquan Pond» through a amall outlet stream, passed through 
several smll pot holes and fed Into Indian Head Pond; In turn, 
passing through fresh meadows to the Indian Head Brook. Several 
dams, mentioned elsewhere in this history, were constructed 
early In the settlement of the town, causing mill ponds to be 
found, other small streeuns were also part of this system. 

Our portion of the Oreat Cedar Swamp, as this area was 
known, now containing many cranberry bogs, was the head waters 
of the Tatinton River system. It had many Oreat Ponds, smaller 
bodies of water and many small pot holes, all of which was con- 
ducive to the breeding of Water Fowl. Those areas were not 
only native to many water fowl but were also stops for migrat- 
ing birds. This presented an opportunity for the harvesting of 
much food and also provided income from sale in the markets of 
Boston and other nearby places. 

Few people, except local members of the Audubon Society, 
realize that with the advent of warm months a migration begins 
from the South American everglades. This is the migration of 
the wading birds, the herons, to the rookeries in our Great 



Water F o wling In Hanson (Cont) 

Cedar Swamp between Hanson and Halifax, The feeding grounds 
were the North River marshes • 

The black-crowned night heron, a plain bird about twenty- 
six Inches in length with a chunky body, was the most abxmdanfe. 

The egret was snow white in color and stock«like in form. 
Its every movement was measured and graceful. They attain a 
length of forty-one inches and carry plumes at mating time 
which were once so esteemed by the feather trade that they 
nearly became extinct. 

Although the early taking of birds was by the individual 
gunner, later it became a highly specialized process which de- 
veloped into what was known as"gunning stands". At some time, 
each body of water in town has had one of these blinds. Per- 
manent living quarters were built at these sites containing 
living, sleeping and working areas. They became dual ptirpose 
buildings in several cases, or should we say, gunning stands 
and shoe shops, particularly the stands at Indian Head and West 
Monponsett Ponds, where it was possible a few years ago to find 
leather scraps where shoes and boots had been cut and pegged. 

The lost art might be briefly recorded as follows: 
The living quarters were completely camoflaged by trees and cut 
brush placed so that they could not be distinguished from without. 
The buildings of a substantial nature had all disappeared from 
the scene. 



Water Fowling; in Hanson (Cont,) 

The blinds at the larger stands on Indian Head, Vifampatuck 
and West Monponaett Ponds were rather elaborate affairs and were 
spiaetiiaes over 100 feet in length. These consisted of board or 
slab fences five to six feet high set leas than a gunshot from 
the shore of tha ponds. They were well covered with caiaoiiflage 
nsiterialf boughs « grass and, in sos^ eases, trees were planted 
to hide them. 

The shores of the bodies of water were called "Beaches'* and 
they were generally built up wl th stones and filled with vshlte 
sand. 

The general method of decoying the wild fowl to within 
shooting distance was considered to be of a highly technical 
nature . 

The "gunners" (or shoe workers) usually arrived at the 
stands late in the summer and brought their work with them. 
Time not spent in the gunning activities was utilized in the 
cutting and pegging of shoes. 

They occupied these stands until after the winter freeze- 
up. It was also customary to catch fish through the Ice and 
sell that to the markets. 

The severe winter months were not productive from the 
gunning viewpoint and the stands were generally unocctxpied until 
the ice went out and the northern migration set in. The gunning 
and shoe business then continued until late April. 



Water Fowling In Hanson (Cont.) 

After the advent of the shoe faotory* this practice dwind- 
led and finally ceased altogether. 

The water fowl mambera were diminished to a certain degree 
causing legislation which changed the market gunning to a 
strictly sporting proposition* 

The enticing of water fowl was accomplished as follows t 
Domesticated ducks of wild ancestry* trapped by the early 
followers of the business * were fastened by a leather thong» 
called a strad« on the beach. The leather* of coitrse, beln^ a 
by-product of the boot and slioe cuttings, A stake was driven 
into the ground and swivels attached to the "strad" so that the 
live "coy" was able to move about in a restricted manner. 

Behind the blind* boxes were provided that contained more 
ducks. Upon sight of wild birds* these were taton from the 
boxes by hand and thrown over the blind resulting in a forced 
short flight over the ducks on the baach* causing them to quack 
or call oi:t, attracting the wild birds Into gun range. 

Wooden replicas of ducks called "blocks" were placed In 
the water. It was considered a highly experienced knowledge 
as to where and how far from the shore these were to be 
placed. In the early days these were arranged on cedar poles 
of a triangular shape and fastened to the bottom by grapevines 
or bull briar runners. Later, rope and wire were used with 
bags of sand for anchors. 



Water Fowlin|y In Hanson (Cont,) 

These^blocks" were of general home raanufacture and tlieir 
similarity to wild fowl was entirely up to the artistic nature 
of the iaaker# They were olaced In groups reaching far Into the 
water. Intending to cause wild birds to see them from some 

distance* 

The same general method was used for geese with the follow- 
ing additions: 

Geese by nature being mated for life were subjected to 
separation by placing one on the beach and the other in a pen 
behind the blind. The giinners, by different arrangaraents, had 
the goslings of the particular pair in a "fly pen", so called, 
generally on a hill or built up platform near the stand. When 
wild geese appeared, and at the proper time, these were released 
and flew out over the beach and water, causing ttie parent fasten- 
ed on the beach to honk or call loudly, vahioh in ttirn created a 
disturbance of all the other geese in the stand, who In turn 
joined in inviting the wild flock to light. They as a rule 
"lit" at or near the blocks and were then, by creating further 
calling of the "beach team" called to the range of the gunners. 

The last few years of gunning was a highly exploited sport 

carried on by clubs of raany members and having elaborate stands, 
The»© were many goose and duck decoys kept in Hanson until the 
early thirties, when live decoys were prohibited. 



CHARCOAL BDRHI^a 

Charcoal making is an ancient industry. We know it played 
an important role in our Colonial days b«5caus© the remains of 
charcoal pits are to be found in Hanson. 

No eoal being available at that time, charcoal became the 
chief fuel in Industry because it gave a higher heat than wood 
In its normal state. 

Charcoal was used for heat in the iron foundories and 
forges in our town. 

Sbrd woods - such as maple, birch, and ash - were "burned" 
for use in the smelting of iron ore. 

Softer woods were burned into a quality of charcoal used 
for the fireplaces in homes. 

The ''burning*' was sometimes done in pits, some of which 
were 50 to 100 feet in circumference, and 12 to 1$ feet deep 
a pit having 15 to 16 cords of wood laid in it would produce 
about 600 bushel of charcoal. 

This fuel was produced by burning the wood with a 
restricted supply of air. The heat of combustion evaporated 
gases leaving almost pure carbon. 

The wood was cut in short pieces, stacked in layers in 
the pit, covered with earth and burned from the center outward. 



Charcoal Burning (Cont.) 

A "chimney" of cordwood was left In the middle of the heap 
to be closed vhen ooxobustlon was started. Draft vents were 
made at the bottom of the pile to be closed or opened as the 
state of burning or direction and strength of wind required. 

As the burning progressed, vent holes had to be made in 
'the walls of the pile to release gases, otherwise the whole 
thing could explode. 

When a certain point was reached, and the danger of explod- 
ing passed, all the holes were closed and the pile covered with 
more earth and sealed by wetting and keeping It damp for eight 
to ten days. 

It required from two to three weeks of day and night 
watching and the services of several men to complete the pro- 
cess. 

After the pile had cooled, the charcoal was pulled out 
with an Implement something like a potato hook. This was a 
dirty task, and unless great care was used, fire could break 
out from a live coal and the whole lot burned Into ashes. 



2310M ORE IHDUSfRY 

Another very early Industry of our forefathers, and one of 
whloh there is little evidence today, was that of smelting iron. 

This work employed groups of men and so became a source of 
income to the community. 

Nature appears to have manufactured an abundance of iron 
ore of very good quality in Indian Head Pond, and also some of 
the swamps in this area. 

The ore was found in varying sizes, small nodules in the 
shallow waters near shore, and in the deeper water the lumps 
were larger, about the size and shape of a fig. Out of the lower 
depths large lumps of a poorer quality were found. 

These were fished up with long-handled tongs and loaded 
onto ox-drawn wagons to be delivered to the various founderies. 

The smaller nodules yielded from 20^ to 305? iron. The 
larger, blacker ore was a poorer quality, used for smelting 
with the better ore. 

These ores brought about $6.00 a ton delivered at the 
furnace. 

The early furnaces were sturdy stone towers, built with 
sloping walls, on a square stone foundation. From the center, 
a stone chimney rose to about thirty feet in the air. 



IroD Ore Industry (Gont.) 

An oval oven was enclosed In the tower Into which fuel 
ore and flux could be put in layers, and from the bottom of 
which molten Iron was run off into sand molds to form "pigs". 

The furnace fires, using charcoal made near by in a pit 
were blown with big double bellows, worked by water power. 

The "flux" was oyster shells or ground lime-stone and 
served to sieve impurities from the ore. It took more than 
fifty men to operate a forge. Sometimes slaves were used. 

According to tradition, some of this ore went into an 
anchor for the "Constitution" when she was built. 

Iron ore went to the Plymouth ship yards, and was also used 
In the ships built on the North Ri"^er. 

Slag, a by-product of the iron, is sometimes found today 
along the sites of these founder ies. 



WEAVING 

Weaving was the ocoupatlon at which many worked. They 
had private looms in their homes, and obtained the cotton 
yarns from nearby factories. We are told that "work was done 
by the best people" and the daughters were not too proud to 
toil day by day to earn the pennies which. In some cases 
formed the nucleus of fortunes . 

They were paid by the yard for their work and among the 
families who operated looms we find the names of Squire 
Joseph Smith, Rev. Gad Hitchcock, Isaac Barker, and Noah Bonney. 



MILLS OH HiiDIAN HEAD BROOK AW RlVm 

The early settlers, who made their homes along the coast, 
soon found that more fertile soil and better pasture land was 
needed* The move Inland thus began. Soon the value of the 
abundant forest and the advantages of fresh water becaiae apparent 

Perhaps the earliest and most profltaHe industry employing 
more than one man was lumbering. An ample market for this 
product, ship building, was not far away. 

To make trees into timber at that time was long, hard 
work. The trees were felled with axes, then the "squaring" was 
done. First the log of the required length, was set across 
two other logs and braced so it could not roll. Then a man 
called a "hewer", with an adz, chipped the log the" whole 
length, until the face of the timber was as large as the log 
would allow. It was then turned and the chipping was repeated 
on the other three sides. Squaring a big timber took about 
two hours. The broadaxe had a short handle and almost straight 
blade and was kept very sharp. The last layer of the chips 
was hewn away with the edge, making a smooth finish. 

In some very old houses these timbers still may be found. 

Planks and boards for floors and walls were made from the 
squared timber by two men using a "pit saw", or sash saw set 
in a frame. The piece of squared timber was placed on supports 
across a deep pit. One man sawed above ^ound following a 
chalked mark. His assistant, the pit man, worked below and 
furnished the pull for the downward cutting stroke. 



Mills On Indian Bead Brook and River (Cont.) 

This took ioaQj hours of hard labor before enough lumber 
for a house was ready. 

Kan has always sought easier and faster ways of production, 
using what nature has provided when possible. Thus Col. 
Nathaniel Thoiaas in surveying the lands of the Majorca Purchase 
early noted the possibilities of this %rea and was satisfied 
to receive 2$0 acres in payment for his services. 

Sere was water to give power to a mill. The beavers, 
having built a partial dam on Indian Head Brook, made it an 
easier project to complete. In I69i4-1695» tradition tells us 
this was done and it was the first dam in Plymouth County to 
be used to provide power for a water wheel. 

This mill is named in old records of 1712 and 1716 as the 
"Colonel's Old Mill". In 1722 it is recorded as the Isaac 
Thomas Saw Mill. In 1737 it is spot en of as the Edward Thomas 
Mill. He was Isaac's son. It was in the Thomas family from 
1695 until about 1829. 

It was than sold to Benjamin Eobart of Abington who put 
in machinery for cutting tacks, as by this time the shoe busi- 
ness had built up a market for tacks, wooden pegs having been 
used for many years. 

The r ill was burned in I835 but was rebuilt and continued 
making nails and tacks until iSi^d, when Nathaniel Cushing bought 
two-thirds of the building for a trunk factory, Ezra Phillips 
buying the other one-third to continue the tack business. 



Mills on Indian Head Brook and River (Cont.) 

It was later sold to Henry Brigham of South Abington who 
made tacks there until it burned again in 1859. 

It was rebuilt and used as a saw mill until about the turn 
of the century. 

Quite a business center developed near the mill during the 
years. There was a grist mill built and operated by Dea. David 
Beal across the road. On the land now occupied by the Hanson 
Town Hall was a general store kept by Mr. G. T. Bowksr. Across 
the road near the corner of Winter Street was a blacksmith's 
shop owned by one of the Thomas' and nearby on Liberty Street 
a shoe shop operated by Mr. Ramsdell. 

Following the Brook down stream we find - about a mile 
before it connects with the Drinkwater River - that a mill 
was erected here in 1715- 

Old records read that on "May 30th, 171S» Joshua 
Gushing, Joseph Poord, Thomas Barker, and Thomas Rowland 
entered into agreement in regard to a caw mill they Hre 
building on Indian Head Stream, near the road that leads 
to the little Cedar Swamp." 

In 1827, Dr. Samuel Barker sold the right for mill 
privileges to Elihue Hobart who erected a tack factory and 
employed Hervey Dyer as agent. 

About this time the large gambrel-roofed house was built 
on the hill to accomodate the working men with room and board. 



Hills on iBdian Head Brook and River <Cont.) 

For many years Mr. Joseph Poster from Maquan Street (then 
called Fostervllle) walked each day to work in the mill. 

The mill was later sold to Mr. Luther Holland who 
made tacks until it burned about I850, It was never 
rebuilt. The mill pond and dam are destroyed, but the 
heavy atones of the foundatioo are seattered there yet. 

Tbe old house still stands, the process of restora- 
tion by its present owner, Mr. George Hefler, bringing it 
back to its former grace and beauty. 

Following the brook in its northeasterly course, it 
soon merges with the Drinkwater River. Here occurs a 
widening and more rapidly flowing stream, as it runs along 
between hills and woods. It is now known as the Indian 
Head River, until it joins the North River on Its way to 
the sea. 

Here is a spot of natural beauty. As the river flows 
over its rocky bed, its waters are churned white, its 
banks are green, and shaded with tall trees, and flowering 
shrubs also add color to the scene. 

One of the most successful mills was established here, 
which for rsianj years afforded steady and remunerative income 
to the owners and their eraployaea. 

In 1720, Capt. Joseph Barstow and Benjamin Stetson 
were granted two acres on Indian Head River between Pine Hill 



Mills on ladiarj lead Brook and River (Cont.) 

and Rocky Eun Brock for a forge aiad finery. A bridge was 
built across the river end iron ore from Indian Head Pond 
i^as hauled bj o:xen to be smelted here. 

Capt. Bar stow died in 1728. It vas then operated by his 
sons until 1795 when the property was sold to Robert Salmond 
of Pembroke and Ifathaniel Gushing of Hanson (and others). 

In 1813, they were making large anchors for the government 
and much of the ore from Indian Head Pond was used in the making 
of their implements. 

In 1828, this forge was sold to Thomas Hobart of Hanson 
who took into the firm John Sylvester, At this time there was 
also a ^ist mill and a taok factory operated by Mr. Sylvester. 

About 1853, the old forge was purchased for $3100 by 
Mr. Edward Y. Perry who organized a partnership with Ezra 
Phillips and Martin Stetson under the firm name of E. Y. Perry 
& Company for the purpose of carrying on a tack and nail 
factory. 

Mr. Perry moved his business from Project Dale, and Mr. 
Phillips moved his business and machinery from the old 
Thomas Mill. 

The financial panic of I856 soon overtaking them, Kr. 
Stetson became discouraged and withdrew. Hr. Perry and 
Mr. Phillips continued in business together until I87I4.. 



Mills on Indian Head Brook and River (Gont.) 

Their business relations were pleasant. Thej vlvrays 
honored and spoke well of each other. Epch had talents in a 
different direction - what one lacked, was found in the other. 

Under such practical men, the business increased rapidly 
and was very successful. 

In 1871+ Mr. Perry *s other interests became so large, he 
felt obliged to withdraw, Mr. Phillips filled this vacancy by 
taking his two sons, Calvin T. and Morrill A. into the firm 
under the name of E. Phillips & Sons Tack Factory. And thus 
It remained for many years. In 1882, Mr. Ezra Phillips died 
and his sons carried on the business under the same firm name. 

In 1880 the mill employed about fifty hands, running 
seventy tack and nail machines, a rolling mill, and also a 
machine shop operated by a 60 horse-power engine. 

The passage of time brought about a new, cheaper way to 
make nails from wire. The market for the handOcut square 
nails was eliminated. 

On retirement of the firm, the shops were dismantled, 
the machinery sold, and the buildings taken down. Today 
not a sign of this prosperous business remains. 

Mr. Perry and Mr. Phillips were both born in Hanson, Mr, 
Ezra Phillips was born on October 10, I8IO on Brook Street 
within sound of the waters of the brook he was to put to use. 



Mills on Indian Head Brook and Rii?er (Cont.) 

It is not difficult to think of him spsnding laany hours of 
his boyhood fishing from Its banks or following its course to 
the junction of the Horth River. Its fascination may have 
decided the course of hla life's work, because as a young man 
he began making tacks and nails in the old Thomas Mill. 

He aarriod Catharine Tildea, Grand-daugiiter cf th=. Rev. 
dad Hitohcock, first minister of Hanson, who lived near the 
mill. 

Mr. Edward Y. Perry was born in Hanson November I;, l8l2 
and Huarried Mary Oldhaai, daughter of Ccvid Oldhar.1 of Pbmbroks. 
They resided in Hanover and to his energy and business ability, 
according to an historian of Hanovai", rauch of the town's early 
growth is due. Ss had many successful industrial interests, 
such as real estate, mills, and factories. Ho was President of 
the Hanover Branch Railway, prosperous at one time but discon- 
tinued many years ago. 

Their only child died very young, but Mr. Perry was always 
interested in young people. 

le was a man of wealth but thoughtful of the needs of 
others. In his will, pi-'obated in 1899, he left a legacy pro- 
viding for worthy poor, and instructing the trustees to 
supply means by which capable young people of Hanover and Pem- 
broke could be helped to secure an education. Many in the 
three towns have been helped t o prepare for their life work by 
the kindly thought of this man. 



lfllX« on Xi^ifto mmi& &*dok aiMl ^Iwr (Coat.} 

f^, F«rr3r «l«d la Buover ia 1099; aa^ Iw aaS Ma i»tfa are 
teriad thare. 



THE TSOMS MILL 

The ralll propi^ft^ ^n Wsaq^tuck Pood sd&r fowo IslI 
eorner has sd ieter«3ti&g hlstery. 

Xfi Is tbe oldsst Kill prlviloge io this 8«etlon» the dam 
hiivlag b««o built Iq 169ii*5 ^ Coloeol lat):»aial TbOHSMia of 
^rshfleld «^tio had purchased of th« iBdisDS a large tr&ot of 
lend in the iPieinity. 



Coloatel Thoass ersotsd e nlll here for his sdti ZiMse» 
ttlll long r^aalned la the Tboaas faiolly deaeendlog troA father 
to son. In X7XS tho old mill vas written lo th« old reerods 
"ColdHiol^s Klll*^. In 1716 it was spokan of in a daed as **Tlie 
old 9K«-^11 oalldd Co. ThoB»8*a Saif Hill**, 

After 1737 a grist alll was areoted and run \»j Daaooo David 



Bes|sBie aolu^rt of AblQgtoii teaght the sAll about 1@29 sod 
Maohioar; vas put in for euttiog taoks. ¥lie alll l^xroad in 
lS35» iraa r««bailt and used as a taek faetory ttQtll iSl^d. 

About that tlsie i^atluKMaX Caahif^ bou^t t«fo«>thirds of It 
for » taek faoto^jr and Isra Fhilllps bou^^t tJsa other third for 
the ffiRiit2faett£re of truoks. I^thaeiel Cuahiog sold his share to 
A. J« taft and Flavel Shurtleff* It %ms from here tj^t i;^. X* 
Ferry ood Mxt& FMllips formed a per ti^er ship. 

Later S»&pf E* Bringten of Mhitsms l»>ug$it the whole faetory 
aod aanufaotured taeks here itf^il it was bomed Ig 1859* 



The Thomas Mill (Cont.) 

A saw-mill was subsequently built by E. Phillips and 
Sons. Its later owners have been the Lot Phillips Company 
of West Hanover who disposed of it in 1910 to the Wampatuok 
Cranberry Company. 



THE MILL ON DRINKWATi^? RIVER 
1716 - 1960 



Hatch's Mill was located on Drlnkwater Rivwr near 
Teagus's bridge, then called Hatch's bridge, on Winter Street, 
The mill was built in 1716 by James Hatch, Amos Turner, 
Joseph Barstow, Samuel Barstow, Michael VJanton, and others, 
according to an old record which reads they "entered Into 
an agreement In regard to a saw mill they are building nearr 
whsra the line between Seituate (Hanover) and Abington 
crosses the river near league's bridge." 

It is interesting to know that this mill has been in 
several towns. The Abington line at that time came as far 
sobth as the Major's Purchase Rock and east to the Drlnkwater 
River on Winter Street. Abington ceded this section to 
Hanover in 1727. Hanover ceded it to Pembroke In 175^4 and 
Pembroke in turn ceded it to Hanson in 1820, 

For over one hundred years. It served as a saw mill 
and a grist mill. It was a busy place until the supply of 
trees large enough for building purposes gave out. In 
l8lii, it was purchased by a stock company with a capital of 
$20,000 who erected a new mill for the weaving of cotton 
sheeting. 

Many of the women of the town had their own looms and 
were expert weavers. They now obtained the cotton yarn 
from the mill, and were paid so much a yard for weaving. 
The small amount of money received was the principal income 
of the women of the vicinity. The work was done by families 



Tfae Mill on Drinkwater River 1716 - 1960 (Cont.) 

of the beat people, and daughters were not too proud to 
earn in this way, the money that formed a nucleus of 
independent fortunes later, in some cases. 

In squire Joseph Smith's home on Maquan Street, there 
were three looms and his daughters wove for many years. 

At the Gad Hitchcock home on High Street, there were 
two looms probably worked by slaves, as were the looms at 
the Gushing home on Washington Street. At Isaac Bowen 
Barker's home, the father of Dr. Bowen Barker, there were 
three looms in use. 

Among the expert weavers, contests were held. A note 

written and signed by A. Jane Bryant of Bryantville tells 

the story of a contest in weaving between two well-know 

g 
sisters, iiJnily Damon and Celia JosS/JLyn. Each would weave 

all day beginning sit a time agreed upon. Sffiily started first, 

and working all day wove seventeen yards of cotton. Gelia 

took her turn the next day, and working the same number of 

hours wove sixteen yards of cotton. This was considered 

quite a record of weaving, even for experts! 

As in other industries, time and progress brough changes, 
The company renovated the mill, put in a turbine water-wheel 
and power looms. The business prospered, and a boarding 
house was built; and a general store was opened. Isaiah 
Perry and his brother Edward Y. Perry worked in this store 
when they were young men. 



The Mill on Drlnkwater River 1716 - 1960 (Cont.) 

Owing to the competition of larger factories in 
Lawrence, Pall River, and New Bedford, where cotton could be 
xnade cheaper, this prosperous business gradually decreased. 

In 1837, Ezra Phillips, who had been working in the Old 
Thomas Hill, hired room and power to make wooden pegs. Later, 
Cobb and Gushing used the building as a saw mill. Mr. Theodore 
Cobb used the boarding house as a private residence. 

In 1852, the factory, store and house were completely 
burned. Soon after, Elijah Gushing erected another saw mill 
here and with his son George and Theodore carried on the 
busifiess until it also burned in 1879. 

Ezra Phillips & Sons bought the water privilege intending 
to bring their Brockton tack business here, but located on the 
site between Pine Hill and Rocky Run River. In I889 they 
erected the present building to be used as an annex to their 
larger factory. Since their retirement, it has been used as 
a machine shop by the Industrial Nut and Bolt Machine Company; 
and in 1960, the Barbour Shoe Welting Company are doing a good 
business there. 

The mill dam has been rebuilt and the factory pond and its 
surroundings make an attractive spot. The old turbine wheel is 
still in use providing power for the work being done there. 

For over 21+0 years this mill has been a source of income 
to Hanson people and is surrounded by prosperous and well-kept 
homes . 



COL. J£SSE REED NAIL AHD TACK MILL ON ROCKY RUM BROOK 

At the junction of Indian Head River and Rawky Run Brook 
Col. Jesse Reed erected a grist mill at the foot of a steep 
ledge on the Hanson end Pembroke side of the stream in the year 
1812. For power Col. Reed first erected a dam, at a consider- 
able expense a short distance above the mouth of Rooky Run 
Brook. But this proved defective, and he then erected one farther 
up stream, constructing a wooden trough, a quarter mile in 
length, leading to his mill, the water being delivered through 
the roof. 

Evidence of the location of this trough were still visible 
in 1910. A cable led from the mill to the pond and, by working 
this cable at the mill, he could lift the gate at the pond, 
letting the water flow to the water wheel, and closing it the 
same way. (What work to develop power enough for a small mill.) 

This mill was not in service too long, as he constructed a 
dam across Indian Head River a few rods above the grlat mill, 
and he erected a tack and nail factory. This dam is still 
visible, and tacka as well as other evidences of his work can 
be gathered here. 

Before coming to this location, Mr. Reed invented the 
original tack and nail making machines, which were patented in 
1802. These xoachines made the nails from iron rods. His next 
invention was for the construction of a machine for cutting and 
heading in one operation. On this machine a patent was obtained 
but was soon laid aside. 



■ ^a^ 



Col, Jesse Reed Hall and Tack Mill on Rocky Run Ba?ook (Cont.) 

About this time he perfected his noted Reed Machine for 
making nails and tacks, putting It into operation at this mill 
on Rocky Run Brook in Hanson. This machine, with very little 
change, is still In use today wherever nails are made. He 
finally sold his patents on it for $20,000. 

One fortune after another was put Into Inventions that were 
to make the work of man easier. Among the twenty or more 
implements he made and patented, many were of great importance 
to the community, such as a machine for steering ships, a, 
rotary and other kinds of pumps, which were very much In use at 
that time, cotton gins and treenail machines. 

He was a man of perseverance and great Industry, and was 
well known and respected In the neighboring towns, where, at 
times, he vras In business. Col. Jesse Reed was born In North 
Brldgeweter in 1778, and died in Marshfield on March 22, 1867. 
Thus ended the active life of an ambitious Inventor who 
helped create an Industry that thrived In Hanson for over a 
hundred years. 



References? Barry's History of Hanover 
Hanson Courier 1953 



MOORE'S MILL l887 

Thi3 griat mill was on Poor Meadow River near the Horth 
Hanson railroad crossing 

It was originally a forge built and conducted by Theodoslus 
Moore soon after he bought the land In 17OJ4 from Indian 
Chief tan Jeremiah Momontang and Abigail his wife. 

The land belonged to Abigail's deceased brother, Joslah 
Wampatuck. 

The mill was owned and operated at various times by dif- 
ferent owners, in 1880 the owner was Ethan Monroe. 

John Ibbltson Worked at this mill. 

Abbot Keene, another workman, cut one of his fingers 
nearly off, while using the edging machine. He grabbed a 
hammer and chisel and finished the Job - then took a piece of 
tobacco and went back to work. 

The pond bore the name of Moore's Fond, altho In more 
recent years It was known as the Forge pond* 



arOKx^ QUARRY 

There was a valuable stone quarry in Hanson located off 
Main Street, about where the John Poster Lumber Company storage 
shed is now standing. 

In the days of ore smelters in our local towns, there was 
a demand for hearthstones to withstand the heat at the aprons 
of the smelters, 

The stone taken from this Hanson quarry was composed of 
granite with mica all through its structure, making it especi- 
ally heat resistant, which was ideal for its use at the 
furnaces. 



JOSEPH WHITE ESTATE. 

Joseph White, the son of Joseph and Eliza Bonney White 
was born Jane lk» 1832 in the old homestead - where Raymond 
Hopkins now lives on West Washington Street. 

Joseph White, Sr. was a tanner of leather having his 
place of business on the homestead grounds. 

Joseph, Jr. being the oldest son was taken in by his 
father to learn the tanning business. He served seven 
years after attending the district school, located on Holmes 
Street, a short way north of the Hannibal Hamlin Place. 

At the age of twenty-one, his father gave him ^tIOO.OO ' 
and a new suit of clothes. Prom then on, he was on his own. 
He had learned every operation in tanning but had no desira 
to continue in the business. He did love horses and trading 
so took the $100.00, went to Brighton, Massachusetts, bought 
a horse, harness and buggy. Prom then on he was master of 
his own destiny. 

As time went on he had a couple of sheds built on the 
building now owned by Charles Oertal of Hanson. This was 
the original White property. 

He purchased a few buggies, delivery wagons and the like 
from Boston dealers. These were all on promissory notes to 
be paid for every six months at 6% interest, carrying charge. 

It was not long before he had built a two and one-half 
story carriage repository and a stable that would house fifty 



Joseph White Estate (Cont.) 

horses and cows, with a hay-loft capacity of three hundred 
tons of hay. On the roof of the stable was a wind mill that 
was ased to power the water up in a cistern for the use of 
the animals in the barn* 

Shortly after the fire that burned out the horse and 
carriage section in Boston, around Kneeland Street, some of 
the carriage manufacturers of Amesbury told Mr. White that 
if he would build a repository large enough, they would stock 
it with all types of hacks, buggies, delivery wagons, butcher 
wagons, etc., and he could pay for them as they were sold. 
He built a repository 200 feet long and two stories high a 
little to the north west of the stable. Prom then on business 
began to boom. 

He had a man out west buying horses, and went to Boston 
twice a week to buy horses. These horses were shipped to 
North Hanson depot or ridden out by stable boys. Many a 
time have six horses with their manes and tails braided and 
tied, been seen ridden abreast, with one big halter, heading 
for Mr. White's stable. Tiie rider's fee was |2.00 plus 
1.50 allowance for dinner and train fare back. 

On the south side of West Washington Street were two, 
two-story high buildings, opposite the duck pond, Th.ere he 
had liis blacksmith shop, wheelrightship and paint shop. 

The number of men working for I«Ir. White were - two 
blacksmiths, two painters, a harness maker, a wheelright. 



Joseph White Estate (Coat.) 

four stable men, two carpenters, and two general laborers. 

A pigeon loft between the office and carriage repository 
housed about 2000 pigeons, and in the little pond were 150 
ducks and geese. 

In front of the office was a large cage for foxes, 
guinea pigs, ten peacocks, turkeys, bantam hens and roosters. 

Under the barn were 100 pigs of all sizes from sows to 
little ones. The animals were kept to interest the children 
while Mr. White was trading with their parents. 

In 1859, Mr. White married Miss Elsiedana Perry of V/est 
Hanover, a former Hanson school teacher. 

Prom that union five children were born - Josephine, 
Bartlett, Catharine, Howard and Bernioe. 

One of his sons, Howard, trained for a horse trade, 
Mr. White, in giving him advice said, "Remember one thing - 
When you trade horses, don*t bleed a man to death on the 
first trade. Just take a fair profit and in that way you 
still retain his respect and you haven't lost a customer." 

During Mr. White's business experience he handled over 
28,000 different horses, many went to the U. S. Governraent 
to be used in the cavalry and transportation services. 



teu i^Aj 



Joseph White Estate (Coat,) 

No man in Plymouth County was known better than Joseph 
White for his kindness to all people, especially those who 
were sick or in need of help. He was named the "David Harem 
of Massachusetts". He started from scratch and through for- 
ward dealings, personality and a love of his fellow men, he 
acquired a substantial financial reward. 



JOHN FOSTER LIJMBSR COMPANY 

John Poster was born March 12, l8i|2 in Pembroke, 
Massachusetts in the house where Wilfred MacLeod nowl 
lives. He was reared on the farm owned by his father 
who was a ship carpenter by trade and gave much of his 
time to this occupation while the boys cared for the 
farm work. 

Young John found plenty to do assisting with the 
farm work and in the attendance at the neighborhood schools. 
The feeble health of the raother made it necessary for the 
young members of the family to take on greater responsi- 
bilities. As the years passed, John was getting that 
experience and self-dependence that in after years made him 
the successful business man that he was. 

He had hardly become of age when he was now and then 
investing his earnings into wood lots in that locality. 
3hose he had cut off and made into lumber. Up to I87I4 he 
had hired the sawing done but in that year his business 
increased to the point where he felt it would pay him to 
set up a mill of his own and he bought a mill to be run by 
water power. This mill was known at that time as the 
"Hobomock Mill" situated near Hobomock poM. Later a grist 
rriill was added and a box mill or factory; all this in his 
native town. 

His business continued to increase and in 1879 he bought 



John Foater Lumber Company (Cont,) 

a taill In South Hanson previously owned by Barnabas Sverson, 
situated about where Clark's store now stands, 

fhis old structure burned shortly after he had 
bought it and he rebuilt a mill further along where the 
John Poster Lumber Company lumber pile now is near the 
railroad track. 

To this new mill he moved his outfit from the 
Hobomook mill in Pembroke, all oxoept the saw mill, to 
South Hanson. V/ithin a couple of years a fire swept the 
entire mill away. Mr. Poster was not discouraged by this 
reverse and soon had the ruins covered with a more modern 
mill and was once more on the way to prosperity. 

In December I890 history repeated Itself, and the 
mill and its contents were once more reduced to ashes. 
Once again he met the emergency squarely, and hardly had 
the fire died away, when the waste land was again being 
covered with even more substantial and modern buildings and 
the mill was once more in successful operation. 

In the beginning of the mill llr. Poster employed only 
three or four men, but the time came when an average of 150 
hands were employed inside and out and the business was 
looked upon as one of the most valuable concerns in the town. 

Millions of feet of lumber wei'e handled yearly and from 



John Foster Lumber Company (Gont.) 
It went building materials of many kinds, as well as 
wooden boxes of many ^inds and sizes. 

For a period of 35 years packing cases for Walter 
Baker & Company of Dorchester, Massachusetts, makers of 
Baker's Cocoa, were supplied by this mill. 

Mr. Poster also erected a cooper shop where cranberry 
barrels were made to cater to the cranberry trade. This 
building stood east of Mr. Poster's residence and near the 
railroad. 

In 1901+ the business was Incorporated under the laws 
of Massachusetts as the John Poster, Comp&nyf Mr. Poster 
becoming president and treasurer In which capacities he 
continued until his death tin December 8, 1909 at the age 
of 67 years. 



0. V. MASL&TBLIN & CO. SHOE fACK BUSINESS 

the Oaalo ¥. Maglatfello shoe taek business was 
started in 1886 io a building about opposite Miss Edith 
Anderson's home in North Hanson, 

There was a whistle on the factory which blew at 
7 a.m., 12 noon, and 5 P*^* thus adding its bit to quite 
a busy center. 

Onslo W. Maglathlin was the brother-in-law of Mr, Baker 
Baker with whom he vwned the business, selling in 1906 
to Will Copeland. 

The place burned when Hr. Copeland *s coal sheds 
were destroyed. 



LIVERY AND BQARDIHQ STABLE 

Sidney E. Ford Fan a livery and boarding stable, 
opposite the South Hanson depot. He aceoomodated large 
or sjnall parties at any time during the early nineteen 
hundreds. 

This business formerly belonged to Edgar Clifford 
Bailey. Mr. Bailey was born in Pembroke June 27, 18^7 
and lived in that vicinity until October 1888 when he 
moved to South Hanson. 

Shortly after, he purchased the express business, 
formerly known as Randall's Express, the coach line and 
mall routes between South Hanson, Bryantvllle, and Pem- 
broke, and the livery stable at South Hanson station. 



CENTRAL HOUSE 

Aliee M. Crocker was proprietor of the "Central 
House", opposite the South Hanson railroad station. This 
was a new home with steam heat ( 1903 ) . She gave board 
by the daj or week and ably managed the business for nearly 
three years, when she was obliged to retire due to ill 
health. 

Kr. Livermore kept the hotel running. He engaged 
the services of a first-class Boston cook. 



BDRRAGE 

Before 1900 Burrage was Bournetown. All land from the 
railroad track to the pond was owned by Charles Bourne, He 
had ten daughters and two sons, vho built on land he gave 
them. 

The business in Bournetown was Cedar business. Cedar 
was used to make posts, rails, and shingles, 

Albert C, Burrage was a close friend of Walter Damon, 
a lawyer, who convinced him to invest in copper stock. 
That is how he acquired his wealth. 

In 1905 Mr, Burrage began his first work toward a 
big city. He bought all the land down from South Hanson 
station and west to the tracks. His idea was to dig peat 
moss out of the swamps and use it for fuel. He dug a 
canal to float the peat up in barges. This immense 
ditch started at a point on Stump pond and went clear 
through to Sammy's Neck, a distance of over two miles. 
"Al" Hammond was boss of the Portuguese digging the canal. 

The first factory built was the Wirt Manufacturing 
Company, This was used exclusively for the manufacture of 
everything porcelain connected with electrical appliances. 
The structure was divided into four compartments; an office, 
mixing room, moulding room, and firing room. The entire 
building is commodious, well lighted, and everything strictly 



BURRAGE (Cont.) 

ap to date for handling the work as expedlously as 

possible. Sae raw naaterlal for this taanufac taring enterpriee 

was imported. 

The Wirt building was situated just across the tracks 
on the right. A little farther north is the second build- 
ing, and like the first, is composed of cement brick, manu- 
factured by the cotapany a short distance away. This 
building is used for the manufacture of tin foil - the raw 
material being ing)orted. 

Across the tracks from the factories a passenger 
station and freight house was erected by the N.Y. N.H. 
and Hartford Railroad Company. The building was constructed 
of cement bricks, which the Manufacturing Company furnished 
free of expense to the railroad. The station, named Burrage, 
was built on modern principles, with a view to usefulness 
nad an ornament to this fast growing section. 

The town of Barrage begins iidiere the workmen's houses 
were constructed on Pleasant Street. Houses were also 
built on Reed Street - a new street laid out opposite the 
Nelson Thomas* estate where Balboni's store is located, 
and christened Reed Street by Mr. Damon. The Dave 
I'lolntosh house was the hostlery. 



BgRRAGE (Gont.) 

Mr. Burrage set out the maple trees on Pleasant Street 
and Indian Head Street so that wherever his oarriago went 
it would roll in shade. 

Facilities for shipping products were provided by a 
side track which was laid out by the factories toxrards the 
so-called "Sammy *s Neck", 

For the Burrage interests, Walter E. Daroon asked the 
managers of the N.Y. N.H. and Hartford road to stop the 
5 o'clock train, southbound at Bournetown for the accommo- 
dation of workmen frora Kingston, the company agreed to do 
this if Mr. Damon guaranteed ten passengers. This was in 
turn readily agreed to and in 1906 there were thirty passen- 
gers getting onto the train dally. 

In addition to the Wirt Manufacturing Company and the 
Eastern Tinfoil Company, other corporations operating in 
Burrage were the Hanson Electric Light, Gas & Power Company, 
Ihe New England Construction Company, the Halifax Garden and 
Wheeler Reflector Company. 

Mr. Burrage expended large sums of money in the building 
of tenements, hotel, station, post office, etc. In the few 
months the factories ran a large number of hands were employed 
frora in town as well as from neighboring villages. 



BI3RRAGE (Coat.) 

IQ April 1908 the fatal blow fell on A. C. Barrage's 
pet scheme. He had had big plans for a model village, but 
with the filing of bankruptcy papers by the Wirt Manufacturing 
Company his entire concern was in serious straits. Besides 
the many creditors there are others in Hanson who are sorry 
they ever had any business dealings with the Barrage 
interests. 

Kr. Barrage owned a fine summer residence named 
"The Needles", on the south aide of I'tequan Fond. It was 
situated amid a beautiful grove of pines and oaks and 
was the pride of Mr. Burrage»s heart. On May 27, I907 
this building was totally destroyed by fire, including 
household furniture, clothing, jewels, and cash. By 
miracle only, did every member of the family make their 
escape. 



'SER CRAHB^JIY 3U3IJE:^3 IN HANSON 

Ephrlaffi Albert &orham was born Id Harwich, Massachusetts, 
November 7, l^kT * He received his education in the public schools 
there. In early life, he went fishing to the Grand Banks, also 
sailing Id the coasting trade, and was captain of a number of 
fishing boats. 

At the age of 33, he gave up his seafaring life, and com- 
menced crangerry growing on the cape, later moving to Pembroke, 
Plymouth County, where he continued the cranberry business. 
Later he made his home in Hanson, still retaining his property 
and Interests In Pembroke. 

It is he who was the pioneer of the cranberry business, 
building bogs for other Hanson people becaase they did not know 
how, 

John Foster and Richard Everson were the earliest cranberry 
growers in Hanson. They had already started when Mr. Marcus 
Urann entered the picture. 

iflr. Urann was born October 2, iSyi?, in 3ullivan, Maine. 
When only a little boy, he accompanied his mother on a visit to 
Franklin, Maine. There he saw some farms with small cranberry 
bogs and because they were neater and nicer farms than the others, 
he was impressed and said, "Some day I vjIII own a cranberry 
bog." 

Mr. Urann *s first client was a S?>m Kelly in North aaston, 
who owned a small bog. He realized eleven hundred percent in 



The Cranberry Business In Ha3on (Cont.) 

seven years, This Intrigued Mr. Urann and in 1897 he started a 
bog in Halifax. From that, he went on to put up a building on 
Main Street in Hanson (1912). He was convinced there vas a 
big market for cranberries and he now began to think of canning. 

He operated his own canning company until 1930 and then or- 
ganized a co-operative, agreeing to stay on and manage until he 
canned half the crop. He retired in 195U* ^^^ turned to research. 
Through research the chief product brought out was cranberry 
juice. They also brought out a cranberry shade of lipstick and 
a combination of fruits. The real business, however. Is canning 
the whole or Jellied berries. 

The income amounts to 20 million a year. This is a big 
income although in comparison to other food industries, it is 
a small industry. 

They have spent a lot of money in advertising, and building 
up a demand for canned sauce under the brand name "Ocean %ray". 
Miss Ellen Stillman was Mr. ITrann»s advertising "girl". Sbe 
brought out the idea of cranberry sauce with chicken. We have 
always had cranberry sauce with turkey, applesauce with pork, 
mint with lamb, but never an accompanying food with chicken. 

In the five years previous to 195U a million dollars a year 
was spent in advertising and the sale of cranberries since 
then has been increased 10% per year. 



The Cranberry Buslneas in Hanson (Cont.) 

Now they are spending 5 million dollars a year on advertis- 
ing. They had 5^*000 barrels of cranberries this year (i960) 
and own 700 acres of bog. 

As the advantages of canning have been proven, growers have 
come in and swamped the co-operative with berries in contrast 
to the lack of support given in 1937. 

The purchasing function of the business was turned over 
to the Hanson Hardware Company, an independently owned and 
operated concern located in South Hanson and directed by Mr. 
Dpvid demons. Supplies need In the business were purchased 
through this organization. {19I45) • 



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH CQUNOY HOSPITAL 

The Plymoath County Hospital was built in accordance 
with the provisions of Chapter 286, of the Acts of 1916. 
Under this Act, the County Comraissioners were authorized and 
directed to raise and expend such sums of moneys for ac- 
quiring land and constructing and equipping the hospital 
and for the purchase of alteration and enlargement of 
existing buildings as may be necessary to carry out the 
provisions of this Act. 

-- The Plymouth County Hospital was the first county hos- 
pital constructed under this Act and much time and thought 
went into the selection of the site. In this particular 
era it was considered essential that hospitals should be 
built at the highest altitude possible, Plymouth County 
not being very high above sea level at any part, presented 
somewhat of a problem. The Trustees also felt that central 
location should also be considered so that the hospital 
could be as near all parts of the County as possible, 
IHierefore, diagonals drawn throughout the map of Plymouth 
County crossed in Halifax so search for land was made in 
this particular area. Bonney Hill was eventually selected 
inasmuch as it was the second highest land in Plymouth 
County and tliere were some 58 or 59 acres available. 
Because of World War I construction was not completed until 
1919, The hospital was dedicated May 31* 1919, and the 
first patient was admitted June Ik, 1919, 



HISTORY OF PLYMOirm C0UN1Y HOSPimL (Cont.) 
Dr. Bradford H. Pierce of Cambridge was appointed 
the first Superintendent and the hospitalization program for 
tuberculosis patients in Plymouth County was under way. A 
second building was added to the hospital and occupied in 
November, 1921, and thus the long struggle in the fight 
against tuberculosis for the whole of Plymouth County had 
begun. 

Because the length of treatment was so long in the 
early days, patients required to stay an average of three 
years, waiting lists were established in all county 
hospitals and thus many patients had to wait several months 
before they could be admitted to the hospital for treatment, 
TSciia prevailed until 1952. Subsequent to that date the length 
of stay of patients* has been gradually reduced to approxi- 
mately one third of the original time and thus the actual 
number of patients in the hospital at any one time has 
diminished. 

Inasmuch as our hospitals pioneered in tuberculosis, I 
am sure the future holds pioneer work in other chronic 
diseases. Dr. Pierce remained Superintendent until October, 
191|8, when the second Superintendent, Dr. Donald A, Martin 
was appointed and has remained to the present time. 

I3ae hospital has kept pace with modern medicine so that 
modern operating rooms, laboratories, and all departments 
necessary to a hospital are to be found at the Plymouth 



HISTORY OF PLYMOUTH COUNTS HOSPITAL (Confc.) 
County Hospital. It is to hospitals such as Plymouth 
County Hospital that the nation owes a great debt to the 
early pioneers in paving the way for the modern treatment of 
tuberculosis. 



P13LLER AMD KEEWS GARAGE 

Puller and Keene worked hard in building up tiielr busi- 
ness in a garage on Ifein Street; owned by Herraan Beal. 

August 18, 1922 it waa reduced to ashes in a short 
time and the residences of Luke Heraraenway, Willard Howard, 
and Sylvanua Wilson were seriously threatened. 

District Forest Warden Shepherd was on an electric which 
was passing Just as the blaze started, and helped in getting 
streams froni garden hose directed on the roof at Heraraenway »s 
before the fire department arrived. 

Fortunately while the garage had been nearly full of 
machines but a short time before, it had but one, which was 
destroyed in the fire, that of E. W, Ford. 



ELIAS C. POOLE 

Ellas Poole waa born In Rocklasd on September 1, 
1822. Ee came to Sanson in 181^8 and established himself 
in the business of blackSBil thing. For nearly sixty- 
years he was the "Tillage Blaoksoilth" and always ready 
to talk theology while shoeing the horse. 

Mr. Poole was the first passenger to ride on the 
"Cornet", the first locomotive that ever came into Hanson. 

He walked from his blacksmith shop to the North 
Hanson railroad tracks, stood on the banking to wave as 
it puffed through on its way to Plymouth, and was delighted 
when the train stopped and the engineer Invited him to 
ride to PlyiQouth and back. 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Original Cranberry Packing House (1912) 
The only plant of its kind in the country 



■j 


^ ^^^ j^^^ 






H 





Gilbert Brewster's Barrel Wagon 
maximum load 150 Barrels - driver Stephen Collins 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Section of a cultivated Cranberry Bog 







Traditional Cranberry Scoop 
Harvesting Implement 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Tallying by measure 
Method in which pickers were paid 



^ 



h' \ 



U!^-^;.iC^ -: 



^^m 







Cranberry Picking by Hand with early snap scoops 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Flooding the Bog for frost prevention 




The Cranberry Harvest 
Final development of hand picking v/ith scoop 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 






''^aSL^BM 



A view of the Burrage Industries 
and Railroad Station 




Fire at Atlantic Dye Co. Plant, 
Burrage Industries - March 6, 1919 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




The Porcelain Plant - Burrage Industries 

(1905) now Wheeler Reflector 
( Div, of Franklin Research & Development Corp. 




The Power House - Burrage Industries 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Moore's Saw Mill In Flood Season, 

site of an original grist mill (1887) 

Poor Meadow River (West Washington St.) 




Another View of Moore's Saw Mill 
Poor Meadow River (West Washington St,) 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 





Thomas Saw Mill - Wampatuck Pond 
(Liberty St.) 




John Foster Lumber Co. Established 1879 
(Main St.) 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




^ 15 -E 



CO U 



D) X 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




u 




EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 



Hl 



Small Family Shoe Shops 

like this one were in many 

backyards during the mid - 1800's 




Plymouth County Hospital 
dedicated May 31, 1919 (High St.) 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




Hanson Observation Tower 
To Prevent Forest Fire Loss (1913) 
(High St.) 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 




One Day Shooting at Fern Island, Hanson 




South Hanson, Mass.,- 



h' 






-190- 



Bought of JOHN FOSTER, 



MANUFACTURER OF 



Interest from date of invoice unless paid within 30 days. 



PAGHIfiG BOXES OF fliili Kips. 



CRANBERRY BARRELS AND EXCELSIOR. 

DEALER IN CEDAR, LUMBER, WOOD, Etc. 




— FROM,— 

^t^^"^ . \^ ' f Kill "I VNO c'CJvJFL IN 

rarlif iikr M^ •■^'Huoi! t\\n\ lo Xnxmvi Kidshm Hijilowas mi 
\\v,iv \\<\\m\ ti' all kiinl-. 

•J . i '1111 " ,i's iiuuli to (i](l(] Ai )ii,> li i).i( ■- 

i^ " ^n ,',,'oj ^1(1 t,, v2 .")() OiAi ,Ui.! Wi, ■ 'ii ii 1,111 

Jt'H'a' i" >'i • iN" f I .i( vf ill s)/, s did ; i < - 

\i?(>R«.ef' MUTTOS POR hALE t Hi' A r. 
Osrdsr-i b7 j::i'l or stlierwisc- w;u receive promts attention 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 



^' JOSEPH WHITE ESTATE "^*N"^ 




SIDNEY L FORD, 

LlfERY AND BOARDING STABLES 




Lane 01 Small Parlies Accomiilateil al My Time. 



AGENT FOR 



New York and Boston Despalcli Express. 

Express leaves So. Hanson at 7 
A. M. for Bryantville, Hanson 
Centre and No, Hanson, connect- 
ing with the 10.22 A.M. train 
for Boston. 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 

B. F. LIVERMORE, 

Painter and Paperhanger 

House and Sign Paint- 
I ,s?-sL ing;, Gildlnor, Kalsomin- 
^fTi^ mg, Glazing, Etc. 

Full line of Wall Paper, Paints, Oils and Varnishes. 

Also Dealer in BICYCLES and SUNDRIES, 

FIRE ARMS and AMMUNITION. 

Bicycle Repairing and Saw Filing. 

Main St., opp. Railroad Station, SO. HANSON, MASS. 



JOHN B. FABELLO, The Boston Barber. 

FASHIONABLE HAIR DRESSER. 




First Class work. Hair Cutting a Specialty. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 

"''^'"■lorsaTe"''"""'' Main St., opp. Railroad Station, So. Hanson, Mass. 



O. W. MAGLATHLIN. BARKER BAKER 

0. W. MAGLATHLIN & CO. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 



Washington Street, No. Hanson, Mass. 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 



HOWARD H. WHITE, 

Dealer in Choice and Selected 

Family, Gentlemen's Driving, 

Heavy Draught and 

Teaming 



HORSES 



BUY, SELL OR EXCHANGE. 




Horse Glippiiig a Specialty. 

Washington St., No. Hanson, Mass. 



RICHARD A. EVERSON, 

MANUFACTURER OF 

Cape Cod Champion 
Cranberry Pickers, 

Cranberry Bog 

Builder. 




Buying and Selling: Bogf 
Land a Specialty. 

Also Dealer in Wood 
and Lumber. 

Wood sawed with machine at 
your homes. 

riain St., near the Depot, So. Hanson, Hass. 



T^T^Tl^T' I 'TT^T^^ Having purchased the entire outfit of MR. 
h^ry^ll^ I ll^Vjr FRIEND WHITE, which, added to the 
^'^' large outfit I already had, gives me a very 
large lot of type to select from. A share of patronage solicited. 

Cards, Labels, Circulars, Envelopes, Letter Heads, Bill Heads, 
Notices, Posters, etc., etc. 

Also PAINTER, PAPERHANGER AND LICENSED AUCTIONEER. 

PLEASANT STREET, - - SOUTH HANSON, MASS. 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 



HANSON INSURANCE AGENCY, 

ESTABLISHED 1889. 

OSCAR L. GURNEY, Agent 
Fire, Life, Accident, Piate=GIass, 

Tornado Fidelity and Title Insurance. 

SOUTH Hanson, iviass. 



J. G. GROSSMAN 
Garpenter and Builder 







P.O. Pleasant St., So. Hanson, Mass. 



JOHN H. IBBITSON, 

Teaming and Jobbing 

WOOD IN ANY QUANTITY, 
SAWED and SPLIT to Order. 

Elm Street near flain. South Hanson, Mass. 



EARLY INDUSTRIES AND BUSINESSES 



MflQUflN SflNITORIUM 

F. S, THOMAS, M, D„ LL D., Physician, 
HANSON, MASS. 



In 1894, Dr. Thomas opened a sanitorium for the treatment 
of chronic diseases. 

Special preparations have been made to successfully treat 
Nervous Prostration and Diseases of Women. 

The Sanitorium is healthfully and beautifully located on 
Maquan street, near Maquan pond, a short distance from Gordon 
Rest, the sanitarium of the King's Daughters of Massachusetts. 

Dr. Thomas is a graduate of Harvard Medical School, and 
for many years has been physician to Gordon Rest. 



Beautiful Drives, 
Many Ponds, 
Several Cool Groves, 
Golf Links, 
Large Library. 



Dr. Thomas would refer to Drs. Billings and Osgood of 
Rockland, Mrs. E. Trask Hill, State Secretary of the King's 
Daughters of Massachusetts and Polks Medical and Surgical 
Register of the United States and Canada. 

His biography may be read in "Biographical Review of 
Plymouth County," "Physicians and Surgeons of America," 
and "Biography of Eminent Physicians and Surgeons of 
America." 



a^i ;jiL LIPS AMP mmWi ?^g il 



SOCIAL LIFE AHD MEETING PLACES 

Some may inquire "did folks work all the time?" Bless 
you - no J Diaries and scrap books have given us a clear pic» 
tupe of the social life in the early days. 

On Sunday the people came together from all parts of the 
sparsely settled towns and between services « they had oppor- 
tunity for social chats that were otherwise seldom possible. 

In the Meeting House - or around the "horse sheds" - they 
could discuss household affairs, crop conditions, and town 
politics as well as carry on a little gossip about their 
neighbors. 

Apparently such gossip would sometimes include the minis- 
ter, for we find a report of a retired clergyman stating that, 
as a young man, he was advised never to accept a call to a 
church that had horse sheds I 

During the week there were spelling schools, husking beesj 
sleigh rides and "kitchen sprees". 

Kitchen sprees were a form of entertainment little known 
to the young people of the present generation. Sometimes 
these sprees took the form of a dance provided by some obliging 
fiddler who could be induced to wield the bow with little or no 
compensation beyond the love of Middling. 

These sprees are described by Josh Billings as follows: 

Now gather round the kitchen fire 
Pile on the chunks higher and higher 

Get out the fiddle and partners choose 
And stroker down im your cow-hide shoes." 



Seelftl ti fe an4 H»8tin:.: FXaewi (Cont.) 

tn^iat th«z^ »«t« tiiBft £<xp ple&eurd «• <»«ii te for »ork is 
iM»t«d i» a ^t&Tj 9ntrf dated Jamyftr? 2» 1%3 b^ Oharlee 
SiaBhtng. *I ymnt t© Shaver this afternoon aod got 7h«odope» 
Ifi the avaning «>e want to KSi^^all'a Hotel i'Sbm Half*May House) 
%9 a ball* This la in Aaainippi* ^%a had a v«rj axeallent tiiae. 
fhara vax^a 16 couplaa thera rrom this vioinlt^* Cu»lilng*a 
B&n& fumlahed imialo and we could danoa aver/ time wa wlahad* 
At aldnight va had an aKoallant suppar • turkaf* bollad hamii 
all kinda of pie« and eak«» taa^ eoffaa and anything alaa 
that tirftfi deaired. v'e danead as long aa wa oould B9e and then 
atarted hoaaw* The nl«sht waa baautiful and the moon ran hlgh« 
k'a got hon^ about 7 o*olook in tlmo to go to vork*** 

th»r9 ara ^any Intaraatlng inoidants in the Clashing 
diariae tthieh pietura ao vividly the aooiai ^£&iy& as thay 
wara a hundred yeara ago* 

iiaroh 31$ 1®53 ''fhaodoret i>aoi*ga and 1 want to tha 
dapkay o<mcart at Hf« !5opar*s Sail*" 

&aeaid>ex' ^0# 1S&6 '*<rhaodor« and I want to S<^»r*8 Hall 
to 9e% thraa Indiana and a ^quaw rapraaant th^ mskjsn&pB and 
euatooa of the Indiana in thair uneivllisad atata* I liked 
it very wall.** 

Oete^ar 3» 1862 *I ^t&^« Bonnie to aattlesho^ in a light 
trotting gig* Bonnie bahavad ad^iirablf and the baat looking 
^onf in the crmtA^ Urn took tha firat prami^a of |i«6d and bora 



Social Life and Meeting Places ( C ont . f 

his blue ribbon triumphantly." 

October 15> 1862 "I went to a husking in the evening at 
Gad Soper's house. We husked until half past eight and then 
had a party in the house until about 12". 

October 19> 1862 "Father and I picked the 1; pair of coots 
and the one pair of loons that he brought home from Brant Rock 
last night. \ie had an excellent coot stew for supper". 

November Ij., l862 "Sam House and I went to a ball at 
Bourne's Hall, It was our first appearance in a ball room to 
dance. Had a very good time," 

November 21, l86l - Thanksgiving Day "George and his folks 
spent the day here. We had a nice large turkey and plum pud- 
ding, a variety of fixings and pies, I think it was relished 
exceedingly well by all (to judge by the quantity eaten). In 
the evening we played whist". 

These diaries also show how the life of a nine-year old 
boy differs today from that of Charles Gushing' s time. He was 
up early in the morning, worked around the mill with his steers 
and apparently did as much work as a grown man. One entry on 
Sunday, November 6, 1853 is quite amusing, "Jim caught a skunk 
in a steel trap by his foreleg and took hold of the chain and 
brought the skunk right into our bedroom and left the most 
awful compound of villianous smell behind him that ever offended 
nostril" - quite a graphic description from the pen of a 



S<ffii<il ldt9 a nd lle»tia^ f^* ^^^f, (Q©»^«5 
Bl&e*3r@&r 9ld boy* 

f&e di^ji'l^s t«ll UK that hou8«62<Minliag stmrtt^ when m^thmr 
felt timt winter «a« over ai^^ t^ sumlXamB had r«itxaraied« Thio 
ims a ve«k*8 project md &othixi«g exoopt aleks^es lnterferr«£ 
imtiJL the last clean rug trnd been put dovn* the l&0t oleeisi 
eurtaln himg in pl&oe» the Isst well^scin^bed shell* put in tat&m 
end the lest i^t tress put out in the sun to thormr^^jT air« Xm. 
tbofttt dftjre houeework wee done in order* deya fot thle and da^» 
for thftt* Neighbors vied %i th eeeh other for the honor of 
having the houaeeleanin^ f iniehed first and ho%^ proud they 
were to see bmi niee and elean the whole hoiue looked after the 
vork was over* 

ilfter the houeeoleanln^ stunt ceae ti^eekly band oenoerte 

as the hiehlighte of the eirasser eeason* All «dntttr and sj^ring 
band me!ift»era had m»% to praotloe for the outdorr ooncerta* 

ka 80ven o*olook neared the band-ataad laiapa idth their 

silvered ref lee tors «^ere lighted* The band ^e$ent'@d a varied. 
progrsnf i^ftrehes* walts^eSf o3.d hoise songSf and southern 
^elodioe* At nin@ o*oloek the band pl&se4 "aooclni^t Ladies* 

and the fismilSar »ords r%n@ out in th& darkness frois several 
hundred throats* "©oodnigbts*' «®re said and fsmilie® rettsrned 
along <iountry road© to their h©is©@» 

Children &n$of&4 the arrival of the ioe )»s.n» vho aould be 
counted on to ohlp off pieees of his slipper;^ ice direct from 



Social Life and Meeting Places ( C ont . ) 

his wagon for their licking pleasure. ¥e remember the clink of 
his ice scales against the side of the cart, and the thudding of 
the cakes of Ice as he thrust his ice tongs around a cake of ice 
just right for mother's ice box. We can see the water dripping 
from under the cart as the heat of the simimer's day gradually 
ate away his cargo. 

^y Childred like the hulled corn man who brought pickles and 
hulled corn, and of course, the ice cream man who rang a bell 
so that he progressed like the Pied Piper of Hamlin, drawing all 
the children to the street for the ice cream cones he dispensed 
for a nickel a piece. 

In that day long since departed, simple pleasures at home 
were enjoyed. Me cranked oiir own ice cream freezers on Sunday 
and licked the dasher. V/e played croquet or tennis on the 
lawn - no matter how loneven the area. We walked perhaps two 
miles through the woods to Maquan Pond or to Little Sandy to go 
swimming. We skated on every available stretch of frozen sur- 
face. Some bolder spirits even made an Odyssey of skating from 
one of the glacial ponds to the next, beginning with Maquan 
and portaging across to Big Sandy, then to Little Sandy, the 
cranberry bogs. Stetson Pond and the Monponsett Ponds. 

The day that stood out as the most significant of the 
Town's activities that attracted the most people was the ob- 
servance of Memorial Day. The Town Hall to uld be filled down- 
stairs with the wreaths and bouquets made to decorate the soldiers' 



Social Life and Meeting Places (Cent. I 

graves. Children had picked bunches of wild lily-of-the-valley 
and lady-slippers. There were armfuls of lilacs and spirea, and 
a long procession that marched from the Town Hall after the 
ceremony and speech-making there to the cemetery. The allied 
patriotic orders were all well represented. The day was not 
just another holiday, but was indeed a holy day, serving as 
something of an Old Home Week pause in the ordinary routine. 

At one time the current interest in town was spiritualism. 
Mothers, aunts, grandmothers used to "tip tables" to entertain 
evening guests. Unless one has actually seen a table tipping, 
it seems at worst, a hoax, and at best just a good story. 
Someone actually spoke to the table as though it were a person 
and went through the alphabet pausing slightly until the 
table indicated by jerking that the right letter had been 
reached - thus spelling out names of persons answers to questicns 
and warnings. An earlier age would have called it witchcraft, 
but since we marvel at the magic box we now take largely for 
granted when it picks not only sounds, but pictures out of 
the air from miles and miles away, we must admit that there 
was no trickery to the "table tipping". Strong magnetic hands 
and intensity of thought were sufficient to make a table 
perform. 

At school the children needed no one to tell them what and 
how to play. The favorite game was "Haley Over". Two teams 
took sides on each side of the building, and someone threw 



Social Life and Meeting; Places ( C ont . ) 

the ball over the roof. The other side tried to catch it, and 
then ran en masse to the opposite side, trying to tag everyone 
possible. These captives belonged thenceforth, to the side 
that had captured them. The yard was alive with running chil- 
dren. Now a modern school has to have its games supervised 
and a great deal of equipment, or children can't play. At 
best, all we needed was a rubber ball, a few sticks and stones, 
two good legs and healthy lungs. 



FARMER'S CLUB 

The spirit of improvement of Hanson really began with 
the formation of the Pa^^ier's Club, February 7, I876. 

For twenty years the club had an active existence, 
held seventeen successful fairs and had more than three 
hundred members. 

The promoter prepared and had published in the Whitman 
Times articles showing the importance of agriculture and 
the great educational and social work that could be done by 
a Parmer's Club. 

The special local cause for the death of this society 
was the formation of a very large and strong lodge of 
American Mechanics. 






; I , , , . ■ 

.': . OBDBO Iflool IaJ:o3C[e QXfT 



ISi* Hanson Improve rae nt Sooelty was suggested in 1890 
by Fl&vel S, fhosms w&d csc^nized April 23» 1891 with 56 

Henry L« Ftmere was president; H®nry A. Beal, vice 
presidents Flavel S, !15iomas. Secretary; January fteRoberts, 
%»ea surer, 

Sb,« one object wss to edvanee the interests snd to 
beautify the town« Sociables and entertainments w«r« held 
at fown.£all. 

In 1392 names of streets ware revised and street signs 
put up. SBiall villages received special, definite nai^s. 
Soae of tiiem were Sodom, Bournetown, Fostervill©, Bowk©#s 
Corner, New State^Boaaey Mill, Howiand ^Street, ¥illett»8 
Hill, Cox Street. People seetsied to like these neighborhood 
names as ^ey were more definite than the immes of the street, 
especially when it was a very long atrelit. 

In 1893 the sooiety spent |150, in grading and beautifying 
the town hall grounds. 

25ae next great work was the Fern Hill Cetnetery arch 
in 1899. Much credit should be given v/illiaja G, 311ms 
for the suoeess of this undertaking;. 



mmoM ms mimmsT so^miv (cont.) 

•Si« fio©l«ty lud a€ir«nt«$Q yaara of autive «xl«t#6»e, 
Sw last 8ie«titig h«ld was on l&y 5, 1903. 5h4» was the annual 
eiMJUcm of offle^ps. After that iQt«r«8t b«gan to dvladle 
b«cfta»« m^^rn ooald ijot ceom to unit* on sone good work 
to do» 



HANSON amimm. o? tom^s{<m 

The Ilansas Cbaabdr ©f CoraaieT'o* was ©rgsRlfed Ootober 19, 
1951, with the following ten parsoRa coDatitutlisg tb« c tglmtl 

ni#mb@yshlpj 

David Bluns, 
Balph H. BiQDs, ^x>, 
L-fevid 13, Olijfiujoa 
L«vla »• (Goodwin 
How&rd Joiiaatou 
Bobart A. Johnston 
^Rjanlo Koplovsky 
Alvtn Keld 
Alfred ?ill3bury 
liornan IteeBonfild 

Alvtn Held Wfts the first pr«ald«nt$ Ralph ii. Blrms, JV» 

the first aeoretary, and the fir at projeet vas the weekly pub* 

lloatlon of an advert lelog nedlum ealled *"lhe Hanfion Courier". 

Thle was publlshea and edited independently, but sponsored by 

the Ohaaber. 

Other projftots undertaken were « eonsumar oredlt bureau, 
9. "resident greeter" program^ and a holiday decoration program. 

After several years thla argaolsatlon I'lSll apart due to 
the death of aoae of the abroera and th« lack of tine of 
other (tieohera to oarry it on. 



fb» ioduatrlfts and products of Haoaoa v»r« w«ll repre80ot«d 
at thB aovoral ^cattle aJMva^ , Mot 00I7 were oxhlblts amAi&, 
but px'emiumisi awarded to smay, 

Annusl fairs Kort h«ld At Town Hall, 'S1&999 falra %i«x>o 
regalar ''Old Home ]^ye"* Th# Hnnaon %>&«3 Sand furnishad muaie 
mad hora® racing waa alwajs a faatore. P?l2&s t^ara giiron not 
to tha fastastf but to tba aXowest horaa. Tha prlsa always 
want to J«r. 1*^11 »p (John Foat©r»e wife* a fatijar) who livea In 
fo^tervlll®. 



so PER 'S HALL 

The building known as Soper's Hall was located 
between the North Hanson fire station and the Hanson 
Public Market. 

It was originally located on the property now owned 
by Mr. Harold Churchill at the corner of Washington and 
Spring Streets. 

About 1850 it was bought by Jeremiah Soper, Cornelius 
Cobb, Jr., and Theodore Cobb, and moved to its final 
location and enlarged. It was the soene of many merrymakings 
in the days of long ago. 

Around 1939 it was sold and torn down, the last of 
many old gathering places in Hanson. 



,T,' " I 



■r'SjxliJii'ioO ^•^6qoo flBXwe'ioL \6 d'il;'^jjod asw ^x CkQI ciiodA 

lenxl ECtx . ' ioboorfT fon- . -0 



0«klend HcilX %ma butlfe on Qt&%e Btr^&t, HaosoQ* by 
Mr# Stetson of SoPweli, for tli« Se» S%at« Se*?lng Circle, 
known as '*1fe© ll®n»y Ser©bbi«r«i" * 

Ihe ouoers of ^m h«Xl Gonaistdd of sixteen 3toeldbioX49)!>a« 
ti&« last! llvlfig 0tiookhoI4«p having been Hr« G#0jfs<» ¥« 
S«v«r««R»« of 3tftt« 3tv««t« State Stre^fe la e«tll«<;i H«u 
litttt®* 1h« atr««t nms fross th@ south Hanover I1q« to «t 
d«ftd 0(kd atop leading onto aldhoja Street Into F${;yt»roke 
and Brook Stroeta lato Eanson* 

'Btm hall waa a oaotlng oantar for tho village of 
Mvt Stato end oaed aa a Churoh» a Sanday 3oh.ool, for 
dramtloa and daneoa* 

Ihe bttlldlos stood Idle for a ntMt^ar of yeara and 
in 1935 Mr. 3«varaao«, bein^; a daaoon of the Hanaon Con* 
^r^gational Ohuroh» presentad Oakland Hall to the chnrcia. 

It ma diasMntlad and eraotod again at tha west aid# 

of t^ Con^a^t tonal (Thtimh, tarn known aa Savaransfi Cha^al* 



Brass B»ndt bougut laiad at t^a (»or££8r or tftilon &tx>e«% AQd 
tI;»outh Street, in or(l«r to TtarEilsh Bf^antYlll^ wltb (lasrtftra 
f(^ fioolftl geitl^rlngst 

Ec bttilfc & tw©«»tor^ «ff«lr, 22 f««t by 3^ fe©t floor 
plan vitih a ptsblia hall abov^ aod a aiippar hall belsw, Zt 
ma 4ftdioftted by a Ball, bald Kaor 1» 1356* 

Pros that time on Joaaaljrfi'a llall beeaiso headt^uArtars for 
tha Old Coloeiy Brass Band} bona of tha BrfantvllXa Imtitate 
(196^) %dth P, 0. l!hoe^9on, prlnolpal^ end the eoeae of manf 
laotoras, 4ma»99, draafttioay and aooiala* 



mmA^i BALL 

thia> building* %ii& property of the Handoo Library Aaaooiiii<* 
tion, Vfts eraot^d in 1632^ «t e oo»t of about ^3500 by the 
g«D«ro3ity of %•• liilijftb C. ¥h<^a8 and his aiater* Mrs. B«eb<rl 
C, Cttahing, tog^trher vith tha eontribatioBS of asaXX sums fr«n 
oitixdns and friends. 

^r* CN»orgd Bonnay end Mr, Benjatsin W, Jossalyo vara tba 
eoDtraotittg buildara, all undar tha istaadiata auparviaion of 
Mr. iiathanial W« Cushing, 1^0 gavo atuob tiaa and labor to tba 
projaet. fba haXX waa dadiaatad with appropriate 9::s«roi8aa 
.Sapt amber 8, l6@5, 

ITbe upper floor* named in bonor of tha priooipal donors, 
ma finoly equipped for drwnatio and other antartain^nanta. 
In 1900 an aone^ic of Ih feat was m^^^tS to tha ataga at an ax* 
panaa of over UiOQ^ 

On tha lower floor waa tha banquet hall, antaroo^a, and a 
large room for the library, the elms standing in front of tha 
hall ware dug ^ptembar 7* 1@93 at Kathaolal Cuahing's request 
from hla farta by -isiwittal Cox and William S. Ellas. Frad Sterkar 
and <ilmer Cox plaoad protaetion around each tree. 

The oueleua of the libr«]*y was oiK9!^aneed in lBB2, in 
Irrlnkwater Ilvlaion ^"^na of Teaperanoe, by Miss Julia M, Poole 
and other interaetad mamberac by th@ purohaaa of 12 volumaa» 

An aasoeifition waa foxmad* ealled the lanson Teffiperaoea 
Litoary Aasoeiation* whieh eontinued until lBBk» fha word 



flioftRf Hall (Coot,) 

*f «Bip»rfitiee'' w«a tti«o dropped sod tbe 9««ia year It was inoor* 
potmted •■ the Hftcsoi; Librery AsaoelGtloe. 

Over 1500 volt»D«a of ohoie* books w»r@ (earnad by m^.^berii 
tSKToagb fftirSf «Rtertaifti9«nt8« ai3d Ilb«rftl dOQutlono trcm its 
smnjr frldnds. Hiaa Hftry J. £r«w tms tli« faithful and oom* 
pdtont llbrarleo tvtm the Qo^^ftfiews«Dt« 

Oetob«r 11 » iS&it a group of ladlds formad a ^wing Clrola 
In eoonaotlon vith tha Library Aaaoefttion. Hra. 3raea Bonnsy 
waa ohosan prasldaot* *4r«« Viola Arnold, viea president; Mrs. 
Miranda twicer, saeretary; Mrs. Carrie Carr» treaaurer. 

The direotors vera appointed frc^ eaeh oaiehborbood • "^ra^ 
Joseph White* Hra, '^llle Cushiog* Hpb, f homes Bouroa, ^ra» a,lltk» 
Poole, Mlsa islleB Barrla, *^ra, Cornelia Cook, Mra« Qeorgia 
Joaa alyn. 

The ladiea net tvioa a month frc»6 house to houae and 
aewed patehwork, knotted oc^forters, made aprons and made 
6ip»»aii»m fh«»y hold fairs and put on entartainmanta to raiae 
?9oney for the Aaaoofe tloo* 



Hovtmitber 26, 1836 they p)»>ohased a piano prieed at $S90. 
and Peoember 17th a piano eloth ooating $l!*50, After two yaara 
of hard work the piano waa paid for and preaented on <^pt« 15 « 
Iddd to th& i;<lbrary Asaoolatlon by nra, M«»le Lewie reQueatlng 
that they keep it Inaured and tuned. 



Thomas Hall (Cont.) 

In the early 1900 's Sunday School was held on Sunday 
morning at Thomas Hall, and a Gospel Service in the evening. 
There was some very good preaching at these services. 

In the spring of 1901+ the Kickapoo Medicine Company gave 
a series of entertainments at Thomas Hall. They were marked by 
a pleasing and interesting variety which called out good . 
audiences each evening. 

April 1906 the Ladies of the Sons of Veterans auxiliary 
presented a four act drama entitled "Valley Farm". No better 
acting by local talent has been seen in Thomas Hall. From the 
rise of the curtain until it fell, interest and appreciation 
was shown by liberal applause. Clifton West and Ida Bisbee 
played the leading parts. 

August 7, 191i| electric lights were installed at a cost of 
$201.51 and the stage curtain made fireproof. 

January 16, 1917 the Association voted to place a delivery 
desk costing $100. in the library as a memorial to Mary J. 
Drew who had been the first and only librarian. Miss Jessie 
A. Lewis and her sister Lillian K. Lewis added a chair to match 
the desk with a marker for both. 

Through the years the hall has been rented to many dramatic 
clubs. The rent of the upper hall with the use of the piano 
was $3.00 to out-of-towners, $2.00 to in-towners. The rent 
of the lower hall for suppers was $2.00. On holiday nights the 



1.10 bied a£W looric- 



'■■>? ffftt 



.'3 :ivo bellBO cioldv \ 



, ipve riofio 









') srict 



. ... .zduLo 



»eat of thfl ontlro hell to "ia* or '*out-of»to«t3«ra" was #10,00, 

l4Krge whist pttrtl«4i bave ba«n held from tiea* to tla^ vlth 
tmaj present from Kaoov«r «o4 Wfalt^ssn, 

Tli«r« «•« no ohoep eontritot vork pat Into thta hall, 
tha oarponters took great Intaraat and prlda 1» their vork* 
Thay gava of thair baat affort. 

"To liva In hearts we leave behind la not to die**, and 
this ooismunity has reason to ever hold in grateful resiembraace 
the kindness of Hr. Thomas and Mr. and Mra. Gushing in •tiaking 
it poaaible for the Aaaoeiatloo to areot auoh a oom^nodloua and 
well*sppointed building. 



Ill IBBJ, nv« little girls, Joal* (»iftiBb«rlftii}, Ella 
lv«r«oa» Blla K««f}«, £lla BatohiosoOy and Karioo Spmtnomr, of 
South nmnaon, thinking it would be pleeaaot to have a soelety 
of their own, formed a sewing olrole to meet aatorday after* 
noooa. Tkfy were very aooo joioed by a nun^er of their younger 
oo«paniona, alao by eone of their older frieoda* aa honorary 
meiabers, who helped by their advice, in the preparation @f 
work. This aoolety was oalled **Little Workera aewing Cirole." 

After they had worked for aone time and m&de a quantity 
of uaefttl e nd fanoy artlole^s, they determined to hold a sale 
to dispose of them. This was followed by other sales, and, 
as their friends patronlased them liberally, they soon found 
thenselves with quite a sun of money on their hands, I^ to this 
time the eirole was working without as^ definite objeot, so now 
it beearae neeesaary to deeide what to do with the money. 

At length it was agreed to purohaae books and open a 
litoary. I6>s. Oharlea Keene offered the use of a room in her 
house where all the boAksi were kept *til Waffipatuofe Hall was 
built. As more money was obtained, more books were added* 

A few ft^9 later throuf^ the efforts of some of th@ 
members, the people in this seetion of the town were interested 
in forming a library assoelation. A preliminary meeting was 
held at Biehard A. £^ereon*s with a goodly nuad»ar in attendanoe. 



W«n»«tttok mix (Cont*) 

^iiortly after (Marsh l3d9} th« flrat regular adetlng was 
held at the hosm of Allen H. 1%iIXipa. ?ha oaae of Vai^ataek 
Library Aaaaoiatloa vaa given the ^wgaDlsatlon* and April 17* 
1039 a ohartar «aa graoted the mum. The folIoHlng Atagaat the 
L.V.a«c. preaented their library* then oaaberlng l$2 voluaea to 
the aaaoelatlon* thlJ being the oueleus of the proaent lllxrary. 

MeetlQga of the Asaoolatlon were held nenthXy and Bueh 
Intereet waa shBwn. Sapper e and entcrtalnnents were given eaoh 
aonth at the houaes of the different suiabere, and aoaetlsea la 
the warmer aeaaon In a tent, loaned for the purpose* as there 
wa« no publle meeting plaoa to aeooouaodate the large numbers 
attendlog. 

Quite a sua of o^ney was raallaod from these aotertaln* 
oents* and In the) spring of 1691 land was purohased and work 
<MMW»noed on the foundation for a hall which was eoaq^leted and 
dedloated In Sovea^er 1393. The building Is 33* by $00, the f 
first floor containing an entranoe hall* ladles* and gentlemen* a 
dressing rooms^ literary* kltehe»t and pantry« The second floor 
is given up entirely to a hall» and beneath the building la 
a large basesieot* 

The publle were asked to subserlbe tofc*ard the balldlng 
and quite a large sua was obtained* but after the bulldlog was 
Goapleted there was a ODrtgege of 11500. and a note of $500, 
held by the Hoeklaad Sank« 



»«iiD»tttete Hall (Coat.) 

One of tb9 mealbmra g»neraasXy gaip« the furniahloga for tlit 
library rooaj, oth«r« gjiv* ftirnlt^iiaga to b« usod In different 
parta of the buildlog. 

Zn iferob l8% tho library oontainlng 8?3 iroluwea and 200» 
&ocvmsiata not nuabored, waa givao Into tbe oara of tba towo 
library, with tha undoratandlng that tha booka are altmya to 
b« kapt In thla building. 

Mr* Arthur C, %H|»aoD hald tha offlea of praaldant frofli 
tha atarting of tha Aaaoelatlon antf Mlaa May Kaaoa that of 
traaaurar. 

In 1901 they fait In a position to p^nrehaJMi tha piano 
whioh until than had baan raotaa* On llaroh 6« 1906 tha 
^S''^^* n^to was bttrp»«<l with dna oolabratlon, 

?ha laaiaa of thla part of tha toim« raallalng a ^^^^ for 
an auxiliary* siat vith Hla«» Clara Joaaalyo in 1869 and organ* 
iaad tha Wampatuek Sawing Clrela, Hlaa JToaaalyn waa tha fir at 
praaidant» but owing to aioknoaa waa obllgad to raaign bafora 
tha yaar waa ovar, lfra« Abbia Philllpa fillad the offlea for 
aavaral yaara. tha objaot of thla auxiliary waa to help tha 
Aaaooiatlon in any way it ooold* fhay a«wad,» bagged* and 
baked beana to earn money • 

Weekly whiat partlea were held on ^^turday nlghta at 
Wftflip^tuek H^ll from Ootober through Hay. thore ware at tines* 
aa Mftiiy aa aizteen tabled played* and ^a. Addle 6«pp of 



WSSS^lSSkJi^ (Coot.) 

B^oeictoo f«rnl«h64 musie for damslng rfter the eerd ptrty, 
Huroia ChimeJ^illf Lest«>r Fl^i3«r, K«f>toR Bsimrd* and Clax»<»oo« 
Pratt' w«'# t^^Jmt «ttead«nts<, during 1902 »ndl 1901, Hftoy 
took «i<lVftQtftg« of good sleighing in th« winter e&ointlia to 
oomm from BooklACdf VhltButo^ North Haoeoo* 9.nd Fetabroke* 

Tfao ir.%G, held hfttM boAO aupporfl «nd aoelala on 
fhuraday •▼enings. Tlioao woro vorj veil «tt«ndod ond fioo 
entertAlnments wore given. Fronk Fieher often gave hernonloo 
ooloa* iiiRdilo Ford pleosed with reoltatloo«» Cerrle end TI»>fl»o 
GhMBberlaln offered voloel duete* end there was elweye eoae 
onoialag feature aaoh aa e doughnut eating oontest* potato raoea, 
peanut raoea» or oake imlka» followed by daoolng until ten 
o*elook» 

A fair nua^oET attended the annustl harveat suppera of a 
"Blled pot^diah^ with "flxlna" froo StJO *o TsjO on a FVlday 
evening early in Oetober. After vaodevlXle aket^ea, an auotion 
aala of vegetablea waa held with Arthwc C. iSReapaon aotlng a a 
auetloneer. Thia elwaya netted a good sum for the aool^ty. 

fitereh kf i90U "The 20th Century tUnatrala^ put on a {Blnatral 
ahow whloh waa a deoldad aueeesa. the oaJcHPlty of the jokea 
were on well<»linown loeal eharaotera* and were fret^ and 
apley* 

The end msa were Keaars* Walter Colder and Thon^a Caaaaber* 
lalni the bonea^ Arthur Howland and Frank Flaher. Kra, Welter 



wmpiitttftic mix ( oont « ) 

fa.% sooga i»«r« "Any Enga", "Good-bye Llsft JaBe",'^»sal«" 
and "X*d L»aT« My Bappy Hose for You". 

flM filioif wo a 7ep««t«(3 ot 7owd HalXi, E»llf«3( ars^ at Odd 
Folloira aall In lanovar. 

Kavoli 28» X906 %h& aanaoll Mualoal lotortfttnera torough a 
high oXasa atyla of work to Wampatuek Hall. Tha aatartalimaat 
waa ontlraXy origlaaX. Mr« Vtmd l!aiiaoXX» the ohaoplon whiatXar 
of tha w>rXdt ownod and eontroXXad aXX tha saiale U8ad« W^. 
LaaXlo Ws$tamao» tha Huooroaa aod Draoatie Xoperaooator* waa 
io MoaoXf worth tha prloa of adnlasloo. 

AanueX daoelng partlaa ware glveo t»y tha VteXdsi«61r''exub 
X906 - 1908, H^Kbora of tho oXub war® LlXllao Bapyntot, Dor la 
King, Bathar King, Agnoa Hoaroa, AQstia caiati^O^arXaiiSt Carria 
OhanborXalQi. i&ra, Bartha BvaraoOf aod lira, Ifarlon «%artaiNLOt» 

Febraary 2%, X909 Hoaa Oof^any Ko* S: tiaXd Ita flrat annitaX 
baXX. FarapheroaXla of the hoaa oonpaisiy waa VLsm^ In affaotiva 
daooratloR* CXarlse'a orohastra of fitra p%09ii9 ft«>oiahod oiaalo. 
Tha graod aaroh ima Xod lo^ Chiof Bngloaar Boraoe Oa^t^siam.0 aeid 
wifa, foXXowad by tXoot dlreotor ISarr Itt Batoa aod Ulaa BaXao 
Baath. 

Harob k, X909 a oo»t»a« party waa hald st tWjloh amay 
pretty and uoiqaa ooatu»9a w«pa w^po, dadga^i wara Hpa, Arthur 



Hcmlsndy Hrn. Edgar Jossolyn, &n& l%*s. Jobn Poatar* Tluiy atmr- 
««i<2 first pris9 «• fi bo3( of ol^ooolatQS • to Hist FDimy Huscowho 
WA9 a iroritalkJLs "tetters" » atid tiaa gaat's prise • olgara « to 
Up. 39?aao Saet wbo vor« tbd oo2ttt!aa of a Jov paddXar aod 
darri9d the uau&l Atoek of baodai^si handkerohlaf » and sho« 

Fobriutry 25 • 19X3 the youog poople of the teim gave as 
etit«ptttii»£t«Qt« A Mother Qooae pe^eact under the dlreotloQ of 
i^a* WaXter CaXder ims bluhXy enjoyed. The XlttXe poopXe* 
eoatuoed to rei^eaeot aone elttraeter In nureery rhjsiea pasted 
la review aroitad the hail wlnfisiog great appXau.3e« 

J&miary &S, 19X5 a ohowder supper was served and followed 
'&$ an entertalofflent vheo the ?&raNira B^nd^ sompased of tea young 
ladles^ led by Krs, KXla Conroy, wade their first appearanoe* 

the ladies vore in*l|^t eoXored aprone and large atraw 
hate. The instraate^ts eo^EKPlaed le^lwaeota ueed by the 
famer and mialo was oade by blowing en o^^a eovered with 
paper* 

1?or log the y«ar X916 th« Puritan ]^oto-?Xay Clrouit 
opened at Vaaipatuek Ball with i^vlea on Monday nla^ta, *She ahov 
began at 7t30 and popuXar prioes prevailed* (aduXta 15 oenta» 
^lldrea 10 eeESta), Heoeiaary alterattons and la^rovssieeta 
were mada at the hall to allow for the pr-^iiectiittois of the 
moving pl«tiwea« l^ovton L« Litehfleld put on aoae fine filsas 



Wampatuck Hall (Cont.) 

and received a large patronage. 

In I9I4OJ after more than fifty years of active service in 
the community, the Wampatuck Library Association began to show 
signs of depletion due to the ageing and loss of members. 
Those few remaining desired to preserve the hall by disposing 
of the property through a lease of t he building if a 
Masonic Lodge were formed. 

On May 29, 19^6 a dispensation was granted and on that date 
Wampatuck Lodge, A.F. and A.M. was instituted with Worthy 
Bro. Charles T. Nicoll elected to be the first Master. 



.J-noD) S.LbE :<!■ 



i.:}Piq q-^'-ib1 ^ XiovIaQS-x 






iient from t^ pVmm to tl^% t^r tbt @o«iats7 (tiis*ii]^ t^ r«»b«ni0a 
la lllttii^pated by • «ot« p««9e4 «% m toim «m«%Iiis« oa^ of tiMi 
*rtlol98 la the wopmoA «ui *to ••• tS t^ town «ttid4 glv» th» 
ua« 0jr tlw fewEi Hall to l*oat 1?7» ^*A«H,* 

It wem voted to ^ive tii» uee of t^ lower liell for speeiel 
and !»>n'titU.j sseetliis«» sia^vlded ^e laea^erii of the Poat would 
f widish their om ll#&t and fiael ead par for taiiiiig eere of 

fh» eeet of ll#it «ould be ee^ranty^elve oenta a night » and 
ti»i exiienae of !>reiiarlng the hall for oeoupaaey* alxty^flve 
eent«9 laaklzig the total ooat $l»4d» or ten oenta leas Uma the 
aaaoisit ^liieli It ««old aoat to Mre tlie hall* 

ttila gift would anomat to fl.SO la a yearp ^a Uia part ^ 
tiMi tow8» waa oo£»idared at a isMtetlxis of tit» Foat, asiil refoaed 
h$ alaaat a tmaataovn vote* tlms tite aeed waa planted to 
^^Sa a Itall of t^&r own* 

By lifting parts of reeorde froai tlie Woam^a Kolief aorpa 
Jbumal •» ^Modore £«• Bcmney Corpa lo* 3li.6 » we are able to mm 
Imw tlia Med gprew* 

Febnury f* ld9^t * It waa dlaooaaed ^utt we mtfgaM bmm m mi^ 
of our oiea to bold ovep maetinga and Imwm it f is&ad ssore to oisp 
flilttda tlian tbia la azid that Hanaon eight hawa aoiia oanorial to 
Iwr aoldiera aa well aa o^er towxiat asiaathing t^tat will be of 



vm« to ^im Xlvlag «»£ in sma&rj of tisi« ^9«rt«d**^ 

A «^Hil%t9* df thPtttt fvoa ttes Fo«t and a Xtk» mmta^m iw&& 
Ui» Ottrys wtm e^oavn to ••Iftot «n4 ppooiaw « JLot of ImoHL »^l%m 
ftblA for MM^ » isutleltng* Th*»« being CoBapad#« Hobovt C«14»rt 
EdNria FiMitt flad atbaon Boftl with tltslp fHwspootive isAsmm %q 

April Xl» 1903$ ^Aft«r th^ cXoAo of tlio v«giiU4P iwotlzig* t^ 
two <»rgimlmtioi» beXd «n tnfbrsMl iaw»tlng« 

"CoDBPA^ Bobort Caiaor oalXed tb« ia»otl»ts to order »r^ 
After i^Xftetag 0oisr«4e Turner ee obnlmeea or tlie awetlas 9tdA 
fftmt th«pe 3«e preeeat e friend of hie irtio woua^ XUio to niilw 
« j^Popoeitlon to the cseetlng* 

*CoM«4e Qia3L^/mr intm>4a9mA m* J9tm Foeteif who in pert 
iMid Ise M4 l9oea fchiakii^ f<^ « Xong tiii» that l^ie fo^xr orpml* 
setione be4 not ft eultftble pX«ee to h&%^ ti^ir aeottnge titftt 
they oouX4 eaXX their hom» fta& Iff tliey «otiXd eooej^t l»e «o»Xd 
bttiXd tiaott II hnH upon hie ImsoA «m& mti» «bea a preeent of tlie 
libole* 

"After rei^HPke bj quite a arairiNir of tlioee ureeeat* it mm 

iroted by a risiiag ir^te of everyoiis ia @ui haXX to aeee^t hie 

l^ttd offser 1^ 1^ oiar heartieet fshaiysa* 

"^poa ^^» vaammmAm^ltm of Mr* F^atevt Mr« Hobert CaMer» 
Ir* ^B^ Seates aii4 ^« 4oslali Ooole were a^poifstoa ae BtmSia^ 



0«fl«ltt«« mod fvtts^MHi*" 

Oa tiMi jfmyameA ot oa» d9ll«r by 0««(hi4« Il9b»rt Cftld«v» th» 
^•d «ft« aigiMA lyjr jo^ Fost«r ai»2 his «lf« mrj P* FosWr im 
April I, 190tf «i^ Ada »• Cftbooa «• witiMisst b«fop« S«tliani#& 
WDTton fts ^n^itle* of tb« 9wM«« 

Zn ^19 d«od It so atft««» that «ri3»ii ni«odoi« L* B«aiM3r 
Post «d all Its fiO93ao<st0d kixidxmd ^pgimisatlona* shall beooat 
•xttziott thsn tslis said ivropMPty aliaXl bseoao ths pvoparty of 
tSam tosn of lUmsoa* for oharltabls pwpnammm 

ThB d«ad ts raaordsd a« t23;d nTaouth Pounty Hsgtstry of 
tm9A»0 BooU 0dOc Fags 2(1^ 

Tim flr»t ?raAtees «ar« Bob«rt Csxaor^ John s^atss ami 
Jsstah Cook* It want tm roeord that as ona aaaibar dl«d» tiM 
rasKiiiiisig t«Ni stuaald appoint a tlilrd* 

J^7 9* 19€)t{^t *ft «as i»»Tad hf ivmt9V Yioa ?raatdeiit Mrs* 
Blotmt fbMt «« hold ottr na^st maotiag in tha now hall* t% iras a 
unantiioisa Toto that wa do so*" fkm first Bwattn® In tha naw hall 
was Augtsst Uy y049 At this naattng Ooorado Caldsr prosontad 
tha €ofl^ wliSi fousp fwdaatala towu*d fixmli^iQ$ tha hall* Ths 
hall in attimtod ma tha «ast #tda of Itish straat on a lot of 
l«Bid ©ofsttlnlmg S^^ m* f*» 

May 1J» lf05t '^a* stovana «m^ ^m* Blotmt vara appotntad a 
aomlttaa to aaa m* Maati and imva hin drivo a wall* aat up « 



q i; aaa Ams; mil (Coist.l 

•tak iftiMi £Miir» 6v«r7tlilisg la good ^*d«?« 



atAlra ^ Um «(pper and lovox* Imll* 



iid«nt « sFcmr 



iS&rab. 1* X90?t A p99|» holii ««• jsRdki In «h9 do<»ip «ip9«Ais»f» f^ 






S7» 191^ f Conrad* StxrUiaa eceart^d ^ coi»^ftd« B<»Ala 

And p»«a«]|t9d • 'k^vw/9 pletuam of ci««)0x»)»l i^rattb* 



•ttd «lie Jt9^l&»s> of L«* C€at» Allwrt C« »9«d, th« coiue^tui of t^« 
&i3p, t^ROt^ ^^«> nta^x** urttli m ^i»i%« Sh» ims eaXled i3p0a for 
a «|Mi«o)i and 9t»t«d that it uraa pi(»iM»ftBt; to r«ti»w old aeaori^d 

twt ?»f«roii0« to th# mmTV®l&nB f%U^% of ^» 9<«i ta ^m 

f«€« ^« i^^ »%M 9^ Jma b99is »9is»d mms ttm&& i£ »tm m^s im% 
proud of hlsi %7^ HMt eh« h&d x«^ti»d «li«« It vm» prido, bii^ & 
t«mllm »f 3b&|»9lii«i« «i!s« f«lt thmt b» m^ »%!« t«sj aolsie^i i^w 
o^|»e% tii^ goir«rm»»ii% «imt9d %& ««oda^ll»h mid e .0p9&% imlt&f 

imd tiiffliUsfulmias wl^» am flight lifts «o@0^ilM'3j»d« 



nM^fmi,m^:^n ^^'^ M:Am, w^^^^^, ^,¥p.. 



tc) m% i!ks^%tji&mtion %0 tlM» Hitat© of aRasaah^tftntts for a ^»fiP'&«i<w 

9I» nx>st »<»»tia^ ««ia l^ld on Oetob^v 9tti st tha liaeM mi 
B«nJ«aln W« At»9o4« Haiis 3tx>eet» A a3*te of tospox^i^y ^fliMivs 
WM «X«€t«4 sui follows: 

'Jorton Howard, Coiaaftiid^? 

*ri«K>^op«i Hall, Adjutant 
B*iiJ«iilii Ativoodt ItTtMrnrev 
ablXla Xbbitaoa* Historian 
Wi»Qn fUkSmTp Cfaftplsln 

At this sioetiiig tl\o post «ft« ^ivoQ th0 ^wmi **Hflu»ioa Fcwt** 

Tha ti»nt Amotion took plaes on r)««oallMiF 1« 1919 »t mtUvh 

ttao B«nja23tsi Atiiu9<$ beeano tl» f l^st Rotlm^ CoT9r9iknd«r» 

:%«ttfiga mmr9 h^TA mt ?0Vii S«ll,i &vmmSi Arajr Hall« Coarft<S« 
Cl}ai<l<iii 'm&&lMr*fi tacnw, ^Cosffmdt Hiufry Piiyii«r*i baa» end Wiatw 
IH&t'oak Hftll* 'Il3i»r«» w«3 «n A^*9i*a^ Atlwstfiiii»« of i>lxt««fi «t 

theiso fl!»st ^!^«tlni,^«» 

O&UNiM Ol<%pi9V» moved l^teRt tbi» lutt !»• pRss^d at eeolii 
isHMitiiigt tl2^ ^rH>@#«^ to 1^ t«imxH3 a soelol fiiad« thia ««9 

t)6» orlgljra of tsiM? ^©jmy «4?ll«ettcm« 

Fp«mb t^ ir«f^ »tai*t i^i* 999t nfiui ttxtstsiiftly aotlTe* AamaUL 
fall ffttwi wwiHi • g9«At »aw»#s«f ^%l»t 3asi»t5l®» ov«r:f Fri<^ 
ov^nlj:^ ^K>W8« « tyawit«?«tl«l pswftt* Fl»l<S day* on Jtily i^lfti 
w®r« aueo<iatftsl« 



^■£mj 9fm?md wta %mm&d into a un^tiaijriftl Floli^ i-'itrtd sM id 

Tb» following it«« bac b»ea llft©<l fs^a tJs© Hlstos? taa'a 

Tlaaaafi Kail rlts'as'j Assoolatloa wa« abo«t to 
dlAband anil the ^iMistiflHA mifoae &a to tSu» disposal 
of the ii&ll» Tt ri&t cc.ii5l'4o2H&d ais a t^,.;y»,> f.£tr tlie 

hall mki s^-vea to th« tcm. Thm anr.i^tn^', pf4't ia 
tiMt 1^k»p0 wfta BO to«a lntiM>«it In tfUslng o?«p 
th« li^lX until it »ft4 c^Ationiietl b^ the tog; lorn*** 

&at«r a eo^iMlttdd waltoA on %h9 SoXeot^iont to »#e if 

Thi^aaiif E«13. ©otild ^ »®«ar®«S r» 'w»ftl»a Sa^^tmrt^rs. It «imi 
fs'-and that It 'w©^sld. l^^e to eau» bofssra a ty»m 5!»«tf.s^ s© t^a* 

On AugtMt't 3t ^"935 thtt ^gion ins^lmv^d tJ^tm thm UmSi^MBA 
B%vt]n^M B&aJj & s-^sidfldl® 8t.«ad arlalftJi fos«8s(e2»lj' had bo©a th» 

Oetob^f^ l6« 1935 '^» Ot> !• B«i!ifi(3si of I^fit B3j*£'i^««ater mm 
imid $1TS»00 f^»i* aovin^ th® building and %3»fNei« stones em voXl&vis 
»tt& box^«a« to ^bui i»P9s«i!it loomtion ^1% Ic^liwoii stw«i«t €^pp&9t1m 
X«gl0tt F1®M* 

t55r©«s^ til® cr»ta»t9«y of !&•♦ Sltarotiiis llx»aiifi» 

All of tfea ln»S4© finish wiMPSf t© tlM» Imil'Sla^ wtt» doa* 



||»a^on.,.„jfi»rtettn I,4»i»|ja»> ,.^sp ,226i^, ^ayid ,L ^ioa ^ i *^ ,3^ (Confer J 



S«irt!««ib9r lii» 1936 « miilding i^'veoA Liovax fro» StetfPonalA 
Coal Co^iMay of ^>00«00 wm r«««lv«d» ilexHsb afO, 1939 thft 
final pmyzatmt on th» Lc»«q ':lote vaa r<»o9lpt$i4 and tttrned ovrnf 
to tlj© TtH»R««r«r by f^, Woiwian iteoDpnal?!, thus gtvlnj^ tih« 
logion a f»3rtgaf;e fi*e(» hom» of tholr o«»a* 



'Bi%%9 w«f n besttfclfol jirov^ on iKie shor®a of Lilitl® Sandy 
PfflM and OS, th© II «« of tte® Bpoefeten ecd PlyR»ttfth Stpeefe 

ih»ftt«r %o ftft 9%bfti»vtto par«X town* 

h s^poXI around feh© Orcn?* pFae®«feM jssuny uoiaforfes jsna 
«mu»e!5»!sfea, '^a©i?« w»p« mi«%io ao«ts, swinge, b»th liou»«i, « 
isary-gcj-roand, slldea, a <*8iqo« hall, and ©n op«a «i2» fehie(»l«r# 

Thd aofttlQj^ oapftcltf of the thoatar v«a «o ermn^^ tliftt 
ono eoalS 8e« the t^ov freo^ (^ for it nioScXoi obtsaln a good 
stftt* If taste aiefgan^s aore, t«n oonts p«ya for a ehair tmSer 
fthQ gro«% ox^gtdfto of oamr««» «reot<»d &o pro^oot %ha ftttdience 
from feho af^«r»ioon«« sim or a aaaden shower. l®9®nr««l seata 
ware 25 eaafce. 

lotsra llvaa la a fttuBoar hofcol, o»p«a tally for «*»«. 

Tor mnj this waa tho only tho«t«r Wsay woyJld «ir®r aaa • 
for othars, afe le«at tha first theater, 

A »p%n arotti^ *b« l«ic« ta th# laiaaela r©ve«l®4 tiia f«e* 
tiMtt! Rtoi^ora ®e«ad ^ fo^wad a eora fe®««a.%lfai aii«®t of ns^ar* 

©6 sawrel "sptelal* days feUer® t»r© balloon aaesfjsiotia 
Jttat oat9l4« ^^m enferauea to the |»e,rk« Oti o»© ooaasioe tfeo 
balloon $ma j^otgrapfeed la tho air as mp* Orotby hsmg hy feia 
taal^ a tfeot;^aaa f«»t above Littl® S»My Latea* H« oaee down 



tttSKi, landing »» %bt t<^ i>f « pi8.« fcrft« tad nmoii^d «eii*tli 

5«|it9iBbtt9 36» 190$ sany weafe id eI«c^rio8t ^ow? hemm 
hi1}Qh9«f ftCt:os» oarT7eIX«» end otti^^ tml^ed to pejrt«^« of th« 
grsftt bsi»b«eae properod tind«r t^e neieuB^TeiRent of Chiaf H» B* 
DafiU} of tli0 Bryant ville Flr« DepArtR}«nt« B»*«e bo6f ei!««ti»pos 
h«4 tr(»en d&a9 fso « twem, juley »nd t«ed«r« Ztippep was tt«pved 
ifi IlBF^lomsr Xrm« foIIcn«ed by fia efitertslnie^Qt by tim Wioi^* 
fetuik l^QstrsXs &% tho the«t«r. End »»n vv Arthis^ Boiilft&i, 
fiioffiMis C]Misb6Plfti.n» LuiL« Ho»e«fwfty, aod Oaerge Levi** ¥«I^«i> 
CAid«r vea 2a6«rlQOutor* Mpc* Wiiltcr c«lder pr«0i4«d a^ to« 
piMSA, a«fliifitee4 by Hos>««« Ga«t)mftti« oopno^itti* 

ti» djtooe b<»rd ima in «hiirg« of li«rb«F% L« Bh«ph«]*d tad 
it vsa not uaHl 1^ Xitsfe oar left thQ ^ove ftfutt tO^ ore»7d 
disper8«4« 

Mmiasiim ^e tib«f Opoirtf wt» tV9%t 9ispptv %teketn for all 
one eo«iId eftt w»f« $0 9«i!«8« %h«ft^r splits H«r« 10 and 15 ae»t8« 
dattelng, 5 eanta a aet!^l«» 

lumbar Dfty naa al^aye %ba bi^^at day of the aeasofit if set 
tfe® iROfit: ©ve-olsful^ "th© evenfes «%ajt»%ad wi*b a fr««»f©p-^ll 
bjfcycl© «^0« fpiM® Whifeisfio vllla^ te Mm» ^eK>if«, Hiaaa 2^aa 
w»)ice aan«ti9i»ad by feha K«w Ittgland Aaeoeiation of tim himfumt 
ftthlatie IMltm of the IJ^i^ed Stat^a. 'S^ra waa elwaya tlte 
popular baby ahov, fi host of fine b«blea with tb«ir fond 



Heyf lower Qyov© (Ootit;, ) 
tlu*d« ui*tliitB io. the ttheft&rloftl ooapAO/ lid JitS^« 



& l*ip^ del«g«fclort fVoBj 01«n !%«!>oa»ld 0* S. C, jseii^hed ultfe 
fS^eir piper 9 J€^ Btllcim« to Wftti^^tuek Mail %t> assist %n 

leiii'tltutlng Clan Bcmrs* & a«i? or^alsntlon ia tliis Tieiaity. 

Hieyft v(»r« twrnaty-fiir* ehai»t#r v^fi^rs* fh^sr follewiag 
c>£?ls«m were iiMil^Xledi mad pr«a«»t«4 wi^ %h« eii^Xo» &t his 
offi««t Ohiftff Joljtn Ibbitstm; Ftist: Chief* Pnaiel f^GDoosildi 
?Rnl96, CX6ttd<» tQtmgi Ch«iplaln« Joiin A. CASieronsi !l@or^tap|r,> 

illexftRdor BOSH HaoS-otjiild} Firainoial Si«jr®t«27> !Toi*eiaa lise*' 
Kanaiej '!¥efts«i£*er» IDufpRl MifiTXMnsld, } Sonlos* Eentsbman* '^illiiua 
Pntt-Xs .Xan*Loi» Henchraan, Wilfred Cfef!«ron| i^etteatshal, Cjpos ltoK»ot| 
u&rd^r, Oeors« JfeoKeasst®} S«n1t$in9X» Jftcw* MMfhESlt Hnytileifttt* 
¥• B« BTiimftx^aiin* H* D»| 3lasielfta, 2r« Xbtoilstofif ^txflftAds* 
l^mleX MtieDmmXd« JvStm €amiJ?mit Milts'^ Cftn^roe. 

Afl!«r t!!» lnl%in%lm5 fth® doore twi*© fthrcnm ©pets %o |!la« 

'Wm ifilti&iilon otiz^sior^ tiaa most ifiis»t*«iS9iirs> ao% oaXf 

e 
ter of the «Bl>X6attt ^^ oXa^i^ffip^t ^® b&@&«i*s« aM tbs fi^^ 

er09» »XX of %£iti«h iiie«it mq mmh %0 EootsssfOhRt 

l^»* OrXftKido «'# CaarXes ®x*s>ma®4 i^®®%4iig8 %o %im mw 
©Msr «M feade it w®XS(^ pajlag trilj»t® to .Srdotjtiisli ohiafiiMSilt«f t 



ft ^a?»<>t*w«r. Arottasl 190S Sinn Hosa ?»ife%#^. Its s%roag si#b 
»g^iasti otl»ii> tt«fiii28 st th« AEiai}»i Fall F&ir in HuXifujt. A8» 
ail^t i}<» «£p«o^«d:, Huns da >roi:i tha ooQticiatj, 

April X, 1916 « l«di«ir attTclil«ry to clan Rots 0. S. Q, 
wmi er^nisea «t Wes^a^usk Ball ^i^ tUs tdllotfing arfieers 

Pirasia^n^y Stella Ibbitaonj ?io^ FreaiSant, Ilaz7 ^oM| 
JPftat President, Addla wants^lli Chaplain, Blla Brmmi ^m&rm* 
tRTjt Hiiared Ibbltsonj 1Waaui»ep» Joaia CJaaaronf 0©iidastojp» 

avae® lli«l»h«tl| Plaaiat, MV^ HaeClellaet, 

Iha ladiiaa waspa It^tallad in tiia prasatice of %im @fti^bra>x*a 
^i* Olan Eodfi by tU«> C^i*ft$i^ ^^*^^ Aa;^lim'^ to thfif ordur of 



firittx 1909 iiTith hb& tollQiaing omcear'a «l6el2<&4f i^stert 

SSp«« Fenny Rolf j Tfe^tiBur«i'|, DooiefiQ HsXato«h,| S«ar®t&i^» J^s. 
HRod Estfis; Gnt«iceftp«r» Mrs* A« v;« Ooz^bm; C«r8«t Moe CJ^l»ti»@ 
Hayeaj PflBsoisa» SSpa. Alb«pt ]Dse»| Flora, Hps, ^X1o« ^lt«| 

In the 1910 assnaaX vtpopt ©? tfee SfeiSit© ^pfttige, fclfce 
Hanson ijmngc Is eald "to ii»v« & fory ©fflctent corps of 
of fie era And ttmn pvoep^ts.tn for sueoftfts"** 

t©we ffsp scMjtal, «4ticatlomil, and r«*tlglCH48 i5«velQp«ift% of !!»♦ 

bftby^r ftiid b;^ V0t#« ime^id and &dcf»t!e^ at %l^ ^pasng® ^«l^« 

«ftm« dp 19lJg ». plesBin^ ©nt^rtEliseieut ie fee form of e 

ecmferlteafeed & gjpftud I8ai»ch andi Vij?|^irtla E»®i &ft«r ialii©h fels® 

a^t»& ftn »t£i@timi#®i>« 1<» iir@)FNi « plug £i&%, i*®i ii«t ©ari^l^i a 
lui"®® ^«d flag asBS &«I1« 



gftagen Gr&nfi^« <Ct>fifc,) 

Isj ^im spring af 1^5 lesie §3f«Ha^ set »u* tv«at;/ s^sile 
t*»#os on tJ® acatb. 3l5«e sf Gordon ilssb Eill ua Llb^rfey Street 
m4 in 191U ^<3y set otst ssf^on ^>r«4 iaald.Q|s; a ro%r af t%rdQtjr« 
s&«^©n frost ¥a£ip&ijuck ?i»d to Gordon Eestt* 



,&Uuir w. Sesii^tt i<>n«st £(• Ford j^a«8% If. Lcin® 

Ii^ving P. %>3raftt AX)»9rt S, O^ham Ciwis. dudwaptli 

WfillAO* 11, Brfnoit ii«rtoar« A. aopiuiM HafoiH Ctuhforlii 

Lewis A. iitioo* e*IV«*JM: «ii. Molt t^gar M, fvmtt 

if^t&%9 ^. Cliaa« £«, Williaatt Bcivlafi4 C%a». i, Bitby 

X ^toart Ohiitto^rlalo aildbart W. Banaoed 4»ftFr«d W, ^new 

Sarold 1. Glftpk Janes '^. Hudaoo ••Oorajr tJ» ^^toltto 

Sowat*^ M. eiaao41«r JToto ZbMta^n RnrrT If. itokf^^ 

Arthur ;-., imm^ll jloills H. Itotoltaos Merbort L. M^apsrd 

Aod7«v P. BoanalX Oeorg« iJ. tawls Seors^w A. T«rn«3» 
Eiohaifd C. ]uverao» B«»J. r. Livar»or« 

«H» Ji^raoic ^&, i^lt traosfwnr&ci fros Konan^um ItIIso Ho. 73 , 

Chi«rl«atcmn 

««l'Vad «. Snov tr«oaf«rr«d trnm «ltmtsptirlit 'ipilom ^o, 55f l^jnn 

•^Ooray tl. Sittith transfarrad trem 4tuarmapmritt " to, 5^* 

ftt'i V. ^^iKm vaa thai]* flrat 3aaham (V's^aatdlng CM#f ) • 

■S*or£* A» tiajrn*? w«a t^alr fli'it C©ll*atar of Vfasa^t^ (dsaaa.) 

jarc»®at Zlmm -Wfis thattf first Gfet^f «>f l#«®r(fi« C %«2"«tary) . 

(7a3we ^. Bourae wa* tfestr first faajj^r of Wsaipuia ( fraa sorer) • 

First ttaatlng ftlao'J «raa at Jtmariaart Leglofi Hsllf Eobtnsos 

-^reet In Matisoo. 

Irving F. Ir^aot (ebarter a^afear) waa their last CMef of 

Eeeords • 

Mllliais J. FifirXey of Mansou waa %JaM»lr laat Saolt^m (praslding 

Chief) . 

Tfcflr Clsftrter wm-a turfsM la to th* §r«at 0aa,n<sll of Sfeaaaohesatta 



29 f 1919 \xf Orcat Pooaliofstiss , Lllll&a Bftaay ftiMi the dreat 

GbMkTtav a^»b€irs wer« ¥«ll«e« iMpyftnt* A(idi« Bryant, Ctorltts 
Oudvortls* j^var^l Moultoo* Bavls loviaod, Gftth«rio« BAg«x>, Fred 
C, Harl«3r» Kan »i« Harlay, ^ry H«by, &tlH»l faster, C«rri# 
Eovlaod, Iillltan Howland, I^uiss XeaoQ, Luoy ^rshall, Ma<9«11q0 
HoMOt Allo« aerrow, Ada ^woll, Corey ;«ait!i, ^etiah c^lth» 
j^oiea taans, Fsnoia Josaalyn, &lal» Xbbltson, Addle Brown, 
Albert Harahall, iilln Brovt)» rilsle O^^lder* ^lle Pratt, Leater 
J9ryaot« Letty Benaooa Bsiby 9ro«m, Jbtta %y0«, Verde £«ne, Saael 
S^owo, Arthur Broim, Mary sioaoDa, Harrlette MBhft ^fime I^«l«p« 
MarloQ Garfield, Freda itrigga, F^koole Tboa^aont Isabel Beld» 
Fratak: i:«eiitt» «rta0e Piddell, Ikiry Hoey, Fred atndere, Ida Blsbee* 
Illllfio Iryact, Myra Oar fields Jolais Thompaon, Hubert Clorham, 
Ida Ferris* Fred Soow, and Eaily Keaoe. 

Tli« ord»r wist n% w»mpatuek Hsll ora tlsa aeaood and fourtb 
fnmn^^f of «s«i<(h ^onth and regained very aetive until tbe 

barter was »iirr«»dared on February 5# 195^* 

^voral of tbe saetbera are nom aotlve {^labors let Manaa^a** 
keagtn Oouooll ^@. 11 af S^rtli Abtngt^R. 



oedftsion em>i« possible by i^@ftl v^&thmv a»d fifttrlotio it»Bpirft<» 
tloQ of t^ poopI«« 

At e3ita«tfly 3 ©•cleiols, m priw4a 8ti?i»fced tr&a Harding's 
Corner andsr t^e mufiia of the Seg^l Band of whltrmn^ vit& 
Horste® Otuilisiafiy l««<l«r, 

A vm*f 9tril£lcis f««tfSPe of tb0 long p«rft4# »«» %im 

»,pp«i?,i%ni«# of Fecfttot Tribe, I, 0, of Bed M«n in fall tmif^pia 
h«m«le<l by Proph«ti Charles Ruby ssocmtad on • ybdt« hor««* 

Cl«& ^Ql>oimld of Broal£tiGn Joined <?la9s Boss of the t&vn, 
d3P««aed iQ fei^tftii plsidy mnA ^yo oxoollont nosie all along lh.« 
Una, 

Hafaaon CSraai^ vao rapraaantad by & very pr^tls^ float 
draw© by a yo^a of oxaa drive by Staph* a Sates, 

m.^n mm long line raaahad tiia tsall i^^oacids and w^ra 

niaaly arraai^d tl^a exareiaes of raising titia flag war® in 
oro.ar* 

:^s« A-sa« Laatisa, p-rasis^aat ©f %im f» !.• Botaaay 'is'tS.O, 
raised t^# flag to the top of tlia 60*foot staal laast* As mm 
line was |p.«lle4 tha saisool ahil^ir^a saag ''Hie Star Spats^lad 
Btnaar" led by loraea QjMihwm ©a tlia eornet. 

At t^ eofialusiofi of tha song t^"^ s-|»«atftt0r« Jol^ad la 

the aalttte of feiia flae» after wfcd^h Oiairias ^reahur lad tfea 



aiiii8ciii«0 WlAg Raising (Oonti,) 
«hUdr0Q i» »iagi«g "ISi© l^ed, Ifeit* ftud Bios'*. 

was f^ised ov»? ttio etpoot fpom tUe tewn hall 52 ymiPB e^. 
1h«fe l4®Qfeloal tlAE wca ttte or© eetx^led by *l» W0S!ii»*a Relief 

nmmvka of th® ap^dkoFs w»*» ia1{«F«per««4 b^ «»l«otl®its 
by %he band* aoruat solo by Up, Cushi!»ia aod alnglttjg bj <^« 
setiaoX aliliaraa* 



Tlw tows «»f Wtkntmfi x»«©«tv<Hl th© gift ©f 5,?5 «er»a ©f 
Iftfs^ for a Itoraorifkl flmM to th« veii^rana of all irevra ?^« 
Arthur C» %rap5o?j, « eltls«rn ©f th« town und a t^ffeteae 3bft%« 
Hupreai^otativa f7@ss this dlatrtot* 

f2ic l>€*r<l of tryi«%««a aftear eonaidcring vartoua flelga 
la dlff«r«Qt parta of th» town* daeldad to aoeapt Ilr« ^f^aea*^ 
offer AS boins the Wst for th« t«mn io aver^r way* 

9lMi gift waa tha rasalt of the afforta of Raoaoti Poat 226« 
Anearlaaii tiagloa« ttho had haon working for a M»aorlol FloXd for 
foor 7«ftra» 

Xc the ^rlog of 19^5 tha LaglOB waa auooaaaful i» i^aaing 
ao artleXa la tha toira warraot fmr tk» appropriation of $3.X20.<yt 
tha ai^ttot of tha rafondad %Idlar*a boaaa, for a Hamoriel 
Flald. fho Lagloo votad to add to thia anomat tha auy» of 
$1OO0» iihioh thay had ralaad oa thair field daya, isaaklssg a 
total of $Si;^.6^ to ba usad in puttlag tha fi@Id in mxitahia 
oondlttoee for a play^ouod aod athXatio fiald. 

fh« Xacd Xiaa Juat baok of aisd to tha vest of tha 03[^iiia 
SaXX» aaay cf aoooaa aad oarrtrall? Xooatad* Tha flaXd waa 
dadieated ^ne 5, X9S7 vith patriotlo axarolaaa, fha pvwmm 
hogais with a t&aisd eonoart fron X to S ?.M, h:3r Broatetois Aii^rioaf) 

legion %n<S at @rand Army Ha 11^ foXXawad hy a perado to ilroiMjrIaX 
FlaXd. Xe«l by Folle® Chtaf rfehitaeo. 



mmovif^l TlmU (Coot. ) 

Fraacia Claaiooa^ cMlrssan of th« acMWd ®f Sel©etmv»Rt, 
gav« tli9 ad4rftS3 of welcome hotore ^. tftr^d gfttborli^ ^n t]»« 
fi«l<3. Johis 3oat9a« paat ooffiBaft»d«r of t.!:** l8oQn®3r Po8t« 
a.A.R., spoke of "The Vatepana of 'ftl". Roy F. Llttle^XOt 
ooBBaasMSor of the Baaaoa Po«t» Aiiiortoaa X^gloo* dodi^t«4 the 
fiold, ecd .Harloa .1ftjsq^9oa ?l6ody» aaugjitor of the donor, uo" 
voilftd the boulder « 

The entire celebration nee In ^lerge of the trustee* 
of Menerlftl Field, Oary Fueaell, (^ifttrmint Winfleld Hftanond, 
Relph Herley, Cli«crlee Staplea, %d«wind Beneoe, end Fr«noie 
Cleoooe, end e eonaittee from the Legion oo«ii»osed of Hoy 
Llttlehale, Oleude Oaudette, Jiusee ^lllvsn, aarry Farleer, 
John %yee, Mertoo Moward* and Wrmnk Purpura* 



For asnny j^Bvn the plsolng of » ^rliiklng fouotsln «»t 1^0 
aroesiDg of feliQ r«ads la i^yuntviil^ had b««n dl«aa®9#^* Itmt 
m»tblng done. 

Ufa. Pfeo^b^ Psifioo'a proposiXtlon^ took %lw? 8»tt©r in oimvg^. 

At tiaat tlffi<9 tber® wes »ot « dollftx* io th« tr«ft8tt3!>3r« ^Gi« 
^bl&u a»d. <»Btaj:'tailn»»«tffl feXlov^iS. Hrfi* ?latliaii5,'iil Korti*© op«o* 
ed li<jsr hou»Q Tmv &tl«s of oak*i9 and o»odl«o. ^h» pubXio h«&rtil9r 
^oop®a^ate(£ with laltor &ad €!OJitril»uttoR9 of sms^<sif, «ml. et l«<»t 
#3 N^rVdiab'-ar i^, 1907 a bf<»a»« (linking fountnln Wfts pr«de»t«d 
to th<$ t««^2 af Poetb-rdko «t tti« 00s t of «ibout f.^00.00. 

Clifton W««t iusd Artbur lbvX«a<l luid th« o«>ffi««it foaQdn* 
tl&n. fhe fottot&lo «i«a s J9iaiiS«oa«> on@, lieAvy and strai^g* )kn€ 

o«p«oi«XXy d«sign«^ to ciclffllt of i:iors#s drleklns without balog 

uiioh«ok«d« t*«o ss«»if»<Jio«l«^ f«iie*t4 provl^od' for feii«ftR-kiRd 

«stt<S twt» tro«4^» lovlt#di doga t© <|u«»«ria tfa»lr tiiirat. 

Xt steo4 00 ft ba8« 2| it. 3C|Uftr« sisd if«s oaro«m«<l by & 

grou.a<l slaaa |;Xobii foai*t««iSi iaoih«a In diaisat^r. QQ tJa« ti&s« 
i« i3«0rib<ad. ''i»r«»«»@t«»^ by <ioutb linawoQ Woafti9<^» OaarlatlaQ T^ffi- 

the foai3taln vmn «o orntROiofit to tls« vlXX&s#« aicHi s. muab 
iQ»od«<3 lmp7ov^3«tst« 



^- ^y^¥j 



The uiistsufti event of si Ojpsj w^ddiag la Hanaon os,us@d 
ssaoh aj£8lt03MQt end eurlositj assong tJi« p^opXa in th» north 

On Jt;ay 12, X9X5 th« tvo 6plb«« of tihe n«goti&%iQ£ 
parfelea began to gath«r in the h.ome of th» Johnson tribe 
on Glenwooti Avanu^. 

the brid«»» Frlnoc^es /Amelia Thomas Joahinson, nn& %h& 
grooiif Frlnod Miller stev€i)n8on had seen ««eh ot;h«r only 
twio«. OQe« «^«n tkmy %rar« ctMldron asd ono« vSaen feha 
paths of the two trib«a oroased as th«y travell^^d on one of 
fehetr aaasjtter Journeys, 

Af tar forty hours of nogotiatlag for th© mftrrla|3>« 
eontr«ot» &ll th« pr«ll»in«ri<»e t^ora aattled anl tha 

cerfiifflony fci®g«.n# "ISm tUnga of th« diffes"®©* trlbae are 
also priieata of th«ir reap«otiv« tribo@, 

July l3th feasts var« pr«tpered for tho tuo trlb«a« 
oonalating of 137 ffi«»hora and Invltoil ^Msta* Dancing 

oonatitatod a large part of th® bridal faativltiea and iias 
lad by fins ^<i'^ Qttaan Jolmaon and King and Quaan 3t@v«naon» 
littal© %ma furnlahtd by an «i#st-plee^ orcheatra of i4:doh 

E0rao<» Cuahnian w«a th« oornatiat» 

0rown people and ahil^ran joinad in Mia wlM ^psy 

dinaing. 'fher^ waa nothing about it to sai|g#at oar walt^ 



or two st&p, bttt tmnj mtyvvmitits had a certain grace t^iioh 

fh« bridc^ ohan^d her attire & noi^tMkr of ti^es dux'i&g 
t^@ day, appearing In e red silSc^ o rese silk a(%S I@c@ 
dresSf bu!; rtot » word was spok«» betimen tha brld® and! 
groom for seven days* 

Alb ^bi« wedding feast, ^e ^sierioan gaesta were s@rv@d 
a dinner prepared by a cook aocured eapeclally for t^em, 

Oataide ^rialtors were eakad feo leaTe at 5 o*oXook 
vhsa c^srtaln rlti^s were parfDrs2e4 by the two S£iiiga, 

Xnt the evenla^r rial tore were again ireloo^ed ai^ 
Tea tlvl ties oontlnaeii* They were to itave been impt vip 

t^rou^ t3M day oo 3a»day, but a Ileeoae eould sot be 
obtaiiMiQi for th# ffiualo for tixafe day, so they were diacon* 
tiauted e»d o|»eaed again on Monday* 

fueaday was oba^-nred as a day of rest acd after t!^t 
^:^ tribe of 3tevenaoa tooic ita dep»rtttre, 

Satorday e^renlng M)?, LePoint, ia behalf of t&e nei^bora 
preaeated tlie brld© in the parlor of JKier ^areata « beemtiful 
botsquet of roaes aa4 plnka but no words w®r® spoken, 

the bride presented as w#ddlag gifts to the heads of the 

faailies of the two trlbee hm&vy silk hand^rehiefa of tbe^ 
br latest colors lwi^fmble« 



A_m.mx.mmxm ccont.) 

A se&ofid <^fpsf w«d<Sio^ took plsea Oot!0i>«r 26, 19i6« 
Use b^tjwthnX a«riri©« took pXsoe ^©dnesdfty, tli« 25^J^# aft«F 
i^lfih ttm Am&rlomn friends in HftnsoQ wer® l»trit«d to paptl* 
oipate in ^e tmtlvitl^& v^ich inelud»<i dsnoiog on %h« 
Iftfm fiod ^# Servian af « bunqaet* 1h« wdMing e^i^mooy 
t0O^ plftOd tl^be fallowing dUiy. 



joHK fostm cormm 00-71^1 

Jaly 2%, 1915 th& ©8ploy©0» of tell© John Fosfe^r cm^ii&j 
R88«Rbl«d mt t^9 plftRt in Sou%h Hanson put&df for a «(«*% of 
%h.^ first ou(;ifig of the oos^anf • 

1!lu»ro tidre thirty-fivo in the party with wlllard Howland* 
proprietor as Xes<3ttr aa4 JatBoa Wllaon of Uns office foroe> 
B»aaglQg ag(»ot, 

Evareoa'a trook driven by Cheater Saisipson carried nineteen 
of the party I Chester Haffiffiood*a euto had the Sou^ Hanson drue 
Gorps ("Allle** Barrova-'flfe} Fred Young*teaor drvua; Clinton 
Borden*&as8 drum)* WllXard Howlaad's auto, four sseisbers, ivagene 
Calder carried four and ^rrltt Bates foar. 

Ibe destination tms Fair Httyen» tdiere a luneh awaited 
the party, after vhleh Old Fort Fhoenlx was Inspeeted and a 
lively t)all gaeie played betveeo the Wilson end the Boyden 
teaiBa. 

At two o*«loeic en exeellent shore dinner was enjoyed at 
the psTlllon, 

All along the royitea going smd cosiing* the druia eorps 
discoursed mosie receiving smiles and salutes from those tm 
the streets* 

Ihe es^loyees were very ip»etefal to S4r* lloMlend for oloslng 
all the departssents of the fslll, @nd espoclelly that he %mB able 

to oanoel his own engagei^ents to mceQmpma:st them on the outing, 
thus eeeentlng the friendship tdiloh long existed between him 
and his workmen* 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




1872 



Original Town Hall before additions 



GENERAL PROGRAM 

FOR 

"OLD nOME WEEK" 




HANSON . MASSACntSETTS 

NINETEEN MLNDRED AND TWO 



(^Program Leaflet, 



so 



ClAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 



u 



O 



■71 N 



< 



-n >- 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 



f\Sf\iimhmK 



-WILL BE HELD AT— 



THOmpS HALL, HflNSDN, 

Ttiarsday and FridaY Everiirigs, 
Meverrjber 16 and 17, 1599, 

Un<J?r the Aujpicej of 

THE HANSON IMPROVEMENT SOCIETY. 



AH Persons Interested ip tb^ Arcb» to be placed at 
the Entrance of Fern Hill C^rn^tery, will please Corne 
and Patronize the TABLE5» vbere will b^ the ujual 
attractions, consisting of Fancy Articles, Aprons, 
Farnr) Produce, Peanut Grab, Guessing CaKe,Candy--- 
ALL of WHICH will b<? EXCHANGED for LUCRE. 

Varieas Articles Will Be Doriated Tq Persons Showing 
The Best Jadgernent In Saessing. 

DON'T FORGET TO DIG IN THE KLONDYKE ! 

THURSDAY EVENING, 
Our Dark Friends Will Be With Us, And They Will More Than 
Amuse You. Come One ! Come All ! 

FRIDAY EVENING, 
Vocal And Instrumental Music, Readings, Etc., Followed By A 
Laughable Farce, Entitled, " BLUNDERING BILL." 

ADMISSION - - - - lOCTS. 

SEVERANCE PRINTING CO., So. Hanover, Mass. 



[Early Hand Bill) 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 



Passi on Play o 
ILLUSTRATED I , — 

ODgf ftmiiiGroau. 



PROF. 



TIMOTHY DRAKE. over lOO Bmliant views, with 

Poweiiul Calcium Lieht. 




Thomas 1^)»iLL. Hanson 
^ Thur. Aug 2 . f^^ 



Adults 25 O 'v dr^ 4 1 5cis. 



Professor Drake born and raised in Hanson 
Early Broadside 



1.1 'it - *r!!,)'-J'N, ') .. 



• THANKSGIVING BALL. *™ 

.IT THOMAS HALL. li.VNSOS, 

WEDNESDAY EVENING. NOV, 28TH, ISbS, 
IJi-idec- tUe .-iLi^pice^ of tlie H. I,. A. 



IDllsiO, 



■;■ ISi-iiiK^ ?; Ijorocs' Orcliestra. 

Sni r ill III.' LiMV.-r IIhU. 



Early Tickefs 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




Thomas Hall - erecfed 1884 
(West Washingl-on St.) 




Wampatuck Hall - dedicated Nov. 1893 
(Main St.) 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




Grand Army Hall 
Deed passed - April 1, 1904 
( High St. ) 




Legion Hall 

formerly the Floette Tea Room 

corner of Crooker Place and Main St. 

Purchased by Legion Aug. 3, 1935 
( Robinson St . ) 





! 

r 


— i 






"^mimi 



Grange Hall 

formerly South Grammar School 

(Main St.) 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 



' /> -^ ™- ^^y- 



w-jj^-jfy-^^yt-x^^:^ 



THE HERHI-D 



OF THE 



Hanson Improvement Society FAIR. 

^'ov. 30, Bee. 1, and %, 1892. 



THE SECOJMD 

GRAND FAIR 

OF TIIF, 

HANSON IMPROVEMENT SOCIETY 

NOV. 30, DEC. I and 2, 1892. 



■ ..l.j.-ft "f III.-- Fnir is t,i 
Hi.; ■r..nvi! II.>11 ;ui,l (Jr., 



i()ii._.y to he tk-votctl to the iraprovc 



WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY EVENINGS 

illCR. nil! Ii.; a s-.«,,l EuU.naillmi.lit. 



FRIDAY EVENING 

the l>n7is »ill h, Vi. ii.lul. and tlmi) there «-ill lie a 

D K N G E=--^^ 

Jnve ( .III-, I i.iMXl Wilier fal.ler, Floor Manager. 

Supper will be Served in the Lower Hall. 

Horses auJ Clottiiag will be cared for tiy Responsible Parties. 



WAKE UP! 

WAKE UP! 

And r)o«rt Got I^cit, 

0. H. ELLIS 

New Fall Designs 

SUITINGS. 



STIFF HPCTS 

SOFT HATS 

a.l <'mi,IIMES"S HATS .I...J CAI' 

kxi)i:mi>i;.s siorK of 
NEW NECKWEAR 



AUMI.SSIOIV : 

Artiilt-s, ... ISO. Cliildi-on, ... lOo. 

Sesxisiou TioUets, 30c. 

E3=^ The Committee reserve the right to remove all objectionable personH. 
Good order will be uiaiutatned. 



O. H- ElililS' 

CLOTHISG ESTABLISHMENT, 
WHITMAN, MASS. 



( Organized April 23, 1891, with 56 members 

The last meeting held on May 5, 1908 

The Herald - a 4-page paper of the 

Hanson Improvement Society 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 



iOTKIl! 



The individual "who, on Monday night 
last, discharged the pistol balls through 
the outer doors of the Hanson Library 
Association Building, is knovrn to the Di- 
rectors, and an immediate settlement of 
the damages is demanded. Otherwise 
he ^wlU be prosecuted to the full extent of 
the law. ^SATM. G. ELMS, 

FRED Q, BARKER, 
JOHN J. BANNIOAN, 
SAMUEL O. COX, 
CYRUS DRE^SAT, 

Directors H. L. A. 
Hanson, April 22, 1891. 



Times Steam Job Press, Whitman. 

(Early Posferj 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




Burrage Ball Team 1907 
Jurrage Field corner of Main and Pleasant Sts. 



From left to right 

Back row. 

Burton Shepherd, James Lowery, Edwin Churchill (umpire) Adolphus Beal 
Middle row, 

Roderick Mc Clellan, Harry Tucker, Harold Clark, Merton Howard, William Dunham 
Front row, 

Herman Thomas, Sherman McClellan 

Car in the background belongs to Marcus Urann. He is in it. 
Uniforms were Maroon with white lettering. 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




Scottish Clan Ross instituted March 6, 1907 



Chief of Clan Ross: - 

John Ibbitson in kilts (extreme left) 

Other members (wearing plaids) 

Angus Mac Lei Ian (bareheaded at left) 
James Wilson (bareheaded at right) 
Joseph King (extreme right) 
Archie Mc Phail (2nd from right) 
Will Thayer (3rd from right) 

Sitting: - 

Edwin Thayer (on left) 
Cyril Ibbitson (on right) 

Others in kilts are Boston Bag Pipe 
Band Members hired to play at 
the Pembroke celebration. 



MUSICIANS 



THE OLD GQLOKY BRASS BAND 

The Old Colony Brass Band, with headquarters at Bryant- 
vllle, had its origin in an attempt made by l-Ir. J. Dean Bonney 
to form, a brass band at Pembroke Town Hall in September 1852. 

It was at first called the Mattakeesett Brass Band. 
Instruments were hired in Boston by llr, Bonney and a single 
piece of music ("The Silver Monn" quick step) was arranged for 
them. 

After practicing on it through the Pall and Winter, the 
players got discouraged in not having made enough progress, and 
the band fell to pieces for want of harmony. 

Happening to meet Mr. E. B. K. Gurney (Ebenezier Bourne 
Keene Gurney) one day, Mr. Bonney asked him to help them in 
again organizing a brass band, 

Ilr , Gurney, born with a taste and a talent for music, was 
well fitted for the leadership. The name Old Colony Brass Band 
was adopted July 2, 18^5. Much of the music was arranged by 
Mr, Gurney although the very first music was bought from the 
South Abington band. 

Recognizing the fact that to be accepted at face value the 
band must enjoy the attractions due to a uniform., they bought 
the best blue cloth obtainable at |;2.00 per yard and engaged 
S, B, Allen, and East Bridgewater tailor to make coats. 

These x^ere to be trimmed with white cord on the edges and 
gold plated buttons. At the same time they ordered buff 



r.B>j 5 



T!he Old Colony Brass Bg^nd (Confc.) 

trouser stripes trimmed with red cord. 

The next year they procured shoulder straps and caps of 
the regulation state militia pattern, with the initials 
"O.C". In i860 they bought belts and music boxes. In 1861 
they bought overcoats. 

At first the instruments were what the players happened 
to have or could hire and of course, detracted from the 
band's appearance. Martin Bryant advised them to buy new in- 
struments of the prevailing type and when a joint note of the 
members for §250.00, endorsed by Mr. Bryant was accepted at 
the Plymouth Savings Bank, instruments were purchased of 
Russell and Tolman, Boston. The instruments were paid for in 
monthly installments by the members who received them. 

The band always had the public's interest, playing at 
picnics and flag raisings but in I86I they began to do more 
serious work. Their services were in demand for mass meetings, 
recruitings and trainings. They played weekly at Bourne's 
Hall in Hanson for lectures on patriotic subjects. 

Mr. Gurney voluntarily resigned leadership March 19, 
l86[i. after holding the position eleven years. 

A silver cornet was presented ]\Ir. Gurney in appreciation 
for his leadership. It was engraved "Presented to E.B.K. 
Gurney, Leader of the O.C. Band, by the members of the Bgnd." 



The following letter was written by EbeneZer Henry 
Gurney, always referred to simply as Henry Gvirney, the father 
of the late Ella P. Howard, A note in Josephine Giirney's 
handwriting details the fact that Henry and three other boys, 
Horatio Sooter, George Hayward of Halifax and Albert Josselyn 
of Hanson, all ran away together to enlist in Boston for ser- 
vice in the Civil War. Henry's first enlistment was for three 
months but it was not until I863 that he came home. He was a 
musician and his second enlistment in I86I found him Chief 
Bugler in the First Rhode Island Cavalry. The story about 
Henry Gurney best remembered by the family is that he rode with 
Sherman on that scorching raid through Georgia. He reported 
that with other men, he entered a beautiful Georgia mianslon 
where the soldiers were destroying everything in sight. There 
was a fine piano there and Henry refused to let them touch itj 
instead, he sat down and played until they left the room. In 
a flyleaf of a book he found the name "Semple". When his first 
daughter was born, he named her Amy Semple Gurney. Alan Pratt 
of Rockland has Henry's silver cornet, a fine looking instru- 
ment, but extremely hard to play. 

This letter is amazing to us of the present day who are so 
used to the censorship now considered necessary in all corres- 
pondence from the front battle lines. 



COPY OP LETTER WRITTEN BY EBENEZER HENRY GURNEY 



Fort Monroe 

Satiorday 11th, May, '61 



My dear Brother, 

I received yoiir letter of the 28th of April, last Thurs- 
day, so you see that It was a long time on the way. I would 
like to have you here this day just to see our style of living 
and how we work too, but I shouldn't want you or anyone else to 
come here and live as we do, unless it was for the preservation 
of our country's flag, as it is with us. I always thought I was 
not so hard and tough as the other boys from hogie, but I find, 
to my astonishment, that I go far beyond the endurance of the 
other boys. All of the other boys except Wallace (e.g. Wallace 
Hood, Pleasant Street) have been hauled up with something or 
other and I have been tough as a bear. Edwin Thayer has been in 

the hospital three or four days from a swelling in the neck, 
Willard is sick from boils. Otis (e.g. Otis Bonney, Washington 
Street) is not very well this day and the others have been com- 
plaining about something almost every day. All from our mode of 
living, which is pork and bread to eat, almost every day. I 
never felt better in my life than I have since I have been here, 
notwithstanding I never worked so hard before. I get up at 
quarter before five in the morning and shake my blanket; then I 
have to go out on company drill until breakfast, when we have 
pork and bread; never anything else. After breakfast we have 
our own time until eight o'clock when we have regimental drill 
for three hours. Afternoon we have our own time -until four and 



Letter Written by Ebenezer Henry Gurney (Cont.) 

then drill for two hours. We have to keep awake until 9 o' 

clock for roll call and do not get to sleep until 10 or after 

on accoxint of the boys making so much noise. There are 1^0 
of us in one room. 

This is our parade duty. On guard and fatigue days we 
get up as usual and shake our beds but do not have to go out 
on line until 8.00 a.m. Our fatigue duty is the easiest and 
our guard duty the hardest. They are bound to put us through 
every day. As I have very often explained, our victuals are 
just right to create humors. I don't eat anything except the 
bread, beans once in a week, meat once in ten days, rice 
once a week and what I buy from the officers' wives or from 
the cooks. Nothing but pork and bread for breakfast and 
bread and coffee for supper. This is to serve one's country. 

Our place here is well fortified beside the fort. 
Yesterday the Pawnee, Cumberland, Harriet Lane and Monticello 
were all here as blockade; Pawnee, 10 guns, Cumberland, 3p»* 
Harriet L, 6 or 8, and the Monticello, 1 large 10-inch gun 
besides two small ones on deck (Howitzers). Today the Pawnee 
went out and tSae Quaker City came in. The Harbor is full of 
sail stopped by the blockade. We don't know whether the 
rebels will be bold enough to attach us or not, but every place 
is being strengthened and guns put in order. Today they are 
covering the magazine with bags of sand to prevent all possible 
explosions. Last night was a busy night over in Hampton for 



th® »©e«®»loml»ta. Urmm w#r© gei^ lai aiglit eM %hU moruli^ 
til® se©uts repeated & «&M battery in procoa® of »reefclon. 
If they get too fa»t» ti'i«y mh;?' be used i:^ before th«y ©Kp«ot. 
Thftt big gaa ««liba ij.9«099-n tmrkm^ <m lU Viii tbrow a shot 
or »h#n froa 1^ to 7 «ile« and oosts ^100,00 »v&rf%ism it 1» 
fipod« It i» • XS'ineh ColuH^iad «m«S im emlled tbs Floyil gtan. 
It l» four feet and over through th# ''brltoh*. I b&m «too^ 
on It aB^ it was aboat 15 f«*t frosat h« ground. 1 wieis f@u 
to writ© A8 often «« you t&n mS toll so all th© fmt»m My 
lov© to ©11, 

Your brother Heary." 



ARCHER LflSLlJ[C HOOD 

Archer Leslie Hood was born In South Hanson and Is one 
or the line of musical descendants from John Alden and 
Priscilla. 

His grandfather, Ebenezier Bourne Keene Gurney, con- 
ducted one of the first brass bands in America - "The Old 
Colony Beaas Band of Plymouth", 

Ms great-grandfather was a composer, and chorus direc- 
tor in the very early days. He was a fifer in the war of 
1812. 

Dr. Hood Studied all the varied instruments of the 
orchestra and band before he selected the violin as his 
favorite. He studied with Herman Hartman of the New England 
Conservatory and later with the great soloist Alfred DeSeve. 

In the BiBBntime, he developed his voice under the In- 
struction of Clarence Hay of Boston and became second tenor 
in the celebrated Ityron W. Whitney male quartet. 

Although having given up music as a profession. Doctor 
Hood was induced by the International Music Festival League tt 
appear as the Music Director of "Nitana" at the Tercentenary 
Celebration of the Landing of the Pilgrims. 



oi 



Archer Leslie Hood (Cont.) 

Nitana is the most American opera ever written, dealing 
with the life of the American Indians before the early 
settlers, 

Augustus Post was the Librettist of the Grand Opera of 
Nitana and Umberto Vesci the Composer. 



:bcil n 



:& iij?iw 



SOUTH HANSON BRASS BAKD 

In 1880 Hanson boasted of a brass band, called the 
South Hanson Brass B^nd, with Seth Miller Brlggs as director. 

The band held its practice meetings at the old shoe shop 
on Pleasant Street, owned by Otis Hood's father. 

After one of their weekly meetings, the bandmaster told 
them that on the next pleasabt afternoon they would assemble 
at their accustomed meeting place, then march to Bryantville 
to render a band concert on the local bandstand. 

This bandstand was on the corner of Mattakeesett Street, 
on the curve of the road between the home of Mrs. Ida Driscoll 
and Dr. Breil's residence. It was built at Mrs. Elizabeth. 
Charles' expense and donated to the comjnunity. (Mrs. Charles 
was the wife of the local physician. Dr. Charles.) 

The only music that the entire band could march by was 
the hymn "Safe In 'The Arras of Jesus". This hymn was played all 
the way from Pleasant Street, Hanson, to Bryantville Square 
with one exception. The music stopped as the Band passed 
Charles Staples' home on Main Street. (Mrs. Staples was 
giving birth to her daughter Florence). 

After playing a while at the Square, the band members 
took a well-earned rest. The local storekeeper, Mr. Bryant, 
to shovr his appreciation brought out crackers and pickles as 
sort of refreshments, ilfter consum_lng their fill of crackers 
and especially of pickles, the players found their mouths so 



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w naewdscJ tnon snn lo 'i^vTUJo exiit no 



.ns t;':i;o.>Ji)B'io rf.(Jo ;txi3iJ0T:(i rorie o: 

'111 0:.' '.UGnoo '^oi1i\ , Ei^nsmriEa-i'io'"! lo :'■/.•: 

Bdi ^BBl:iolq to 



South Hanson Brass B^nd (Cont.) 

puckered that they couldn't play a note. Thus ended the 
band concert for that dayl 

Band members were Charles Selon, Everett Josselyn, Al 
Hammond, Otis Hood, Elliott Thrasher, Dr. Samuel Howland, 
Prank Goff, Walter Calder, Joshua Honmiond, Bert HamjTiond, 
Thomas Puller, Elmer Josselyn, Edgar Josselyn, and Bert Josselyn, 



JESSIE ALTON LADIES' BRASS BAND OF HANSON 

The Jessie Alton Ladies' Brass Band was the first 
such musical organization in New England. 

The band numbering twenty-one members, all from old 
Plymouth County families was organized in 1886 by Jessie 
Alton Lewis who became president. 

Seth Prank Turner was the band's first instructor and 
he was succeeded by Thomas G. Puller. 

Members were nattily dressed in navy blue uniforms 
with gilt braid and dark blue felt hats. 

After three months practice the first appearance in 
public was at Thomas Hall to an enthusiastic audience. 
Prom then on they received calls to many surrounding 
towns. Phil Barker's two-horse coach, driven by John 
Pitzpatrick carried the players and instruments from 
place to place. 

The band filled a four-day engagement on the Cape 
giving concerts at Truro, ¥ellfleet, and Provincetown. 

The members of the band were: 

Annie Poole Atwood Jessie Lewis 

Mary Ellen Barrows Julia Poole 

Prancella Bowker Ida Raymond 

Augusta Ramsdell Brady Elva Turner 

Carrie Briggs Mamie Wheeler 

Leona Corbin 
Mary Puller Poster 
Thomas Puller 
Georgia Josselyn 



.5nsl3rj;;: wo/I nx no. I. .Isoiaura rIoxjE 

. :.' I J .' ;...iq, diwjau-ju oiiW SXW0J norfIA 

RH'-io'jlni; euld -^vsn nl oeB8&ii> Y-t-ii^^j^fi ©low E'iddtrieM 

.go 3x1 iisi euld jIisB fcns c.te-iu' ^tlxg xirflw 

.eoaalbUB Qx^aBlEXJrirfno .0=5 oo IIbH aisxnoxfT cts smr oxidi/q 
ZidlbniiO'iiUB ■^iiBtn OS eXIbo DovxeoeT x&di no nc^n:: tfio^'il 
nrioL xd ne-vlib ^doBoo SEiOjri-owct E'=-io:i-io8 Itdl .nnwoi 
mo-i'i EL^nat-w."X-J2aI Lns r.i©"^Blq erfcf bfii'iijso 3Jolirfi?<"^ :' '■ 

uqBO sfi:^ no on • -v/vb— xxiol b Jbelli:'! bn^d erfl 

.flwou oonivoi'i fcna jSeellll .. V. ^ortxjiT cfjs sit-i&onoo 3.f!xvls 

: o^x.'i7 , ii-v. ...... ; 

Kxvfo : ■ - :- ■■■, ■ bc< ■ ■■ ■ ■ ' 

sic . EV/'. 

bar 

lalauji .. ..■ :^iu . 

lell. 



SETH MILLER BRI GGS 

Mr. Briggs, who has done much to contribute to the 
success of public social affairs in Hanson, was born in 
Pembroke. He inherited a love for the instrunent which he 
handled so skillfully, and frora which he drew such a soul- 
inspiring music. 

At New England Conservatory of Music he studied theory 
and received instruction on the piano. At the same time he 
was taking violin lessons from a private teacher in Boston. 

Through the day he worked hard studying and practicing. 
In order to meet the expense of his instruction, he spent 
his nigihts playing for dancing parties. 

In 1861, he enlisted in Company A 3d Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Vol. Militia, taking his violin i>rith him. In a 
history of the Rggiment the author said: "Miller Briggs was 
a Knight of the bow and he could make the 'old campaign 
fiddle .' talk, sing, weep, or shout, as occasion required or 
his fancy dictated." 

For twenty years after the war he traveled far and wide, 
Sometimes teaching singing in schools, sometimes conducting 
dancing classes; at other times leading an orchestra or 
instructing a brass band, but always his violin was his be- 
loved companion in all his travels. 



I'yrm fisjjiM mm 



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■leriofie;? orfavl-iq <3 itioil sfjoseel niloiv gnljiBct bsw 



: i. a. ..ill ; ■ 1. -it. 



njl.eq:n£5o bic ' ©rW ejism bluoo ©rt bnB wod artcf '. 
10 beilxjpei noiatiooo bb ^iuodz 'zo .qaew ,.Qfii:8 .:^lBi ' 



-.30 . . J oJtv elii r. ::." ■' . . . : .' 



Seth Miller Briggs (Oont.) 

Since 1885 he made his home permaaently in Hanson, and 
for a number of winters taught a dancing school in most of 
the towns of old Plymouth country, where he has always been 
very popular. 

Teaching music and playing the violin are only a small 
part of what Mr. Briggs could do as his business card shows: 



"S. Miller Briggs, South Hanson, Mass., Maker and 
repairer of violins: Clock repairer: White washing 
and paper hanging: Teach of music: Dancing Master: 
Organ and piano tuning: All kinds of woodworking: 
Music written and furnished for any occasion: 
Licensed auctioneer: Leader of Briggs' orchestra." 



He was "domiciled" on Pleasant Street, South Hanson. 
In the dooryard of his home stood the workshop, where he 
could be found almost any day busily at work on a violin, 
setting type or doing the one hundred and one things which 
he knew so well how to do. 



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used B^f jjoo rJdjjoin 



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;' B no 2I10W *B -^liBad xsb xna iJeowIe fcriDol ed bluoo 

,ob od' wori Haw ob v: 



MUSIC IN HANSON 

Hanson is probably as musical a town as can be found in 
Plymouth County. We can boast of a nxAmber of orchestras, the 
most prominent being Brigg's, Eilbrith's, and Porter's. Nearly 
all of the yoiing people are the possessors of instrviments of 
some kind, and many and various are the tunes they produce. 

The South Hanson Male Quartette had as its members Walter 
Calder, Walter Monroe, Thaddeus Howard and Walter Everson. 
They rendered their voices in singing the old hymns that every- 
one loved to hear and pleased at many occasions. They were 
often called upon to render a few hi;unns at the funerals of 
neighbors and friends, in fact, there are very few houses be- 
tween the Bryantville line and Elm Street that they have not 
sxing in at a funeral. They rehearsed at the Calder home and 
Mrs. Calder always accompanied them. The hymn most often re- 
quested at the funerals was "We Are Going Down the Valley One 
by One"; on Memorial Sunday the request was always "The Vacant 
Chair" , 

A mixed quartette called the Harmony Quartet was composed 
of Mary Poster, Susie Bourne, Walter Calder, and George Langillo 
People enjoyed hearing this group sing "To Thee, Country" on 
Memorial Sunday, "Whispering Hope", and "Carry Me Back To Old 
Virginny" at socials and entertainments. 

Through the years there have been many quartets, both male 
and mixed, but Walter Calder was always the tenor voice and 



Music In Hanson ( C ont • ) 

Mrs. Walter Galder always the accompanist. 

Old programs of social affairs in town list the names of 
many of the different quartets. 

A male quartet composed of Walter Galder, George Rolfe, 
Ernest Heramenway, and George Langill rendered selections at the 
Congregational Church. Mrs. Walter Calder presided at the organ 
in her usual acceptable manner. (1910). 

A mixed quartet composed of Mrs. Robert Calder, Mrs. Hubert 
Gorham, Stephen Hiatt, and Walter Calder with Mrs. Walter 
Calder at the piano brought forth much applause at an entertain- 
ment in Wampatuck Hall. The old time songs sung were "Come Where 
the Lillies Bloom", "A Parmer's Life For Me", "Silver Threads 
Among the Gold" and "In the Christian's Home in Glory". 
(February 16, 1911) 

A mixed quartet composed of Miss Nannie Holmes, Josephine 
Estes, Vj'alter Calder and Stephen Hiatt rendered the anthem and 
the offertory at the Congregational Chiorch. Mrs. Calder pre- 
sided at the organ. (1912) 

Special music for the Easter service was rendered at the 
Congregational Church by a quartet composed of Misses Nannie B. 
Holmes, Josephine Estes, Walter Calder, and Stephen Hiatt with 
Mrs. Walter Calder as organist, (April 7, 1912) 



Ttm oheir ftt thft B«ptiftt Clatroh as0lst«iS by tho following 
qu&x*tet • Hrtt* arft«« iBeimey* $^s» hwsy Frfttt* v«lt«i» €ald«f*t 
Ani Luk0 l«Rm«i9irft^ • rendered the oantata "^The H&surr®eti<m «n4 
tlM Lir«^ fit th«lr M#t«r serviG«. (April 13» 19Xt») 

A <|ttKrtet o-ensletlng of Mr* cj^ ilr»* ^-^altei^ 0«iM«r» Mrt* 
diNSie* ll&»^7» aM &ti^hea Hlatt iiaii^ appr<^riat« seXeetions 
at the Congragatlonal Churob* aeoompanlod b:f Charles fhraebwr 
orgaBiat* (Hay !» 1916) 

fb« ** Jelly Boys* Quartat** • laada up cf 'ialtar Caldart Luka 
BaasBftisMay* Er&ast Bessmmiayt axid ^ntiaat carr ywf vary p&pular 
at ^i»aaa Hall ^tartaixHi^»ta« 

In 1902 Kr«« iraca Benney, IIm. Arniia ciez^am, ^^'altar Gaidar » 
and staphan Hlatt* Mas tlui» quartat timt »a<3# east audlama faal 
▼or/ haartily tlia swatlaMat voiead in Hrs* Oraaa 3«tzmisy*s first 
versa 0f tha bystti «rltta»-at tha Town Hall Literary Exaroieea 
<f§«upiag oar Old ^ua» Waak in 19021 

**0 Oaa wa thaak fhaa him (114a *t laa4 
Chir alrasf in aarly diaya 
fo ahoosa a spot of aarth so fair* 
Ana there tl^lr Itsarthat^riaa ralaa*" 



TI^S BBYAITVILLE KITCHEN ORCHESTRA 

The Brysintrllle Kitchen Orchestra gave its first concert 
in the Fire Station on May 8, 1911i. before a large end 
enthusiastic audience. 

Ttie unique instruments were very amusing and the pretty 
uniforms added to the effect. Encores were encored, especi- 
ally the cornet solo "Old Kentucky Home" with variations by 
Nannie B, Holmes and the duet and obligate "Ihe Glow Worm" 
by Hrs. Florence Everson and Miss Elsie Burgess. 



fhe members of the orchestra are as follows: 



Marion Lewis 
Minnie V/hite 
Maude Crowell 
Elsie Burgess 
Nannie B, Holmes 
Ella Pratt 
Cora Seal 
Celia Howe 
Myrtie Armstrong 
Bernice Wadsworth 
Susie Spnford 
Hannah Smith 
Grace Graham 
Ethel Graham 
Florence Sverson 
Annie Gorhara 
Leona Daub 
Sylvia Bgnson 
Myrtle Mann 
Mary Hunroe 
Jennie Kilbrith 
Annie Rickard 
Mary Kilbrith 



Leader 


Mrs. 


Violins 


1*8, 




Mrs , 


Cornets 


Miss 




Mss 


Trombones 


Mrs. 




Mrs. 


Snare Drum 


Mrs. 


Bass Drum 


Mrs. 


Cymbals 


l^Irs. 


Double Bass 


Miss 




Mrs. 


Clarionettes 


Miss 




Mss 


Bass Horns 


Ifrs. 




Mrs. 


Sajtophone 


M-as 


Flute 


Fdaa 


Oboe 


Miss 


Concertina 


I^'S, 


French Horn 


Mrs. 


Flageolet 


Mrs. 


Piano= 


Mrs. 



SOCIAL LIFE AND PUBLIC MEETING PLACES 




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MUSICIANS 





THE JESSIE ALTON LADIES' BAND, 



-AT- 



HALL, HANSON, 

Tuesday Evening, May 7, '89. 



i>i^oa-E.J^3^is^j:E. 



8. 
9. 

10. 

11, 
12. 



QUICKSTEP, Erminie. 
Dream of Beauty. 

HAND. 

SONG, S^elccted. 

MAT.K QUARTETTK. 

READING, The Lost Heir. 

MARIA F. KF.AL. 

CORNET SOLO, Lizzie Polka. 

CAKRIE MILLWAKD. 

DUET, Let ine lie ever near thee. 

MRS. FOSTER, MRS. JOS5ELTN. 

PIANO SOLO, Selected. 

LEONA CORBIN. 

READING, How we fought the Fire. 

.TULIA M. POOLE. 

CORNET SOLO, Serf Polka. 

CAKKIE MlLiWABD. 

SONG, Selected. 

MALE QUATBTTK. 

. SERENADE, Pleasant Dreams. 
WALTZ, Sunlight. 

BAND. 



15 CENTS. 

Oonoert Oommenoefl at 8 O'clock. 
No Postponement on Account of Weather. 

Please Preserve This Programme for Hall Use. » 



E. N. Fotter, Printer, So. Hanjon. 



MUSICIANS 




Jessie Alton Ladle's Brass Band - organized 



From left to right 

Back row , 

Elva Turner, Mary Fuller Foster, Julia Poole, Jessie Lewis, 
Georgia Josselyn, Thomas Fuller (instructor), Mamie Wheeler, 
Leona Corbin 

Front row , 

Carrie Briggs, Annie Poole Atwood, Mary Ellen Barrows, 
Idella Arnold, Ida Raymond, Augusta Ramsdell Brady, 
Francella Bowker 



The uniforms were navy blue with gilt braid and dark blui 
f e It hats , 



MUSICIANS 




A mixed Quartett of the early 90's 
and their accompaniest 



Standing, Left to Right: 

Walter Colder, 1st tenor 
Florence Everson, soprano 
Walter Everson, 2nd tenor 

Sitting, Left to Right: 

Catherine Colder (accompaniest) 
Annie Gorham, alto 



MUSICIANS 







^■^ v,». 



Seth Miller Briggs and his campaign fiddle 

He did much to contribute to the success 

of the public social affairs in Hanson 

in the early 90's. 



MUSICANS 





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MUSICIANS 



COICIBTI 

AT 



ON 

WEDNESDAY EVEU APRIL 24, 78 

MR. C. W. MITCHELL, Musical Director. 
Mrs. ANNA LORING, Mrs. SARAH JONES, Organists. 

PROGBAMME OF ENTERTAINMENT. 

1 AATT^trTTvr 5 Heavenly Father, Beethoven 

1. AX^i--lt.M, ^ r^^^ ^^^^ jg ^^ Strength, T. B. Ryder 

2. DUET, When the Swaliovs^s homeward fly, Franz Abt 

3. GLEE, Sleepest thou still, mine own, D. F. Hodges 

4. Female Quartette, (8 voices) Father hear us 

when we pray, N. Barker 

5. ORGAN SOLO. 

6. ANTHEM, I will praise Thee oh Lord, W. O. Perkins 

7. SONG, Dance on forever. [The Linden 

waltz song,] Hamilton Aide 

8. GLEE, Moonlight on the Lake, C. A. White 

9. Male Quar. (8 voices) Flag without a Stain, " 

10. SONG, Under the Daises, 

11. SOLO & CHORUS, Is it all of life to live, 

12. ORGAN SOLO, 

13. CHORUS, The Pilgrim Fathers, L. Marshall 

14. DUET, Father pray with me to-night, C. A. White 

15. ANTHEM, Guide me oh thou great 

Jehovah, W. O. Perkins 

16. FINALE, Good night, W. Richardson 

TICKETS OF ADMISSION, - 15 GENTS. 

Reserved Seats, 25 cents. 
Doors open at 7 :30. : Concert to eommence at 8, sharp. 



(Early Handbill) 



m mRAL STQB^^ hm BT pijc^aM 



Hr* Edwin f. Cl«jNiet tila><i Q^m^^&v o£ a«»Y«]?aX geaeral 
8%:os*<>s in this ftpffia, as a jfoang s»£i« w«a1; to work tor i« 
^iraslidj? o^ Brjrfiotvllla* 

ilp* Ihrashjer ovoed tli« gaaerel 8top« In t^tmt village, 
now kncma aa Laag*a store* In ld75» I'lr* Olark booght the 
controlling intaraat ia tl:da buaiasss and thus launohed 
hliaaalf Iti tha gro«ery buainaaa viiieh hArS boon oarri^^d 
06 la^i' liifl a»&e and ^aadaoa* 

For fflaay yaara Miare vae an oldtliaa gpocerj store near 
tOia South Haaaon pailroad station, known «a "Dray ton's". 
thia atora figured prominently in the sturtevant nard®r 

oasa of tfee l870«s» 

Hr» CXark bou^^t tiaia buainess rrom tM Drajton fasllj 
&wd p\m@^ Ms brother w*rr®n in oharge, who op«r«t«d fek© 
feusiness until tha prasant stor@ bail'iing was balXt* 

la iSSO Bdwin Clark purohased ^at waa tiia old 
"Eouraetown* seaool, orii^lnslly built at tlia aornar of South 
and Plaesant Str@ata» for $65*00* It waa iso?«dl D«aeml»ar 31* 
l68X to ita px»aasnt loo at ion n«ar tha railroad to b% im&d 

for atoring hay and grain for Ma expeadlng basinasa* ISsla 
building ia now mt^d aa a ^p$i^% ne^t to tha ^raaant at^a* 

In 1893 l>^ank Kaan® laoilt yb^t ia a&w Clark* a Harket 
at 1071 j^in street Hanson* In 1900 this South Hanaon stora 



E. T. CLARK COMPANY (Cont.) 

was taken over by the eldest son, George Clark, of 
Indian Head Street, following the death of his father. 

In 190i| George sold it to his jrounger brother, 
Harold T. Qlark, who operated the business for i^l years. 

In 19U^ his son Roger E. Clark took over active management 
of the business and has gradually remodelled the oldtime 
grocery store which has been managed by three generations 
into a present day self-service market. 



ELIJAH DAMQH'S VINEGAR BPSIKESS 
For generations the Damon family has lived in Hanson. 
Elijah Damon was born in 1829. He early learned the trade 
of an iron moulder. About the year I863 he removed to 
Cleveland, Ohio, and continued the business. His firm 
took government contracts and did an extensive and lucra- 
tive business. In I87I Kr. Damon sold his interest at a 
large profit and returned to his native town to live the 
life of a retired merchant at the age of forty- two. He 
engaged in farming, poulty-raising, and the manufacture of 
cider vinegar. For the latter business he erected extensive 
buildings and his estate became the show place of South 
Hanson, situated where Archie B. Davidson now lives, over- 
looking the pond. 



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Muo& lo -soaliij' woriB erid vrafio(5d' od'flcl'E© six! Ljj 



During the R«voIatio»as7 War, Al«xacid«r Sop9T, toad a store 
and kdpt tavaro at tha juoetlon of Bonoay Hill aad Mala ^raat 
liliara Gaidar* a first seora stood* 

Villiam Barbart Kaena oaao f^ou Eaat l^idgawatar to the 
hoaaa oaw koovo as "O Hifijb ^raat"* at Kaona'a Cornar (1871^} 
and for a notiftar of yaars was in tha grooary buaioaaa in this 
stora in eootpany with Joaaph T. Hatbaway. Than beooaiog intar- 
aatad in photograpbj, ha laaaad the building July 9* I863 to 
Waldo Foster of Panbroka* agant for tha JcOui Poatar Kstata* 

John Foster had a ^ooary stora on tha old building foun« 
dation Just beyond tha HansoooPanbroko line (nearly opposite 
MBlvin ^ei^ierd* <tr,*a pluobing shop). 

Walter Caldar. a boy of 12, clerked in this store and did 
tha ehores around tha Foster hone for boards lodging and ^75*90 
per year* When John Footer's business failed, tlxroe trustees 
wr^ appointed to settle with the ereditors. The trustees offered 
a sattloiBeat of 30 oents on a dollar. Walter Colder 's olaim was 
$175*00 indioatiog that a salary of 175*00 pvt year vaa pretty 
hard to ooae Yff in thoae days. 

Qiader the direotors of the trttstoe«t c»f vhoa Edward t. 
Perry was one» the stook of this Fbsterville atoro was noved to 
the 1»iilding owned by William Keeoe in 3outh fianson. the store 
building was novad onto Hain atreet and osdo Into two houses 
(799 and 6o7 Kain ^reet). 



Calder'a Store (Cont.) 

Edward Y. Perry approached Walter Calder with the sugges- 
tion that he take over the busloess. Thomas Drew of Hanover 
appraised the stock, establishing the valuation of $890.00 
and payments of $50.00 per month were decided upon. 

On December Ikt iBQl Mr. Calder took possession and con- 
tinued to operate a store at that location until 1921. 

Business flourished and after six months of operation he 
paid the entire debt thus getting out of E. Y. Perry is clutches. 

The store was a general two-room country store. In front, 
were counters on both sides, with an old iron stove on the 
center of a rough board floor. A long bench was drawn up near 
the stove where the men of the community sat for an hour or so 
talking politics and settling the tvwn affairs as they smoked 
their pipes, chewed, and spit into the sawdust box. 

There were no packaged goods in those days. Everything came 
in wooden boxes, crates, and barrels. Crackers, beans and peas 
came in barrels and had to be weighed out. Brown sugar came in 
small casks and "caked up" making it necessary to use a chisel 
to dislodge it. A bunch of bananas always hung from the 
ceiling. In the medicine cabinet we find SLoanes linament, 
Sootts Emulsion, Flaxseed, Packer* s Tar Soa^, small tins of 
Griswold Salve and Hot drops. In the candy counter were glass 
trays of black licorice, horehound drops, slippery elm lozengers, 
colts foot, peppermint drops, and must, the courting candy. 



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Xb ttM toftok ro<wi VAC tli* viD«su> «o4 8«v Orl«aoa Boiftss^a^ 
•ftoli in « toftXTttl vitb « tpigot for re&ohlBg th« contents, Oua«> 
iMWMHPS bpmiglit tbtiv ovn ({aart Jugs to Im filXda. letter wfts to 
• tab ROd v«ry apt to oruoAile «h«o sose exaotiog eaatonoi* d«i«> 
att£id«d a (ittorter of • ^aod* (Irelo boga «or« plXod ooo oq top 
of aootlier aodi daring tho mxemer sooson 4b««t« of stleky fly 
pep«r tr«ro spvmA oat otror the ploee. 

Dttring Np. ViiiioB KOoDo'a llf«tl«e th» reet for tbo etero 
««« $5*^ ptti* aooth, but vhoii hi» «oo Btrbert ii^orltod tlio baiXd« 
leg b« rolsod the root to |@.00 Aod thoo to $10.00. atill later 
Una. Harbort Kaeoo, who survlvod bar baabaod raiaad it savaral 
aaora tlmaa audi fiaally« whan irisa aakad $?5«00« Walter Csldar 
daeidad it was tima to nova. 

In 1921 be novad to a newly built atora of bla ovn opposite 
tba Arthur ^ampaoo plaoa on Main street. This store waa built 
froa luobfls* of the Xiuthar Hoiwaa barn on Bolnaa itraat. 

Kp« Gaidar oovarad a vaakly periodieal route tiurou^ 
Maw %ata and being of a friendly nature* nada a host of 
friaoda« 

Twiee a week he took (prooery ordara in the a^rning* re* 
turned to the atore and then deli?«rad in the afternoon. MI& 
jp>ooary wagon vaa driven by a white horaa and the grooiriaa 
were paeked in groeary baaketJi. (fharo ware no oartons in 
thoae day®.) 



Calder*3 Store (Cont.) 

Eggs and other items were often exchanged for grocieries. 
Kerosene was 10^ a gallon; white sugar - 10 lbs. for 2$^; 
bread i^^ a load; coffee 12^ per lb.; molasses 2 quarts for 29^; 
vanilla extract 25^ per bottlep^ best creamery tub butter 3l\^ 
per lb. 

October ll^, 1903 a wind and rain storm settled the road 
in front of the store so that horses sank almost to their 
knees. 

December 10, 1907 there was a burglary. Entrace was 
gained by prying open a back window. Thieves left by the back 
door. They were evidently after supplies for the winter as 
they took one tub of butter, a whole cheese, two bags of flour, 
arctics and rubber boots. 

September 3, 1935 Mr. Calder made his last delivery of 
groceries on Pleasant Street and on August 26, 1939 his last 
delivery to Bonney Hill. 

October 28, 19U4» after 63 years of store business, he 
turned his key for the last time having sold to Osmond D. 
Alley of 370 Elm Street, Hanson. 



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W. W. CQPEIAND, GRAIN AND COAL COMPANY 

The Will Copeland Grain and Coal Corapany was situated on 
West Washington Street near the railroad tracks. 

A building at the south side of the tracks housed the 
post office, a general store, waiting room, baggage room and 
freight office. The Copelands lived on the second floor of the 
building. 

A small signal flag had to be lowered so many minutes 
before train arrival. One day Mr. Copeland forgot about the 
flag until he heard the whistle of the 9:36 a.m. express. He 
hurried to the flag but the apparatus stalled in some way - 
forcing him to run upstairs to lower the signal by hand. In 
so doing, he reached out too far and fell across the tracks. 
Glaus Johnson pulled him to safety, but he was laid up many 
weeks. 

Across the tracks were the grain, hay, and coal sheds. 
The entire business burned October l8, 1906, a fire being set 
from sparks from the engine of the 6:36 train. 









111 /;.'■-'• 



dt/ods .; 



DfiME'S WAITING RQCM 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Dame came to Hanson from Methuen, 
Massachusetts in January 1902. They purchased the home of 
Edward Taft. There were animals, Ca horse, cow and hens) the care 
of which was a new experience to Mr. Dame and required much 
of his time. 

Mrs. Dame was very lonely after leaving her busy life. At 
the corner of High and Liberty Streets stood a one-room butlding 
used as a street car waiting room. Being near her home, Mrs. 
Dame's thoughts turned to it as a means of occupying her time 
and of meeting people. 

The building had little in it for sale except a few packs 
of cigarettes, penny candy and a few cans of food. It was 
owned by Andrew Reed (Mrs. Ralph Weeden's father )__ and Ed 
Ramsdell who lived across the street "tended store". 

The electric lights were furnished free by the Street 
Railway Company for the privilege of using the building as a 
waiting room. As the trolley approached, the lights dimmed. An 
old settee stood in front of the store on which people sat as 
feheiy waited for the trolley. 

Mrs. Reed was willing to sell and Mrs. Dame took over. 
The place soon began to take on the appearance of a business as 
the shelves began to fill with goods. 

Soon an addition as large as the original building gave 
more room for expansion. A newsstand developed where all Boston 



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T'%*3.^C ^O 



X,R/»AH 



DAMBB WATING RQCM (Cont.) 

papers were available, moroing and night. There were at least 
four dailies and then magazines were added. 

Jennie Dame became known as a friend to whoever sought her 
aid. Her sudden death in January 1912 left the store in the care 
of her sister, Maud Estes, as Mr. Dame*3 aid. The store was 
continued under this arrangement until April 19l8. 

Transportation had become so uncertain that the Estes 
family moved to East Bridgewater to be near Mr. Estes* work. 
Before leaving, the building was sold to Hr. William B. 
Walkey. He took possession on ^Sarch 3, 19l8. He enlarged the 
store and moved it back from where it set, close to the road. 
Since then, he has enlarged on several occasions as his business 
demanded. It is now (i960) known as Walkey' s Super Market. 



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■i:ow 'aed'i.v^ . 



THE OBSERVATION TOWER IN HANSON 

The observation tower for fighting forest fires is 
situated on Bonney Hill, nearly opposite the former resi- 
dence of Gushing 0'. Thomas and is an object of Interest 
to the traveling public. Many have climbed to the top for 
the satisfaction of the fine view spread out on all sides. 

The forty-foot tower is of steel construction, with 
a room at the top 10 x 10 feet built of wood and glass and 
equipped with a telephone, a pair of pox^erful field glasses 
and a map of the surrounding country. 

The following towns contributed funds for the erec- 
tion of this tower: Hanson, Hanover, Marshfleld, Pembroke, 
Duxbury, Plympton, Halifax, and Whitman. 

The tox>rer covers a radius of from fifteen to twenty 
miles. During September 1913 Gushing Thomas was in 
charge of the tower being en duty Saturdays, Sundays, and 
holidays, these being the days when the most danger occurs. 

In the spring of 1911^ Mr. Thomas graded the land 
around the tower, laid out walks, set shade trees and gave 
the tower a coat of paint. 

During the second World War this tower was used as 
an observation tower for the observation of planes. Two 
men from the government were stationed there in addition 
to the fire warden. 



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GENERAL STORES AND BUSINESSES 




Calder's Store in t-he 90's, formerly Herbert Keene's 
store on site of Soper's Tavern. (Main St.) 




Store of H.T.Clark, son of E..T. Clark who contracted with Frank Keene to build this building in 

1898 for his grocery & genera! merchandising business which he moved 
from another location. The business has been in the Clark family ever since. (Main St.) 



GENERAL STORES AND BUSINESSES 




Henry B. Harding Store - now Hanson Town Market 

(Washington St.) 

(Soper's Hall at left) 




Fuller and Keene Garage - now Hanson Motor Sales 
(corner Liberty and Washington Sts.) 



GENERAL STORES AND BUSINESSES 




W. W. Copeland Grain and Cool Co. (West Washington St.) 
Burned Oct. 1906 



W. W. COPELAND & CO 




Flour, bin, UEajanlheries 



(Early Advertisement) 



GENERAL STORES AND BUSINESSES 



1887* 



CYRUS DREW, 

Dealer in 

Crroceries. I»rovisioiis. 

FLOUR, GRAIN, Etc. 

Hausou, Mass. 



10 1 
1!I18 

2426 

8oai 



si 41 ol 6l V sl 
10 11 12 13 U l.i 10 
17 1» 10 20 21 -i'-'-J:! 
24 25'26i21;J»2»ao 



3' 4l 5 6 7 8l 
1011 12 13 14 15 le 

17ll8|10:20i2l|22 23 
24135 26127 28 29:30 



9 10 III12 13 14 I 



11 21 31 41 5| CI 7 

s! 10 11 12 13I14 

I.-, 16 17 18 11120 21 



14 15 10 17 18 1920 



I 12 13 14 15 111 17 



11 12 IH 14 15 





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AM)ui:w h()Wki:h, 



Dry Coods, Ready-Made Clothing, 

I iirniihltiii <.<nnU. !,i,ofs. SIiiiik Jt Jiiibhirx, 

Crockery, Class on ^ Earthern Ware, 
FI.OriNSl? MX cV FEED, 




L. floods and Groceries, 

IDlttrr. ( ll,,-, I III-'!. II, ,, ,1 lj,,,l,s. clV.. .IV.. 

Willow Street, - - Hanson, Mass. 



Why Go Elsewhere 

to buy Shoes when you can obtain them here at rock bottom 
prices. We can save you from 25 to 50 cents on every pair ot 
shoes, this may seem impossible but when you consider that 
we have no high rent or salaried clerk to payor other heavy 
expenses you will understand xvhy we can do this. 




'AND RUBBERS- 



We would be pleased to have you call and look 
stock and you will see our statement is correct. 



F. A. GOFF, 



Burragc, Mass- 



^KSPORTA TIOH AlfD COMMimiGATlOg 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMimiCATION IH HANSON 

During the first years after THE FIRST PARISH of PEMBROKE 
MASS, became the town of Hanson, transportation was confined to 
horse-drawn vehicles, oxcarts, and walking - otherwise known as 

SHANKS MARE. 

At the time a railroad was being contemplated through 
our area a number of routes were considered. The decision of 
the present route was largely due to the proximity of the Great 
Cedar Swamps from which ample supplies of fuel for the wood- 
furning engines could be obtained. 

On March 16, l8[|.L|. the road was chartered and construction 
was started in the fall« Twelve of the sixteen original incor- 
porators were from Plymouth, thus the name chosen for the enter- 
prise was the "Old Colony Railroad". 

The opening of the railroad was celebrated November 10, 
l8[|.5 with elaborate ceremony at Plymouth. Daniel VJebster and 
John Quincy Adams were among the speakers. 

Luther Keene's son, Leonard, was fireman on the first 
freight train to make the run from Boston to Plymouth. 

Each engine was the proud possessor of a famous historical 
name such as "The Mayflower", "Governor Bradford", "Miles Stan- 
dish". Coaches were all painted yellow. 

The Old Colony Railroad ran diagonally through the town for 
a distance of approximately five miles. At first there were 






A step tnts efit«bliel^o4 fls,% & p#i»t wboiro tl»e railipeftS 
e]r08«e4 l^'asjiiiigtoii street and tkis st«i^ w«mi e&XIcK! "Morth 
gUHMPon"* The ^e^ot wfts l.oeat«6 on the tite cf th« 



fhK» next stop on Itn route thr<»ai;h Mtmen to Flpnoutli 
vme th« **&outh HAiisoii station"* mi& depot at Xiret t^a® ®m&lJt<r 
thim &% preaoxtt fts^ served &l«o as % poat ofjClov* lAt&w Fr&n^ 
&e«m «Blttpg«« it b^ eutting it in half &m adding; « **middX« 
sootion*** 

In 18$0 th« railroad apojssorod, th« foraaitlon of th« Hois* 

ponaett lM\£m andi Lar^ Com^un^ anfi l^uilt the rioBpoi^aett Station 

iiilm>0t at th« point i4h«ra th« railroad ereeaef into llQlifajK* 

A rot^rth 1^^^ last «t$(ti<« to hm b\iXlt Mae Biisra^agii* 

fh® QM Oolo«y Railroad was iiwolv«« botwoon I670 «<i li|@i 

idth m&nj sougolidatiom ai*g. loaa© ai*raE5g^si«at«« In 1893 ©f ««»*«• 
tion of t^i«E roadl ««« taken ©v^r fey ^^ f«*w ¥©rk# 'Bmn' Eawti& aiid 
Hartford Syat®®* 

fh€ railroad esnd its etatioaE^ wmr® mn iai^ortatit fsator ia 
tho or^ation of both b'titatowa^' m4 i^ooial i^t#i»«^t» 

Mr* B«il»y of Sottth ilaiaaojs. awl I5j?. Boifo of Fa^rolio «a*wio« 
pa»»«fsg®i?8# fsroi^^hfe «md ®3tpr©»s to S^mth JJaiaioia dopot fey hor^o- 



T ransportation andt Cemmunicatlon In Hanson (Cont») 

drawn wagoxis for transportation to other parts of the country* 

^!aiX and express were delivered froia the North Hanson 
depot to the people living in the northern part of the totm by 
Hezikiah Reed* 

Men working in 'whitman shoe shops and tack faotorles were 
transported In f our*v«heeled barges drawn by two or four horses 
according to the weather* by Philip Barker of Liberty Street* 
lianson for the sum of fifteen or thirty cents a day* roimd trip« 
The starting point was vAiat is now Vlalkey^s Store and thence to 
Whitman, The horses were put up for the day at nearby Mersey's 
stable opposite the Hegal Sho^ Store on South Avenue* Whitman* 
At 5*30 p*m* the horses and barge would be driven to different 
spots in Whitman to pick up passengers for th«> trip back to 
Hanson. 

About the year 1865 bicycles became very popular and were 
used by many people to-and-from Vhitraan where they worked* 



BHOCKTOH AHD PLyi^OTTTH STREET RAILWAY 

JvHj 17» 1900 an electric street railway system opened 
between Whitman and Bryant ville, passing through Hanson. This 
was due to the efforts of l^fr. Prank Bourne, Dr, Plavel Thomas, 
John Poster, and Walter Damon. This railway was iaaown as the 
Brockton and Plymouth Street Railway. 

The first trip from Whitman to Bryantville was an event 
which will be long remenibered by the residents of Hanson. 
The car was in charge of Conductor Prank Goddard and Motorman 
Thomas Nugent. It was just 2:03 p.m. when t he signal was given 
and the car left Winter Street, Whitman, in the direction of 
Plymouth. Among the passengers were the selectmen of Whitman, 
Hanson, and Pexnbroke, Mchael Kenneally, George MaoRoberts, 
John Barker, John Poster, and railroad men. TIo fare was exacted 
on this first trip. 

People lined the front piazzas, flags were displayed at 
nearly every point, people in hay fields stopped their work to 
wave hats, some bowed courteously as the car came in sight, the 
church bells rang, trees were adorned with banners, all along 
the line there was cheering. 

The car rolled into Bryantville at 2:35 p.m. on schedule 
time. Here the passengers alighted and were given a second 
ovation by the people of this settlement. The lawn about the 
residence of Walter Damon had been cleared, settees placed 
about and refreshments served under the direction of General 



i yoatefcon eiswi ftstputfa Sfcyg«t Rft^ttfty COont*) 

on t^ rettitrn trlp« Kia» Blanohtt ^'68t#r put t^ la^igh cnq 
tlte ms%&rfmn h^ vr«|^plzig a shite »im9% apouoil a pole half way 
1i»«tt(ir««i3 ti:;^ Bryant vilX«> o<^««y> an<l %ha Baptist Cburob. Tba 
motormai^ aaaiag et^pe<l invoXuatarily^ bali^ xmmA to tba whit* 
polme iM flfmmxtht and Hlaa f^iller <?) and her frlenda wara 
glYon a »«at of b<»u)r naar tho front* fhoy bukI» thiitge turn aXl 
tha way to Whitman* 

fha oara vara ke^t ruonlag tha r aat of tha day aa^ tb« 
following day bag«n running on rogular tlmo» offarisig a vai^ 
raaaonably pvlc^d tr&nai^ortaticm. 

TlM» alaatrie ear routa foUowa^ along Maia &traet fv^m 
Mayflcn#ar arova* Hig.h Straet, Liberty Street, >ia«blngt®n Street 
Whitaan Street* ?9W7 Avanue« west en South Aveaue to Winter 
Street y Vhltiaan* 

2t va» ZK>t an uiMSCHBE^n aigM iM thiom-» early Saya of 
©loo trie oars to see three or four earay loaded to the runnl^ 
boards ipull into Llttlefield BQuare« l^%ltmaft|i on a SItmday ev^n* 
ingt unload for oitlier the Boetmn train or the Sroekton 
eleotrioa* 

Svmt twenty-five year® later • 1925 • <m Suxsflay night » 
Septe8i>er 13 » the final trip to BryantviXle vm aade. At 
10j35 P*s« vith C«KSduot©r Bafeer at the wl»el, the last eleotrie 
car between whitiaan and Hayf lower arove pulled out of Llfetlefield 



SrecktoB and Ply i^iith^ St;r e0^ ^ Ht-tlvai, (goat* ) 

Square* fh«r« ¥«»• six pmascsigftrsy iiR«X\2dl{3^^ th« ^mm &nttip->' 
prise reporter vim vnm uitb the first «&?• !:«^9h €>i^ h«S te 
eMp la »t ttee IittX« box at t»« i*r«»nt «Ff thm a«r ^a this fisml 

trip* Ttm-1!^ WAif 1&0 Mlfirit?* At Cu«hiii£*ft Coartiory tiie «»on^uet0r 

stopped and aIlo%;edi %h« r#|>ortor to itf»m$. ^h&% tcm I>x*alt:« S»i«l to 

nai" on hift blftotebo&rd In front of hla 8tore« It read ae jroXl<»wst 

Mftsuion • w« w«Xde»»»d 1£N» <»Y«nt ai»i laoisra tli« <^od.U8 

(Tr^lX«y C®r«) 

4t Baa)#*t Ccrn«r« «om»oa« tm4 wrapped & pieoe of er«p« 
ftbout on« ct td(i« p@l®e« 

AutcefaoblXfi^g Imd 'ba9Gm«> |»c^i^«r »ii<S. It id %h»^ «h« kiXXe^ft 

tito «X«otrio r^^* fsuui€Ma®«r tr«tfi«t oa t)m «ftr» ^r««» Xe«« 
%»<l l@£i8 ®«t«li jeiiir* ti6M» «-}K]^&nt« or rmii3't;ai£iin$ tlm Xifte In 
th« ifinter monthit %6d« it ispe&»ibX«> to oarri' em bu£lrtit«« msA 

fl3tii» rails v«ir« m»t t*kwa up 6t &r®^» imt lskmm*«i fir«r« 

iron «ir «-ci>v»rlnig tl^te rails i^itli «ft»-a* i'&Xm> m& po«<^r Xistefi 
i#@3N9 t<^.«s dow?- ««i^l!^5 an era ®t pX««»*at tr«crs8jpH®.rt«ti<m few 

BaafiOfi*. 



With the adNr«nt of the txH>iIej Xingf ft^er bouseliGXdeiHi 
B»«d«d tbtir privetft hor»e*drfiim earriag^e* although )^im»s 
Hey** c««4<»d for groeery tmgimat fifibi oarti* tii« fix'*st A ai^ F 
Te« Got^smy hvmltmBB» tb« •g^ts&Ki^ the oon who savr»d th9 «#oo<l 
for fitoV0 (ieatingt aft^r someone «l»e had tSeXivereiS It tm a 
wood faatillng wa@)^ » and for h©ar«©»* 

¥btt first aut^aoblXe hoarao oaiiaod a sanaatlo&f it waa 
gaiMraXXy feXt that auch apaad in rushing to tha eamtetarf «fith 
tt»B da^>art«d citizen vaa highXy itaftroper* 

In axtraortiinars^ eoii<litioiui« even horses oouX^ not be uae4i 
en the iae«»«£ioruste6 ano«r« azul taama of tmn pvXXitd a piang )«itli 

a oof fin OR it t© tfe# oejsetery* 

TtM 6e«tor« too* eaffis h^ earriag^ a»^ <^yring th# blissar^ 
in 1890# SMta^ m©tt were obXigad to %?fiXk to BryantviXle to feteh 
£^« CharXes • aw^ thaia X«aS the doctor's hor^e back thro>agli the 
aaoif drifts* &s Xata as 1$^» ife«th«ir oorti^iticaa oe»sfeieH^ to 

naike autc^aobiXe traf f ie i«|»o«BibXe for a XoBg tim» in the winter * 

The firet aiitcumobiXe M&a mm^ bf liarotiys tiraim* It wmt 
an of»an affair %4th htiek«t s <»&%»• '^fr* ti'rami ajnd i^aXlaoe Haim 
the pXiJie^er of Bvymn%wlil9§ %repe the t««m*3 first apee4«»rs« 
fhey were aaldi to "re* It ap" to 60 miXes an hoyr^ te«t w® 

doulit if th®ir wagon reaXly aohl#v©^ that velooit^f* 



M&^ms^i&v 27 f 1.911t# Keen© aisd Fall®? started a jitn«gr 
6«rvi6» t© susnrounSiDg ponds and Biwiat Hoek. A tT%p to Brant 
E«ek va8 » r«al Jouroey end If ojs« vent* on® plaxmed to etay 
ft idill«» v?# ©aa x'mmSaw with delight tJxftt fl^t %?hlff of 
tsntttllzlug aro'!!iiia of t.he cKOrsh* 

Oa i^pril I« X91S John HcLaugtain bought out K«one and 
Fuller* He eorrlod oa tb» jitney businoaw b««l,Sos liAvlng 
an autcsnci^ilo «@«iMiy« 



„mi mm 

About %h» tlm &t %h» iooorporti&ioa &t the T&m of 
Jianson in IBSO, th& toim's tlrat s»$8t offi<»« mia loo«%«d 
«t l^« stor« of CorcMlias Cobb wil^ Captftin H8%li«»idl 

by Mi»« Cobb wiio had b»«n his 4®pa%y» Mall w»« iallwpud four 
tim«e #ft6h v««k sod %ma r«te«lv«d froai boftli lfftaoir«p niid Ift«t 
Bpid|^«m1{«r ¥t&«r« it fejpplved via sta^ eoaeh* Splifeia Ocks 
«a« a isaii oarriar oat of ^iis offiea for f ourt««ii yaart 
and %fa0 paid I80«00 par yaap for hia a«rvioc»s. Dari»s sic 
af ttia fourteea i^aara ha oarria4 tha nail oa ^oraa^aatf. 

Dj^oa tha (^anin^ of tba Old Colony Bailroad in l%5» 
aeoth.@p poBt office was ^antad for tha IPown of Hanson ai^dl 
tma looatai in S^outh Saoaoti Railroad Station, with Barak 
Oatmrn aa poatmaatar. 

I^firing tha yaara that f@Ilowad« 9^i^v offiaas vara 
aatabliahad in toim. 'Sim Hanaon Oantar ]^at Offiaa mas in 

Harding* a ato^a at Washington and Spring Striata* H&a lerth 
Hanaon foat Offiaa y»s in tha lorlSi Eanaon EaiXroad Station 
and tha Brjantvllla Offia® i^aa in a balding on tha eoutl^mat 
aornor of Main and Onion Streets • aatuaXl^ vithin tha to«m 
of lanaon* fhara iraa also an offioa in Honpona^tt «^il0h is 
now Xoaatad in ^« J« l>aSoraia*a atora on Konponaatt ©traat« 

f!ja Sotath aanaon Offia® t«a» ©s^red fross tha isilroad 
Station to a ^tiilding oaai^iad hf tha Banaon EXaotria Co^any 
and i^Xia««8 m&utf ihop ^m^ it ra^inad m%ll .Jona X, 1939 



m6 nrst f^t offioA iQm%,) 

it&mn it ^m» &mi^ m&v^d to lit® ps'#9«n« loefttion « l%0* 

Out &/ (>Q« ^^ office fru %^itli i^lM eju}«{>ti0a df lloRpon^ett 
ftadi 3«»2>th HftQflon hftv« be«a diseofttlniiisd • or» as 16 th« ease 
of ^yant^iXleF • novvd eat of gftnsds, 

mf I, I9i;0 the tf« S. Fott Of floe 0epftrtn»ent offiei&Ili' 
difteotiHiiiSid th* fwaM South Hftaaos «»d now list* It a« tdie 
BftaflOd Post Office* At Uke ammt tlm« Iftnson imt f«elas8«il 
froEK « thi!*<l to a »«««>tidi elfttts offi®« In roeogoitloti ef thii 
growth of our t«mQ aa icidloatod by the iaGsmstod ▼oXaii»» of 
anil h«iiig haadlAd har«* 



fKW&,.W^^MM.MM^^W 



B« F» D. i»%o this tot#fi« Xt va» elaisted that bat fe» 
wasted it aad ^lat those would aooa g«t dlsg«iat«a with it, 

mnrf L. Powers ia8.d« th^ first delivery in ^pril 1903. 

Paring th« mmth of H»y Ixe j^a^led 39li5 pl«««s ©f 
Rftll, &v«peigiD£ 1>2 par day, 

l^llvorir is « w0iid«x*ral bl«9iiitig Tor t«&ml®98 p9&pl9 
w^ 11 v« tt ffilXe ar two froa the |>oat office, 

Fp»d fiftrley took over the route boror« th« i^esir was out* 
S® ti^s ftlwejs gealfil acd eoeoasoodesting. People looked 
forw«i>d to his Goi^ing as tlia brlgt&t spot in the ds^. iia he 
drove away during tbte severe winter weather h» hmd to eadure 
they would wondler if he eould poasibly ^t eefely h0me - end 
fear tl«t he m»y aot. Me «®rved faithfully • alwmye aiiagiag 
«ad ^eetidg' Ma aust^mers Mit^ m Joke* 



f OU.IM OF f H& wu.m 

In thd ol^eo d»y» th* fonre of Bsosoq paid so Kaeis sscfe 
yt&»r to tbe Go©gr«g&tioQBl Society so<3 tia® Bgtptlst Sso^lety 
for tJhe telllag of tbs bells. 

It «fa» thi^ eustoK to toll the eburoh bells et 6:03 a.m. 
OQ tbtt d«7 follovlDg tbd d«8th of oos of tha rdslddcts of 
ths town. fli« balls woald ba tolled the Qtaib«r of timss 
e<^&l to the age of thd daesas^d* 

Is those days «veryoD9 wss a|> s»d sbout his chores at 
6 too a. IB. so that It uss sn spppoprlste tl«e to toll the 
bolls. 



HAiaSON'S FIRST TELEPHONE 

In 1891| Mr. Joseph White of North Hanson was the first 
man in Hanson to install a telephone. A group of men from 
the telephone Company came to his place of business, putting 
in the system in his home and office - also connecting tele*! 
phones in the homes of his two sons, thus simplifying com- 
munications.' between them. People for miles around would 
ask Mr. White if they might talk over the telephone. It 
seemed incredible that a voice could be heard over a wire. 

In 1920 radio began to be enjoyed by many and boylike 
Roland Ford and Richard Brown, who trained to be radio 
operators on ships, set up radio machines in their homes. 
That Was a source of much enjoyment to all who were fortu- 
nate enough to be invited over for the big event. 



fSm BryattfeirlH^ B«« boaaed & l>j»i$r se»ft0oa AffiQos fe^® 
aova^pers of this l3«i!il@t. it v&s a rour-piig@ »he#&» H^mM 
sdifeof, pobllahei*, printer, ead in fiiot offics for©« aad 
sold e9i*r«»po»^at, was Fs^iend Whit®. 

%« 80l<g edition ftpiMiftPdd Ootob«r 1695 tfi^ th® 

Xfe v«» ffi imic^ue speoimn. ^11 th^ edtrertlsiag tuts in- 
serted witlioat kBOvXed^ of tha partita ed¥«pti»«4 and 
ab8©lu%«ly fpee, bat D0tiQ« was given "if any f«lfe beholiea 

th®!" eetad oof»feiri!:jai!# iVoai th«Bir etock ia pai^meiit • uadsr- 
fcakers atri^fely fe«pj*®d oufe*» 

Ihera waa ao written oopf^ tha editer eos^os^d as bm 
aat tJj© ty]?«, and his iaesliaastibl© rued or wit «od hmmi? 
suppliad t&« table of e^nWats, 



Eaiisoa hmd a H09ts.Xf fNikp«P« "Hm Bcnaon ^igl«*% of 
visleh Frsok L« Apmstroog vae th$ edlfeop and propriotcnr* 
It tma a ««Xl-prialtadt aaway aod oi>@dltal»ly pat u|> little 

ah@et, publiaheS every Seturdft;sr, 

Hitt Btt^Id atartad a« an asataur oonthXy pablloation 
August I, XS95* 'The first eoplaa wero prlntaS in tha 

oTfiea of S» H« Brl^a of PXaaaant 3 treat* 

August Skt 1895 IOf« Apmatron^ daoid@d to i@si£@ the 
paper ae « loeaX tNtakl^f* fh« first 5^ aopias «rer« printed 

io the offiaa of Williajg Bradford, Brid^ei*st®r, Mass. 

fh« editioae were oordially rao^ivaS bjr the people of 
Beifiaoa and P&^rok®, fh® final r®tiP«»a@iBt from th® nev^paper 
field ima not di&d to Imk of support Qf th® public l»ttt rather 

to the iRabilit|- of ^© propri#tor to sueoeasfulli- ooatisiu® 
to perform t^ duties of mpoet^r, editor* mns&''ei.&nt, 
advertiaing aolioitor* oot^oaitor* smke^up omn., press ama* 
l^paaa-feederir @to«i» aa h« «raa l>ut si£tee» I'tars of a^ at 
the ti(!!e. 



Haason Bugle (Cont.) 

The decision to discontinue was determined upon about 
midmlght, Thanksgiving Eve, 1895, as the editor was winding 
his weary way along the railroad tracks hair way between 
Whitman and South Hanson with the week's edition of papers 
upon his back. 



t.ioq&q 1q noirH-' r. ':l9ew erfct rfrtxw noensE 

. .');>u alri noqxj 



THE BODE 

The Bode was a weekly newspaper, published every 
Friday in the interest of the religious, political and 
general welfare of the towns of Hanover and Hanson. 

It gave the local news as well as other articles 
of general interest. 

Brief notices of meetings and entertainments were 
inserted free. 

Single copies were one cent each, subscriptions, 
ten cents per quarter. It was published by the Severance 
Printing Company, Whitman. 

BRYANTVILLE MEWS 

The Bryantville News was born February l8, 1903. It 
was a weekly paper, published every Wednesday by George 
Edward Lewis and George A. Turner. 

The printing was done in their office which was over 
Bryant's store. Subscription rates were two cents per 
single copy or $1.00 per year. 

This paper was really a tireless letter writer. Week 
after week, this printed letter was prepared for those 
living here and for those who have moved to some other 



aolo-coajs 'ler.^o Bs II&w bjs evjoa loot /eg il 

e'isw n;!nof.inisd''isd'n© brte G^nlcfsam lo Eaold'on leliS 

.a'^:v;JIx';.J' tXf-BQMoO snlrfnii^ 



.lenioT . .,'.1.: 

U.3VO ESW riolriw 90i'..-<. ....:.. i:. ' 

;.<- u olgnle 

ilesvr .'i9Ji-iw lertcJ'jI &B&leili -x rsv; 'X©qBq elrlT 

eeodcf lol DyiBqo'iq a£w neiJd'sI beiat'i ..?isew neitlB 

'turido omoB oi bevoep sv .v.'..' 



Bryantvllle News (Cont.) 

locality, telling of marriages, births, deaths, the coming 
and going of people, of business efforts and progress, 
accidents, crops, improvements, meetings and so on. In 
fact everything of importance and interest. 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 




Harding's Corner looking North up Spring St. 




Open Electric Cars at Bryantville Square 
on a Sunday afternoon 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 




Brockton Plymouth St. Railway 1900 - 1925 

closed car at the old Car Barn opposite 

Lamborghinis garage (Bryantville) 




First R. F. D, delivery made April 1903 

by Henry L, Powers 

Fred Harley took over the route 

at the end of the year 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 




Fred Flannlgan - Crossing Tender 
at So. Hanson Depot (Main St.) 




An express car rebuilt from an 8 bench 
open car by Wells Elliott 
Motorman - Curtis Finny ( left ) 
Conductor - George How land ( right ) 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 




?/■ X._^-~,'7--«.' 



John Foster and his oxen 
Dr. Fiavei Thomas holding plow 




Randall's Express in Winter. The coach line 

and mail route between So. Hanson, Bryantville 

and Pembroke purchased by Edgar C, Bailey 1888 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 




Chase's Waiting Room - Harding's Corner 
(Spring St.) 








Dame's Waiting Room - now Walkeys' store 
(corner Liberty and County Rd.) 



TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 





RAILROAD .COR 



MARKS AND NUMBERS , gc^eitJed ftOlW Hll4' 

I In good order, 










unTBferjii^iiid marked as aliove, wliicli the Conj-jiany proii>«^ td.f'QifW^-ffd l>y Us J,iiiilr»tKl, and 
deliver to 'X>:J^*'^L^^,'- f ^/ 0't''C^ or order, at its depot in ^ £A^\%^/^i^'^^f^) L^//^~^ 

lie or tlicy first payiiip: frciglit for the same, al the rate customary per ton of 2,1)00 jiounds. ^^y 

N.' B. — Tf merchandise be not called for on its arrival, it ^vi^! he ?tored at the risk and expense of the ownei-, '^// 

^^ , ,_ _ , 7'Vjr Ike Corpirrali'm. v_/ 



Bill of Lading - Old Colony Railroad 

The railroad began laying rails through 

Hanson In 1845 

Land was bought from Luther Keene 
for the right of way 



CHARITABLE IHSTITTJTIOHS 



©pydon Beat 

In l837 tlaep© mpp^^vrnd ia th® dnily papers sn appeal fo^ 
i«Kp!dlng girls oaraias lew w«g©9, asking fehafe tht benevolentelj 
InoXiaed ^o had hossss la th« 09i^%i*;$r shaald give to %h&s9 
girls & few dtt^s roat In ti24» eountry. 

j^* George Slsi^son of HAoaon saw the appeal and desired 
to &hmp& the hQapltftlltjr of his pl®&sfiat home. H^ Itgara^d 
of feh® good wM?k of the Sew Kagland Httlplag E»b<1 Society Btid 
gs7e soBie of th4 meciibers a dollgjtttful veeetlon. 

J^s. Eenrlette McKlnaon* one of the gu«ats, was 30 
oharmed wltli the tovn and Its natural baauty that she dntarad 
upon a persomil plan to establish a Taeatlon Hosa^, if tlm 
ioolety gaT« har par&alBslon to ol^tain funds in thalr nasosi. 

Jufit ftboat this time itttt, Sh^llhaiser reealved word that 
bf the will of James Gordon shs had baen isade trustee of a 
fund for a Vacation Borne for working women. %ig sum of el^t 
hundred dollars wa« plao©di in Urs* MolClnaan»s hanSa» fifty 
dollars of vhleh vma used as a meiaorial rocm in the Helping 
Sand Hosse to b© eslXed %h@ Gordon Kemorisl Boo®. 

Hair* Mr* Oraeaj* s Ustliodist pr#aohar« owned a sutirser 
hoiaa In Eansont It was tim Idtal plaoe for t^« plan pro*' 
poeed and the house* furniture and live atook were pureheseS 
at a cost of $S,3'00. Ih© houae was built bj Hev. 1^. Berato%f, 
and %m9 a most eubstentiaX S'trueture* 



Gordon Beat 

1!b.e home pro7ed to be a flnanoiaX borden aad too muoh 
for the Helping Hand Soolety to carry on. Za 1897 the 
>iassaohufletts Branch <f the Kings Dao^tera and Sons became 
the owners of the property, 

Aa soon as they took possession, the house and grounds 
were enlarged, Ihe town of Hanson geserously presented two 
aores of wood land. 

In 1903 the town almflhouse and twelve aores of land 
were puroheaed, Ihe house was naraed "Sunny Side Cottage." 

Mrs, :::iiza Trask Hill ims in charge of the Home from 
its Inception and after 1697 spent the entire suouaer giving 
personal supervision. She was familiarly knoim as "Mother 
Bill" end gave much loving thought to the development of 
the work. 

Experience has proved that it is unwise to plan to adroit^ 
any %&o are unable to care for thesmelves. Many are able to 
pay the saiall price of board, tdio if larger board was reouired 
would be unable to take a vacation. Others are unable to 
pay board, and for such, provision is faade by a gratuitous 
board fund to idiloh churches, sabbath schools, benevolent 
people and the Circles of fhe King*@ Daughters and Sons 
contribute. 

One of the contributing causes in having a home comfort- 
able is the faithful help of those vho serve. "Robbie" is a 



Gordon Rest 

welX-known character who has general oversi^t of the 
x^oma, oar«9 for the linen and aa guests depart she stands in 
a oorner of the yard and aTter goodOsyes have been said rings 
a large bell until the departing ones are oat of si^t. 

Mr* and Hrs. James Bell labored for seven conseoutive 
years « taking a deep interest in the work, and by their 
faithfulness lightened siany a burden for the st:Q}eriatendent, 

It seemed neoessary in the early part of the King*s 
Daughters* woric to purchase a lot in the cemetery* TSxe 
fowl of Hanson kindly offered a burial place for one who 
passed suddenly away, but as the ownership of a lot seested 
wise, two adjoinine lots wex*e bought, and payment made for 
them by the Misses Harding of Ware* 

Two bodies have been placed in the lot, and anyone who 
has been a sember of the Gordon Rest family, has the privilege 
of burial in this spot, provided no other place has b@en 
secured for them* 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS 




Gordon Rest 

A vacation home for working women 

sponsored by the Helping Hand Society 1887. 

Taken over by the Mass. Branch of the Kings Daughters 1897 




George Simpson 

The Pioneer of the Helping Hand Vacation Home 

resulting in the establishment of Gordon Rest 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS 




Eliza Trask Hill 

familiarly known as 

"Mother Hill" 



Superintendent of the Gordon Rest Home 



OLD HOUSES 



mmm nmsBm mm to rn^u mm mzm 

i.u. Li I ui ir..Lin». «.[ I iiiirf4ffl ^^^^- 



Air!>«4 Vigj3»attlt 

Alfonso Worthing ton 
Lewis S« Biigri9999iA 
Sliahft Llventor* 

llA«huii«l Pratt 



Stth%Ba St«t9«m 



King ats>o«t 



014 ^Id Oia«AU»s Vfuihlnstcm sti* 






PlAftftunt St* 

ffnthlB^toa st» 

Liberty Ht» 

Ruif.^ad Hltoheoek Hi#i st« 

J«d»dish Boal £t &1 
(a9i$9 new) lift la &t« 



2i«l laouii* 

6«llJ«lliO f hCMMI 

Tlioaftft eoan»7 «t 



IliSb St, 



1700 

1791 

1730 
1T30 

1737 

1%0 

m7 







£»aitlal Boxma^r 


Off «»lntar St« 


17S0 


]|fttlMnl«l ISlOMM 




Oosniar wintap and Liberty &t8* 


1760 


Wimmp& Orofttt 




Hlobai»d Stollaafd 
(i^Tm now) 


Holnaa St* 


1761 


li*y^rt BloJ<« 




Capt* ^tlMuiol 
Collaaara 


israshiagtcm St* 


1763 


9fi»i*dofi Host (Ami9ic} 


Bona of JRaatali 
Ouabing 


Indlaa Ha* ^t* 


1763 


K9b«rt 0* Emid 






?la(3taant &t« 


f 


Luoius T» Fmll«r 






9aahiQBtoi% St* 


1767 


^bpi%« M« f9rutm 


tiitoaaa 


Itolwaa 'Jt* 


1770 


I»&itt& BlMHr9« 




(tso<>Ss^kl^ 


miR at* 


1770 


B&ti&l^b^MI ^£K1M» 




Bill thmm» 


11^ St* 


1770 


wiUi«a F«altoa 


■ cm ab®?i iNsg* alt® 
iHPlgliial iiottsa goaa 


Hlg^ stvaat 


1773 


Sally Cuflitiiig 




ifa'fi^aalal Cuakiag 


Waaliltigt4»i& St* 


1785 



Eansoa Houses I&iownto Have Been Built Before IQOO 



Aaqr Bourne 
William Ridley 
Marcus UTana 
William Jacobs on 
Isaao Hobart Hoiise 

Carrie D. Ball 

J.B, EH ridge 
East Brldgewater 

George Damon Leach 

Algernon Josaoljn 

E. Y, Perry Est, 



Szeklel Bormey 


High Street 


1789 


Jeronae Perry 


Liberty St. 


17 ? 


Luther ICeene 


Main St, 


1790 


Isaac Hobart-Barn 


Main St, 


1790 


Site of Petrlno 

Sand ^it 


Main St. 


1790 


Macomber 


Winter Street 


1792 


Cephas Porter 


Cedar Street 


1792 


Elijah Damon 


Main Street 


17914- 




State Street 


1791^- 



John Poster Co, 
Edwin W. Pratt 



It is thought that this 
house was built long before 
1800 as it is very old. E.Y. 
Perry was bom In tills house 
October l\., 1812 



Daniel Crocker 



Brook Street 


? 


Crocker Rd, 


1795 


Bin Street 


1800 



mmm EgaHE Houas 

The Hab2.m Zvenst kous^o aoro«« tb.« etreet Srom. the ui'ria 
Keend hoxise vsta built on ti^e site oi an oXtiei* hocme called tb» 
Christopher Phillip's pl&oo* A family of Bi8bee*s oi^e occ\iiple<3 
It ai3d probabl^r otli«x>s before Umm, There Is no r&oord of vhmn 
or b>' v^oM it i«aa built but waa a ^ar^f old i^ous® and lauat have 
Ir^an built sonistliaa during the late 1600 'a or oarly 170<}*8« 

It bad old*tlme iron latohes inaida and wooden qx^b for 
the outs Ida dooz'a opanad by a string that passed through a 
hole ov©r the latah and hang outside th» door* fo lock "ih® door 
at night the string waa ^jpmtn in« 

ISahi^i's father^ l^l^enflser B« iieene» bought th« plaoo^ lived 
iiQi it a ^^ile and then aold it to his son \vho lived in it a 
few years* When the place began to get beyond repair* he tore 
it down. (1853) 

Tlmt easie year the poreh pert waa built and in 1660 the 
large part cf the houae still standing - I960 • and occupied 
by Mr* Lloyd lice* 



ORREN iCSaH.3 HOUSE 

Orren Keene bouglit thd so*oalldd Rev* Jolrn Gibson house 
on the Bridgdwater Eoad» of A'illiam Keena ni&» brotjisr* and went 
there to live after his Ejarriage, residing there until his 
death in I895. 

IThe hcuae and land was sold to Walter A* Ksene who tore it 
down in 1896. It was an old hOTis© with the wooden latches of 
long agOt with string drawn through thea to raise them up* 
When the latch string was out guests were supposed to be wel* 
cone* When the latch string was in» no guest could enter^ no 
laatter how much he night desire to* unless the owner chose to 
permit him* 

Old fashioned hand-hammeded nails were used to fasten the 
boards in place* No laths were used as there were none to be 
had in those days. Half inch boards were split in several 
places and spread apart t nailed to fowa an opening for the 
mortar to clinch on the inside. The house had roof boards 
that were laid up and down Instead of crosswise and they were 
very wide pine boards* 

A smaller house was built for Walker just in back of the 
site of the old house. This would indicate that the Gibson 
house was about half way between Walter Keene's and Prank 
Keene*s home - perhaps where Chief filaeKenzle»s house now 
stands - 1960, 



fiM tithxut $%0tB&n hotti»« oa &im Street was one* omamd bjr 
JMN»Bi«h 2t«taoii9 graodftii^aor of i}«9apg» F* Stetson* Xt is not 
4«f taitsly kziotm as to lAio built it or «hat y—» it was touiXt* 
In f r^MKt of ths houso ar» two tail syoaomro ox* buttoanrood 
troos * triers «sr« ori«;iaBlly thr— • sst out Ify Jsvsnish StstSMi 
fim tiM day of ths battls of Bwiicsr KiU» Jims 17* X775* IteUs 
Mr* Ststsoa was at «<m*)c oa ths tress ths aoiss of ths oaisioaadk 
iag at QiarlsstowB ooul4 bs pZaiaXy amtufdm 

FvoK this point oa Xiag sttrsst, it is mily a d^ort Sistsass 
to VMbiagtoa s^rsst «ihsrs ttumiag to ths xi £^t» is sssa a houss 
oaasd toy Chariss s* «ldassXya« 

This hooss was buiXt by AXexaadsr Soper* sonoS ths first 
AXsxsadsr and ai^ostor of aXX who bsar ths mum of Sopsr ia 
Saasoa* 

^sasMP JosssXya bought ths houss* livs4 ia it ttm was ths 
fathsr of 2X ohiMrsa* As this was sp^rszitXy not a v^ty Xsrgs 
faaiXy ia his sstination» hs adoptsd oas ohlXd. liis daughtsr* 
Bsrtha* oarisd ^iXXia« Sstss and Xivsd a short distanos '*up t^e 
strsst*** 

Wf* Estss was a bXseicsaiith aod was oaXXsd '*i^3fioXs BiXX 
iotas'* by nsarXy sveryoas bssauss ha was a g^aiaX psrsoa sad «hi 
ialnitahXs story-tsXXsr* i^ay aow Xiving r«»s^sr ^* Sstss afH 
his good wifs '*Auat This*** 



THS VIGNEAULT HOUSE 

The land on which this house stands was purchased by 
Theodosius Moore in 170l| from the Indian Chleftan Jeremiah 
Momontang and Abigail, his wife. The property was formerly 
that of Abigail's deceased brother, Josiah Warapatuek. 

Mr. Moore died in this house in 1737 and his son, 
Thomas, was born there. 

Thomas was identified in niany substantial ways with the 
new parish meeting house. He was a large land owner and a 
man of means for those days. 

The first pew sold at auction was struck off to him as 
the highest bidder. 

This house is now (I960) occupied by E. L. Long, Jr. 
West Washington Street. 



GAP HITCHCOCK HQllSg 

fho choice of & pastor for the VJeet Parish was xxxidertaken 
with delll;eration and with great care and thought* It was also 
made a suhjaet of much prayer* 

After hearing two siinisterial candidates the following 
entry is made under date of Septea^er 7, Hkli "Voted to hold 
a day of fasting and prayer before we hear any man i;^on proba- 
tion" ••• following which a oommittee was appointed to extend a 
oall to Hev* Gad Hitchcock to settle in the work of the minis tr/ . 

The dwelling in which the Reverend Hitchcock lived was 
built on land formerly of Isaac Thomas* son of Kathaniel Thomas 
who was the secretary of the proprietors of the Major's Purchase 
and received 250 acres of land for his services* In 1691^ and 
1695 he a<^ded by purchase frc»B the Indians 250 acres more* 
This land was situated in what is now the center of Hanson* 

Isaac fhoasas married Ann Thoasipson in 1711 and built a log 
house on the hill overlooking the inill which was called by hia 

descendants, the "Block House"* Ph© cellar of this house is 
still to be seen and there are two or three old apple trees 
about the place* a resoiant of the orchard once prized by Isaac 
Thcmas and his children's children* for the house was ooovqpied 
by meisbers of the Thomas family to the third generation* At 
the time of Isaac's death in 1731 ha owned 1200 acres of land, 
of «hieh 1100 composed the home farm* 



(?a.d Kltchoock House (Cont.) 

Deed of Isaac Thomas to Daniel Hayford dated June 22, 1722 
leads us to believe that there was a dwelling on the land that 
was sold as this states "to 'ase, occupy and enjoy with free in- 
gress « egress and regress from me and my heirs to him, his heirs 
and assigns forever". 

So it ra8.y be assumed that the d'vjelling that the Reverend 
Gad Hitchcock was to purchase in 17f|9 was built around 1722, 
or possibly earlier. 

During the time that Dr. Hitchcock continued as pastor he 
lived in the dwelling now occupied by the William B, VJalkey 
family - this being sold to him for twelve hundred pounds, with 
considerable amount of land by Daniel Hayford, deed dated Dec- 
ember 13* 17^9; acknowledged by Daniel Hayford and Deliverance, 
his wife, on March 30, 1750 and received at tiie Plymouth Registry 
of Deeds on August 3* 1752. 

The house apparently has undergone little change sine© 
that time. The dwelling is a large colonial structure of twelve 
rooms. The porch or ell then extended out on the north side of 
the house instead of the vrest side as it is at present, and 
apparently there was a door from this ell to the back-yard as 
when the ^.Jalkeys purchased the house there was a well and well- 
sveep near the hotise on the northerly side and legend has it 
that this old well was known as the "Wayfarer's Well" - where 
many stopped when traveling the dusty roads, for a cool drink 
of water. 



Gad Hitchcock House (Cont.) 

The east portion of the hoiiae appears to be the oldest and 
probably the east room has never been changed since Pastor 
Hitchcock's day. It has the center beam across the ceiling, 
seats in the windows, a corner cupboard and mainy other examples 
of colonial finish. 

There are six fireplaces - five of them open and In use • 
the old kitchen on the north side, used by the T'iialkeys now as a 
bedroom, has a huge dutch oven and another over beneath it - it 
is ^2^' wide and 33" high. 

It is of interest to note that during the 200th anniversaiy 
of the founding of the present First Congregational Church in 
Hanson, the Walkey house was opened for a Tea in connection witia 
the festivities. One of the interested guests was Miss Cather- 
ine Phillips of Hanover who asked at that time if she could feel 
of the inside of the cupboard that is in the east room. She 
ran her fingers on the inside and told Mrs. Vmlkey that she felt 
the same groove that she remembered of feeling \tiien she was a 
child and visited at the home of her great grandmother Tilden 
(Gad Hitchcock*s son married Catherine Tilden). The children 
at that time were allowed to look at twelve huge dinner plates 
that were called the "Elephant Plates" and which had been 
brought from China for the Tildens - always admiring them from 
a safe distance. 

Mrs. VJalkey tells of a room in the house when they purchased 
it known as the "thunder room" - a small tA ndowless rormn about 



Gad Hitchcock House (Cont.) 

7' X 8» located right in the center of the dwelling on the first 
floor. There tJas also a closet st the head of the front stairs 
knoiJn as the "skeleton closet" where Dr. Gad Hitchcock, son of 
Pastor Hitchcock, displayed his skeletons after his father had 
retired from the ministry and he (Dr. Hitchcock) returned to 
his childhood home to practice medicine. 

The Hitchcock house became knovm in later years as the 
Tilden place, Mr. Tilden having married Dr. Hitchcock's daught^ 
Catherine. They moved from Hansen to Yarmouth, Mass, but later 
in life returned to the home of his wife's father where he died 
in 1832. 

On September 9, IJ^h i* was voted that the school should 
be kept in two places in said precinct; viz: one place near the 
County Road between Mr. Hitchcock's and the other near Faxon's 
fence, between him and Bisbee. Then the vote was called 
vjhether they would build one school house or more, and it passed 
in the negative, and then voted that the school house should be 
built by subscription and desolved said meeting. 

The one built at the first named place (near- the Hitchcock 
house) was used more than forty years as records dated 1795 
show that Dr. Hitchcock bought the old school house. The Walkeys 
are of the opinion that this school house is the building that 
was moved along side of their barn when they purchased the 
property, and that it had been used for the storing of farm 
tools and implements by the Hitchcock family after its purchase. 



^4...Hlto bci.;Qck: Houfie (Gont.) 



&n0 ther« la also evidence tlmt Inter It was U8»d for th« mam* 
facture of ehcea. It Is «tiU standing *n4 is now in 



TH5 EX.IJAH CUSHITTa HOUSE 

The house is situated at the corner of Liberty and 
Washington Streets just across from the Hanson Garage, 

To go back a few years before the time vrhen Elijah Gushing 
built his house, the area which is now Hanson vjas in 1650 still 
a virgin forest. Huge oaks and beeches columned the hillsides; 
deer and wolves and v4 Id turkeys roaraed among them; and the 
woodland streaias ran unobstructed except by such dams as the 
beaver had constructed. lb was all a part of the Old Colony 
with the white man's authority centered at Plymouth, But he 
recognized the red chiefs as owners of all unpurchased soil, 
Bridgewater was pressing in from the west, Scltuate on the norlii, 
while on the northwest, Abington would soon be an inco3?poiafced 
neighbor. 

It was to this wilderness area in 172l|. that Elijah Gushing 
came and built the beautiful colonial mansion vh ioh stands today 
at the corners in Hanson, He acquired several hundred acres of 
land and working with the material taken from this land - the 
great oaks for the timbers, the virgin pine fcr the beautiful 
paneling - he completed his very imposing home of thirteen 
rooms. Because of the fact that between the inside and outside 
finish, there is a solid brick wall on both ends of the house, 
it stands as true today as it was when erected. Due to the 
various changes in parish and town lines back in the early days, 
the Gushing House has the peculiar distinction of having stood 
in four different towns since it was first built, '/.hen the 



The Elijah Gushing House (Cont.) 

house was erected* the land on which it stood belonged to the 
town of Abington. Then in 172? the land became part of the town 

of Hanover, In 175ij- it became the West Parish of Pembroke, 
remaining as such lintil its incorporation as the town of Hanson 
in 1820, 

In addition to the ingenious brick ends of the house, there 
are many other features in it which point to the very clever 
methods which the old-time builders employed. We think of in- 
sulation and such things as being modern building arts. Yet in 
this very old house built away back in the eighteenth century, 
there Is one room which runs almost the width of the house. It 
was called the center or keeping room. Here the whole family 
used to congregate because it was warmer in winter and cooler 
in summer. There are two sets of beams with an air space of three 
feet between t hem in this particular room and so the ceiling is 
much lower than those of the other rooms, making it more comfort- 
able throtighout the year. Also in this same room is a small 
niche built into the bricks of the fireplace to keep the tinder 
boE warm. The room also had a cupboard with shutters like the 
blinds of a house. It had very close-set shelves, just room 
enough to hold the huge pans of milk for skimming the cream 
later on. 

The fireplace and chimney In the kitchen la a imasterpiece 
of a master builder. It fills all but a small space on one end 



The Elijah Cuahlng; House (Gont*) 

of the great low rooss* On one side is a huge eopper oauldron* 
cunningly set in brloks» in vhich the clothes were boiled. The 
oven on the opposite side was capacious enough to hold all at 
onoe the turkey and goose« the pumpkin* mince, apple and cran- 
berry pies which ve read about in Charles Gushing* s diary 
written when he was nine* He says under the date of Thanksgiving 

Day« 1653 » "Today is Thanksgiving Day. Bad the goosey a pltm 
pudding and a mince pie for dinner and I eat so much that my 
belly was as hard as a stone." 

On the second floor is one of the most perfect panalled 
rooms v^ioh I believe it is possible to find in a country 
locality. It has beautifxil Corinthian pilasters on either side 
of the fireplace aid arched doors which subtly suggest that the 
nan v^o» long ago» fashioned this room» felt strongly the appeal 
of Ecclesiastical architecture and who has left behind him a 
record as fine as Sir Christopher V:ren himself^ although his 
name will never be known. A rather strnge coincidence about 
some of t^e carving in this room is that in the old stetson 
house on the North River in Korwell« the very same designs may 
be seen* stxggesting that perhaps the same craftsman traveled 
from house to house putting the finishing touches on the beauti- 
ful woodwork. 

Hr. Gushing *s house when completed became the social center 
for miles etround and he himself became very prominent in Hanover 
town affairs. He was the first representative to the General 



Court mnd was seleetisHm for maxi^ jears* ^iith slav^i to do hi« 
biddings b« entertained la^^lahlj with gay houea parties and 
joyful ooeasiona of all acs'ta* It mm to this house that 
three youxig man from HiOj^liaiB eame to woo l^» aualilng*a threa 
daughterc* One of theae young mmnt General Senjaffiis Llooolng 
vihe la the trar of the Retrolutionf received the av^rd of Oeaer&X 
Cornwallie when he aurrendered at ¥orkt«»m« married Mary Cush* 
l»g In the rooia which all down through the yeara hutm bean kno%m 
aa the Llnooln roc^s* 

When Hr« Ouahln^ died in 1762« the houae descended to hia 
son* Captain Hlijah^ a title non when he raiaed a ocnsipany of 
mf»n from the Vboat Pariah to march to t!arshfield on the alarm of 
April » 1775« Xn the eosn^any vere hia two aona« Hathaenlel and 
Hlijah^ and the Hat Inoluded prdbably all the able<»l>odied isala 
rea identa of ^e pariah* 

TiiiA Captain Elijah narried twlee and when hia aooond wife 
walked up the broad aiale of the Weat Fariah meeting house on a 
Sunday wearing her trailing robea of blaek silk or eatin* the 
train waa borne by a oolored alave* 

One of the alavea in the fmslly waa naesed lAly end <me of 
ti» Ouahing hofa $$fmm to ^ishood aaid that he thought aa rnmh 
of hia old blaak fuem^y Lily* aa he did of his own raother* Vh€n 
the alavea were fread in Haaaaehusetta* Lily w$iB told that ahe 
eould go or atay* She alee ted to reiaain &n& thereafter waa 



The Elijah Gushing Houae (Cont.) 

kindly cared fort provided with a seat In the chlcmey comer 
In the big kitchen by the open fire, and a horse to take her 
to meeting on Sunday. 

It was the son of this Elijah Gushing, another Elijah 
by naiae* who had a foundry in the neighborhood and was in 
business with a Joshua I^arker. 

All down through the years from one genex^tlon to the 
next, the Cushlngs prospered and were successful In whatever 
venture they attenptod - farming, foundry working and lumber 
and box mills. All the land in the vicinity of the great 
house was under c tilt Ivat ion; they were the owners of mills 
both on Gushing '3 Pond near the South Hanover line and Gush- 
ing ^s Pond in the north end of the town* 

The last Elijah to own the old homestead was born in 
1805* He was the father of George, Charles and Theodore. 
It is this Charles who kept such a complete diary and from 
which entries have been taken. 

Toward the latter part of the iSOO's, the Gushing for- 
tunes began to dwindle. The mills were torn down or burned, 
the lands were sold and the old house fell into a state of 
disrepair. The last Elijah was dead and his son, George, 
was living in the house with his wife and son, Walter. Fin- 
ally there was nothing loft but the house itself and the lot 
of land upon which it stood. 



The Elijah Gushing;, Hqtisg (Cont.) 

Finally upon the death of George, the house was sold 
outside the JPamily for the first tim& in almost two hundred 
years, ?fit»a, Frank Ciuaralngs of Whitman purchased It and went 
at the task of restoring It, She did a remarkable job on 
the placo and ran a laost sucoeasfx^l antlqt^e business for a 
number of years. The hoiise was very well depicted in House 
Beautiful magazine for June, 1919, with sorae very fine 
photographs of both tho Interior and the ezteriox'. 

Since Mrs, Cusanings* death the hoiise has had several 
owners m^o have used it as an eating establishment. It 
stands today practically the same as it was when it was 
built in 172ll|., facing the road as one approaches it, and 
guarded by tall elms, 3i!3pl© and serene, bearing its two 
and a quarter centuries with calm dignity. 






''-.i^^'T i'&iif:-. 



TEE LXvmmnB EQwm 

The Llvormope house waa built la 1737 by Job Boaneyt long 
bofore a. road waa ev©!! t;^^ousht of. Only «a Indian p&th led 
by It through the wooda, (The old Brldgowator Road.} 

Mr* Bonnoy was throe years building the hoxise* Inside 
waa fine panel work all done by h«xd« 

Jededlah Beal^ a shingle weaver* lived here. He went Into 
the cedar swamp* stayed there* out cedar and made shingles by 
hand* 

After standing 192 years this house was sold (I929)* taken 
down oarefully - the fraae numbered pleee by piece* and laoved 
to ChAthan* Hassaohusetts. 



THE E2ltA miU,U&* FUCE 

The Ri(^iarcl Bvarsoo house is oq the site of the 
Ezra PhiXlips place. 

Id 1760 Bleney Phillips, his wife end fovoP'-Tfo&r old 
daughter oane from Doxbory on horse back to live in their 
oew home. 

In 1856 Hr. Phillips was killed by ll^tning while 
fetching his horse froa the pasture in a heavy thunder 
storm. 

Little Betty never married and lived store than ninety 
years on this same spot. It is for her that Phillips street 
is named. 



TiM Xsaao Hobftrt Hotras stood whore Benson's sand pit now 
t8« The house was torn down but it Is mentioned in Benjamin 
Hobart*s History of Ablngton that the lunber of whloh this 
house was built was intended for a ohuroh and was before the 
days of the old West Meeting House. This locality was considered 
to be about half the distance between the Brldgewater ohuroh 
where :aany in this section tuied to attend divine servlocf and 
the ehvQPoh in Center Penibroke. 

The barn* built In 1190$ was across the street* and i» 
still standing at Crystal 3prli^* iteln Street omed by Mr« & 
Ifrs* Allen Anderson* It ms re-shingled In 19^9 and although 
100 years old* was In ejceelXent condition* The frame la of 
oak» as solid as the day it was built* The boards are of pine* 
The nails used were hand raade and in excellent condition* The 
boards are laid up and down instead of the prevailing eustoa* 

Isaac Hobart built the first tunnel In this coimtry in 
1745* It was fifteen rods long with deep outs at the entraiMe 
and outlet* S^bae points were twnety feet deep H^oia the groioid* 
It was walled on the sides and covered over at tdste top with 
large flat stones* The width at the bottoa was five feot» at 
the top fovap feet* The height was fr<M3 five to six feet* A 
canal one mile long conveying water to this tunnel was dug aal 
by asans of It two stroaeu imlted In South Ablngton to enlarge 
the lalll privileges* 



Tho Hobart Hoiiaes <Coiit«) 

A0 an ind«Mi«aftnt the iaihabitants agveod to allow hla to 
take three quarts of oom ea toll for grinding a busltel instead 
of two as provided by law* 

Besides the union of two streoEaa* isiportant results were 
extensiye works for taaking taokSf brada« shoe nails and laany 
other useful artioles* 

It was a great undertaking and for a fariaer vA th limited 
means* shows great energy and perseveranoe* 

Xaaao Hobart and his brother Thoiaas oanie froa Abington* 
Thoaas lived 4uat across the rive only a short walk frota Isaac *s« 
His houao was situated on the old iroad* ?his road used to 
start just opposite Beauregard's log aill* run along the top 
of the hill» eross the river and eoat out at the oomer of the 
Bridgewater road* 

A sunken place in the groui^ •» near the old bridge^ befcHpe 
the ro&d was straightened • ean still be seen «i93iere Uie oellio* 
onoe was located* 

fhoiaaa was a msn of lauoh enterprise and activity ta 
business* Besides his interest in business ventures In Haneim 
and Halif ax» he also bs pt a st<»?o in a building t»»ar his hoiae* 
His old account books give abundant evidence that he kept lew 
England rum for sale aa all other store keepers did in those 
days* The traffic flotiucished^ but there seemed to be little 
drunlcsness* 



Th» Hobart Hougea (Cont*) 

Wkiaap TboMRA Hobart was prasinent In town affairs an d It 
was through his af forts as a neabar of tha Oaaaral Court la 
FeiabroiGs tbat a naw township was f oraaHl froa the Wast Parish 
and naaad Hanson* 



LVfum kbhsa^ mvm 

Lather lt®©ne house was built In 1790 by tot 
Phillips and la at present (i960) th« r»aidersee of %>, Mareas 
Ur ano. 

Onoe tdian Mp, Keen« was ftppro6ehe<! with e request that 
h'3 sell some of hl^ Isodj ha asked why it was wanted. The 
r^ply vea that a s>allroed was haing ooQteB^lat«d end aome of 
his laod would b9 needed for the right of way. Ha theD asked 
why they wanted to build a railroad. "oo that large quanti* 
ties of produce and tlaher ean be hauled" wae the reply. "I 
have a big oart and a good yoke of oxen", he said, ''and I can 
do all the bawling around here that needs to be dOQe.** 

In 1846 when the Old Colony Railroad Gotspany wa® laying 
rails throu^ Hanaoo to Plymoutht T^. sCeeoe drew dtoises and 
sold csany eorda of wood to the oompany ae wood was burned by 
the engines to make steaia. 

Mr. KeeoQ and J^lvanas iS^yerson ©ullt the feno® from Halifax 
to South J^bington (now Whltstao) s dlstanoe of seven miles. 



%l. 



Tm. 0U> COBB HOI^ { 16Q3) 

TJbdfi iumae vas built for Cornelias GoToib, film otnly 
"stortt k«ep«r'' in tkis scotioo for manj years* 

Bis first voBture vas Id the buildlDg in which W&ltsr 
Cbass oaod lived* Lster he erected a store acMir his home* 
fhis store was later eonverted into a dwelliog and oeeapied 
by JdbD 'Soates, 

When Hr. Cobb went to fioston to purchase goods^ It i@ 
said that ha and his son* Theodore* walked to Einghast and 
boarded the boat for Boston, went to the olty and returned 
the sajne way* 

When the goods were to be brought to Hanson, John 
Villett would drive an ox tean over the road to Boston and 
return with the purchases* These always included a hogshead 
of molasses, a barrel of New England rum, a large box of 
brown sugar and other Vest India goods* 



BftBAK OSBGI?^ FLAGS » I8l6 

Oeopge (teboroe was a blaclaimlth \^e worked lo 
Cohasset. There he met Polly Brlggs, raarrled her, cams to 
B&naoti ead aade his htMRs here, 

Oeorge and his •even sons served their country in the 
war of the HevolutloD tfeaa obtaining a remarkable war 
record, 

'She son. Berate, built his home on Elra Street in 
1816. It is still standing and known to as as the John Ibbit< 
SOD house. 

Upon the opening of the Old Colony Railroad In l8i|S, 
a second post office was granted for the town of Hanson. 
This Post Office was located in the South Sanson Railroad 
Station with Barak Osborne as postnm^ster. 



Xhe Sb»n©a@i» B. Kaeno houas was built In 1821. An 
oldsr house stood on this sit©, a llttl© to the wsst, where 
Walter Oslder used to have his first store. This Is wher© 
Alexander ooper onoe lived and vas known as the *'3oper place". 

During the laat of Mr. ioper'a life he feared that he 
might lose his money add hid It in the stone walls of his farm. 
Those who owned the farm after him have often plowed up oolns In 
the opposite field where the house of the late John Foster now 
stands. 

The late Herbert Keeoe, photographer, onoe lived In the 
present house. 

Concealed In a secret closet In this old 3outh Hanson 
home waa found a black congress boot with a patch on the right 
sole near the big toe and stained with blaok clay which, when 
fitted Into the footprints left by the fleeing killer, clinched 
the murder case egftlnst William aturt event (Pebraary iBTk) In 
the "Halifax Murder Case". 

Ee murdered hla two great uncles; vilmeon In bed, Thomas In 
a back shed, and their housekeeper, Mary Buckley, as she fled 
on a mercy errand. 

Captain Kid, the red and green parrot in a brass cage, saw 
Thomas' murder and screamed "Help", 



i^en&'st&T 3, gaepe Hottsa ( Coot « ) 

Trial opened Jun® 22, 187I4, and lasted five days. 
Start«vaBt was hCtng«d May Z, l67S In Plym»uth. 

This houue is aow (I960) OGeupiaS by Alice's Beauty 3hop, 
zero High otreet. 



Fop 7e«ra this hoiase vas the him& of i)eftooii Tbcmas 
Si3it]^ Captain Joaeph Toxrey Sodded thla pr9|»6rty to Poaoon 
Smith in 1829. 

Jost «^«n It was built Is not kno«na* but l^rs* Barslllal 
Ptillorj laothei* of L^joluyas Fuller, told tfee E0I2933 family felmt 
after the frsis» of the hotuie was paiaedy there oaise a terrific 
gale and blew it down* 

Aoeording to Benjaisln Hobart»s "Hlatory of Ablngton** 

there were two hurrieanea within a few jeoru of eaeh other* 

oim Gfisie in 16(% and one in ldl5» so perhaps the house im» 
built i^natltae between tiKwe dates* 

The house is eapty now (i960) but o^mod by aeorge Mullen 
West ii'aihitsgton Street* 



The BBRian fhosas pla.ce wslb & tjpieel old Hew Eoglaod 
fftp« bouse built in 1837«8. 

%>• Thoaea had an adopted daushter tiho inherited the 
property at his death, bixt the will stipulated that the 
house was never to be torn dwaa* 

deorge Bsal narried the Thooms daui^ter and looked 
after the property for her, renting it to Deborah Evans. 
Later it was given to his daughter May, who married Walter 
Baoon. 

ifay wanted a iaodern house but not being able to tear 
the old house down aha decided to build it "up"« i.lliot 
Wade was the o&rpecter who in 190? aade the two*and-a« 
half story house in which I>r. BET'iil now lives, from the 
tiny cape ood cottage of Heman Ihcuaas. 

fhe original "el" was sKSVed onto Union £>treet for a 
residenee and the windaill was moved onto Fred Snow's land* 



This houae wes built la l6l|7 by C«l«b Barker for 
IiUthar Holm«s for whom loXflMS ^ra«t va.9 Oftmftd. On the IS30 
map Bolracia 4%r«et 1« ahowo as School Street. The house was 
situated where the bungalow of 3t<nrart White now (I960) stands, 

itp. Holmes oame from Doroheater to work In the old "Tunk" 
forge. He nade a private oontract with the owners to work for 
$1.25 per day. The eontraet was to be kept seoret for $X*2$ 
was ooosldered big wages In those days. 

The house waa totally destroyed by fire Kovember 20, 1912. 
Help was slow In arriving. It was lo dry season so that the well 
was pumped dry In two nlnutes. With no water service the bulld* 
ing was doomed. The frame whloh was of oak was slow burning, 
as if the stout timbers defied even the flaraes. 

The barn on the opposite side of the street did not burn. 
It was dismantled by Gorman MaoKensle and the lumber was used 
lo Walter Gaidar's seoond store on ifaln i^treet (X921) opposite 
the Arthur cjaa^son plaee. 



m^msL 



The old lious« at "caM|«ui*8 Coxm«v" on the oornar of Bast 
Washington Straat and tha weaterlj 3 Ida of Ifaw St^ta Stx>eat la 
gapebmhlf of ps^i-rovolutionacpy origin* 

It was a Haasdell house «3iich passed to tha chai»Bana afetaa 
Hilda RttSBdall aarried Luther rhft|»imn* Xt waa In this housa 
that Suonar Allan ChapoHta vaa bom In ld7lf* 

aa attfliidad tha Banaon public sohoolSj* and aftar graduating 

tVQf& Wllllaas College* tau^t at Pwnbroko High Sehool* lAtop 
ha entared the of flea of Judga Chavli a O* Bdson In vshltsuuci to 

study laVf 

Soon after balng admitted to tha baa* In 1902 he opened a 
law office In Roolclaad and Plymouth. He won fasie in tha legal 
field whan ha was appointed by the Si^erlor Court to defend 
^il Saari of Carver« aeousad of killing Carl Halien and 
aoqulttad hlia* 

sir* Chapisan WaS ®Iect@d x^presentatlva to t3am (^tmvsSL 
Court frora the district eoiapoaad of Hanaon* Sanover and Hoclelaiid* 
Ha was aada a Bagiatrar of Probata Court* Ootober 1906* 

7!^ house on the easterly aide of Ifaw State Street at tha 
earner of East Washington Street* which later beoaige Dwallay 
Street waa built by Luther w« Qhaprnm, not long after 16?4ff and 
used thereafter for residsnea by tha Chafnans* 

The Ghap^iana ware quite Interested in O^land Hall and war* 
nu^Mrs of tha grov^ «hioh erected and amintained It* 



THE FERDllkW BOURHS HOUSE 

The Ferdinand Bourne house on Washington Sts^oet once stood 
on th© corner next to th& iiome of Harold Ghttpchill, It was 
built by Theodore Gcbb, Jeremiah Soper, and John Tolman for a 
shoe raaniafactory. The venture did not prove auccessful and the 
building was converted into a dwelling house, 

A Dr. Bowdoin lived in it and kept a post office in the 
front entry, Dr, Bowdoin did not remain long In town. The 
story is told that his naiae was originally "Towle" and he 
changed it to Bowdoin, then In order to obtain soBie property 
ho had it changed to Towle again. 

Dr. Bowdoln was fond of science and research In different 
lines. During his stay here, a society was organized and 
soBie chemical apparatiis purchased. After Dr, Bowdoln left 
town the society disbanded and the apparatus was sold for 
twelve dollars and the araotmt placed in the Plyraouth Savings 
Bank by Rev, Freeman lowland, the treasurer. 

At the tliae of Mr, Howland»s death It had anoimted to 
one hundred dollars and it was his expressed wish that this 
money be turned over to the Hanson Library Association for the 
purchase of books. The administrator of Mr, Rowland's estate 
did that, la return the Library Association mad© all the 
living aembers of the old society and their wives honorary 
members of the Association, 









■u i'i bmi *i2 



The Ferdinand Bourne Eous© (Cont.) 

Til© house finally came into th© possession of Philemon 
Perkins said he moved it to its present location on /.est 
V/ashlngton Street. The latest owner - 19S9 - was Harry 
Holbrook. 



FRAM BOURNE HOUSE 

The Prank Bourne place on V^ashington Street which 
Joseph B. White almost entirely rebuilt years ago was a very 
old place, P'rancis Bourne, father of the late Frank Bourne, 
bought it of Captain Nathaniel Collamore. 

Captain Collamore had a store near his house, and was the 
first postmaster in Hanson. 

Mr. Bourne thought the place raust have been nearly two 
hundred years old when it was rebuilt. It had many signs of 
antiquity about it. One was, that it was not boarded over as 
buildings usually are, but heavy wide oak tirabera were placed 
in an upright position and tenoned into the sills. 

Next to this house were the vats where the elder Joseph 
White used to have a tannery. 

Mr. Fred Murray, Washington Street occupies the house 
now (1960). 



EPHKIAH COX EQPSE 

This w&s the fli^st house built on Spring street* Bphriam 
Cox %sB.B thtt father of Epbrlamt Jr«» k'llllaiii azid others* le 
was the imil oarrier* taking the mail frois the Hanson post 
office to Hanover Four Corners to meat the stage four da;^s 
in the week and to Bridgev^ater the other two da^s* 

Obarles Thrasher lived in this house* Hoy Turner is 
the present (196C) OGOupant» - 2If8 Spring street* 



WILLIAM COX HQPSE (SPBim STRlBg ) 

The William Cox House was b^lt by Robert Thomaa, 
Mia«©B B&ehel and Anne Ctashlng wex^ onoe owners and duric^ 
their life tliae it was called "Aunt Rachel and kvmt Anne's 
house". 

Their niece j Misa F^achel Thosias, before her carriage 
to Mathaniel Gushing kept a private kindergarten in one 
of the chainbers, 

Samuel T. Bourne was a pupil at thia sohool* 



Qa the alu»r«8 of Poor ^adow x>iv«v joining tii« Jos^fib 
Vhlt« estate lies tbm eoOeeXledi Hoorland fans* This was 
fejRserljf oezied bjf Thenas GolXatztore arid he built the house lAileh 
vas destroyed l»y fire* 

ta 1626 BoTereoid Freeaan P« Howland was ealled to settle 
In the alalstry In Hanson* His first wife died in 1326 and he 
oarrled Deborah Swain* M» seeond wife a graad^odaughter of 
Thoowks Collanore* 

Mr* Howland continued as pastor of the ehtoMsh for eight 
years 9 then his health failed and he gave up his pastoral 
relations* He sioved to Ablngton lahere he engaged In bu9lnesa« 
bnt the old hos^stead eontlnued to renaln in the faally until 
It buamed* The lowland fazaily has rm'v&r lost Its Interest In 
the Churoh and the people In Hanson* 

Itr* Ghar]^ s Oertal lives (i960) on ^le Howland foiatdatlon* 
The tipper part of the house was a building noved to the site 
twm Qomntj Road* 



THE B^ arONE FARM 

This unique house vith It 3 gambrel roof and pinkish atone 
exterior walls facing on brick is located on Main ^reet*s 
northerly aide, east of Heed Street, and is the Essternmost 
duelling on the Former Benjamin Hanks farm. 

It is the oldest house standing on that historic location 
and closest to the exact spot as described in 1912 edition of 
the Bryantville News by Mercer V. Tillson as, "Just South of 
the apple tree which has grown from the sturap of a former 
one". The ancient apple tree still standing just north of this 
stone house is, very likely, the very one he described. 

We do not know who actually built the house, but the first 
known to have lived in it is the seme Jonathan Reed Gurney 
mentioned in the Bryantville News by Alfred 0, Heed who wrote 
the history of the Baptist Chnroh. 

Mr, ^irney, a resident of South Abington (novj East Whitman) 
became interested in the work of the South Hanson Baptist 
Church, five miles away. 

Each Sunday he drove from his home io attend the meet! ngs 
and give encouragement to the people here, often bringing a 
carriage load of friends. At length he moved, to the Ivy 
Stone Farm to be more closely in touch with the church work. 

Mr, Surney was not only deacon of the South Hanson 
Baptist Church, but was interested in the Baptist movement 
as early as l8ll^, a time when there were only eleven churches 



The Ivy Sfcone Farm (Corit.) 

In the county. 

The following story la & family tradition told by Emroa P. 
0urney Look - hia granddaughter. 

"Jonathan Gurney was placed In a tomb in Mt. Zlon Ceme- 
tery, Whitman, after his death. Some time later, when 
preparing to inter his remains, the heavy weight of the 
casket seemed strange and upon investigation his body was 
found to have turned to stone. Therefore, instead of bury- 
ing him, he was left in the tomb where he remains to this day," 
In later years, a Mr. Stepehn Collins lived in this old Stone 
House. Ho drove the only barrel wagon in the town - a 
wagon owned by Gilbert Brewster. 



GAX? JiQFm HOUSE: Si'RIMG S*i?REE1? 

Captain i!lath«Ri9i boper» an unci* of Gad i>op&r, was brothap 
trO Isaac who built tha Praw House* l^han planning a house for 
MawaXT declared he Mould build a bigger ax^ better hoiase 
than his brother built* He arranged to make it a Toot larger 
eaeh way and to finish it in a more elaborate manner* 

The carpenter »ho built this house vent into the %foods« 
cut down the trees » hauled out the luioker and did the carpenter 
work for f6o*00» 

Captain ^oper had no children and he willed the use of 
his property to his nephew dad di«ring his lifetijnte for the oars 
of him an6. his wife* 

aad Soper kept a tavern in the house* There were foraierly 
two large balm of gilead trees in front of his house* and fr^n 
one of these trees the old tiaie sign swung creaking to and fro* 

A stnall room on the south side was used as a tap room and 
office* An outside door opening into the yard made it easy 
of access* A closet still remains in the room where « no doubt > 
a(m@ of the liquor was kept* 

The large airy roovm ha<7© been the scene of laany good times 
In years gone by and this was a favorite place for the young 
people to gather for "Kitchen fepr»e»"* 

?^a* Mary Garter is the present (1960) occupant of this 
house - 117 Spring Street* 



OTHBR OLD HOUSES m HAMSOH 

At the oorner of Whitman and Winter Streets In the 
"Swamp" Is an old house. How old It Is no one remembers. The 
Bowkers or Bukers as they were called In the early days of the 
West Parish, owned It, Irs, Thomas Macomber was born here, 
living to be nearly one hundred years old. She died In I883, 

On Brook Street is a garabrel roofed house, well preserved, 
and formerly occupied by the late Horace Stevens, It Is 
thought that this may have been built for a boarding house In the 
palmy days of the tack business when it was carried on success- 
fully at the near-by privilege on the Indian Head River, 

On Winter Street a house is seen in which lived Rev, 
Bphraim Hapgood, a former pastor of the South Hanson Baptist 
Church, It was built by Isaac Beals and bought by Thomas 
Macomber of Marshf ield. He manufactured wooden tubs and buckets 
by hand, 

Mr, Macomber was a strong anti-slavery man and many prominent 
abolitionists were entertained here at different times. Among 
them were George Thompson, an English reformer and philan- 
thropist, and William Wells Brown, the escaped slave who lectured 
for the cause. 

The Robert Perry place in the same neighborhood, now owned 
by Mr, Edward Wena, was built by Henry Perry, great grandfather 
of Robert Perry, 



pther Old Houaes In Hanaoa (Cont*) 

eroaai23g a bridge over th^ laaian Hoad Hiirer and rollewlng 
a lane ^loh leads froia winter street to Ite end* is the 
Hath&nlel Fratt place* It was built by ^asekiel Bonnej^ great* 
great grai^^ether of otia L» Bonney about 1759* Hia son <7oae|di 
eane into jpoaaeation of the place and his ami Eaektel (gran^oa 
of the first Ezelelel) was born here. At thirteen yeara of age 
he «raa f ifer at Dor^eater Heights at the tiae the Britl^ 
evaottated Boston in IT?^* 

Zt wae this Baekiel vdno built the house on Botm&f Hill la 
1795* mm04. ^Hill Crest** non occupied by Robert iValkey* 

At the 7o«n Eall corner oppealte Daise'e Waiting Rooii «• hew 
Walkay*a Stc^e • stands an old house ixxunm as the Elijah Haiaadell 
house* It was built by Charles Hevlandt a carpenter and brother 
of Rev* Freesian liovland* 

The Carr houae on Liberty Street was built for 'Sohn Totmm* 
Be lived @iere for a time and then !»>ved to Morth Bridgewater 
« now Brockton • where his sons and grandsons beoame prc»Blnent 
in business* 

A Heir* Mr* Wales onoe resided wb^re Harold Ohurohlll now 

lives at the comer of Spring and Washington Streets* 

Hr* Wales did not find t!^ ministry esfiecially renunera* 
tive so hs took up cabinet jmklng* After Ms death his videw 
married Martin Beals v^o eontlnued eabinet work* 



other Old Housqs in Hanson (Cont, ) 

This house was laoved from Bonney Hill to Its present 
location for a widow Taylor who occupied it until her death. 



OLD HOUSES 




Luther Holmes Place - Built 1847 
For whom Holmes St. was named 




// 



Old John Keene Homestead 
(High St.) 




OLD HOUSES 




The Old Cobb House 
Juilt In 1803 - (Wesf Washington St.) 




Elijah Gushing House Built 1724 ( Corner of Washington and Liberty Sts. ) 
Gen. Benj. Lincoln, of Revolutionary War fame married one of Elijah Gushing 's daughters in .'his house 



OLD HOUSES 



II II 11 



i; jrn 




I :ii 



■iii^i 




The Magoun Homestead, originally built 

for a shoe shop at the corner of County Rd. and W. Washington Sts. 

Later moved to its present location on (W. Washington St. ) 




Zaimond Briggs Homestead 
(Pleasant St.) 



OLD HOUSES 




Gad Soper House 
Soper's Tavern (Spring St.) 




Ebenezer B. Keene House 
Built ]821 (O High St.) 



OLD HOUSES 



x:-^ 



p^^ 




Chapman's House - Chapman Corner 
pre-revolutionary origin (Corner of State and E. Washington Sts.) 




Naham Stetson place - (King St. near Hanover line) Built late I600's 

The 3 Buttonwood Trees in front were set out the day 

of the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775 



OLD HOUSES 




Caleb Barker Estate 
Now the Pine Tree Rest Home (Whitman St.) 




Sunny Side Cottage of the Gordon Rest Home 

formerly Almshouse and now a private residence 
(Indian Head St.) 



TEE SCHOOL SYSTEM 



^Sie School System end fehe iMrlii feaohera 

Early School Lavs 

First School in Fcnbroke and H&nsona 

First School Site in fi&aaoa 

Old School Houses in Hanson «nd What Has 
Become of Then 

Early District Schools 

Education in the District Schools 

The Graded Systeai in Hanaon 

Private Schools and Aoadeniiea 

Consnittee Problems 

First and Last Whitman High School Graduation 

Hanaon School Committees and Superintendents 

Highlights of Earlier Years 

Early Teachers 

PljBJoufeh County Teachers* Association 

He8!©8 end Ages of All Persons in the Town of 
Hanaon between 5 »n3 15# J'tay 1# 1875 to 
January 29, 1376 

Heferenoe Material 



EABLJT SCHOOL LAWS 

Ki© colony of Maasachuaetfea Bay, tho» younger than that afe 
Plymouth wes the first to m&ke pablio provision for edueation* 
Pi a early ©s 1635 th« town of Boston "that oar brother Philesson 
Porffiont be urged to become sohoolmaster for the teaching 
and iastruoting of children among us." Thus was the first 
school provided, Uio* neither universal nor fr«9, 

The next step was in 16^2, when the Bay colony passed a 
law declaring it the duty of town authorities under penalty 
of 20 shillings to see that every child within their Juris- 
diction should "be tau^t to read the English language and 
know the capital lews." !Qii8 law made universal education 
compulsory, but did not make it free, nor compulsory on the 
towns to maintain schools. TixB town fathers must see only^hat 
children receive instruction, either at home or from a teacher. 

Five years later (16U7} the same colony passed a law which 
is the foundation of our system of universal free education* 

It made compulsory on every town of 50 householders the 
maintenance of a free public school, and the appointment of a 
teacher for "all such children as shall resort to him to write 
and read," 

If the towns contained 100 householders it should also 
maintain a "gremiflar (Latin) school" to instruct youth so far 
as they may be fitted for the university. 



Sarly Sehool Laws (Coat.) 

The ^atKiutr aehool was generally evaded, bat the Sngllsh 
sehool was asoally provided, located In the center of the town, 
often In the taeetlng hoose or In a room hired for that purpose. 

Plymouth oolonj, less weelthy than Its nel^bor, sade no 
public provision for schools until 1670, tho* schools existed 
earlier. 

In 1670 a free school supported by the profits from the 
Cape Cod fisheries was established at Plymouth and seven years 
later (1677) the General Court authorized towns of 50 fasilles 
to support a aohool by taxation and fined those of 70 faaiilies 
which maintained no school, dividing the fines and profits 
from the fisheries atsong those which did. 

Zn 1691 Plymouth Colony was united to tUxe Bay Colony, and 
after th«t the letter's school lews applied equally to the towns 
of the old colony* Despite these laws there was little school 
progress before 1700, 

Towns in soec instances failed to n»lntaln a sehool and the 
finea for negleot were gradually Increased. Yet it was socoethlng 
that aohools had continued to exist during religious debates 
iidiloh broke up oosiffltinitiea aod drove non-seaibers of the Church 
of England into the wlldarness of Connecticut and New EaiBpshire; 
through the terrors of King Philip's War and its constant 
feet of massacre; through the witchcraft delusion and war with 
the French in Canada. 



Early School Laws (Confc.) 

Pear of Indian Invsalons no longer held th® setfelsfs cloa® 
together fop safety, Otttlylng parts of the townahlps M©r« 
settled* and there was some degr®» of comfort and prosperity. 
fh« single aohool, ia the eenter of the town, no longer waa 
needed; the oatoide sections demanded better aoooBJiaodatlona, 
So we find the town school "travelling" or "moving" for part 
of th© year to each *' angle" or " squadron," as the different 
parts of tha town were called. 



llils naturally led to the next step (about 1750), - 
division of the town into "Diatrlcts," ss the "squedrona" Are 
now called, eaeh distriot drawing Its share of the school money 
to spend as it pleased. 

It was not until 1789 that this practice was allowed by 
law, but from the first the district took independent control 
of the sehoois, Ihey decided the length of summer and winter 
schools, instructed their agent ia the selection of teachers, 
decided their pay, auctioned off their board to the lowest 
bidder, provided fuel and snsde repairs. Thus ttxe single to»n 
school ended and the era of Independent district schools began. 

The distriot school systess was democracy carried to extremes. 
Then, as now, the town wpg the political unit, in which all 
were egual and entitled to equal advantages, but the district 
system produced one cjuallty by giving more to populous, wealthy 
sections which others were denied. It was not democracy to all. 



PlBSf SCHOOL lis PEMBROIIE AHD HASTSOH 

In tb® Duxbary records no rsenfeion la nisd® of a sehool tehsfc 
v&B in that feerpifeory which beoatae Parabroko (1712). 

P«Bibroke tailed to maintain a sohool for two years after 
its Inoorporatlon. Deoenbor 13» 171U Joseph Pord was chosen 
"to aaawer their prase ntraent for want of a aohool" st the next 
General Court to explain the town's failure to maintain the 
prescribed schools, and win the remission of fines. Mr. Pord 
was auooessfol, for the General Court was only too lenient, and 
the town, on the same date, had mended its ways by voting "to 
keep a sohool as the lav directs, to provide e schoolcssster and 
to a^ee with him and find a place to keep it in until our 
annual aeeting in March. " 

T!h9 authorised sohool was ^ept by Ensign Francis Barker, 
for those services the town voted seven pounds, ten shillings. 
This appears to be the first sohool in what is now Pembroke and 
Hanson, doubtless located near the treating house in Center 
Pembroke. 

March 21, 1715 "Ye town voated ye selectmen shoula agree 
with an provide a scolmaster and @ sohollhouse to keep sooll in 
for ye year insuing." A school room was found, but not a 
sohoolBieater, so Rebecca Turner became the first schoolmistress 

^f a PeBibrok© sohool, 

TkiQ following October 1715 the town voted to build 
three school houses, - one near the meeting house} one in 



Fipat School In Pembroke and Hanson (Coot,) 

JPembpokoj and on© in t^at la nov Sanson. 

This WR8 the first division of the town into "engles" or 
"squadrons." 'i^e school then began its travels, for in January 
1716 It was voted, "that the sehool be kept the half of the 
year in the ralddle of the town by thy Dieetinij hous© annually 
in the soheol hoase.'* 

Sorth Peaibrok© and Hanson were not sitisfied with oruMbsj 
they demanded an ©eiuel share with the ©enter of the town. 

In Haroh 1717 It was voted to keep three aehoola, one at 
the east, one in the mlddlef and one in Hanson. Twenty-four 
pounds was raised (fl20) to be equally divided between them, 
provided they kept "school master, sohoolmio tresses or school 
daeies satisfactory to the seleotwen" ^o at that ti&i© acted as 
sohool oorm»ittee. 

It aeema this arrangement was not suitable for the selee"* 
tion of Ihoaafi Parris in 1721^ as sehoolnmater for the ooming 
year ©t b salary of thirty pounds siarks the return to the single 
town eohool, tho» probably a "moving: school". 

In 173U i* was still a moving aehool. The town voted it 
"should be kept In three parts of the town, in the middle, and 
st ®aeh end, end every part to find their own sehool house and 
have the school" for a time "proportionate" to the number of 
families and lived nearest to eaoh sehool house. 



First School In P«mbrok« «tsd H«nsoa (Coat.) 

As late 6s 1753 school hoas«s lied oot been built end 
education was Turulsiifid by feh« single "moving school". 

In October 1753 a eoeuftilfetee waa, appointed to Rgre® on sites 
fop roar school housoa, They reeownen^ed one in Horth Pembroke, 
one In East Pernbroka, and one in the c@nt®r of the tovm. For 
the foart in Hanson they were iindeoided and sosgest^d that houses 
be bailt in tvo plaoea, t^e same to be kept alternate years in 
eaoh. It aeecns aafe to say that our forefathers did not aano'- 
tlOB building sohoolhouses to remain idle nearly two yeajp's at 
a time. 



FIRST SOHOOI. SITS IH B/lHSdH 

Septeisber 9, 175l( ^« first school site In Hanson tms 
established, altho* until 1820 this was all one town of Psrabroke- 
"It VAa voted that the school should be kept in two places, one, 
near the country road near Mr. Hitohcock's and the other near 
Faxon* a fence between him and Biabee." Th&n the vote was 
called metiier they would build one school-house or more and it 
passed in the negative, then it was voted that the school house 
should be built by aabsorlptlon. 1!he one built near Mr. Hitch* 
cook*s was used more than ]^0 years as records dated 1795 show 
that Dr. Hitchcock bought t^e old achool»house, 

&e sit© or the second school-hooae was on the Bridgeweter 
road opposite 'v/a&rm Hanson Crange now is •• a little to the west* 



Pii*st School Site In Hanoon (Confe.) 

"Siese fevo aohooi-iiouses served the.tr purpose for Riany 
years. Iher© is nothlne on tfeu recordo to ahow ttoerc trere a^ 
others tiittll cftor 1820 viten West ?erlsh becfts^ Banson. 

QW SCHOOL-HOUSES 2H HAHSOH AHD WJffilT IAS BECOMS Of* fISM 

A school house ased ontil iSlvO vsis located on the lot iidiere 
ths present WaflhingtoQ Street Sohool ifi» Mr» Jos&ph White and 
Mr* Lot Barker attended t^ls sohool* It was sold and moved to 
laod belonging to I>ot Barker ukkor® it was onde Into a dt^'^lling* 
The next school bulldins vas built on this ait« about 1%7 and 
coQtiaued as auch uatil 1923 >*i€R by vote of %he> town it was 
decided to build a n&a brich: sohool hoos®, Ihe old tfood^n 
building was sold at ptiblie auotion oa July 5# 1921^ to Almlra 
Ledouflcour for :t23S^» Mrs* Ladouaeoio' raoved the building to 
Charles Street, vnbiitiaati and converted it into a dwelling* 

Another old aohooi-hoose onoe stood on a aite now oooi^qplod 
by Hr* Lloyd Haanaoad and family near 3outh Hanaon depot and 
opposite what was once Wae^atuck Hall (now owned and used as 
Kasonic Lod^i rooms hf ^asapatack Lodge of Maoons A* F* and A, 
M, } Ihis school house was equipped with a fireplace that 
would take five-foot wood* Uia let© Mr. Ceors® Howland onoe 
attended ^Is school* It burned in I3i|6» 

•^0 "Botirnetown^ aehool originally built at the corner 
of South and Haaaant Streets was moved in i860 to the spat 



%^ioi*# &i«iig« Hell nmt ntmfsS^u ftod t»#fis6itt*^ ^i^ro aatil 13@0 i<^eei 
it was sold to t&e Xat« ^. t4wia ?« Slftrk for f^S* Xt ims 
ci£9Vttd D«e«8^®r 3iy lS@i to th« spot it oov eeei^ies, nsar 
B* T« aift9Pk*s 8tor« ftud osttd as it store house* 

In 1381 Edimrd P«adltttoa boilt m 3oath Grse^mr school house 
Oft this sits at tho expaass or tl2l^S«06 a»d whieh la 190? was 
sioved to t^e Ba«d Strast lot donatad by t^ Hanson Hfg* Co* 
« to baeocao fi^lmarj' So* 7« 

Ifi 1907 th« town roted to balld a two-roon sehool building 
ofi the South Qrtmmx- lot idiioh was read^ for usa Saptae^ar 12, 
I90S. 

Atiothar old tina school hoosa onee stood at tha foot of 
B^may Hill and vaa sitttatad about opposita t^ raaidenea of what 
was ortoa Mori»Ra HsoSIaasia^s* lis lata Albert 3. Bark<or» Otis 
L* Boeney and Lot ilhillips all attandad this school bafora 
1S60« In I367ii tha yaar ti»i sehools wars graded* t^is sehool 
building was £H»vad to a loaation on Washington Straat naar 
fhomaa Hall* 

An old ttnm sehool housa that itras standing in IS30 on uhat 
is now aallad Whlttmn Straat was loeatad just balov Willatt*s 
Hill* %is building was sold in 1@53 by tha to«m to Br* %OBias 
Pratt and aovad to tha Baieh Mil road and isaada Into a dwelling 
for U» usa of Jaaob D* Pratt. After tha building was i^vad* 
a naw sehool houaa w&n built on this same sita (ISd?)* Xt im» 



Old Sohool H0a8es la H&Qsoti Aod Wlmt Has B<»oo{n® of 'Bxem 

tised oatil 1923 y^ea oq Jul^ 5» I92k i^ v«^a sold et FabXlc 
Aootion to Kettle L. Keene for flOSO mnd taade Into a dwelling. 

Oq Bolraas Street* foraierly called Sehool Street^ there was 
a sehool from 1850 to 1367* It was fomerly oa laad owned bf 
Samuel Briggs bat csoved aeroea the wall to land owned bjr 
Lather Holmes* Joseph White attended this sehool and one day 
for aoBie infraotlon of the rules hie teaoher Hias Judith Cook 
sent hica home with his hands tied back of hira. Ify grandmother* 
Eloiedana liifhite and ogr great, aunt Sara J. Bryant taught in this 
sohool. 

A aohool taught by Aurora V^iltten was located on Washington 
Street, the exaot location of v^ioh I do not know. It was dis* 
eontinoed in 18^0 and laoved to the house foreierly oooupied by 
Mrs. Hannah Bates at ^txe corner of llhitsian and Beaoh Streets • 
attaohed to the house as a woodshed. 

Primary Sehool Ho. 1 on Washington Street was built in 
1671 • It was disoontinued as a school in 1922 end sold at 
auction on July $, 1921* to Edgar C» Saith for #650. !lhls build- 
ing was built by Benjamin W. Josaelya. 

Ihere had been a sehool house on State Street pre^e^ious to 
the ereetlon of Ko. I pritaery. In I87I it was sold to Melzer 
Sprague* house, land, and underpinning for C93«93. 

A prinaary school house was built on 11m Street in iSlj^ and 
stood about 200 feet south of the Xsaae CharaberlalQ place. 



Old Soixool Houses in EanaoQ aad VhAt Ecis Beaome of !Eh«a 

fhis section was desigaated as District Ko« 1^ prior to 1367 
idien the district systec! vas doae airaj with and the schools were 
Qumbered. 

At this tisie the school %#&s moved onto Main Street where 
the Uaason Lawn .^iover Shop is located. Kertoa Howard attended 
this school, as did Irving Bryant* In 1939 it was saved to 
near Ifain and JFldasant Street corner, close to the L. Z. 
Iskotoas brick school house. 

EARLT DISTRICT SCHOOLS 

Ihe early district schools were about the saoe type as 
those ell over the state. They were snail fraae buildings with 
a siull entrance porch \&ere was stored the winter's fuel of 
oak and pine. At the north end of the schoolroom was the fire- 
place, a closet and the teacher's table. Across the south 
end, with an aisle in the middle, were two rows of desks, 
facing the firplace, the rear row on a slightly raised platfors 
above the floor. Each of the four desks had seats for three 
scholars. On either side of the rooa at right angles to those 
above mentioned was a longer desk with e seat against the wall 
eaeh seating perhaps six pupiis. The desk room wa furnished 
for 2I4 scholars. %e ssAller children sat on a low seat built 
in front of the two lon^ desks, crowded together &s the atten* 
daaee oi^t require, with no desk or place to keep their books. 



EftpXi* Dlstriot! Schools (Oonfc#) 

Until lBk3 feli-Q talMltr of %h6 room was empty. 1®p© feh® 
classes i»©sift«d, feo^lng th* e!P«cks in the flooring for a 
mark to line ap by. Pour aciBll windows of 7" x 9" gl©ss, on® 
In ©aeh side and one in the south end fttpnlahed li^t. Ventlla- 
vas proTlded by the flpeplaoe and broken windows, Bie oeiling 
and walls were boarded* minus paint, but stained by time as wea 
the outside* 

Bie early district schools were not boil*; for h®tlth, com- 
fort or ornaiaentis, but on the idea that anything was good «nou||a 
yet they were not without decoration, for ^len the carpenter's 
work was done, the boy*s work began, carving Tarious designs 
that displayed the result of a fertile brvin. 

In lffl|3 the fireplaoe was replaced with a stove in the 
toiddle of the rooitt. "Sub old fireplaoe waa briolted up, the t^ole 
front of the chiraney boarded and made into a blaclsboard. 

Hanson had l?lve district schools - on© in the Cushlng 
district, one in the Loudon district, one in Parson Baratow's 
district, one in Bquire Barker's diatriot, one on Cox Street. 
As the population Inoroaaed, the districts were divided until 
there were nine, '2hQ distribution of scholars May 1359 it as 

follows! District 1 66 pupils 

District 2 hj pupils 

District 3 31 pupils 

District k 21 papils 

District 3' 17 pupils 

Diatrlet 6 Ik pt^?ils 

Die trio t 7 3 pupils 

Diatrlet 3 30 pupils 

District 9 30 pupils 



Eiirly district Sehaols (OdKt«} 

Bj X«if» thmre ahonld hm «t leitst six sioRt;h8 srchoQllng 
everjr |r««x» in esoti dlstij^ioliy but noiui of th^m ftveraged six 

Hie ddooiitioa reesivsid iei those old se&ooi hottA«« was 
erad« aod jrati^* Until n«Arijr i^O toe town soliools mbv* •s»»{i« 
tictlli' *^r«adt8g and «a»lting" aoiiooXe sM woi*« ao eaXl«d» 
Sometimsflf e little Arltluavtie %m9 t«a#it» but not until 17$9 
was it reqairod, tog«th«)? «lth s|>«llins «n4 dee«»t 1»«h&viop, 

Bt^ cliildi*«i fir«t st«p« vgx^ taken vi^ that eioat Taissous 

or all eiof'ly t«xt booka^ ^WisM Ka^ England l^is^f^* 

S@glnning Mitsh th<» al|^i®l>«t» lar^ atsl aemll, thepe 
rollo«4(j»d llista ^f wurda for ai^alliug' atarting nitl-i morda of ona 
8ylla*al@ an<l «ndiag wi^ ^"^ &loomisi&tioup joatifleationi.^^ #t0. 
1&3MU £iiXXmi&d aosa noi;^ injimotlona ^¥!Pas^ to ao4»" **l«t® a 
li#»"l thien som<i Bii»l# «ia«t»tiogM and anati^rst a#leetio&a from 
Frovarba, th» Lor«i»8 frayap* th© Apoatle® Cn^mi, W'atta Cradle 
Hf«a» tl^an Ta^ioiia hy^ma and lastly th# l^aatisainatei!* Cateohissi* 

Having im&%(&Fmd '^km px>i»tr« lliii ohild paasi^id on ta tih@ 
IPaalt^r and than to t^ Bibla and Oataohism to uhi&h than ©sliool 
^va sioat as mmU attention a« did tJbta &i).ui*8hoa. 



Sducatlon in the Distjrlet Schools (Csnt.) 

Wlfeh a qitill and hofae sy&de Ink he learned to write reli- 
gions texta on vagre.nt sheets of paper or on a Tok lanased pagea 
of an old blank boolc, 

Tm> fceriaa vere th© ralo, Styt«ner school beginning in Kay 
was tROght by a l«dy« Winter term b^giatsing after Ihanksglvlng 
waa tau^t by a cam, Ltrse boys and young man vho had b«>en at 
work on the farn or elae^are often mad© up a large part of the 
school in winter, 

Teaehera signed no eontraota in those early days. Hand 
written notices of approbation were given to the teacher and 

worded ss foilw^'s: 

Hanson, April 2$, 186S 

151,18 certifies that we, bein^ roc!».su».lntarl %flth the ni«ali- 
fieations of Miss Graee F, Oobb as an Instrtwjtor, do 

herebj approbato her to teaoh th© school Xn District 8, 
the ensuing season. 

Alonao Col ton 
School Co^nittee 

In 1365 a Prudential Committee was chosen for each dlstriot 

to select teachers, and look after tbe moral, physioal and 

intelleotoal interests of the children. 



district #2 Nathaniel Pratt, Jr. 
Plstrlet #3 GrafTtvllle C. Moor© 
District Pk Edward Y. Perry 

Pisti'let #5 Lttoitts Fiiller 
District #7 Friend fef. Sowland 
Distrlef; fS 1", H*" 'C. ©Etrney 
Union district 
1 and 6 jrohn t^llpses (priirjary) 

Benjamin fei-te (higher dept.) 



Qui* 1667 eehool 6omad.tt&e, Levi Z, Ttiom&a, Otis L. 
Bonaey* and Joseph Smith belieireci IJ:i&t tih® titas had eoiae to 
abolish %ho dist^riet system* ^ley fait that i<re had too m&nf 
and too amaXX sohools. tZhsy aoggestod that we establish five 
pri{»ax*7 sQd two grarasaar schools. 

Levi Z, 'Ea.oima gaoted from the 29th report of the Board of 
Edoeation in %^iich Horace Mann said, "I consider the Law of 
1739» authorising towns to divide theisselves into districts* 
the most anfortunate law on the sabjeot of coiaraoa schools 
ever enacted in the State**" 

Oit February 1> 1667 lfip« 'SChosias requested the following 
article inserted in t^e town warrant* '^To act on the question 
•Will the town abolish the school district systeta?* or *Will 
the town abolish the school district system?* or *will they 
district the town anew?*"* 

In 1363 the graded system is in working order in Hanson* 
Scholars in each school are laore nearly of the sane age and 
engaged in t^e saiae sttMies. !£here is more harmony and good 
feeling among tiiem* 

For convenience the several prioaary schools are numbered, 

Hufflber I is in Hew State 

Number XI near the Alms House 

SiiB^er III at Capt« Gurney*s Corner 

Hui^er IV on Seal's Hill, near South Hanson depot 

NuR^er V in Horth Hans on, near Lawrence McGough*® 



1S^ 0ji«aded System in Hanson (Ooal;*} 

fhe Hor^ Qr&mmr was tftu^t by Mlsa WiXldswni ^. B«y<i@a« 
a teaohor of experisnod. fhe aoat^ 0raeia»ar waa taa^t by Mr* 
Edward Hersey, a HopimI School gx^diiate* 

fmrkTE SCHOOL AHD ACADSMISS 

About this time thoso taost intex>ested in eduoatlon extab- 
liahed private aohools and aoadeaiea i^iioh furniahed th« loaans 
for a higher edooation* 

B, 0« fhoRip8on« principal, opened the Brymntville Insti* 
tute in Josselyn's Hall, located on the corner of ITnion and 
Flymoath Street, Bryantiville - now a two-tenement hoiase - 
on SepteR^er 6, 1865* 1!he fall term continued eleven weeks* 
IPttition was |5«00 for Cojaaon English; |5»50 for Hi^^er Kngllah 
and |6*50 for Languages. 

A thorough and comprehensive course of instruction «»s 
offered in English Gratoaiar, Advanced Algebra t Doable Entry 
Boolckeepingt Rhetoric, Surveying and Navigation, geometry aod 
'ftcigonowetry, 

F* A^ Bolraea opened a writing school at Bryant* a Hall, le 
received pupils of all agea and each acQiiired an elegant style 
of %iriting» Hie terma were 16 leaaona of one hour each for 
Si, 00, stationery included. Aa an ineentiv© to iaprovewnt 
a Q-old Pencil was awarded* 



Private School atid ilGadetsies <Cont*) 

In lB$l there was a private school in Elijah Daason's hall, 
!Siis hc^ll i^as a portion of the Defflon hotsestead (where the Clam 
Hut Qov is)* It vas sold to larael Thraaher* raoved to Br|r&nt« 
ville for a raaidenoe and ia now {I960} oeots^^ied bf Arthar 
EXdred^« Th& school vas taught by L. E. Shepard, followed by 
B» F0 V/illard for two years* Ttiia sohool was well patronised. 

In 1679 a sohool was held in the aa»e plaee and taui^t by 
v/illlaca F. Hiohols* It waa not large in nambera» bat veil 

repaid all ^o attended. 

An entry in a diary written by Otis t<« Bonney February 2, 

1863 states that he vent to writing sohool in the sohoolhonae* 
ViT* Su^boe tau^t the olass of 30 scholars, 1!ho tuition vas 
^1*00 and stationery was furnished. 

February 21 » I863 j^. Bonney states that the teaeher is an 
exeellent penman and has given satisf action to all* Flourishes 
and birds set off oar books •'^ 

COJmif!ESS PROBLFJ® 

la ld79» after twelve jeava of the graded system^ Hathaniel 
¥• Cushin^^ @hairman of the school board* felt that we were not 
spending oar sohool i^ney In the best possible oanner, and that 
a .ehange would be beneficial* 

OetU'ge F. Stetson and Levi E« fhomas* the other siembere of 
the ootamittee %fithheld their signatures from the sehool eois^ttee 



Coramlfefce© Froblesjs (Cont,) 

report, 'Biia Is the only tiei© In fch© hlsfeory of Hanson fehafe 
meraberB of r ocMsimlttee have fellsd to sign th© Ohaii»nmn»0 
report, Mp. Stetson and Mr, Ihoiaas presented a Sisaenting 
Report stating that thay vara not abla to endorse all tha viawa 
oi* the Chairman, !!hey felt that in thaory and praetioa the 
gradad aye t em was the noat ais^la and erfeotive method for the 
ins traction of the young, 

A "Free Tojft Book and Suppllea'* Xav vas ©naat«d by th© 
Legislature of ISBI^ and took effect on Au|;ast lat, 1%ie provisions 
of this laWf so far as the supplying of text books extends, 
were anticipated by our Town in 1878, The plan was a saving of 
trouble and expense to the people and a benefit to the aahools. 

In 1895 the eotmaittee felt duty bound to offer an ©sjjlena- 
tion of their action in the celebrated Valentine Case. 

In 1883 the coBsaittee received a bill fca? |9.20 from th© 
fmm of South Abington, for tuition for Valentine ehildren. 

•ftiey did not receive a bill for tuition for ^e Stebbins 
children, \^o lived farther from our schools and nearer those of 
South Abington, 

fhe Comffiittee was not able to agree upon any line &f action, 
and therefore it was brought op in town nieetin^g • l^ireh 2, 16@5 
and again I'lareh 2Sth« 

After thinking: it over for nearly a month, the people of 



COBJfiJlttee Ppoblofflis (Coat.) 

the town, wanted to pay Ifli© t^oition, yet the tmn had no legal 
Vl^t to instrnct the committ&B how to sp«nd their moaey» 

Juat before the beginoiag or the Fall term the roajorifcy of 
tOae ootamltte© voted to pay tuitioei for two of i^Sr. Velentiae'e 
ohildren and all of the stebbins* ohildr«a \d\o were under 12 
yeara of age. 

!l!l»t aajs© year a bit of fence i:roubie developed in South 
Hanson* *lhe owner of lend adjoining the ^oath Gi^ajaaiar Sohool 
yard informed the Committee that the yard fence was so poor it 
would not keep hie cows in his pasture and requested that it 
be repaired, the Coramittee exaadned ^le fenee and found it 
so rotten that it waa difficult to decide where to begin aod 
where to end repairs. 

fhey were instructed that a new fence could be built for a 
much less sum than it finally cost ^^©n ell completed. It 
seeded better to build a new fence then to waste money in repair- 
ing t^e rotten one, Ihe eoat, f^ll6.lt5, was greatly increased 
due to the fact that the old fenee had to be kept oow-proof 
while the new one was being built, 

A tiilrd expense thia year was the di^lhg of a well in th^ 
yard at the Soat^ GraisBsar Sehool* fhe neighbors would not sllow 
the scholars to take water frora their wells, especially in dry 
seasone. Luther Hatch was paid #10,82 for digging a well. 



Coaiinittee Problecis (Cont.) 

The Goratnlfctee knew they were spending more fchaa vas appro- 
priated and the 1885 balanoo would be on the wrong side of the 
account, but they felt that the town woL^ld wish them to do so. 

FIRST AND LAST GEADimTING CLASSES AT WHITMAN HIGH SCHOOL 

The first class to graduate from the Whitman High School 
was in 1886. Prior to this time the High School had been the 
South Abington High, 

There were thirteen members in the class, and my mother, 
Catharine White, was the Hanson member. Graduation took place 
July 2, 1386 with a reception at Village Hall and dancing from 
9 to 12. 

Hanson's school committee was Clara P. Josselyn, George 
P. Siff^son, Levi Z. Thomas. Whitman's school committee was 
L. B. Hatch, B. F. Hastings, Horace Reed. 

/ Horace E. Henderson was principal and Mrs. Henrietta Blake, 
assistant. 

Nannie B. Holmes and Dana H. Pratt were in the class of 
1887. Hanson did not pay the tuition in those days. A tuition 
fund of llO.OO was paid by Joseph White, Joseph Holmes, and Dana 
Pratt, ISiis fund amounted to t>5.00 per terra per pupil. 

TScie hi^ school sessions opened at 8:1^5 AM and Itl^^ PM 
with a 15 minute recess each half day. 



9£rs& and Last Gre4aieLt!iag Classes at Whi'bmQn El^ Sobiool 

SiRging aad spelliag woi?q tftttghfe dailyj Wrlfelus* 0??awiag, 
and Reaiiag fe%«lo© «aoia weekj CoH^oaifelon aad Daelamatloa weekly* 



33ie CocQpse of Study was outlined as follovss 



X0t X««r 



2ttd Year 



3P<i Year l|.th Year 



Arltiiim&tio Algebra Geometry 

1st Term Srafamar Phyaloal Geog, Hiyslcs 



Physiology Latin or 

Nat •!. Hist. 



Sod T&pm Bium 



Latin or 
Geology 



Algebra 
fhysieal Geo£;« 
Bookiceeping 
Irfttlfi or Hat. 
Hist, or 
U.S. Hist. 



3pd favm Arithmeiio Gecmetry 

Grafficiar Eookkeepiag 

Exper.So. Latin or IIS 
History 



French 
vetln or 

Fol.lCOQl. 



Biiig«Lit « 
Fr, or Fol.Eooft, 
Latin or 
Botany 



Astronomy Sag, Lit. 

A r i thaae t io l^re nch 

Latin or Latin or 
Geoilogy Botany 



Veakly Geography Hhetorie Rhetoric Civil 

Ancieat Hist, JledlBQval Modern Government 
History History 

Parents f tarnished transportation by purehasing a monthly 
book of 30 train rides to and from Hliitman for |1»00, Pupils 
walked to the station, took the early aoming train to IsJhitraan, 
and walked frofii tbs VJhitman station to the High Sehool, After- 
noons they walked down the traok home, thms saving a long wait 
for the afternoon train, 

vtiiteian Hi^ Sehool held hl#t standards and br^ci^t forth 
fiien aod wo^en of stamina. 



From the High Sehool, D«iaa Pratt entered Mass, Institute of 



IfeehRoioigr, gpaduatlns with honors. 

Mother eQt&re«l the Consespvatory o^ Moslo to stiidy th© 



STaani® 3, Holraes went rig^t Into fceRchinig at Ho,^ frl- 
mery* in Haosoa. 

'Ih& last eXasB to gradu&te fron Whitsmn Hlg^ Seliool was 
in 1959* Sie I960 clas« gradoatsd under the l^itmEn-Hansoa 
K&giofial Orgackization «}veQ thou^ they h&d never aeen Mie 
Insldo of the naw Hegioa&l sehool. Ihopa %repe U^l^ graduates 
itt 1959# of vihoci w«pa a auabar of Hanson paplls, Ihiitlon 
wai $271»00 p€r pupil aed the transportfttlon 153. 32 per 
pisqf^il. 

HAKsa» SCHOOL ooi'iMiT'^ES- km swmus'mmm'm 

In 136? the Lagialature la its wisdcMa abolished th^ 
Ms trio t Bohool ayst€>m and placed tha oare end man&gsttient of 
the aohoole in the sole ohar>g<g of the School Oovmttt^^, nhe 
uora b«for« ehoa^R annaallyf and eoald ha ohang«d avery year 
if they did not give a«ti8faetion« 

fhaet It BQBms that the Lagiulatui?® tmet d«it©rmined to talc@ 
th« care of th@ aohools from th® people and siada a law that 
the Sehool Cosssittee should be ohoaen for three year a, thereby 
mak:lQg them aliaoat independent of the parents* 



Earisoa Se'aool CosBirltfeees and Superintendents (Gottfe.) 

frQm. tli« very firat, Kaaaon ehos© Kten of hl^ esllfcer to 
s®i?va oa feheir aoiiool cosaBiifctee. Man like Q>©opg6 F. SfcetsoHj 
Levi £• !Sioaiafi, Hcthanlel W. Cashing, Alonso Colton, Otis L» 
Bonn^jT* end Benjamin Southworfch served mflny yoRra, 

"Xtidj liad hi^ atanderds and did not hesitate to report 
ansaco«9&sfuI attempts at teaching and lack of discipline on 
the teaeher*s part. George Forbes Stetson wrote the first 
school report, arging the ownership ojp aXl school books and 
property by the town (l'%0). Nothing was under oov«r in those 
days. Every thinij was ri^t oat in the open for the taxpayer 
to s6-e, Dorothy Djer Stetson (wife of Oeorg© Forbes Stetson), 
a hi^ily aueeessfal teacher in the schools of Hanson, althoui(?h 
declining to eeoept the position, was the first woman ever 
chosen upon the school ooraedttee* Clara F. Joaeelfa was the 
first woaan to serve - 1885» 

Xa 1952 a five-merober school oosiEjitte© functioned for 
the first time • Calvin Howland, Siailine Puddington, Marion 
ManQt Carl Keinhold, and iSohVL Harriott** 

On ^reh 5» l^% the town voted to join with the tewns of 
Hanover and Horwell, or either of theas or with such other 
towns as laay vote to join with this town in the eraployasent of 

a Siip<irintend®nt of Schools, 

Hanover and Sorwell united with us in the employosent of 
the follcntfing superintendents? 



ffftosop. StBhooX 0©!»mlfctees sM Saperlrtandonts (Cont.) 

18% - 1899 Albert J. Curtis 

1900 - 19C)i Chrlctlc f ■ . Keeord 

1905 • 1907 CliaFlea A. Harris 

ITOO - 1917 Jar:e» n. Hcyes 

1918 •» 1923 St«p©4in C. Beau 

X9214 - 1927 Lqou K. Perrlr. 

1926 - 1931 Earold Jacks oa 

1932 - 1933 Willard B. Spalding 

1939 * 19U2 !rhoaia« £• Bash 

1^3 - Clifton r. Brsdley 



Hi^li.^:ht3 of earlier Yarr a 

1^9 fflaint«nano« of our oommoa and free aohools is of &ltmat 
7ltel iesportanoe as hij^lights of earlier years will show: 

13761 Drawiag has been addad as a ragolar study to be tau^t 

in all the nohools, 

I878J fhe study of music is inferoduosd under tho direction 
of Klas Hary F", Ferry (salary $1*3.00) 

1869$ Aa oatline of work Ic both prltnary end grara*?;®!? schools 
la printed in the town report that all raay know of th® 

dally schedule. 

1890 I An evenlag school was opened in South Orammar with 25 

young R^n in attendanc©, 

lS95« 5331® first ©3chibltlon of eehool work la shown in fown 
Hall in June, Ttiis sho*fed the roguler work if the 
sehoola as fsir ae it could fe® committed to psper, 

1896s Vertical hand writing is introduced. A second exhibi- 
tion is held in March for the town meeting. 2he eoura® 
of study tfi> revised and more time given to Bepding snd 
Eiatoi^, 

l89St k lOth grfide is established as VJhittnen did not ad,mlt &. 
class last fall. An official statement is issued from, 
the I'ihitiHRn School SoKcsitte© stating they cannot accoas- 
esodafce pupils to enter this je^^s'm Th&j will take care 
of those already there, 

1899* SurejK^jr vacation is pi^olongjed twc weelrs to r-llow pupils 
to pick eranberries. fhe l^ireh vacation is shortened 

to cjeet State requirements. 



Hig?3.1i#its o.f Tvarllar Years (Coot.) 

19001 ^. room i3 rented at; Erie Dr-3w»8 feo house books 
suqppXlas* 

1901s GrsdaslJions feake place, Morth GrmaaAP at Ihoroas Hall, 
South Graiamar et yengsafcaclt Hall. 

1902s Written axamlnfttlona are given at Tovn Hall to pupils 
of the two 0r©Kmar Sehools. 

1905* Aa all s^rl class gjpadaatas from South Spammar Seii^ol. 
1!h« ^&6.a3.t&9 are Maade G, Bs»ewster, B|rnlc© S. Cogan, 
Eiscm P, Ferris, Norma Y« Eo^mrd, Doris King, Lucy F, 
llarsliall, Lacy ?• Hoore, Hattie L. Tarr« Addle X, 

Tho<Tf.s, 

1906: Single, ©djuo table aeata aod d©a*«a ara installed. 

Taaohers are requlrad to test the slgbt and hearing 

of ail pupils in public schools. Fl^vel '!. 'Saoraas is 
appointed as aohool physician. 

1908 J South GraiaBsar is open for Itiapeotion on Sept, 12th, 

19091 fhe first "Hanson Graamar School" gradaation Is held 
at To"wn Hall on J'un® l8th. 

19131 %« Aldlne SyBtem of reading Is Introduced, 

191St Something new in our sohool life is the vlctrolla. 

19173 Primary Ho. 2 la oloaed and the 15 pupila transported 
by trolley to Ho, 6, 

19201 Abolition of 9th grade. I^lmarj teaahara now have k 

gPRdcss instead of 5. 

1921; Our sehool y«»ftr Is Infir^aaed in length frosi 38 to 1^0 



1923! ISw State law raqalras an assistant when there la en 
excess of >0~puplls in a rooia, Wlnnlfred Barrj %mB 
eiiiployei?, SIS 0a assistant at South Grammar. Ljda 
Boulanger was appointed school nurse, I>eceriber» she 
held this position 2S yeara glirlng freelj of h©rs©lf 
in her nursing supervision of youth. She retired in 
June 19l49» 

19^5i Because of sospe^naion af ths troll<3y Esrvio®, bus trans- 
portation la adopted fm* %lm High School pupila, 

19268 15jo ComBiunity Service Cot^ittee of Hanson Grange 

organised and flnirwed a clinic for the Snspeetion and 
treatj»eat of teeth of Hanson sehool children. 



Highlights of Earlier Tears (Oonfc.) 

1927! l^iiroagrj. the coartoaj zf the Hanson f'.re department a 
"No School" sysfcera has been provided for the school 

department. 

1929: L. Z. Thomfifj School is opened. Nanes for Levi Zelida 
Tb-oums, a teacher in Sanaon for twenty years, and a 
member of the School Board for several years. 

1930 ; On i'iay 1930 a public spegking contest was held, embrac- 
ing the schools of the three towns, B.t Hanover Town 
Hell, 

1932: "Standard Tests" are given each pupil in Grades two 

through vlx, 

19371 Grades sever, and eight from the entire town are housed 
in the L. Z. Ihoiiias School with a modified junior high 

school ooux'se of study offered, 

1939 J Our system has changed from nine one-room school 

buildings with four grades to one teacher, to t r.iodern- 
laed system vjith a teacher for each grade, 

I9UO1 Attention is given to proper making and keeping of 

pupil records so essential to intelligent guidance and 
effective teaching. 

19li.2: !Hie Rinehard Functional Handwriting has been adopted, 

19U3s A deoreBEe in enrollment in High School is noticed. 

Boys and girls have many attractive opportunities for 

making cioney and for taking the places of adults, 

19i|UJ Aa a result of the war married teachers have been 

brought into the school system, some of whom have been 
out of tuaciilng for a uuiober of years, 

191+6: Tils method of testing pupils in Grade 8 was changed to'. 
conform to those used in Whitman so that comparison and 
plaocment in Higii School might be uniform. 

191+9 i A school band is organized under the leadership of 
Harry lovenelli of Arlington, 

I95O: Land clearing started March 1st for a new 12-room 
building vrith auditorium and gymnasium, 

1951 J Indian Head School opens Sept. 10th, Total cost 
$65U,I|99,77. 

1955 1 Due to the polio situation, the opening of schools is 
delayed a week and a half. 



K Hl^hll^tg of Tst»li©2» Yeapa (Confc,) 

gi»®dt!i«t0g will attieod Whltraan 11^ Solsiooi beginning 

19S7i Bi® Vlhit-nRtT-Henson Region?! *>ohool !?lstrlct Corr-'sltte?? 
is ppoc©«ding toward th® consferuotion or a hlgfe soJaooi 
for fehe dl!?t!3?lofe. Th«y sol^ctad fthe alto s»»t^ *h© firm 
Karsltmd, I,«Bormaa4 and Qaann to werk for tiieia, 

1958 » 8«glntilnff Sept. 1959 feta^e ©atpeaoa age Tor children 
eatering Grade I will be five yoars el^t months 
so tihQ.t a oMld siust have boea five on. or b«fore 
January 1st, 



Early Taaolaers 

Many of oar ©arly to«ch®rs w«r© retained in their 
positions for raaay terras, and soiae for 9«v«r«l years, sisnify- 
lag tho estlraatlen in t^hlcfii tholr a«rvi©ea were heia. 

School cosreltte© oommsnta oonoerninrj thets follow: 

1862: District ,^5 

Sstrah ?. Whlt« w^nn ver^ mioh intcr^sfcod ia her work, 
arid the 5eho;>l w«a greatly boaefitod by h«r Ins true tloa^ 
tni« order fetopt was exoellont, there b®iag no t^ihisper- 
ing or anmeoasflary aolsa, 

Ms trie t #8 

G;?aaa F. CJobb has been firm, faithfal, and ptrsflvariag 

In her exertions. 

Ulatrlet ^k 

Hallnda A, Garr ma-kes hor first att#®pt at aehool 

teaohlng, "Sio oomealttee is well pleased wS.th the 

ijoo'! order ran:? iraneral aanasement of the school under 
her oar«. 

In 1836 Miss Carr, a veteran teachei' of th® tow) 
resigns , She had fine literary quftllfioations snd 
during her 2? years of servloff, has been falthfol in 
the dlseherse of her duty, 

1831 ! #2 Primary 

Jennie P. 3b.bs Is aa e.Tperieneed teaeher, hssve taoght 
five and a half years, teaching in this school three 
years. 1^3® ©nor^rj, fl^lellty, and thoroaghnesjs she has 
maalfested in teaohlng -have produced siarked results. 



Sinoe her connection with feh© school, feh© children 
haw beeoflie less noisy in the street, ancl raore polite 
to pesaers by^ 

X081J #1 Primary 

Llllle K. Lewis hfts tau^t thla school one yeer, and 
thou^ one of our yoangeat teachers, is thorouAly 
devoted to her work and gives promise of future saoeess 
in her vocation. 

Under her toanagenent this school has steadily iasproved 
in order, atteiKdance end a love for study. 

In 1886, Miss Leirts t&o had taught seventeen auocea- 
sive terms in the schools of the town, during the 
last three years of which she had filled the position 
of teacher in the South GraBsnar School, tendered her 
resignation (to attend Bridgewater Kortaal School)* 

1871 « #5 Primary 

Melia T, Vinal, for several years past, this school 
has been under the care of the well-tried and faithful 
Miss Vlnal. 

Ihis la a fine school of little boys and girls, and in 
discipline, it is aliaosfe a asodel of perfection, fhis 

school stenda first in town for punctuality and atten- 
dance, 

1888 t #6 Priwary 

Oatharina ijaaite showed good ability and under her man- 
agement this school will soon rank with others in town. 

18901 Music JDepartment 

Much progress has been m&d& by our children In the nusio 
department under the faithful teaching of Kiss Lucy A. 
Luther. 



Plymouth Coun ty feachers* Association 

feh 29th semi-annual sjeeting of the Plyfsouth County 
fftaehers* Association was held on June 17th and I8th 1861^ at 
Acadss^ Hall at Hanover - Four Gornera* Village, 



Ply Bioutih County f«aeh«i?a* Associfttlon (Cont.) 
Free rdturra tiekets were furnished on th« Old Colonir 
and Fall Rivejp Rftllroado, 

Coftohes to and from Hanover eo&»eo6ad with trains oa 
th« Old Colony Hailroad at North Abington* 

faaehers were requested to make preparation for two 
dlaeusaiona on Friday, the 17th and for one on Saturdey^ the 
Idth. 

Lftdlea were reqtMsted to present essays on the aaffie 
subjeots, 

Friday's topics were: "the best methods of oondtaetini 
reoltations so as to cultivate a retentive memory^' and "De- 
fee ts in Heading, and the best s»thod of teaohing to reraedy 
them.** 



Saturday's 
good manners ¥** 



topio was **How can pupils best be taoi^t 



MAKES AHD AGES OF ALL PERSOHS In Town of Hanson 
May 1, 187S to January 29, 1876 
Between 5 end 15 years of age (^ose over 15 yrs, have a «) 



Alexander, Bertha C. 
Alexander, John K 
Alexander, Oharles W, 

Andrews, John P, 
Andrews, 1!hoeias £:• 
Atwood, Lueinda 3* 



9 

10 

6 

8 

5 

11 



!7ame 



B 



Bates, illbert 
Bates, Charles h» 
Bates, Fred H. 
Bourne, Hat tie J» 
Bourne, Xsaae M. 
Bourne, Arthur W. 
Bourne, Mart on 0* 
Bourne, Haria 
Bourne, Ferdinand A, 
Bourne, Arthur B. 



Age 

9 
13 

a 

9 
10 

7 
12 
12 



mms Am ages op all mnsom m town of has^on (oonfe.) 

May 1, 1875 feo January 29, I876 
Between S and 15 yeara of eg© (those over 15 yrs. have aa «) 



Name 



3 



Botin«y» Katie M, 
Boimey* Addla C« 
Bonney Flavilla 
Bowker, Freddie W« 
Bowker, i^rthor £• 
Bowker* Franellla 
Bovker» Clara 
Bowraan, Minnie £• 
Bagan« John T« 
Began, Liszie E* 
Baker, Ethlyn M* 
Baker, Herbert A* 
Bearco, Helen H* 
Beal, Katie G* 
Bearoe, Joseph 
Bashnell, Looia 
Brlgga, Carrie E« 
Bryant, Edith B. 
Brown, Addie R* 
Brown, Albion M* 
Brown, Elton A, 
Berry, Amber 0. 
Bannioan, Hose A* 
Bennioan, Lawrenoe 
Brewster, George W» 
Brewater, H, Gilbert 



Clark, Fred I, 
Clark, Abbie J. 
Clark, Lacy 
Ciilder, Walter 
Calder* Sagaae 
Calder* Mmm B* 
Ohanberlain, Lydia J. 
Cox, Jereea E, 
Cox, Herbert G^ 
Go£, Pranois 
Cook, Chester L* 
Cobb, Alice F. 
Cobb, 0eorg® A* 



D 

©ow, Franeena Q, 
Dow, Mnnie £• 

Dow ley, I'areaa A» 



Age 

6 
10 
tk 
13 

12 
18« 

151^ 

12 

12 



MB.ms 



11 
lU 

7 
10 

5 

12 
6 

5 
9 
8 
3 
12 

lU 
11 

11* 



12 
20<t 
I6<f 
11 

9 
12 
13 

7 

5 

9 

6 
11 



D 



Dowley, Mary B. 
i;owley, laabella 
Damon, Walter K. 
D^ffion, Emily C* 
Drayton, John S* 



Ever son, J. Herbert 
Everson, D. W'ennie 
Everson, Prank M, 
Everson, D. Wsilter 
'iJverson, J. Weston 
Sates, Amelia 
Estes, k'illie 
Bates, Bertha F. 
Estea, '^dith B. 
Eates, J» Josie 
Estes, Siva L» 
Estes, Walter 
Estes, Charles 
f^istes, George C« 
Evans, Carrie C. 



Ford, Clarence A, 
Ford, Coraetta J, 
Ford, Carrie H!« 
Ford, mile G, 
Fisher, Ihurston 



G 

Gofr, Lizzie 
Gurney, Ella F. 
Gardner, Ger shorn 
Gardner, Srama 



H 
Hlitoh, Frank 
Hatch, Hfitlian 
Hale, Aliee i* 
Howard, Channlng X 
Howard, Esther J« 
Hood, AreMe 
Hood, Berths 
Hill, Myrtle 



Age 

10 
f 



9 

8 

11 

13 

6 

5 

10 

12 

10 

7 



11 

a 

I 



4 



9 



? 

16» 
16« 



NAMES AND AGES OP ALL PERSONS IN TOWN OP IIAKSOH 
1, 1875 to January 29, I876 Between 5 and 15 Years of 
(those over 15 yrs, have an «) Oont. 



Name Age 

H 

Hill, Hattie P. 5 

Hill, Edwerd E, 9 

Hill, Nellie ¥. I3 

Hammond, Joshaa ¥, 10 

Hammond, Nellie E. 8 

Hammond, Francis A.- 6 

Holmes, Nannie B* 6 

Hutchinson, Alfred 9 

Hutchinson, Polly E* 6 

Howl end, Fred I3 

Howland, Davis W* 7 

Howland, £dgar lb*- 

Howe, Mable 16* 

Harrlman, Clarence 7 



J 

Josselyn, Ralph U^ 

Josselyn, Albert L. I3 

Josselyn, Austin W* 8 

Josselyn, Edgar C, 7 
Josselyn, Joshua Everett 13 

Josselyn, Harry M. 12 

Josselyn, Crissie A, 10 

Josselyn, Mllie L» 8 

Josselyn, Alice I7* 

Joyce, Minnie E. 9 

Johnson, Oscar 6 

Johnson, Elmer E* 13 

Johnson, Eliza B. 9 



Kiiey, Chester W, 
Keene, Mary C. 



Lane, Ernest W. 
Lane, Ophir J. 
Lewis, Lillie K. 
Luther, Lucy A. 
Luther, Grace G, 
Leary, Julia A, 



7 
5 
13 
7 
8 
6 



Name ' Age 

Leary, ISiomas P. 12 

Lowell, Samuel 8 

Leavitt, Cora E, Ik 

Lyons, Edward X^ 

Leonard, Joseph 11 

Lewis, Jesse A. 12 



M 

MoGough, Lizzie 11^ 

McGougi-i, Mary S. 11 

Magoun, Mej?y B, 7 

Magoun, Charles R, I3 

Moore, George P. 6 

Munroe, Minnie ¥. ll| 

Munroe, Hattie P. 12 

Miles, Lizzie D, 10 

Miles, Edelbert W. 7 



Niles, Elisha P. 10 
Niles, Susan M. 13 



Osbonne, Jennet t© 
Osborne, Josephina 



Pool, Harry M. 


7 


Poole, Julia M 


12 


Poole, Annie L. 


6 


Pratt, Lucie B. 


12 


Pratt, Wallace T. 


9 


Pratt, Elmer P, 


8 


Pratt, Dana M. 


5 


Proaty, Msry L. 


13 


Prouty, Hattie E. 


7 


Perkins, Lillie C. 


9 


Perkins, Abbie 


15* 


Phillips, J. R. G. 


8 


Phillips, Tamar B. 


Ih 


Pendleton, Edward A. 


6 


Percival, Henry G, 


10 



HAMSS AHD AGES OP ALL fEBSOHS II TO^M OF HA^SOl 
1, 1875 feo JTunaary 29. 1376 Bdfeween 5 and 15 yesra of 
(those over i> yrs. hev® s;n»)(Confe.) 



ReinhazHi!^, Lueie. 
Reinhardtr, Charles H. 
Rpnd, Art2:iur 
B@nd, Otis Em 
a find, Pred D. 
Remi^ Hareaa A« 
Eeiid, Millie L« 
Hob^rts, William 
HobertSf B«nry 
Haeuidell, Otis W. 
BBOMdell, Hellie A« 
Eobbiofl, Laura A« 
Eaymondf Barbara ?• 



Silver, Kary 
Silver, Isabel 

Smitli, Flora 
Smith, Mary L» 
Smith, Caroline A« 

Smith, si'ft© A, 
Smith, Mary L* 
Statsoa, L^vi W. 



Mary J» 

Sv«r©tt Ef« 



Stetson, 
Stetson, 
Stetson^ 

Sillon, WilliRBs L» 
Sillon, Fannie A. 
Sweat tier, Eva B. 
Sweetaer, Celia a* 
Stevens, Lu&ia M« 
Stevens, Willard E* 
Stevens, Arl^ur 
Soper, Hattie H 
Shaw, Lillian S« 
Spraga®, Allle D. 



9 

Ik 

12 

3 

11 

Ht 
10 

7 

7 
6 
7 
8 

6 



11 

13 
6 

11 

4i7 
l4 

13 
11 

13 
10 



7 

1^ 

9 

9 

10 



ISiosiaa 



W, 



Ilame 

Ihomas, Frederlo E, 
Biomas, VJilliem C, 

Otis i', 

Cora M. 

GeC3?go i. 

Lillie F. 
Ihoiaas, C^eorgianna 
'Shoma.s, Delia E* 
Ihomas, Kelli^ M. 
Thoie^son, Marietta 
Toloan, Angelia 
Tollman, John F, 
Tollrsan, Oeorgianna 
Tills on, Orae® S» 
Till son, Adelle P, 
Turner, Priaeilla F 
Tarr, vSuaan K» 



w 
Willie, Qeorge H. 
Willis, h&imim E. a. 

Willis, Charlies F, 
Willi B, John F* 
Willis, 3. Edward 
Willis, Emma J. 
'(Willis, Har3?y B, 
White, Addie F, 
l^ite, Sarah J* 
White, Harry L* 
l^hite, Katie A. 
White, Joseph B. 
Vvillett, Anni© M 
Viill^tt, Clayton S* 
Whit ten, Mary F, 
Willett, Charles M, 
Whitten, Lillian M. 
'wort^ington, Alfred W, 



6 
12 

8 
10 
10 
Ui 

9 



11 
8 

6 

7 
6 

8 



$ 
7 

6 
5 
9 
6 

12 



S 

13 

9 

13 



1!homafl 



%o»a6 
©lomas 



Addie K 
Bradford W, 
Sherman 7* 
Lynan S* 
Wennie C« 



13 
11 

10 

13 
9 



Souroes of Informatlonj 

Hanson Town Records: Hanson Town Hall 
Pembroke Town Records i Pembroke Town Hall 
Whitman Town Reports: Whitman Library- 
History of Plymouth County - D. Hamilton Hurd 
Cobb Library 

Records compiled by Mr. William W. Bryant, Cobb Library 



SCHOOLS 




Levi Z, Thomas 
for whom L. Z. Thomas School was named 
Early teacher and school committee member. 



SCHOOLS 




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SCHOOLS 




District School No. 4 - Built 1845 on Elm St. 

moved to Main St. 1865 

then moved to L. Z. Thomas lot 1939 




South Grammar School 
Built in 1881 by Edward Pendleton 
on the site of the Grange Hall 
Moved in 1907 to Reed St. and became Primary No. 7 



SCHOOLS 






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Whit in a 11 Hi*ili ScIkm) 




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oc c^.tL-ui-a-* 



GRADUATE 






Invitation to Class Reception 
First class to graduate from W. H. S. 1886 




Class Ribbon 1886 Whitman High School 



SCHOOLS 



M>.M>^^-^ <M^J^ -M;-^^ 



mmm -^^mm Uigfciiik.. 



-^GRADUATION,-- 

FRlD^aj^ E^^EJ<fIT^a, JULY 1, 1887. 



TEACHERS: 
Horace E. Henderson, A. B., Principal. 

Mrs. Henrietta B. Blake, Assistant. 



L. B. Hatch, 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE: 
B. F. Hastings, 



Horace Reed. 






Second class to graduate from 
Whitman High School 1887 



SCHOOLS 



LECTURE 

MESSRS. A. W. EDSON and J. W. McDONALD, 

Of tlie State Board of Education, will addietss the 
citizens of Hanson on 

Educational Topics, 

TOWN HALL, HANSON, 



— ON-- 



Tuesday Evening, June 6, '93, 

AT 7.45 O'CLOCK. 
•e«]-THE PUBLtlC IS EflRflESTliY IflVlTED.-l^ 



A free coach will run from Hanson Postoffice and Bryantville via 
High Street 



Under the auspices of the School Committee, 

EVIE W. Dt^EW, Scefetairy. 

TIMES STEAM JOB PRINT, WHITMAN. 



(Early Handbill) 



SCHOOLS 



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Private School Circular 






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C H TJ R C H E S 



THE FIRSf CHTOCH IS HAaSOJI (C0H9RS3A7I0HAL) 

In evttry ylllag* an4 tovn in Massaohosetts and aost of 
Haw Soglandy one eooaon landaark is outstanding! a little 
idiito oiuireht often on a hlllsida sorroundad by trees and 
lavna* beautiful in its dignified slaplieitj* which stands as a 
aonutaent to the little Tillage and town* born in and around it* 
In the ancient nearby ^'burying ground** rest its brave ax^ faith* 
ftil founders. 

Such was the beginning of "the little itiite church on a 
hilltop crest* with ancient pews and a spire** - the First Con* 
gregational Church in Hanson. It was *ill almost a wilderness 
In 17l(.6 \(Aien a saall group of people began to build a feting 
House on what we now call Bonney Hill. The few streets were 
only cart paths* or footpaths trod out by Indians. The tall 
pine and oak trees were Just beginning to be cut for use as 
luaber» so that scattered hooes and faras were springing up. 

This settlement was in the western part of Peabroke and was 
then called **Tunk'*. As Its people were eager for more conrenient 
church and school privileges* a Parish was organited* to aaiii* 
g»ln the Meeting House* to o2»>ose and pay for a preacher* and 
all other expenses pertaining to its support. Each family in 
the parish was to be taxed for this pxirpose. 

The first Parish laeeting was held March 3, 17^6. 3b». 
Bdward Thomas was chosen clerk and served in that capacity for 



TJu First Chureti tp Hangoa (€oasPegfttional)(Cont,> 

thlrty«*alx years* It la bolloved those first osetlngs were held 
in the hosie of Hr* Slijsb Gushing whose hoiae on Washington St«» 
Gushing *s Corner » is still oeeupiedy and beautifully preserved. 

At one of these early laeetings* it was voted to start 
buiM ing a aweting house and to draw up a petition addressed to 
"His Bxoellency* Wlllian Shirley* iGhsvernor in and over the 
provinee of Afassaehusetts , and to the Honorable Councilt and 
Bouse of Representatives in Oeneral Court assemblidf praying 
that they the inhabitants of the towns of ?enlbroko« Bridgewatert 
Abington* Halifax and Hanover* do of 9od in the Towns in which 
they belong* by reason of the distmoe froa the respeotive places 
of worship*" In order to renove this difficulty they "have 
erected a new iieeting Houiie in tb» center of the territory* th^f 
desire to incorporate into a district* township* oat ppeeinot*^ 
And they state that "there is a sufficient nuaber of inhabitants 
settled in the district of sufficient ability to niaintain the 
Oospel fiuaongst them* as they ai^rehend* and also sufficient 
number remaining in the towns from which they desire to be set 
off to B»intain the Gospel amongst them* ttaAt they \mf enjoy 
lilM privileges with other towns* and they and their families 
may attend upon the public worship of Ok»d ^ich otherwise they 
cannot conveniently do." 

As early as J^me 10* Vfkh it was acted upon* and the 
territory was set off as the West Parish of Pembroke* There is 
only a brief reecKPd of the first ^riah meeting* September if* 



Tha First Chureh In Hanson (Congygatlonftl ) (Cont^ ) 

17if6» aftsr ^e district had b99n set off and this records tho 

foXlov?ing officers ssleotedt 

** Voted Edward Thooas* Clerk 

Voted Elijah Gushing » SoXxHson BealSy Joshua Pleree to 
be assessors for a year 

Voted Joalah Gushing • tz^asurer 

Voted Nicholas Webster» oolleotor 

Voted to raise fifty-two pounds of the last emission 
to support publlo worship in said preolnot* 

Signed Edward Thoaas» 
Clerk" 

The West Meeting House* as it was frequently called in the 
pariah records » was not an example of Colonial archlteotiire* It 
was a sqixare barn-like structure* modeled after the Perabroke 
build log. It had a double row of id ndows around It* and probably 
a porch extended along the front, with two entrance floors, one 
for the men and one for the wonen* only wooden benches mre 
used at first, the laen sitting on one side of the room* the 
woaoen on the other* 

Almost the earliest btuiiness of the parish* after proirldii% 
for the preaching of the Word of (Jod* was to sell space for 
pews. This was done by auction* the best space going to the 
highest bidder. A sft*. Thoraas Btoore 1^0 operated a mill In the 
western part of tho parish, a saan identified for many years In 
the church records, was the highest bidder for the best place 
at this tliae. 



■^. 



'mm Thirst c^ijg<>fe tii Haagjm (C9ii^^»a%^l<tasU(goat, ) 

Aeeoz*dt2ig to tsiidltion sqiMUp© pwa w®r« fctillt at ^hs© e#ii* 
7«»nl«ae« «f tltut t»idd«rs» on Qith«p 3ldi« of th9 bxNMtd «iisXe« Par 
«mimMnt«tioa» th»r9 was « row of sjplndiea srotmdl the top* 
•ftpped lay « e^uli l»g« These tpera • 4«li^t to the ohiHroa lAio 
•oon dlsoov9F«d ttui splndloa «iiDuId turn by handp and th» f»n 
wa« jgi^fttly Inoroaso^ ^arihon It vas foiaod that aoae of thoni avail 
•^iMaJBa4| fhaaa eould ba woi^ted at aj^^ropriate tlaaa during ^la 
long aar»o»a» 

An agraansnt waa aada with Fes^rotoo that B^rmry third Town 
MaatiQ^ ahould ba hold In tho naw iMatlag houaa» and thia arranga* 
aant waa earrtad out until the Town waa incorporated In 1320* 

The flov* Daniel t^wia of the mother churoh In Fambrcdia 
offioiatad at the fomal serTloe of Inat&tution of the aaeond 

ehtarch la Pos&«potee on the 31fft day of August, I7ii*8» Thirty* 
t^5n» persona w«r9 i^ited in the eosipAotf fourtaaa anla ttid 
aightaan fataala* 

The naoaa of ^Maa original aaabara will ba of interest* 
as they ^^are anoeatora of •ana of you slut read thiat 



Jisaiah Foster David Mersey 

Janes Baaraa Elisabeth Heraay 

mvf ii9!^x>9^ Bicljard Hill 

Abiah Biabea Ann liowland 

E'llsab^th Blsboe Ssisti^l HowImkS 

Jfoshua;. Biabee* Jr» Sarah- Howlaad 

ilu^t 3i^'baa Sarah Howlnd I3t 

Trisailla Boi2e*ne Joehiia §>ratt 

laiborah Brig^ DoratSsa Eaesdall 
^thaa:iel c^aAberle in Martha Bsaadall 

Saswh ahaaft^erlain Mary Eae^dall 

WilliauB Cole 5i^u@X Haasdall* ^m 

filary Cox Hiohard Telley 



Thg First Chia*eh la Haaaoi ^ (Con^rojarattonalX Cont* ) 

Edward Thoraas M* Webster 

Raehol llvoiiraa Ruth Gushing 

Content Webster Daniel Hayfonl 

The ehoioe of a pastor for the new society was widertaJcsn ^th 
great oare* A day of fasting and prayer was voted for the ^th 
day of September. The following Febmiaryy after the advice of 
their neighboring islnlaters* the Rev* Sad Hltohcook was extended 
a oall to settle in the work of the sinlstx^ and was ordsi ned 
here* 

The oho lee of Mr* Hltohcook as pastor was a wise one. He 
was a Bian of e::?oeptlonal ability. His mia a strong character* 
patriot io» fearless in the denunciation of wrong* jet genial and 
hospitable* a pastor who von the love and respect of his people 
and who served thea faithfully and successfully for fifty-five 
years* 

Rev* Ml>* Hitchcock was born in Springfield* Massachusetts* 
February 22* 1719* He graduated from Harvard College in 17i^3 
and was honored with the degree of D.D* in l?^?* He is^rried 
Dorothy Angler of Canbridge* They had one child, a son born In 
Hanson in 1749ff ^^ ^^9 named for his father* The son e^so 
gradiiated froa Harvard* where he studied medicine and settled in 
the pariah* as the first physician* He was a member of his 
father » 8 church and active In it® affairs. 

The Hev* ^>ad Hitchcock was not only good* but great* Me 
was widely known and distinguished for his excellent oualities* 



■^hg Ptygt Chupoh In Hanson (CQfigp»|^^looftl,)(Cont4 ) 

In tiboao 4ft7S» th» great ministers tliiS not rush ftw«f to tlui 
oitids mn ma^p fQv a Xai^ftif field, Thlm minister of ft llttXe 
eountrj; (shtareh* was gr«at 9no«^ to !mi olioften fresi all th« 
ttlalatcrs Ui ilasaachi»i«tt» to ji^«aeh tiMi EXaotlon ssro^n bofor* 
Oov&raoT Orago «n4 tha Sovwa of Boproaantativatt r^y 25» 117k» 
^«lth«r tha hostility of tha ^ovapaor nor tha approval of 
SmrmX A4sjn eould draw hla away trom his dutlas as tlut pastor 
of Clarlst*s Ohuroh In tha wost Farlsk of Paffltoroils* 

through tha long yaars of tha ^avoltttioaarj War In #iloh 
ha sarvad as ohaplala» thro«^ tha trying yaars bafora tha 
Constitution was forawdt and throu^ ^a adnlnlstratlons of 
Washington and &daas« ho want his ataady round of vlsltli^ tha 
slok* Inatruotli^ tha ehlldran mid ^«ai^Mrdlng ttia idiola fXook 
imtll old ago and slolmasa st^yad his willing hands* His daath 
oaeurrad A«^«B!t 3» 1303 • Ha lias at rast In tha old buryl^GE 
ground ^mek of P&rn IIIXI Caoatery* Bav» Gad llltohaoek raealvad 
121 p9T»0n» into ai«iab(i?rshlp» and 66x haptlaas aro raoordad. 

Aawnd tha list of taaabars ara tha neusas of EXaasar HaiaXla 
who unltad by profession of faith Fahruary 2X» X7&2! and hla 
wlfa I^ydla «iio Jolnad five yaars earlier* TwaXva of t^ialr 
i^lldran ware iMiptlsad toy Hav* Kltahaoalc limXudli^ the so 
aaXXed "four eontinentfs* '^ • Asia* Eia^s>a« Afrloa and Aiaarlaa* 
Also tha twins* Hannibal and Cyrus* ware baptised in August 
1769* Cyrus wms the grandfather of ?lea fresident MaimlbaX 
Baal in* ^^ sarrad with ?r«sideat LlneoXn* fhe other twin 



ilaiinibaX* w%» grandfather of Dr« e^n^ nsmllnp mis»lormrf to 

Twpk^jt i^feo t^mud^ Bob«rta c@lX@g;«, ^& first In Turmy* 

g«v* Hitehoeok bftptisodl &nd r«oolY«di into n^B^MTMhlp mtaxf 
of tho eoICKPod •Iftvoa* H« and his dootor-son mad fatsil^t 3.S.v»d 
in tho howf ftt tho oornor of High Stroet luld County Hood* now 
o«BOd ai^ oeet«piod by ^« % itp9« ^iXliasi i^'olkejr. Thio was 
Hflin«on*o first poroonago* 

In 1797 inoroasod attondanoo ia»de it noooooary to onlargo 
tho <m^tit)^ houao* It vaa thoroforo votod that tho building 
bo 8a«od aatmdor and fourteon foot bo put in* In 1803 oxton* 
oivo s*e£»aira voro aado and a boll voli^ing 5^0 i^ounds wms 
Hurohaaod and htasg in th® bolfry an4 for tho first tins tho 
ringing of a boll oaa hoard ovor tho hills and f la Ids of tho 
toim» sail ins ^^» s>9oplo to mirshlp* Fiiro joars lator the boll 
was o3»h«nged for one woighiag 9^ poimds* It Is to bo aondorod 
if tho lotKior oall brought a groator ros|>onao« 

Tho sooond ainistor Bov* ^oorgo Barstov was ordainod 
Janu&rf (>$ %^3» ^9 *^*<s <^ gradtmto of Brown ^ivorsity In 
ld01» having a high and rospootablo standing in his o3ass« 

80 studied for ^h« ssiclstry <sd.th Hoir* fmnpf Forbos of laynhaa* 
Hoir* Barstow bnilt artd oooujptiod tbo largo howo now imown as 

Gordon Hoatt rosiding thoro imtll his doath* «d%i®h ooeurrod 
suddonly on Fobmarf 11 » 1826, 



The Flyalf Chuyeh Ig^ Haaaon ( Com^re^at tonal ){ Goat ») 

In the tw«nty*>t^ireo yesra of hla mialatrj, Ifl persons 
were reeeived Into ^osibershlp and iSif baptized* He Is spoken 
of a3 being polite and graeeful In Banner and of a fine appear* 
ance* Ha had one utm vrho died yomxg cad three daiighters* TOtao, 
with his v£fe» vere Biueh esteemed « being leaders in looal 
800 let jr and of great help to hla In his work* 

Durias the Rev. Bar3tow»s stay, the first Siinday School 
was started In Xdl? or 1818, meeting In hla home at first, and 
then In a echool house near the sits of tho Indian Head Sohool. 
It did not joeet with complete approval at first but was continued 
during the spring and summer months. 

February 22, 1820, the Town of Hanson was incorporated* 
The sttetlng house vas used fagp toim business until 1S31, when 
by vote of the parish it was discontinued. I?ntll the incorpora* 
tloa of the town, the ehuroh had been maintained by taxation* 
This was now terminated, and th© support of the church was 
sustained by subscription. 

The next p&star was tbs He v. F'reeraan Howland, born la 
Sandwich on Soptoaber 3» 1797» the seventh generation froa John 
Howland mho caa© ovor on the Mayflower in l620. Rev. Rowland 
was with the first class to graduate from A^erat College in 
l32l^. After two years of theoiosical study with Dr. Hltohoock 
of Randolph, he was ordained paator of this church in I826. 
Mr. Howland was an early advocato of temperance, and diseoiiraged 
any use of the so-called "ardent spirits" so prevalent In those 



i:;a 



Yhe fiv& % Chi33^o]t:^ l^tk Hanson (Qonnr^ ^ ^tlona.! ) (Cont» ) 

days* ttk&re were several cases of discipline during Ms 
mlalst5s»y« Oxm oase Involved a aan who stayed away f3?oa ohvtreh 
a«rvlG0S* ?>lien Interviewed regarding Ills absSan&e, he said ha 
would not go to church because Rev* Mr, Howland wa» a Ma«on» , 
The pastor called on hla In an attasipt to resiove the objection* 
but without suooesa* He thererore v&a dlsalased froei the fold* 

The controversy on baptlsra by laBiieraloa waa given lauoh 
attention at this tlote and acxas meiabers withdrew froia thla 
ohureh to join the Baptist ohuroh* then being organised* k 
few who did not agree with "close oon^iunlon" united with this 
church* 

Owing to months of Inability to proach because of bronchial 
trouble, he felt obliged to relinquish hla charge, asking to 
be diaaisaed, which took place Deeeiaber l83lf* He continued to 
live la Hanson on West Washington Street and for sa^ny years 
served the society as clerk and Superintendent of Sunday School* 

The next minister was Hev* John Shaw who served from l83ii. 
to 1638* He was born In Ablngtoa and graduated from Browa 
Itelveralty In 1805* He died In Dlghfron of fewer In iQkk* 

February 13, ld36, the following cosBnittee was appointed 
to get plans for a new ^meting houses George F* Stetson, 
Philip Brewster, Noah 3onney, Joshua Smith, Willlani Bourne, 
Nathaniel Gushing, David Barker and Capt* Hersaan Sophor* 



Tha Fii*at Church la Hanaon (Cong!Te?.atloaal ) (Coat* ) 

Th9 old brnXldlng 4raa appr&la«d for $190»03 Julius 
Jossslyn p^orchasdd ft part of lt« prab&bly Uie poroh and it was 
U3»d b; 'him for & tisa& aai a Aho&makmn^^a ahop* He later tiuvad 
it to Brant Itoek and It was deiati'o^d In tiia atoria or Id^d* 
Isaae Tlioiaas boitg^it a purtiou oi' It aXao aad aovad it to tha 
f^&^t of his hou3« aad it was the iaofise of >Qr^« Ajsd arson for 
is&ny 7«ara» Fortloxia of this building are now in uae on vehat 
Kfas forsaurly tha Thoma aatate. Joim I'olaMn* alio built tha 
houaa on Libarty straot whara Mra* iiargarat Morton mow liv«s» 
bought tha r^maindar of tha building and either taovad it naar 
his house and raaodaled it into a bam or alaa bought the lixnbop 
when the laoating house was talsan down* and built his bam 
thorarx'offl* An aged rosidaat racalXad that Mr» 'i'oliaan uaed tha 
0'qtmx''e p&ifs as & fence frora his f&rn to the street • S^ch la 
th® storj of t^ old '^v'eat raaating house* 

The new building » the present one* waa dadioated Deeeiaber 
Ik, 1836, The dedicatory sermon was given by Rev, Mr, G^ay of 
Bridgewater and the prayer by Bev. Mr, Hltcheoek of Handol^. 

r@acoa ^eor'ge F* Stetson furnishod an 6rgan for the ser^loe* and 
afterwai^d built ans for tha oht^uE'eh for which he waa paid $XQQ,QO» 
The expense of ttie new building was #3113 »26. The pewa aold 
for I359T.97. 

Eav« Sosiuel L, Hocksfiood was next ordained on Marah 11 » 
1340, After 18 years of servioe* he resigned his pastorate, 

Ihlle residing in north Weyisouth he supplied tha pulpit sgaln 



The Ftygt Ghnpflh In Hanaon (Congyeisat tonal ) (Cont* ) 

frora 1871 to 1877» his coablnecl servloo being twenty-fotup 
7€>ars» the longeat of any pastor except Br* Hltchoook* Hev* 
IGr* Roekvood was horn in Sherbom» he was graduated from Ajaherst 
college la I636 and froa Andover In 1339* 

XAaps were placed In the meeting hottso In 16I|.1« A sum of 
money was appropriated, not to exceed ^1»000* In June 1847 for 
the purpose of erecting a parsonage house and barn on a plan 
acceptable to Mr. Hockwood, Thanks were voted to Mr* Isaac 
Thomas for three-quarters of an acre of land for the parsonage 
lot* This building Is the house now owned and occupied by Mr* 
and liirs* Balph Harley on High street* 

In 1867 it was voted to let the ladles have the old organ 
repalredp or buy a new one* The latter plan was followed and 
f\mds were raised by holding socials In the homes of members* 
the organ purchased Is said to have cost i|ddO*00* 

The first W(%gen*s organization of tiu» chuacch* the Ladles 
Aid* Is said to have formed at this time* 

The Eev* Isaac ?* Liuagworthy* D*D. of Chelsea, supplied 
the pulpit from October 1882 to February 1883* He proved to b® 
the man for the time and place* with Clod's blessing and his 
worki twenty-two person were toiltod nith the chureh on confession 
of faith* This B»&rked a new era In the spirit of the chiu>ch* 
Tl»> Infusion of new and young life was an encouragement to those 
who carried the service and burdens for t^ny years* 



■-^s 



E«Y« OHMvles S« B«t*« toolc up t^9 «rork «• pABtor In #tiiui 
1696* 3» gftvtt ft gr«ftt <l«ftl of tiraa and thought to the young 
]|^opl«« anoouraglng then to tttke i^urt in ohureh rospooaibixitiojai* 
ktaotig otlwr tfcotivttlos the boy« pu^Xlshod « wttokXy papor 
muMA **Tho Ho^" giving th» ohopoh oaX«ndar» ftnd news Itoets of 
t2M parish* A f if toon yoar old boy« tVoaXoy^ F. SoYoranoo was 
odl tor. 

Fifty yoars Xator» in X9Ud« Hi*. Sovoraneo* a proainont 
buainaaa man of Hanovey brought otit a apoeiaX odition of **Tha 
Bodo" and aXao praaontod to tha ehuroh hia whoXo edition of 
the paper aa printed in X39d* 

Aii^D^t IX* Xd96» tSio (m» hundred and fiftieth annivoraery 
of th® ehuroh vaa eeXebrated in a fitting nannor* The ooiiisittee 
appointed inoXuded i;eaoon laaao llawXand« Jeaiah Bonnay* I4ta» 

IXita F* fhoBMia* Mra« CorneXia Cook froa tha ehuroh and Joaiah 
Cooic* J* EartXdtt White* (libaon S»eaXa» :'4ra« Joaeph v^hlta* Abbie 
0* CXark froia the Parish* 

fhree aervioaa were heXd on the anniireraary day. At the 

»oming aernrlee after an address of woXoobm by tim paator* a 
hiatory of the Sunday SohooX waa r&ad by lira. i($aiXiniia Carr* 
This report wlXX be found foXXo^ing the ohureh history. 



The First Church In Hanson (Congregational) (Cont>) 

Deacon Isaac Howland read the history of one hundred and 
fifty years of the church. Mr* George £• Thoiaas gave a history 
of the parish. Rev. George Benedictf a former pastor* gave a 
short address. Rev. W, S. Frltoh of Ablngton gave the principal 
address, speaking on what the church stands for. 

A committee had prepared a fine dinner for over 300 guests. 

The evening service consisted of an anthem by a quartette, 
composed of Miss Josle M. Chamberlain, Mrs. J. B. White, and 
Messrs. Walter Calder and Luke Hammenway, Wra, Calder presiding 
at the organ. 

Rev. A, H. Plumb, D.D, of Roxbury gave the address. The 
service closed with singing and the benediction by Dr. Plumb. 

The Rev. Roland D. Sawyer began his pastorate here in 
Aiigvuat 1900. He had been ordained Just a few months before at 
the South Congregational Church in Brockton. He was a graduate 
of Revere Lay College and studied at Boston University School 
of Theology. 

He was very active in the affairs of the parish and com- 
munity, taking special interest in political matters. Since 
he removed from Hanson, he has served as pastor at Ware, Massa- 
chusetts and has been in the House of Representatives for 
several years. His resignation took effect In Hoveraber 190if. 



The Flrat Qhvroh la Hanaon (Coa^tregatloaalX Cont. ) 

Hov* Hobert A. Bryant » a Presbyterian by denomination* 
beeaige pastor in Daoesibar 1912* Thm ohuroh showed oonalderable 
gains during this period under his leadership and that of his 
gifted family, 

Noveaber 13 » 1913 the church waa Incorporated as the First 
Congregational Church in Hanson* January 7» 191^f ^^9 parish 
voted to disband. 

The Bev* 3eott Slegal* a student at Boston University 
began his duties with the ohuroh April l6» 19l6. He was a 
native of Kansas* He was very successful la his wor^ hero» but 
closed his flrat teres here to enlist In the service of the 
country In 1916* He was with the Yi^A until the close of World 
War I* He cane bacjic to take up the ooablned work of Hanson 
and Halifax churches In December 1922 « and continued until 
August 1928 vdien he reiaoved to a church in Westsalnster* 
Massachusetts* 

lev* Wilbur H* F<mler« a student at the Sohool of Theology 
at Boston University caiae to the church in February I921 and 
remained until his graduation In 1922* Both Mr* and ^s* 
Fowler were popular and did tsuoh to build up the church* The 
first "Every 'Member Canvas** was held dxwlng this period with 
excellent results* 

The old parsonage was sold exid a lot was purchased oppo« 
site the xaeetlng house and the present pKPsonage started* Two 



Tb« Tivnt Church ttt Mmmon (Comsmm^immUHConU ) 

i»n fyma^Q9B vmtm iavtallod In Ut« eh^i^e^ and v«3str^» aivl 
«l#eti>lo li#ita «r«i^ pyt in* ^'h» ia&« imraoaftgo «ftft oo$ii|>Xet«4 
i^wn i^« aittgfiO. SHittaneied fox» his aeoond tein^ Tho export of 
tiM oost of th« ImUdlag ttaoua4^4 to fSl379»7X* 

HHy 3* X923 It ««« votod to 3!»«»toro tlM old poXpit MHt 
fuml«hliig« ftod to fix up tho iBterlor gonorally* i^hia waa 
earriod out vlth tho eosiblnod arforta of tha ehuroh* ttia 
vaploua 9Qmon*» aoelaties and fpianda* Tlaa ^a*a Cl«l» startad 
m «owa»at wtilah roaultod In if^ahlngllais th» roofa* whllo tha 
ladlaa had t^ organ repairad* Aftar repainting ts»a outaida 
of tho balldt£^ and ragradliiig tho grounda* tha ohuroh was re* 
opanad vltisi obaapvanooa and flttla^ axa^elaaa for tha X7$i^ 
annivaraar; i[>»aas^»ar I mid 2» 1923* 

Jmammt X» X929» Eav* i^arran A« i:4ranftrd bagan ti^ work 
in llanaoa* ooisiag fron tii« aivarpolnt Chiurai^ In ^mt warwlolSf 
mioda laXaad* Mr« and ilra* Laonard da^otad tisaaaaXvas to m)»M 
aaioi^ t^ jro^ing paopla* tbna bulldli:i^ Oj? tho ehuroh sofe£>oX« 
1?ha offia«K^ and taao:h»ra taara orgwilaad fm* study of the BlbXa 
fuid taaohing metbo4a* 

Soon ^&o aaod for Xargor qnartara broi^t about plans ttm 

a no^ pari:^ ho^iso» wltli i»c^a ro<^ for oXaaaaat a X«rgfi^ ati^l* 
torlvHS ®it& &t94,^t a imdiaa* ssfcrlor and a isaw kltcl3©n# Sa^Xir 
in X935 tl3;a groisnd «as brolson for tha now addition^ and hw 
Sunday* -lanaary I9t 193^» i* •«• eeapXatad and fonaaXXy 
dadioatad* 



'Spi& Flyat Ghqreh In jfaa aon (C?o £aitre«atlonal ) (Gont, ) 

Tho ooat of t3i0 building aad fusmishiags was about $X2*000« 
Thla vas mad» possible by the gift of Oakland Hall by I^aeon 
George W. Severanos and other atoekholdars, whloh was torn 
down and tha lunber uaad for th» fraa» work, other vary genar- 
ous gifts waro made by friends of the ohureh and the united 
efforts of the church laeeibers and organisations. 

Rev. Vemon P. Bavan eaaie aa pastor in 1939* He was a 
graduate of Gordon Collese* Ho was a man of high Ideals and 
ftjoi able speaker. He served two years. 

In 19^2 Bev. Harold S. kinship eaas to Hanson. He was a 
graduate of Datmouth College* and Hartford Theological S@min« 
Sdpy. Be served for about six years. 

In 1914.8 the two hundredth anniversary of the founding 
of the church was celebrated. Buric^ the year several 
featuires portraying interesting historic facts took place. 
la February a Foriig^thers Supper was held* with the sale of 
200 birthday candles. 

On a Sunday in Siay a large group* dressed In oostus»ss 
of their ancestors walked to raoi^ing worship throiagh aeeting 
house lane* aa was the eustost long ago. In August there were 
throe special anniversary arorhhip services. Sunday August iSth 
was designated Th® Church of Yesterday (Hiatorleal Sunday) at 
the eleven o» clock service. Rev. Idwln aibson, j«istor of 
the P'irat Parish Congregational Church of Brockton preached 
the sez^Kin. His subject was "They i^pt The Faith". At the 



tlm. .Ftrat Charel^ .<>f lans on (qo ri;gr<&gat tonal) CCoat. ) 

afternoon s«x>vloe« the history of the ehureh was glvea under the 
sub^J^et "Throat tbs Years la Song and Story" • Special nmsle 
was rendered by a woH®n»3 chorus » also by a men's chorus. At 
Ii.«l5 adjouraent was made to the old btirylng ground beck of 
Fern Hill Ceaetery, ^er© with flttlE^ ceremony a tablet was 
unveiled on Rev, dfad ]?itohcoolc*a grave by one of hla deseen* 
debits. August 23nd - with the subject "The Church of Today" 
the Rev, Vernon P, Bevan, pastor froa 1939 to 19^2 preaohod 
the serfflohf entitled "Alternative to Futility", hie text 
II Tiaothy 1:1*12, 

August 29th, "The Church of Toraorrow" was In <^arg© of 
the youas people. Rev, Scott S legal who waa pastor frora I916 - 
1918 and 1922 - 1928 preached on the subject "The Church of 
Toaiorrow", his text the 8l<.th Paalia, 

A colonial tea was held Tuesday^ August 171^ at the Gad 
Hitchcock house, th© first parsonage, now the hoim of Mr, snd 
Mrs, 'ssrilllaas Walkey, Tuesday, Atigust Mi,th at eight in the 
evening, a Pioneer Roman's Day was observed honoring tkM» Fore* 
aiothers of to^n and church, J?very woman's organlxiatloxi of 
Hanson at^ neighboring; towns was represented in a candle 
light li^^ servlee, fha CoBBSunlty S Issuers gave special music and 
the speaker of the evening was Irs, Lois @rant JNilches, who 
took for her subject "Pioneer • Hew Style", An historical 
pageant in six episodes entitled "They Kept the Faith" was 
given Sunday evening, August 31at the anniversary banquet 



Tliqi, Ftyat glutt^l» ta. , llaaaoi:^ ,.CQ,fflt^||3(?i ^att ta naX ) {Conn* ) 

was hold after whleh ^ord w«i* tliree oa#-i8iauf#e'«" l~H«Ej«s^«r"» 

ao«ai{}t«4 tii9 e&ll to beeoae pastor of th& e^mroU* E« w«a a 

a» V99ist;a»4 la X";^^! to tam a iMMitoiwta ia C4»aaa«tlQut* 

Fq3^ a ist^bar <»f 3rwtv«» ftXl 9V9S> tlxa Unitad states « ^w 

Msa^gar of tloia Baf^iansad '^svaa^alleal liAttb^raa Chiireh axid tfcu* 
Coi^p?>^fttt9!3«l Cla*iatl«t C2»]r«tb«a» to b# kno^n as tho iMltad 
€hi£rdh af Olirtdt In Aesarloaji was aought* It vaa dabated ia 
tiM lanaon e^tveh laany tiema* Xn I9SI tiala aUus'oii tteolared 
Ita Intaatimi to oontlaiaa &a a !>««» autonoisoua Cox^ragatsional 
crhrlatian ehureh. 

ik mm Satey ^iiw ortan with olaotvta aonaola vaa puro|yuia4 
in 19^1 and astabllatead la tlia mtumtwarf* 

Tha Mair* Eob«?t B* lai#ian bedaiM th« pa^isor In 19S3.* 
Ma waa horn in Bri#}toa» ^laaaaehtiaettas Iw gra<luatad from 
Boatoa University and Attdovar-Hawton fhaologleal CoXl®g«» Sa 
awrrtad Bvty Do&tm In X<^^ and ^mj luava ona daughtart &«v9rl;r« 
Vn&»v ^ia eariiaat Ohx'tattan laa^arahl^ m» ^ti^&h h&B i(m4a anae^ 
proiToaa. 'Ilia ohuraii aahool Maa mxe® %h»ia dot^la-df ^vias wat 
aaroll^a^at or IXlj., with ^ la m* ilalgiMU8«» Mg^ ao^iool ciaaa 
alo-aa, la hU ntm yaars aa paator, B^Q Mva b««a adaittad 
Into falXow«^lp of ^m ohttrch* 



T he First Chtace h In Haiison {Co an ^rej^afclotm l) (Gont. ) 

Moeh of his amns^&s Is 4u9 to thfs fact that h« is actively 
asaooiated with ths» adssiKLlstrmtive cozasittoea of the ehuroh* 
such as th« trustees, advisors' i3oard, Holigloita Education and 
Mlsai3nar;if Cosisjltteee in serviee and aa conaultant* 

A few yeara ago he began the earl.;^ Kroralng worship ser- 
▼io@a dwrlng the auasaort '^ieh are alisraja well atteaSed, 

In ainiatering to ^e alck and needy, he la outatandlngly 
faithful* In the year juat ending (19^) 117 hoapltal calla 
were made to ten hospitala, making trlpa to and frora Boston* 
Qttii^yf weyaiouth* Brockton, Stotaghton and ?lyiaouth» also to 
]mny nursing hosies iid^ierever elderly and Inflra people needed 
hlai* 

Be la Proteatant Chaplain at the Plyraouth Cotmty Hoapl- 
tal laaiftne^ weekly calla and eondueting worship aervicea, and 
he ably rgpreeenta the ehiirch la sany other coaasunlty activltiea* 

In 1955* & eoiasiittee was appointed to have plana drawn 
up for a auoh needed addition. In 195& work waa started on 
an addition 30 feet by 6o feet with claas roooa, atudy, 
ladiea* parlor, auditoriua and stage, baaenient dining rooa 
seating over 2I4.O, and a soodern kitchen, well equipped to 
supply food for aa many people* 

la 1958, the new Farlsh Hall was coapleted at a coat 
of over §14.3,000* Duo to the fine cooperation of the church 



Tlaa Flrgt Chm-eh in Hanson (Conjasp&gatlonaX ) (Coat* ) 

n^abersy and t!%e various opganiseitionai and to Um g®nex*oslt|' of 
th« people of Hansont at th9 Dadloatlon Servieo on Hovasibsp 26* 
19$8 all bills w«re paid and tha aaptj'aiage burned* 

This Is the raeord of the First Congregational Churoh in 
Sanson* tisny Items of Interoat m&j have been omitted, and the 
OAnyt aany naiaes of those «foo liept the faith «ould fill enother 
booli:* 3ut laaj It be hoped that the z^oord of this old meeting 
house 9 hallowed by the saerifiees, sorrows and joys of genera* 
tlons, m&j be a bulwark of Christian love and service in thla 
eoiaotmity for raany years to cossae* 



A f«pt;>rt of %km Sxm^f SebooX of tJbe Hansoa C<»ig^Ni|^tliMiiil 
ChuTdlk wm r««d by Mint flaXliida C«rr» tlion superlntesi^Aat* at 
the iSOth Annivorsftry of thd ohuroli in 1396« Her sJeot^ 
•tat«s thftt «hll* there were few roeorda available* tiawre wtre 
those Itviztg at that tijm wiu>9« ooiuxsettoae and roGolleotlone 
trexNs vei^ reliable and helpful la the vrltli^ of her repwt* 

In 18969 there eae one person still living «ho had been a 
pupil in 6he first Stuiday Sehool* i;4rfl« Katherlno Phillips of 
laaover* fto »aa great«»granddatighter of th» first islniater Eev» 
Oad Htteheoek* In iaam mrlf 1600 *s atinday Sehools liad been 
organised in iSnglandt and to the islnlaters here it seeeied a 
benefielal prograa for the ohtflpohee* but did not tseet with liti^ 
approval i^aong lfe« Is^landers. It wm» too soon after tim Wfue> 
of 1312 to think aingrthtng good oouM eoae out of Bnglatvi* 
There is a tradition in one Hanson faiailj that a bof eho enetdced 
off to attend a session of the tupoptOar aiehool was ^ireatened 
that his new Sieiday vuit wonld be taken away tp&m hin if he 
went again* However* the Sunday sehool* started by Parson 
Barstow in 1017 <» 1316 in a sohool house near his hafm», now 
OordiHi Best* eofitinued* its session held at five o*eloek in the 
afternoon frosi flay until about Hoveeiber* At this tiae there 
were no sohools in the winter, tn 1B22 the sohool was transfer* 
red to the ehureh* belns ^ti»M betiwon the morning and af tiHraoon 
serviees* this did not oontinue for lonf » the report says* 
beoatiuie the singers wanted to praotlae thsir lausie at that tte®» 



Hana on CoogyftgatioiMil C hurch 3ol>ool {Gont« ) 

and the toiies of the big basa viol so filled tha asetlng houao« 
that It Interfarred with hearli^ the lessons* ao the school was 
cloaadt to begin again when the Rev. Howland beoaiae pastor* 

Deacon Oliver ^/hitten kept tlie records* and probably filled 
the place of superlntendant though that title was not then in 
oae* Soae of the early teachers were Miss Lucia Smith* daughter 
of Joseph Smith of jHPiTateer fame} Miss Betsy Hitchcock* grand* 
daughter of the l^ev* Gad Hltchoooki and tils a Bachel Oushlng of 
the Elijah Cushing family lAxo lived in the old Cushing house* 

For lessons they studied the Bible* the Catechlaa and 
SMiaoriaed the hymns* Soioe of the pupils were aabltiovis to get 
long lessons* For example* Katharine Tilden (later f^s* 
Fhillipa) and Angelina ^^itten* the deaoonts granddaughter* 
when about twelve years old tried to see which could excel in 
the nuBiber of verses learned* Eatherine Tilden oomraltted to 
flsnory the vAxole of the Gospel of xMatthew In one season. Her 
friend mwat have done well* too* for each received a book for a 
reward* 

tn l@lfl the msift>er of pupils was 77» the average attendance 
53* There were twelve elaasea* 3y this tlias* question books 
were in use as a notation reads "Sept* If finished lewcoiab»s 
First Qiieatlon Book*" 

April 17 » l^kZ the Sunday School opened with 50 scholars* 
la 131^6 it Goaiaenced the season with an attendance of 5^* The 
Rev* Hockwood proalaed a new Testament to all nho could recite 



Hanaon ConfeUP«gatlonaX Chiupoh Sohool (Gout*) 

the Asseably Catechism* Thov® Is no record of how omny aoooia<- 
pliahed the task* 

In X%S records ahow that while the usual attendance at 
the church wixcahip service waa about 17^* the nisaber In the 
school vas only 70* iShether antagonism toward children's 
services atlll continued* or whether long services both norning 
and afternoon left little tioe to iirepare children for another 
neeting* we do not know* 

Between I660 and ld70* when :iv* Allen Leach vas st;^0rinten~ 
dant» the school increased* He was an able iaan» and usually 
bad a practical thought to give the school at the close of the 
session* Ue encouraged attendance* and announced one iSunday 
with delight and ^Ide that 100 scholars were present that day* 
There were two unusually large classes of young people at this 
tiiae* a class of girls taught by l&*8* Alonso Colton* and one of 
boys taii^ht by Mrs* Theodore Cobb* 

^s* Southwox*tli» the pastor's wife* was very active In the 
Sunday School* Interesting the young aeiabers In concerts, having 
theia meet at her hone to praetloe si 



fa 1366 the first Chris taas Festival* with a Christiaas 
tree was held in the church* 

In 1883, the new chapel was ready for classes* mid during 
the next four years* the average attendance was 62* In the 
aean time* international Lessons were adopted* and a library 



gaaaon Goagiyeg;attooaX ohiiyoh SolaoQl (Cont,) 

was startodl* Bev* A, J« Iieaoh was superintendant at this tlm&m 

Xn 1896 Miss Caw took ovar the work* aaalstad by Miss 
Lillie Thoi^is* Mlaa €arr* a taaohar by training* waa a oon^ 
aolontloua and devoted superintendant* Sho enooiacaged the 
children to feel a responsibility toward their church* was 
always ready to give help wherever needed* and was loved and 
reapeeted by the vAiole oooraunity* For the l^Oth Anniversary 
Service* with the asaiatanee of Fliae Joaie Eatea* she in^epared 
a ftageant* "The Children's Convention*" vftiioh was given by the 
children* and vexT* well received* 

The enrollaieat of the school was 30 pupils* and there were 
eight elaaaea* A Hoiae Departiaant waa organized «1 th abo«rt( 
32 members* 

Mr« F»mcis Cleiaons waa a ouch beloved super intendant dur* 
ing the 1920 and 30* a* The Cradle Holl* kindergarten and prisMoy 
ages* waa eaphaaised as he believed that if they were registered 
young* they would always feel they belonged* 

Bibles were given to every child graduating froa th© prl» 
nary to the Jimlor department* mad one of the i^ost popular 
exercises was called a "Bible Sword Brill'* j^* Clemona called 
out a text* and recognisilng the first child to find it. In 
thia way* the books of the Bible were learned* 

The officers and teachers were organiaed for study of the 
Bible and siethodsof teaching* 21 attending teachers* traning 



HMMon CongpegatilonaX Churolbi SohooX (Cont.) 

oXasaed In i^oekton foi> eight woeloi* tJurlfig this tlae the 
Baida and Matrons s|>oiuiored a bus to cover tho l6 ailes of 
Haaaon roads to bring children to the school* This proved verj 
suoeassfult and today foixr buses are In use* 

Aft the church aoi»ol lnoz*9ased» a religious education 
eoiQRiittee was elected by the chinch to supervise the course 
of studies to be tued in the 30hool« s^^geat programs for teacher 
training » and encourage the older pupils to pvttptkTB for teaching* 

The children have been generous In sharing with others* at 
hotao and abroad* Their Lenten offering was sent to provide 
Bibles for the widely scattered people in Alaska one year* Each 
Thanksgiving both food and noney la taken to the Hoine for Little 
Wanderers In Boston. 

For over twenty yearsooney has been collected and sent for 
the support and education of t«o orphan chlMren In China or 
India* Letters of appreciation have been received froa laan^ of 
them* The offering froa the i960 Lenten boxes were toward a 
fund froa our church to the Congregational Ciirlatlan Collega 
In Anatolia* Greece* 

Thus the Hanson Congregational Church School has carried on 
for over Ik^ years* meeting t2» needs of the ;|oung* preparl:^ 
tfaea to Bset the needs of the worldt teaching thea that righte* 
ousness is fundaiaental to all good living* 



Haaao a CongTe^ yatlonaX Chiarch Sgbf ^tg*! <Conts») 

Ml»a Garr ended hBv ak&tch, ac^« than sixty yoara ago» %dth 
this obsdrv&tion; "In looking over the Uat of church assifbers* 
I find* wit^ seapoely an oxeeption* that In tha yaars pt*@7loua 
to imiting with tl:^ church* thay w«p« attan<lftnts at ^a Siinday 
School^ showing there la a close connection bctwa«i church and 
aehoolf and we may feel that the work of the school has hot 
iMen fruit leas •** 

This is aa true today. Let ua hope that the aohieveigenta 
of the past will inaplre the present generation to go on to 
even greater aerviee. 



50xrm iiAHsoif mp^ist church 

la 1712, Pecibrok© became a separat© town and at ono© 
formed itsair Into a parish, for th® ©ivil aai religious 
unit were then almost indistiagulsh&ble. 

V&at is now UansoQ was then alssost entirely an unsettled 
region except for a single large estate of some 1200 or li?00 
acres near the present town hall when then belonged to the 
ThOfiias family and except also for a few scattered houses, 
principally along t^tiet we eall Indian Head Street. 

Consequently the first ohuroh in Pembroke served for 
a time every religious need of the ooniaimity and the 
ministrations of the Reverend Daniel Levis met with 
general approbation* . 

Soon after the incorporation of Pembroke a steady 
stream of Imojlgration set in towards Hanson. 

Uiey came in from all the surrounding towns, from 
Soltuato, Abington, Bridget^ater, the older part of Pembroke, 
and from Doxbury and Marshfield. ISiey brought with thera a 
traditional loyalty to the church as an organisation* 

As most of the ifiMuigretion was towards the northern, 
the southern and central portions of ii^hat is now Hanson, 
the inconvenience of attending at so distant a meeting 
house as that at Centre Pembroke becaetie intolerable and the 
Congregations Chta'Oh fen Bonney Hill was organized. Here 



SOUTH HAK308 BAPTIST CHURCH (Cont.) 
fop another fifty years our fathers worshipped. 

In Wa& first two decades of the nineteenth century the 
condition of affairs in nei^boring towns bred a deep feeing 
of relisioos discontent, 30 that the tiHi« was ripe for a 
religious revolotion. . 

Many ohizrchea resiained orthodox, but there was a good 
nucleus for the formation of a Baptist Church. 

fhe iRuaedlate Inqpolse >4hioh led to the organization was, 
however, the preaching of two young men, neither of whom 
had yet been ordained, l^omas Conant and Aaron Perkins. 

Ihey preaonted a cosplet© contrast in personal appear- 
ance. "Father" Conant as he came to be known in his later 
years, was a short slight man of a raild blue eye and a benig- 
nant aspect. 

Doctor Perkins was a tall, broad- shculdered noble looking 
man of distinguished manner. 

Never was the contrast less in the work in life they 
were called upon to perforra. Mr. Conant found his work close 
by his hand. Born in lliddleboro, he preached and labored 
in Marshfield, Hanover, Hanson, and on Cape Cod. 

Dr. Perkins occupied the hl^ places in the denomination 
and attracted large audiences by his brilliance. 



.#9,im| mWm .M?^s? pH^f^c^ iQont.) 

holding serviods iQ i^b^t io ttcn? Bryeotvillci* ^speeiallf 

afe tlas© hofiss of Mios^h Foofe^r, oftferwarde l>@a©OTi of the 0hur«h# 

Durltitg tha suooesdiag wint«ir a^ reguXar 3ujn4ft^ services 
ttrsr^ iieid* ba% on w<@«i£ datj^s an^ oo&e ft sooafeh on Suadajfi ttm 
pooplo gmtihered in priirate hou8«>s td listen to td;^ preaohing 

of th<»9^ two itea« 

A Baptist soei«ty iims orgAai^e^ aeto&ar 5* IBXI. fh# 
Sooidty ohos« &l<l«r Jool Briggs to be its teaoher snd set 
its^if to vopk to build a t^etiog houscr* 

The aetaal i«ork of boilding seems to have bdgu»s io tha 
Xatar smmBV of I3X2« bat it progz^aaad alowlj and it i^aa mora 

Hi&a two yaara l&«fo]p« th€ houa® «ms fioiahod. It i-m.B e araali 

and plain strufstur®* situated n-«iar tlia pr«s@tit Ustlaodist 
€hurohy on the w^st isida of t^@ atra$t« Xt h«a i^ea ^»lavgetl|r 
and fiow totrwm part of th« XN»sid®i^d of l-lv* Oi*e#siX0af Kllbr#th. 

OftXj a tmg ^ears paas#d before it ^aa evident tl^t a 

lffirg®p ho'tts® ^i»88 needed* In April* 1820, ths Sooietj votad 
to build* 'Ha® building i#aa er^et^d^ (tb» p£%a@nt ^huroli 
buildi&g on Main Stz^€»«t) astd wa® ditdieated Moiremb^rr I6th 
of tbe» oama y^ai*. 

^«B first bailt, it wstn ® pXstia, batm-llk® strafityire, 
without afc#«pX®, taway, op baXl. It had gaXXejcieta o© thi^© 
»l^»B, tvo roitra of witidova, a lii#i puXpit, aod in otl^i#f» things 



SOVTil ll^mO^ BAPTIST CHTJT^CH (Gont.) 
conforcied feo feh® stylo of 1700, 

Elder Torrey was the flrsfc pastor sad reraainsd pea tor 
ap to the end of the year 1@25« It is interesting to note 
that although the modern teisperanoe EBovement had hardly begun, 
the ehuroh voted that no apiritous liQUor shall be sold near 
or round the church on ordination day, Hkxla, together with 
the decided stand it took ageinst slavery &nd slaveholders, 
as early as iS^ii, proves this oliorch has been ^ore than 1^ 
to date in favor of moral reforms. 

Under the leadership of Brother Branson (Asa Bronaon) 
the ohureh edifice was repaired, a tower and steeple added 
end a bell placed in the tower. Ifeus the houise (l850) put 
on its present outward appearance, vastly inrproved from the 
barnlike structure it was at first. 

During the next ten years there was apparent success 
in winning souls* 2here were a gooclly nufaber of converts 
and additions to the church. However, the energies of tiM 
brotherhood were largely spent in dlselpline, Ho leas then 
fifteen were put under disolpline at one tisse, and others 
at other ti^s. 

Brother Hutchinson's influence {1358-61) introdooed 
a change in methods of discipline. His Judgment was not to 
exclude members who sustained a good moral character, and 
that seems to have been the usual sentiment of the church 



SQVm HftHSON BAPTIST CmiB.CE iCont* ) 

aXnoB» Unworthy tmtSi&ipa have been exeluddd, members i#ho 
for a long ti{^ have not valked with it^ have been dropped, 
but petty grievances and Gd.nor delinquencies have not been 
magnified into undue ita^portanoe, as was so common in the 
earlier history of the church. 

In 1367 under the pastorate of Brother lA^etson, measures 
vere taken to possess a parsor^ge. fioney was raised for 
this purpose by subscription, bpi entertainment, and by other 
Cleans. In due time a parsonage on Pleasant Street was 
purchased and paid for. 

The church for several pastorates had paid a salary 
of t 600.00 and the personage; the extra donations raising 
^e compensation of the pastor to about f 800. 00 a year. 

In the firmnoial stress that now (1673) oarae upon 
the Gommtnity, the ooMoittee were unable to raise the 
usual amount. It was th«n that Brother Albert S« B&rk&W 
offered to nmke up the deficiency, whatever it mi^t be. 
It proved to be 1300.^ a yew?* and that ciaount h« paid 
every year throo^i the next five years. 

In 1975 l^Bm Rosolla Cobb offered to pay half the 
expenses of building a ohapel if the ottor half could be 
raised, fhe ladles of the church and congregation were not 
long in raising the other half. It was completed this year, 
and the next year it was furnished and put to use. 



^01^ E^HSOH BAF?IST CUmCU (Cont.) 

la 1890 a pipe opgfto "of fine feone" waa purchaaed and 
given to the ohupoii by aa unidentified t^enef actor, ^3iia 
instrument sent forth its musio for ^ y^ars, ai^ was not 
repXaoed until tli© fall of 1952 when Mr, Wesley Vokey and 
fir. Jaiaes Converse porohased a fine oleotrio organ. 

At a church meeting; in Ootober 1902, it iraa decided 
to build e baptistry under the pulpit in the ohurch; prior 
to that time, new membera ware ** buried iiith Christ at the 
pier" in nearby Indian Head Fond and Little Sundy Fond, 
Ihese immersions too!£ place sometimes as late as ttiid* 
November and as eerly as March, 

The original pews in the ohurch were reffioved la 1911 
and new ones installed. It is interesting to not® that the 

d®ed to pew Wo, 36 was sold to the ^eat- grandfather of 
l^ry Bieh for |10,00, 

'Ibroa^ the generoua gift of I^, and Mrs, A, W, Stsipson, 
the vestry was enlarged in 1912 and the kitchen and woodshed 
built, Sin^e '^bat time the addition of electric li^ts, 
central heating, and the laying of en oak floor in the isain 
church building have k:ept the oldj^building op to date • 

A aevare taiunderatorra in the suisKner of 1951 destroyed 
the old steeple, but the church was not long without a 
steeple, for members and friends rallied to raise funds for 
repairing the damage and the new steeple was completed the 
same fall. 



SQinH mmUQM BAPTI3T GIimCH (Cotit,) 

la tihe spring ef 1952, it W€i9 decided that &n edditlon 
to tihd ciua:*oh building was aseded to oar^ for tite needs of tb» 
fast expanding Sanday School pro^&m. Under the leadership 
of Rev. L» Stanley Meni©rp© and tti© «ngln©®i?ins skill of 
Mr, Prank Roaeh, the new building was planned, the baseraent 
ejsoaveted, and the foondation poured, during the fall sea* 
son of thfi satno year. Now, thanks to the eaany friends arad 
^Brobera of the Hanson Baptist Church, Fellowship Hall is 
completed anA in use* 

September I960 papers were passed for the Chandler 
property consisting of all the land and the cottage in back 
of the ohuroh. 



Sources of Inforeiationj 

Historical Sketch of the South H^ison Baptiat 

Church by E^v, Joseph B, Road (Dec. k» 1900) 

Historical Sketch of the First Baptist Church 
of Hanson by A« H» Slsney (1950) 

Hanson Old Home Week Goo^ttee booklet 1902 

Records printed for the town bj Geo.Gdward Lewis 1912 



1Ehi& Ia«r ibdiloh itaposed taxetion u^on individa&ls for 
chareh support was considered by astnj to he onjust. A feeling 
©jf resistance led a few of the parish to propose holding laeetings 
and supporting them by volimtiiiry contributions. A rscelpt for 
suoh payenent ansvmred the d^nmnds of ths law* 

Aocordingly a society v&@ or^ni^ed «^ich held tseetings 
at tha houses of some of its Btembars. Prominent among them 
vera Dr. Saauel Barker, Cornelius Cobb, Dr. Calvin Tilden, 
Charles Josaelya, Jabez Jooselyn, and Oren Josselyn. 

Freaohing was supplied by Benjamin Whittmore, Joshua 
?l«s;s» Rfi»v» Hosea Ballou and others. In 1829 a church wsis 
builfe at the junction of roads. Willow and Short Streets. A 
preacher, Elmer Hewitt^ vm» installed as preacher, and remained 
in of fie a ten years. 

As the older metftbers died and numbers decreased th& society 
eeased to hold meetings. 

For a time the church was used by the Spiritualists for 
Bieetin^« 

In 1866 the building was remodeled for hall purposes, and 
sailed IJnity Hall. It remained as such until March 1876 wh#n 
it burned. 



TH E CATHOLIC cmmca m mmon 

This la the history of the Catholic ohureh In Hanaon aa 
dalvlng Into reeords^ rocolloetlons, meaiorlea, and hereaay 
aatorlal can give* But Is mope * It la tho Uvea of peoples 
their moments of Inner joy and prayerful dlspalr - for of these 
the ohureh la made. It la, too« the lives of smn dedicated 
to the service of Chrlat and to serving hla people • for of 
theae priests are laade. 

A little over half a oentitry after the Dlooese of Boston 
waa founded, the pariah of 3t« Bridget's was established la 
1663 In Ablngton with Reverend Aaron L* Roche aa ita first 
pastor* He would travel to Hanover once a oonth to say Mass 
and adffllnlater Sacraments to the few Catholics In that area. 
Mass was said In private homes. Many tovmspeople of today 
recall being told by their grandparents of their walking to 
Hblngton for ^ass at St« Bridget's* feeding the children along 
the way. One of these pioneer farallles waa that of Mr. John 
Silvia who had cone from Boston to live on State Street. His 
grandaon, Mr. Tony Slaney, lives on Hudson Street. 

In the year 1370 the admired Father Hocbs died. Both 
Catholics and their non->Catholle friends in large numbers 
attended his fimeral to pay tribute to a priest whose dedi- 
cation began the spread of Catholic friendship in this area. 

During the next few years the pastors frois Ablngton 
continued to serve the people of Hanover, Hanson and surrounding 
areas. These pastors were Reverend Michael loran* who later 



The Catholic Church In Hanson (Cont,) 

became pastor of St. Stephen's Church in Boston; Reverend 
James C. Murphy* who built St. Peter's Church in Plymouthj and 
Reverend Willlan P. McQuaid. 

In 1879 Father McQuald bought a site of land on Broadway, 
Hanover for 1^0.00 for a church location. At about the same 
time he started a church in Rockland. To help in these under- 
takings the Rockland Catholic Church Fund Society was foianded. 
In the year 1882 his excellency Archbishop John J. Williams 
blessed the Rockland church under the title of Holy Family, 
and the Hanover edlface as Our Lady of the Sacred Heart. 

The new pastor of the Rookland<»Hanover parish was Reverend 
John D. Tierney. The first confirmation class wi|a confirmed 
by Archbishop Williams on September 6, I883 and the first 
class for Holy Communion was on October 6, l88lf. Priests 
from Rockland would come by horse and buggy to say I4ass each 
Sunday at Hanover. It was to this church that the Catholics 
of the northern part of Hanson and Pembroke went. Some of 
the priests who tended them were Fathers Charles A. O'Connor, 
Francis Walsh, James H. O'Heil, who can be remembered coming 
to Mass with his dog sitting on the buggy seat beside him, 
Philip Sexton, George A. Gately, J. M. Gallagher, Thomas P. 
McG-inn, Richard Boland and James Barrett. 

At about the same time, the church was started in Whitman 
also by Father McQiaaid. On November lif, I886, the church was 
completed and dedicated to the Holy Ghost. It continued to 



T he Catholic Gliurch in Hanaon (Coat, ) 

be under the Ablngton pariah and Reverend J. P. Miindy suc- 
ceeded Father McQuald as pastor. 

It was to this new ch\2rch in Whitman that the Catholics 
of the south end western parts of Hanson went. The early 
records show that Marle-Anneta LeBlane of Hanson* daughter of 
Paul LeblanCf was baptized on Jime 8» 1666; Alicia McGeough 
of Wilson Street, daughter of John McQeoiigh and Mary Pope 
was baptized on June 20» 1666 and her sister* Helen* was bap- 
tized on May ij.* 1690. Also Joseph R. White* son of Frank and 
Anna White was baptized on Deoeiober 29* 1689. 

In 1697 Whitman was made a separate parish wl th Reverend 
James Hamilton as resident pastor and Reverend John Cronin the 
first curate. 

In 1907 the late Wllliaxa Cardinal O'Connell separated 
the Hanover and Rockland parishes. The sparsely populated 
areas of Hanover* Hanson* Pembroke* Halifax and Plympton were 
entrusted to the Hanover pariah of Our Lady of the Sacred 
Heart. Reverend James J. Gilday was its first pastor and the 
others that followed in succession were Fathers Charles F. 
Donahoe, John H. Harrlgan and Daniel Sheer in. They boarded in 
private homes in Hanover and continued the growth and physical 
expansion of the ohtirch. 

By this time many more Catholics had migrated from the 
Boston area. The many lakes were being developed Into summer 



The Catholic Chiirch la Hanson (Cont.) 

colonies with a large Catholic population. Dtirlng the first 
decade of the 20th century the Catholics of this section would 
travel by train or the new horseless carriage to the churches 
of Hanover, 'fhlteiaan or, after I908, the Kingston church. It 
can be resieabered the Mr. William Duffy, father of Mr* Edward 
Duffy who at present lives on Spofford Avenue, put benches In 
a truck and had a Jitney service. The fare to and from jtClng- 
ston Is remembered as 10;^. Mr. Frank Purpura would also collect 
parlshoners and take them to the nearest Mass. 

Records of the Hanover church show that In I9II* Huth 
Fortler, daughter of Alfred and Mary Caples Fortler was baptized, 
and that Annie Colt, daughter cf Manual and Mary Colt was 
baptized in 1913 • 

At about 1916 Masses began to be said In this area when 
Father Habestrod from Kingston said liass in the theater of the 
then flourishing Mayflower Grove. In I917 Heverend Timothy 
Callahan became pastor of Hanover and he would drive to 
Monponsett every Sunday to say Mass in the pavllllon of the 
Hotel Monpozisett. His successor. Rev. M.J.Sxillivan also used 
the theater of Mayflower Grove. 

The first instruction for the children was started at 
this time when, in I919, Father John Starr, then curate at the 
VShitman church used to gather the children of the Pleasant 
Street section of Hanson for catechism class each Sunday morning. 
In warm weather classes were held under trees. He was given 



The Catholie Ghtarch in Hanson (Coat.) 

the use of a violin shop which was on the property of Angelo 
Sllvestrl for use at other tiaies. 

It was In 1920 that Reverend Patrick H. Walsh became the 
pastor of the Hanover parish and started a new era in the 
Catholic church In Hanson. He decided to live at the Hotel 
Monponsett and to oonnnute to Hanover* The first Masses during 
the summer months were said at the Hotel Monponsett and at an 
old dance hall pavilion directly opposite the Monponsett rail- 
road station. In the wintertime the handful of Caldaollc 
faithful WDu3d gather in the Qiieen May cottage owned by May 
Quinn and located opposite the present Gentiles 'a market, 

Mr, William Ingalls, who now lives on Ftonponsett Street 
would light the pot bellied stove and the "Twelve Apostles", 
as Father Walsh often called them, would keep it going through- 
out Mass, Among these first parishoners were: ^Br, and ItSrs, 
William Ingalls, Mr, and i«!rs. Charles Ferry, Mary and JuLla 
O'Brien, Mr, James Shay of Pleasant Street, and Mr, Robert 
Schindler, 

At this time the whist parties which have continued to 
the present day were started to raise money for Father Walsh 
and his plans. They were held in private homes aa that of Mr, 
Joe Longo of Pleasant Street, Other willing workers were: 
Catherine and Louis Sweeney, Mrs. Hennessey, Jfips, Thomas Woodbury, 
Charles Ferry and Mr, and Mrs. Ryan, 



The Cathollo Citurch Ig iianaoa (Cont.) 

T2iol3e> efforts and zeal were rewax>ded wJaen on MarcJa 12 « 
1921* Father V/alsh purolxased a large tract of land opposite 
West Lake in Monponsett from Mrs* Caroline Sandford. On the 
site a Dr. Klein had had a sanitorlum caring for eye diseases. 
There was a five-storied bell tower on the sanitorium and the 
fire bell from that tower was installed in the belfrey when the 
new chiucch was built and is there today. 

On the present parking lot was a largo colonial farm house 
owned by JBiIr. Sandford. It was used by the ijenziger Brothers 
European makers of enamel light sockets, under the name of the 
Wirth Company. This was also bought by Father WtiL sh and the 
building remained for several years before being torn down. 

A mission style d church was designed by Mr. Charles Norton 
of Boston and built by the Harlow Brothers of Middleboro. In 
1922 the edifaco was blessed by Cardinal O'Connell and dedica- 
ted to Our Lady of the Lake. It was built much as it looks 
today. During the winter months the main chiwch was closed 
off and right chapel side was used. Mr. Charles Perry and lUr* 
Robert Andrews » who has been a Selectman for the town of Hanson 
for many years, would put up large partitions to close off the 
main church. The hooks used can still be seen against the 
posts. 

The first sexton was Mr. Jim Mclnty, who lived in the 
basement of the chiu?ch. Others who followed in caring for 
the church were Mr. William Kelley« Mr. Danny Lynch, Mr. William 



ThQ Catholic Ghuroh la Hanaoa (Cont.) 

Ingalls {1922 « 1945 )» Mr. Prank Ptirpxira, and Mr. Mickey 
Welch. 

Th© first baptlsia in the new church was that of Wllliaai 
Joseph Duffy, son of Wllliaai and Catherine Puffy of Monponsett 
Street f the same Sir. Duffy who had transported parlshdners to 
the early ehurchea. 

During the four years thatJ Father Walsh was pastor of the 
Hanover-Hsuison parish he inspired the young and growing Hanover 
parish and organized th© limited Hanson congregation of winter 
and suramor residents to work for their own mission. Father 
Walsh died only a short tlta© ago after raany successful years as 
pastor of St. Francis Xavier Churoh» South Weyaouth, 

In J^e» I92I1. a very kind man* Reverend Peter J. McCormack 
came aa pastor of the parish. He, too, lived at the Hotel 
Monponsett. He continued th© building of th© church and had 
the gromids landscaped by George and Srai© Sturtevant of 
Halifax, He had church pews built to replace th© original 
sotees. Father McConaack later died aa pastor of St. Paxil's, 
Hinghas]. 

The first altar boy was William Kelley, Jr. who had been 
given instructions by Father Walsh. A few years later. Prank 
Valentin©, himself a young boy at the tiaje, organised the first 
corps of altar boys. Victor LeClair, Gleiaent LeClair, John 
Perry, Stejflien Croghan and Vincent Kelley were aaiong th© 



The Catiiolls Ohttrch in liaoaon (Coat« ) 

orlglxml ^roup* Uxoplsi^ tha masinex* tmxkiAiM wuea bia facail^r waa 
la lloj)^nsett;» Mr** ^&l»ntin& s«:?vad laost of ^m> IfoitsiMi aad All 
the eer«]aonl«s for jsany yoaars* 

H«v«3*o£id P&tvicic CrAyton b^ofttew paato£> of Ea»over<»M&nson 
In I9S6« B« ofrep«4 ££&«« for thd p«ople of BryfiUitviia^® ate 
Mayflower Gxhsyq* He was highly eduoci^edl aod a apleitdld oicator* 
Ijiwn parties held oft the grounds of the Moapoaeett Hotel and 
pezmy aale&» usually under the leadership of Mre* Mbe a*aha«^* 
neasyi brotight In aubstmitlal rovemi& for the worka of the 
€hureh« Father i;ra^toxi left to beooae pastor of the Boekljmd 
ehureh and died t^btare a ahort time lator* 

Father I'rank H« Mouatoa waa the next paator appointed 
by the ohaneellex'y* He contttxa»d to live at the Hot@l and to 
say Haas in Hanover^ Hanson and Bryant'^llle, 

Durli^ hie paator»blp« Katalle &llveatrl» a {»*o£3i.«ing 
Miiaie attidftnt of 13» beeaae the first resident argaiolstt, An 
organ whioh was pu£»ped by foot peUala wm» ttonated to &he 
lion$>on9ett ehua^^eh by Mrs* Mary 3pilla£ia» a generous benefaetor 
of the ehnreh* Before this timt Priests from the MirlaHur 
Seaiaary in Dioacb^jiry wouM furnissh the miaia for speeial oeeaaions* 
With her two fovmg«r sistera «* Angeline mn^ VietiHPia • tl:^ first 
ohoir was established and they ispovlded the imsie for Monponaett 
Hanover* and the Hanson ohnrch to be bulltt until %^kQ» 

The first eonfiramtioa serviee waa oonduotod fey Biahop 



The Catholic Chi^'cli ^ in Eanaoa ( Cont . ) 

SpelLaan during Father Houston's pastorship with Mr. and I^s» 
Willlasi Kelley as sponsors* 

The n«xt pastor. Reverend iSugene Maguire arrived in 1937 • 
He worked tlrefe ssly to enlarge faotlltles and bring greater 
service to his flock. Under Father Hagnlre the ow Ish proa-» 
pered. 

In Deceiatoer of 1937 he purchased a large house across 
the street from the Monponsett chui*ch froa Louis and Louise 
Sohindler Walsh to serve aa a rectory. 

His attention then turned to the people in the north and 
western parts of the town of Hanson. The Hanson Catholics of 
these areas were still affiliated with the Whitman Holy Ohost 
Church. Father Starr, who had succeeded Father Hamilton as 
pastor lii i93S» 36nt a bus from Cfupey's Motors Company each 
Sunday morning to pick tip thc^Hanaon parlsiioners for Mass and 
for Srinday School Instruction imraediatsly following. I^s. Jane 
Bates of Liberty Street was In charge of th© bus service. 

At the suggestion of Mrs. Bates, Mrs. Catherine Berrlgan, 
who was in the Public Welfare office of the town for many years, 
and Mrs. Daniel Irving, then of Maquan Street the selectment of 
Hanson very kindly gave Father Magulre the us© of the Town Hall 
for Sunday Mass. 

In the summertimd Father Magulre also held Masses in a 
building in the rear of Brown Betty at Oldham Pond. 



:.jAV;^;--=i, 



Tb» OatiioXio Ohmcoh la Hanaon (Oont#) 

On Jvtlj 2d» 195@ Fa«hor Magulra {iiorcslmaad a traet of laod 
at the Jiiiieti<m of Indian Eoad and iiltequaa straeta from t^m 
Hanovor Firavorks to aorve aa a mlaaloa for the people of 
Hanaooy P^sbroke and the Peaibroka la^es. Robert IJLoyd of 
Arlington waa the arehlteet and bulXder of a eolonlal chtn*oh 
which was dedioated in 1939 to St« Joseph* 

Father Maguire waa the f irat paator to have a ourate» 
Beverend Jaiata Hafferty* Othera that have aerved aa eiiratea 
to the preaent day aret Fathera Mahoney* Hayeaf Harriet aiennon» 
Powera* Hayea» ^9inley» P« Flaherty^ ^vteade* Mnacray* ^Devitt« 
aiynn* l^eully* Walker and Sei^lin. 

Fa^er Maguirea i^io la still paator of 3t« BltaU^ I^well 
la smoh loved and well rea»abered by all the Catbolloa In thla 
area* 

Reverend Patriek Flaherty atteeeeded hia aa paatort 
arriving in July 19^» The f irat of the Flaherty brothera waa 
a kiivi and frleivily oaa* He redeoorated Our Lady of the Lake 
Chureh and oloaed in the rafter a whloh had been expoaed ainee 
ita eonatruetion* He inatalled a x«>dem eleetrie kite^n in 
the baat^neat of the Hanaon ohureh. He organised the Holy Uaim 
See lety and tlm Catholle Woxsan'a 3uild« 

When in Ifoveaber 19l|.5i ArohbialK>p Cushing aeparated Hanov«r 
axKl HanaoB* Father Flaherty rcHoalned aa paator of Our Lady of 
the Lake and ita alaalont St« Joaeph* Eeverend Robert Elnah* 



The Catholic Ginarch In Hanson (Gont.) 

cllffe was appointed pastor of Hanover, 

Father '*Pat" was followed by Father "Prank" Flaherty, who 
had Just served his country as a navy chaplain. He Installed 
a public address system at Monponsett. Father Francis Flaherty 
followed his brother again as pastor of St. Mary of the Hills 
Church, Milton and is a lonseigzK>r in charge there now. 

On April 7» 1953 Reverend Russell Haley becaaie pastor of 
the combined Hanson parish* He was zealous and friendly wtlih 
an excellent memory. '.Then in 1954 ^® became ill. Reverend 
Joseph Shea was appointed temporary administrator with Father 
John J. (vlynn as curate. 

The Hanson chtirch was separated from Monponsett in June 
1956, as St. Joseph the Worker Parish with Reverend John T. 
Sullivan as pastor. The large white house adjacent to the 
church was purchased from Mr. and Mrs. John Dolan as a rectory. 
The first marriage solemnised in the new pariah was that of 
Eleanor F. Bates and Thomas 0. MiUlen on July 28, 1956. The 
first baptism was that of David John Hiekey of Clara Avenue on 
July 29, 1956. The first altar boys were Billy and Dickie 
Ferris, John DlOregorio, Fr anils Lyons, and Kevin Kenney. 

The parish under Father Sullivan has been a very active 
and successful religious congregation. With the help of 
Reverend Richard Powers of St. Sebastian Day School of Newton 
and the Holy Gross Fathers of Stonehlll College Sunday Masses 



Thq> Catholic Church. In Ha nson (Cont.) 

are at 7t00f 6t30» 10s30 and lltOO a.m. In the winter and at 
7tOO» 6s30» 9L30t 10s30 and lls30 a.a. during the siuamer months, 
Confessions are heard every Saturday afternoon from l<.z30 to 
5:30 and in the evening from 7 s 30 to 8:30 and in the evenings 
only before First Fridays and Holy Days. There is a sodality 
of !?0 woBien and a Holy Name Society of about 35 laen. 

Christian Doctrine classes for high school students are 
held on Wednesday evening and catechism classes for grade 
school children are on Saturday mornings. There are twenty- 
five altar boys« a Junior and senior choir under the direction 
of Miss Eleanor Mullen. The altar society is made up of f our** ^ 
teen women headed by Mrs. Alexander Brennan and there are ten 
tuihers. Mr. Roy Ferris is sexton and Mr. Edward Wenz is 
supervisor of traffic. 

The Reverend pastor of St. Joseph's is now the chaplain 
of the Plymouth County Hospital. Confessions are heard 
during the week and BSass is said on Sunday at 8:00 with 
eommimion to bed patients. 

Many improvements have been made to enhance the church 
both on the inside and on the outside. A new electronic organ 
f\and piirchased an organ to replace the original foot-pedaled 
one. The now famoxis style show reviews have become a 
traditional Pall social event. Veritten and directed by Father 
Powers the professional standard of this show is worth of its 
large patronage. 



f ho yearly fluml^aglvlng whist p%rty imXd %n t^o aMltorl*' 
va <- g|r»Bift9liaB of tim Xii4&«ii Head ^nhool la gigantio mid 
3uoo0s@ful» lihiDli effort la pst into awsih. an outstaiidiisg 
affair. 

Tlam spftj^tMittl aupper run by Pembroke ?ollo« Chief AX 
Xi«ftSll6tt« and hla awii la anothor auooaasful fimd ralalng 
avent ojT t3a& smx'iah&asrB^ Soeh an ambl&loua aad ooopsratlfa 
pariah wlXX aurely hava the help of the Jj@x>d to aontisitie to 

At tba Moaponsatt pariah Father Haley returned to tinA 
that tl»i ffork of a congregation «aa still too rigorous and 
on lareh 12* 19^7 Beverend Wllllao Wallaee oaiae to Our La^ of 
the Laica aa adalnlatrator* A trus priestly priest* Father 
Wallaae la an organiser with aueh dlraotloii and yet hii»illty 
that he 1® adulred and respected by Cathollos and &»mm Caf^ba»» 
Ilea allkie* 

He revitalised every phaaa of the religious life of th» 
parish. Mis apeolal work was aaaong the ehlldren and yoimg 

adults and he organisied a cro> initiated a baseball and basket* 
twill prograss for thera and goeial d«no«a» H© toereaaed the 
al^yp boy corps* 

The ohuroh strueturo and grounds «ere alao lap'oved by 
Father Wallace* In May of 19S8 a shrine to Our Lady «a« 
given by the fanily of O^oha Dies* Jr» «(ho at 1^ siat accidental 



The C a tholi c Ghupch In Hanson (Cont, ) 

death and the rail was given by the fatally of the late Dexter 

Deering» 

The large gathering of friends and parlshoners at the 
Monponaett Inn on April 29 » i960 to wish Father Vvallace best 
wishes on his new asslgniaent to the large St. Peter's Parish 
in Canbrldge* showed the high esteon the people had for such 
a truly outstanding shepherd, 

Froa April 2b, i960 to his untimely death two months later 
the parish was served by Father John J. McGlnley. He was 
the first priest to die during his pastor^lp at Monponsett. 
The off lee of the Dead was chanted at Our Lady of the Lake and 
St. John's Seminary Choir sang his requiem Mass which was 
presided over by Bishop Riley. 

The present pastor » Father John Kelly cams on June 29, 
i960. His kindly manner and friendly nature have already 
endeared his to his parlshoners. With a present parish popu» 
latlon of 570 he carries on a full parish schedule. Sunday 
Messes are at StOOy 9:30 and 11:00 a.m. during the winter and 
at 7:00, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00 and 11:00 a.m. in the summer months. 
Holy day Masses are at 7:00 and 9:00 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. 
Weekday Masses are at 7:30 a.m. daily. Confessions are from 
i|.:00 to 5:30 on Saturday afternoons and 7:30 to 9:00 p.m. 
in the evenings and evenings only before Holy Days and First 
Fridays. 



The Cat holic Chupoh i n Hanson ( G ont . ) 

Christian Doctrine instruction for the children of the 
pariah is held each Saturday aornlns at 10:00 a.m. The yoxang 
adults of high school age laeet each Monday evening at 7:00 
P.M. The Ijadies Sodality meets on second Monday and the Holy 
Harae on the second Sunday. I,lrg, P'rank Purpura is in charge 
of the altar society and Mrs. Prank Valentine is president 
of the Legion of Mary, There Is a senior choir under the 
direction of Mrs. Helen Sweeney. Father Kelly and the Priests 
froia Mirlmar are served by altar boys. 

The apirltiial life of a parish is enriched by the people 
wbo enter the vocations. Monponsett pariah has been blessed 
by Bevenend Richard LeGlalr, son of Mr, and Mrs. Victor 
LeClair of Monponsett Street, who Joined the order of the 
Holy Cross Fathers in 1950 and for many years has been in the 
mission fields of Africa. His present station is in Moshi, 
Tanganyika Territory, 

On August 13» i960 two young ladles. Miss Mary Ellen 
Harrington of Oiir Lady of the Lake Parish and Miss Sheila 
Cotty of St, Joseph's Parish took vows In the Congregation 
of the Sisters of the Divine Providence In Kingston, 

The year I961 brings the past to a close but it is only 
the beginning of a future that promises great religious wealth 
for the people of Hanson, 



CHURCHES 




Gad Hitchcock D. D. 
1719 - 1803 
First ordained minister of the 
old West Parish Meeting House 



CHURCHES 




CongregaHonal Church 1748 
(High St.) 




Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of the Congregational Church 
Group led by Alice and Daniel Lewis 



CHURCHES 







Baptist Church 

dedicated Nov. 16, 1820 

(Main St.) 




St. Joseph the Worker, Catholic Church 
dedicated 1939 as a mission of Our Lady of the Lake, Monponsett, 
made a parish June 1956 (Maquan St.) 



CHURCHES 




Early Spiritualist Group 
in front of Wallace House's home after a meeting 



CBMETERI^ AHD BPaUX QRQtlSSS 



PLP. B13HXAL HILL IH HA^OH 

lh« old settlers of Foabroke, West Farisli, seleoted a 
pleasant apot for their last resting place. 

It is an Irregular ridge of laad« ranning nearly north 
and south, and parallel with the pond i^ich stretohes along 
its eastern base. The faint hum of the mill, a half mile 
ewajr, or on Sundays, the musio of the ohuroh bells, are almost 
the only sounds to break the quiet of the place* 

Hhe western side of the hill is quite steep, and the 
orest of the ridge is broken into two distinct knolls by a 
little valley about midway of the ground* 

the first burials ware on the higjliest part of these two 
knolls, the northern and highest one having the sost of the 
oldest graves* 

ta» hill is referred to in old deeds as "gravelly hill", 
the oldest headston®, dated 17l+5» is on the northern knoll, 
and is that of @ child of the Gushing family, which was then 
probably the leading faciily of the Fariah in social position, 

1!he southern knoll has the ^aves of the I^ioaas family, 
at that time the owners of the land. "Zhe old minister, too* 
who came ?dien th» pariah was first formed, ai»l served them 
faltl^ifully for fifty-flv© years, finds here among his dea- 
cendenta, the place for his last sleep. 

At the titm of th6 first burial hcsre, 17l|5f the hill was 



Old Borlal Hill In Hanson (Cont.) 

ewa«d by Captftin Edward fhonms^ the first olerk of the parish. 
He had rooolved it at the death of his father* Liaat* Xsaae 
Ihoaas in 1731* 

Althoa^ helongiRg to the thomas fasiily» this hill had 
h««n in gaaaral use by tha parish aa a burial for nearly 
sixty yaara* Most, if not all, of tha original macnbera of 
the parish, had baan borne "alow throa^ tha ohorehyard path". 

On Sept. 29, IBOU Nathaniel niomas of Fambroka, in oon* 
fildaratlon of >)20.0C paid by Oliver Whitt^n, Thoraas Habart, 
and Isaao Bowen Barker, sold two aorsa, 13 rods of land for 
porpoae of a btxrying yard for the use of aaeond parish. 

Biis eontl&aed in eomnMsn oaa b^ the pariah, and aft9r 
IdSO by th« town of Hanson. Marsh 11, l6ll a oomsd.ttee vaa 
chosen to bay a hearse and baild a suitable building to houses 
it in. Bie aoffi of 1 30.00 was appropriatad. April S, 1^2 it 
was voted that the hearse-house, hearse, harness and pall, now 
the property of the Parish, laay beoome the property of the 
Town of Hanson if the town saw fit to accept the same and 
keep the property in repair. 

''Fern Hill Geaaetery Oorporatioa" was organised in lSI|7, 
the name being suggested bj Capt* Joshua Sid.th. 

Sie original proprietors were Eara Phillips, JT., Alden 
Baal, Asaph Peterson, lev. Elmer lewitt, Ihoosas H. Perkins, 
Joshua Smith, Christopher C. Tilden, Bev. Samuel L. Hookwood, 



Oid BarlRl Hill in Henson (Cont.) 

0eoi?g® P. Bob1« Kefehaiii©! Tkiom&a, Jeremieh Sop«r, Seth Gennetst, 
Cashing Vlnal, and, Jhoama G. Clara:. 

JoBhttft Snith was «l«eted president} Bav* S, l»« Bo«kwood, 
vloe-prssidantf Christopher Tilden, Seeretaryj E»ra Phillips, 
treasorer. Tho latter was ohoa^n e ooiamittde ^o pnxHsl^asd 
of Mp, tlioiaaa Hobart th« land lying betwaan tha old burial 
hill and the hi^way, tha priee not to oxoaed f 20,00 for ©aoh 
proprietor. It was voted to present each of the religions 
sooisties in the town with a lot and it vao left optional 
with the eofomittee to eonseorate the ground <n> not. 

Bie first burial in the new groimd was Mrs. I%hi table 
Hunt, wife of Aaaph Feteraon. 

Later the Dame Annex was added, and then the Cobb annex. 
In the oombined eameteriee there are about 850 lot owners. 

2be Reeolving fomb waa built by the town of Eenaon in 
1895 costing nearly t5S0.00. the ^anite aroht^ay at the 
entrance "17^0-1900'* was procured laainly throu^ the efforts 
of the ** Hans on les^r ore meat Society" et the eost of about 
1700.00. 

It has been stated by the older folks end handed down 
from one to another that bodies were buried in all ways in 
those early days with no attention paid to arrangement ae^ 
with no markers. Many a tisse a previous gp&vQ would b@ dug 
into only to be filled in and another plaee used. Bodies 



Old Sosdal Hill la Hanson (Coat.) 

imr« burled heXter skelter, hlii»BV^s&isa , so that the Lord only 
knows who they were. 

It Is Also said that In t^a earliest tlmaa, folks uaed 
to bary their deceased s^elatlTes on their farms, there being 
QO oenseteriea laid oat for public oae* In vlnter they would 
use plaoes dog oat of a hill and stoned up, Ihe bodies were 
placed therein ontil spring ^en they would be taken oat and 
burled In their private burying gpoimd. 

Small private burying lots are still oeeti in and atboat 

town but not used* One is on a knoll at the bend on the road 

just west of Poor Meadow Brook, It is thoo^^t to have been 

eonneoted with the oosisumity ohuroh, built in X7BB, just 

aeroBS the road. Stones in this old oenietery are on the 

"Crystal Springs" farw owned (I960) by E» Allen Anderson. 

SfOVM IS OLD CEfKlSERy Af €fSB*ShL SPRIMS 
Pled 



Mas Droaille Hobart 


March 3, m^ 


16 yra. 11 <.no. 




Isaso lobar t 


June 12, 1832 








George C» Hobart 


June 30, 1826 


1 mo. 5 days 




Ihonaa Hobart 


17^ 








Jane Hobart 


Oet. 15, 1797 


65 ys"s, 


9 «ao. 




Joseph H. Harding 


July 22, 1852 


2 yra. 


, 13 days 




Alpheus C« Harding 


July U, 1879 


56 yvB* 


1 {80. 20 


d. 


Hannah C. Hardiiig 


Jan. 29, 1899 


75 yrs, 


, 6 mo. $ 


d. 


Baraillft B. Eider 


Sept. 8, 1825 


k yjf®- 


l| mo, 21 


d. 


Eara Rider 


Oet. 28, 1326 


k3 ypst 






Kary Foster (l^a«) 


July 18, 1826 


26 yrs, 






Eliaher D. Sherman 


oot. 21, 1832 


69 yrs, 






Huth D. Sherman (I^s. ) 


Oot, kt 2.836 


Ik yps< 







Old Bttrial 1111 In Hansoa (Confe.) 

Another is found batwoen tho railroad tizraeks &ad ^hs 
hottsec on Mala Street, ebout In the rear of th« late Elliott 
Vade pl&o0* It was oallod th« Moiu^oe private burying ground, 
originally in an op«a field surrounded by a haavy danae forest 
of pine tre«8 and th© burial place of tho wlfo of Henry Munroa« 
Sr., wtio with severi children died of small pox in 1759. 
Later half an aore was appropriated for the use of inhabitants 
of the vioinity, George Htmroe died lS20j Mary Munroe, wife 
of George, died l839j Benjaialn !tonroe died I82U1 Abigail, 
wife of Benjanin, died 1836« This oemeterj v&b also used by 
tlie Bisbees, !Qae lact person to be buried there ims Mr* 
Cyphoa Howard, the father of Channing Howard who owned a etore 
in Bryantvllle* 

Aaothar small private lot is on Hudson Street, MmXit9>x.t 
and ia near the road, on a eorner of the field once owned by 
Cyrus Monroe* 

^till another was loeat^d oti Franklin Street, Jus is north 
of the fox Hous^ H» 1. oroijsiag on the ri^nt-haud side, A 
house used to stand in this violnlty many years ago oalled 
Mie pox house %iiere sce&ll-pox patients were oared for, &ose 
who died of the dread disease wsre hastily burled to prevent 
the spread of the plague. 

On Indian Head Street, quite a distanoe from the hii^way, 
in a field, only a short distanoe from Maquan Pond is the How* 
land Cemetery, Ihis is a private plot onee used for a burying 



Old BurlRl Hill in Hanson (Cont;.) 

grouad by old aottlera tliat lived oearby. "Kiere ere iaii?ee 
stones la a. pine grove - ell in good condition*! 
Lewis Howland 1£^6 1^0 years 

paraelio, widow of L«wia Holland 1369 6^ years 

Suaan F., daughter okf the above l866 16 years 

On Main Strdet bo tjiie ri^t, alcioot in Bryantvilla Square, 
are two tois^a tiiere the meaibara of tho old^tioie fbonaa familiea 
osad to be interred raaay years ago. Since the pijdalio burying 
groonda have been establiahad^ these toiiibs are n^ longer of 
any use. 

Died Ajg^e 

Rebecca 'Ihon»a» bom I8l0 1879 

Hare us Ihocsaa l86l 71 srrBm 

Louisa, their dau^ter I90I4 70 yj»a« 

Levi fhottias 5?oiHb 1832 
Lydift, his wife 

Ohlldreni Sally, X^evi, Heaiaa^ Mareus, llathanlel, Ihateher, 
j?;llja, Benjamin 

Ihe atetaon Cemetery near the railroad at the Walter 

Batea Bog la In poor eotiditlon* There are few alatea In an 

i;^rl^t coMltion and the entire area ahcws the reault of 

reoklsas destruetlveneas. 1!he oldest grave Is? 

Died Age 
Jaeob Gha^iaan died of sj»all pox ^a^a — '^ 

John Stetson 17?6 k$ years 

Ab©l stetson I8IC SU years 

Joel v/lxite 1822 66 jeers 

Margaret, wife of Joel 1821 65 years 

Samuel Howland iSlS 



old Bupl-il Hill In Hanson (Coat:.) 



Sjrlvsnus Sveysoa 

Lydift, •wi£e of Sylvanoa 

Lofiy, %}ifo of Isra«l l!hz>ftslier 

Scir«h ^'fljlte, widow of Bothoel 

White 



Died 


APB 


1872 


06 jeara 


18^1 


53 yeara 


l3i^6 


31 jreaz^s 



1559 



91 yeara 



!!5i0 Stetson faailly were Peaibro'^© people. 



Thope are also three other tou^a In to^rn; on« an Winter 
Street, oailod the ]Mtacoa^>®r tomb, on« on Dr. Piercers land 
and one on ^'©st Washington Straet. 



ThM Hanson 3oXdie?a f^nwaant was pXaaed vi^n Its ftituBbia* 
Irion In Fern Hill Ceaotopy Hovaajbei* 21 and Hoveisbei* 22» I9059 
aftap many yoops of hard tfork., and at tl^Mi alnost hopelaaa 

WOVkm 

fV»p tsangr yaara thara had ba«a talk of a aonvBMnt» but 
l^iara aaams to ba no raoord of any ooi»apted aotion tmtll 
1897« At l^ia ttisa» the Thaodea>a L» Bomwy Woamna Rallef 
Oorpa Totad to apaot a aoldteva noniiRwnt and pledged two 
himdrad dollava* Tbmn a eooBiittaa oonaistlng of ilpa* HaniHili B» 
Saleari jfira* Sarah Pratt, and Mrs* Siavy H* Batea began the ewei» 
vaaa of the town for funda* tPhey fotmd tt hard work* and i^am 
people not responding* Deocnratlon Day* IS97* ^Sxntm Bakov esftde 
an eloquent appeal to ttie people of the town* Jiftny pledgee 
«wre obtained bvAi irery little money «aa paid in as the pledges** 
did not think it would be a sneeeaa* ^a* Baker worked fail^ti* 
fully as long as her health would permit » but ahe did not liir* 
to eomplete her work* 

Xa laroh 19024. the ^^C Sfomssnet Coaaittee» with lira* Hary 
F« Bates, Chaireian» a^gested havl^^ a sewing oirele and 
invited ewery woman in town to join* Ira* Batea ealled a 
Deleting and organised the Meoorial Sewing Cirole with the 
following offioerai mm* Hupy F» Bates, {nreaidents ^«>* 
Cornelia Cook, vioe smesidentt »a* Abbie Fhlllipa, seoretaryf 
ai^ Mrs* Ellen Fox»d, treasurer* 



Mfttttiagi twf& }mlA evai^ two V9^k» staffing th» staassajp* 

tlona* and txuna^dt ovap to ^® ifonuiBont Oo!!Kaltt«8 f3S@»30« 

At to»a DMietln^ MarcAi 7« X9Qti.» UPS* UMpy Bat«s asked «lu» 
towa to give t300«00 tovarde the Moauneat* Th» town voted to 
x»«i8e and approi^late tfSiis «stouat» and later It was paid ov«p 
to the HoatSBwrt Coiamlttoe* nra* Bates aXao aaJtod that the 
tovn appoint a coo^lttee ot thi*ee to fox« with the WRC lioiinp 
neiit Coanlttee* a Hanson Soldiers Moaunont CosBalttee* 'The 
following were eleetsds Frank w« r)aiBon» Flavel s« iThosaas* 
and Barker Batosy* 

Zh Septoabor 1901» sirs* Mtes beo«M Chalman of the 
Benson Soldiers Moniaaent ConBalttee as now eooijosed of represen- 
tatives of the MIC and of the tmm* 

The Ootsilttee was imde up as foll<^st Barker Bakeri 
Sf&r7 P* Bates » Gh«ln«m| Oomella Cookf Frshk W« mtiK>n| HelStt A* 
Eardlng^ Treaaiorerf Sarah J^attf Flavel S* ThcuBiasy Seevetary* 

Dr« Thomas* work as aeoretary ajad his willlngneas to 
servo gradtmlly led to his beooxslng goi%»x«l business agsnl 
and later snporlntendent of the putting in of the fotaidatlon 
and the ereotlon of the Hontn^nt* 

For months the 6o»iltte« held ametlsi^s* oons^ted with 
3il9n\a»»nt aisn and examined plans » designs* and eetlnat&s* At 
last l^uijr voted to award the oontraot to Preaby and coylcsndall 



p piffli S o l<a»gi JiQ«agw»» (Cont.) 

of Itew York City. To »rs, Gwaik belongs tfe» ero^tt of 8i3^g«»%» 
li;^ tho iKHnaHNSfe Xiett«r vot»d for* l£p« ^psaby ^buBtdl no ^sigii 
thstt aulte^i the Co!msltt«« 9m tSimj wcatedl oao with & soldier 
on top* Ho had mmj gaK>togriMPhs of «ork ho hod dono* Ono wtm 
a aontxnont tnado for o prlvsto loty lite tlio podootol of oior 
Soldlopi Mfontaamit* Mps^ Cook ooldD "liby )»»t p«it ft otattto of 
ft ftoldlox* on top of that? lOiy wotilda*t that laako a good 
Soldiom HonamntT" After sosio eonsldoration it was dooldod 
that it wovld aaako ft good ono» and lator the aooretftry vaa 
dirootod to ordor and oontmet f«p it* 

tn tho fftll Mr* Preahy vroto and i^kod tho «oof*otu!7 to 
got SQiSftoiie to put in the foimdftti<m| and to st^or intend it to 
seo that it isras dones in a satisfactory oHmimr* Arrangosaonta 
vera xaade with Mr* Willlea B« Mlsas to build tho fomsdation* 
I^ter !tr>* Bposby wrote the seeretary askiB^ hira to seeisre 
titamoma in MiitaHm to trt»>k l^he atonueient and amexof a derriok« 
eto* Miehael H^nnoally was sootired* The seevotary oarefuXly 
wat<tibed the building of tho fowidation end the ereotion of the 
entire Stonisasnt from the plaoing of the base etone to the 
washing off of tho ooaplote etructixpe* As he had st^^rintended 
the building of the fovndationa and tho plaoing of every stone 
in the ftreh» he was not without knowle^o mnS. experiense* 

The survey for the locatltm of the Isnasient relative to 

the aroh and drives and its height above grotmd was tho work 

of the seevetary and Wp* M&roer V* f ills<m* 



Hanaon Soldiers Monument (ConU) 

Making out the list of names for the Monument was done by 
the secretary assisted by Kercer V, Tlllson and Otis L, Bonney, 
Esq. Probably Mr, Tillson devoted more tiae to It than -any 
other person. Frequent reports were made to the full committee 
iftiicb voted to accept and adopt the list now on the Monument. 

The collecting of contributions was done Biostly by 
Mrs. Bates, Mrs. Cook, and IiCrs. Pratt. 

The following are sone of the large contributions; 

Admiral A, S, Barker C45. 

Mp. Morton V, Bonney [j.O, 

Otis L. Bonney « Esq. 2$» 

ISr. Thoinas Drew 20, 

Quite a large number gave five and ten dollars each. The 

Comnsittee wer© very grateful to each and all for kind aid in 

each and every way. 

At the dedication, October 20, I906, all received full 
credit in a carefully prepared paper the result of careful 
stuLdy and thorough investigation. 

A peroration would seem in place telling how these Hanaon 
men and boys left work, ploasiores, relatives, and homes to risk 
health and life to abolish slavery and to preserve the union. 
But more eloquent than words is this beaut if til monument. More 
eloquent yet is the invisible monument built of hard work - at 
times hopeless work and despair - of devotion, love patriotism, 
and appreciation. If at times the members of the Grand Army of 
the Republic think they have not received the honor and 



Hanson Soldiers Monument (Cont.) 

appreciation, due them, let them carefully exaiaine this invisible 
monument and I an sure their hearts will be filled with grati- 
tud© to the Womans Relief Corp8« This work they have under- 
taken ia completed and well done* It was a noble work nobly 
done. In admiration and deference, we doff, bow, and kn©ol 
to the ^C. 



CEMETERIES AND BURIAL GROUNDS 




Gravely Hill (Fern Hill Cemetery) 
First burial ground of the West Parish settlers 
Oldest headstone 1745 




Fern Hill Cemetery - Granite arch way 1750 - 1900 
(High St.) 



CEMETERIES AND BURIAL GROUNDS 



The five following phol-ographs show portions 
of 1-he private family burial grounds wifhin 
the town 



r^' '^: 




Thomas Tombs 
(Main St.) 



CEMETERIES AND BURIAL GROUNDS 







Howland Burial Ground 
(Off Indian Head St.) 




^^i-^- — -^- 



Hobart Burial Ground 

Crysl-al Spring Farm 

(Off Main and Franklin Sts.) 



CEMETERIES AND BURIAL GROUNDS 




Monroe Burial Ground 
(Off Main St.) 




Stetson Burial Ground 
(Off Monponsett St.) 



MILITARY HISTORY OF THE TOWlf 



1. 

MILITARY HISTORY OP THE TOMN OP H/>.NSON 
INTRODUCTION 

This is a military history of the Town of Hanson start- 
ing when it was still a part of Pembroke, West Parish, during, 
up to, and including the late Korean conflict. 

Hanson had no military record prior to l820, only that 
of Pembroke, but the West Parish shared in the sentiments and 
participated in the various military resolves, and its 
citizens responded to the call for troops in great propor- 
tion to their numbers. 

The spirit brought about by the wars with Great Britain 
survived long after peace was declared, and military companies 
were organized and uniformed. The parades were always well 
received and it was a colorful sight to see the militia men 
in their black and white hats and green and grey jackets. 
However, this was soon superseded by the more colorful blue 
uniforms of the volunteer companies who received much encour- 
agement from the townspeople. 

About the time of the incorporation of the town, the 
Hanson Light Infantry was formed but soon disbanded. Again 
in the fall of I836 a second Light Infantry company was formed 
in the south part of town and existed until 18)47. Prom this 
point up to the outbreak of the Civil War in I86I there was 
no organized military actlvites in the town. 



, ;'■;■■ :i:;t^isq 

.{.lev rif^'.'I- -r--:- n:'.t-'nq erIT .£;or,ic?.^rt.-; ■•.?:';-;--"0 e'lew 



■colinxj 






2. 
Daring the Civil War, as in the wars since, Hanson has 

done more than its share in many cases to fulfill the require- 
ments of the State or Federal governments during the time of 
need and can certainly take an honored place in the military 
history of our state. 

NOTE : 

Due to a great variance in the different statistical 

records as to the number of men actually taking part in the 

various wars, we feel this writing to be more accurate than 

many past writings as it is a composite of a great many. 



FRENCH AMD INDI AN WAR 175U - 1760 

The claims of the English and the French settlers in 
North America were, from the beginning, conflicting. The 
colonies on the seacoast announced the English had a right to 
all the land that went inland from those points. The French 
claimed that the settlement at the source or the mouth of a 
river conferred a title to all territory which the river 
drained. 

As a result, the English pressed westward from the Atlan- 
tic coast, the French southward from Canada and northward 
from Louisiana. A conflict was inevitable. 

The French were determined to maintain their holdings, 
mainly the lands watered by the Ohio, and to these the English 
were equally determined to assert their claim. In 17$l\ the 



: :'f r.t nn ^rr^'-' .ri:--:f:D or!:' -^n^TCnC 

: eaob 

'•loaod HB . , :.':.-^r^-:;v n^o fnis beon 



;:X' r' ' . . ... 






viZ . ■ 'jlLlao 



ni/.,::'i 



■ '■; ■■■ 



;flOQjB6E SrlC^ fIC wO 






3. 
governor of Virginia sent out young G-eorge Washington with 
a small force to demand the French to withdravj from the con- 
tested area. Of course the French refused and the first gun 
of the war was fired. In 1755 General Braddock led the English 
force into the Allegheny and Monongahela area. Refusing to 
take advise from Washington, Braddock was killed after leading 
his troops to defeat. Washington was able to lead part of 
his troops to safety. In the same year, the English were 
unsuccessful in two other expeditions, and it wasn't until 
1758 that they began to retrieve their fortunes. The tide 
had turned - one English victory after another led up to the 
final battle of the war, the Battle of Quebec. English 
General Wolfe struck a powerful blow on the French led by 
Montcalm; when Quebec fell the long struggle was ended. 
The English were nov7 supreme in North America, 

The Treaty of Paris, signed in 17^3, gave to England 
Canada and all the French possessions east of the Mississippi, 
together with the Spanish territory of Florida. Spain received 
from France all of its lands west of the Mississippi. 

There were few men from Hanson (then the West Parish of 
Pembroke) that took part in the French and Indian War. 



The records show 20 men who are listed below: 



Leonard Hill 
Consider Cole 
Nathaniel Cox 
Nathaniel Cushing, Jr. 
Thomas Stetson 
John Record 
Increase Robinson 
Gideon Bisbe 
William Pierce 
Joseph Stetson 



Abner Bisbe 
Elijah Cushing 
Jacob Bonney 
Daniel Crocker, Jr. 
Asa Robinson 
Samuel Romsdell, Jr. 
Zephaniah Hatch 
John Leavitt 
Samuel Bennet 
John P^mpelly 



-.ICO : 3iit JbflaneJ. ..Ijeme s 



aa ,,£ 



casi bficl' £1 iJilcl j Cioaa 



o Oil &nsj 



. ,.:..;, ell': -■ - 



-njBi'5 xnoi"! 



THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR 1775 - 1783 

At the conclusion of peach in 1763* following the 
French and Indian War, Great Britain possessed the greater 
part of the North American continent. The English government 
had no firm policy to apply to its constantly growing colonies. 
The French and Indian War had cost England about $350,000,000. 
and the King insisted that the colonies should pay part of 
this debt. As a result such things as the "Stamp Act" and 
heavy taxation were inflicted on the colonies. After a few 
civil disturbances such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston 
Tea Part, and others, the colonists began preparing for 
retaliation. 

General Gage, the English commander in Bob ton, heard of 
the military stores of the colonists in Concord and sent 800 
men to take them. This resulted in the famed Lexington and 
Concord battle in 1775. 

In July of 1776 the United Colonies through congress 
asked for their independence and on August 2nd the Declaration 
of Independence was signed. Prom this point on one event led 
to another and there was general war throughout the colonies 
until the tijo forces engaged in Yorktown, where on October of 
1781 the English surrendered. 

A provisional treaty of peace was signed before the close 
of 1782 and on April 19, I783, eight years after the battle 
at Lexington and Concord, Washington issued an order declaring 
the war at an end. 



, ofl baa 



k no boB 
vo eno 00 Haloa slxld' fnoi'il 



3b '■iO iJ 



5. 

The treaty o£ peace was signed in Paris on September 3rd 
1783 • During the eight ^'•ears of war many men were engaged 
from Plymouth 8ounty and It has been said that Pembroke 
including the V/est Parish (Hanson )furnished more men for 
their size than any other town in the state. (Approximately 
150 men. ) 



A company of men marched from Pembroke, West Parish 

(now Hanson) to Marshfield on the alarm of April 19, 1775* 

Term of service, two days. This company was in the command 

of Capt. Elijah Gashing and consisted of two other officers, 

four sargents, a fifer, and a drummer, and 53 privates: 

Capt. Elijah Gushing 

1st Lieut. Edward Thomas 

2nd Lieut. Lemuel Bonney 

Sgt. Johua Barker 

Sgt. Simeon Jones 

Sgt. Noah Bonney 

Sgt. Snow Baker 



Pifer - Jabez Hatch 
Drummer - Issac Hobart 



Pvts. : 
Henry Perry 
William Phillips, Jr. 
Richard Phillips 
Gideon Ramsdell, Jr. 
Jacob Leavitt 
Abel Bourn 
Matthew Tilleye 
Samuel Hill 
Alexander Soper, Jr. 
Benjamin Rattison, Jr. 
Seth Bearce 
Elisha Records 
Samuel Bonney 
Edward Hayford 
Joseph Hollis 
Adam Perry 
Gamaliel Bisbee 
Noah Perry 
Howland Beals 
Joseph Bonney 
Ebeneser Bonney 
Samuel Ramsdell, Jr. 



Nathaniel Gushing 
Elijah Gushing, Jr. 
Henry Monroe, Jr. 
ThofflLas Osbcrn 
John Bonney 
George Osborn, Jr. 
Levi Wade 
Abraham Josselyn 
Nehemiah Ramsdell 
Joshua Pratt 
Gain Robinson 
Isaiah Bearce 
Isaac Thomas 
Jacob Bearce 
Ichabod Hox\rland 
Matthew '//hit ten, Jr, 
John Wait ten 
Joseph Howland 
James Torrey 
Thomas Records 
Reuben Harden 
George Osbcrn 



ciTito ';iv>u: no Ei'i ' i n. 



<ir. .■;sw o; 



••iT- 



Pvts. Josiah Cashing, Jr. 
Lot Dwelley 
Richard Baker 
Richard Lowden 



James Tills on 
John Jeffrey 
Iheophilus Cashing 



Another company of Minate-men marched the same day from 

Pembroke's West Parish to Scitaate and Marshfield. Iheir 

term of service was eleven days. This company was led by 

Capt, James Hatch and was composed of two other officers and 

four sargents, four corporals, a fifer and a drummer and 

35 privates: 

Capt. James Hatch 
1st Lieut, Consider Cole 
2nd Lieut. Eleazer Harablin 
Sgts. Caleb Howland 

Nathaniel Thomas 



Thomas Fuller 
Seth Phillips 



Cpls. Daniel Crocker 

Samuel Howland 

Pifer Ezekiel Bonney 



Ephriam Briggs 
Linus Tower 
Drummer Isaac Wade 



Pvts. Increase Robinson 
Isaac Beals 
Isaac Moore 
Christopher Phillips 
Isaac Bonney 
Elijah Gushing 3rd 
Eleazer Bisbee 
Leonard Hill 
Thomas Lincoln 
Ephraim Lindsay 
William Bonney 
Benjamin Guilliam 
Levi Crook 
John Stetson 
Daniel Child 
Benjamin Munroe 
Abraham Josselyn, Jr. 
Seth Cox 



William Hayford 
Jonathan Bonney 
Charles Jewetts 
Daniel Garrick, Jr. 
Richard Buker, Jr. 
Samuel Harden 
Abijah Levitt 
Samuel G or ham 
Seth Perry 
Isaac Phillips 
Reuben Clark 
Daniel Beals 
Lott Phillips 
William Gould 
Alexander Soper 
Hezekiah Pearce 
Gershom Rarasdell 



On April 20, 1775 six men belonging to Capt. Thomas 
Turner's company. Colonel Thomas' regiment marched. Term of 
service was three days. 



■•'•■■■ fi -■V'3|6 £3m' 



n '.r-if'.TOaA 



)eX> .dqsO 



. ?.^v*l 



7. 



Pvts. Micah Poster 
Perry Harden 
Zephaniah Hatch 



Mlcaii Lowden 
Daniel Bonney 
Joseph. Jbsselyn 



Nineteen men in the company of Capt. Eleazer Hamblin in 
Col, John Thomas' regiment; company composed of men from Pem- 
broke, Abington, Stoughton, Bridgewater, Kingston, Marshfield, 
Hanover, and Boston. Enlisted May 1, 1775 i'or three months, 
their names are as follows: 



Capt. Elezer Hamblin 
Ensign Increase Robinson 
Sgts. Isaac Moore 

Seth Phillips 
Linus Tower 
Cpl. William Bonney 
Pvts. Africa Hamblin 
Abijah Levitt 
Richard Buker 
Benjamin Munroe 
George Osborn 
Thomas Osborn 
Eleazer Bisbe 



Leonard Hill 
Simeon Records 
William Phillips 
Europe Hamblin 
Levi Wade 
William Hayf ord 
Isaac Phillips 



Six men of Capt. Freedom Chamberlain's company enlisted 
on May 3» 1775. Their service term was three months, 6 days 
and they traveled 30 miles. 



Pvts. Zephaniah Hatch 
Thomas Cushing 
Charles Bisbe 



Isaac Bowen Barker 
Fisher Hatch 
William Cushing 



A military company of 16 men under the command of Capt. 
Thomas Turner arrived in camp, January 10, 1776. The 16 men 
were : 



2nd Lieut. Consider Cole 
Pvts. Alexander Soper 

Nathaniel Chamberlain 
Thomas Lincoln 
Isaac Wade 
Josiah Thomas 
Gershom Ramsdell 
William Delano 



Reuben Clark 
Daniel Crocker 
Nathaniel Soper 
Abraham Josselyn 
Reuben Hodges 
Perry Rarasdell 
Isaac Hobart 



James Hatch's company of one other officer, three sargents, 
two corporals, a fifer, and a drumjiier and 25 privates marched 



LO iM 






*) fi »t H ;+ t f • 



XI O 
" V i 



from Pembroke, West Parish, to Braintree and Weymouth oa the 

alarm in March of 1776. 

Capt. James Hatch 

1st Lieut. David Tilden 

Sgts. Josiah Cashing 

Alexander Soper 

Joshua Barker 



Cpls. Isaac Moore 

A. Josselyn, Jr. 

Pifer Ezekiel Bonney 

Pvts. Marlborough Whitten 
Abel Bourn 
Alexander Soper, Jr. 
Nathaniel Thomas 
Noah Bonney 
Simeon Jones 
Benjamin Ramsdell 
David Beals 
Abijah Levitt 
Isaac Bonney 
Levi Wade 
Increase Robiason 



Drummer Isaac Wade 

William Gould 
George Osborn 
Nelson Buker 
Eleazer Bisbe 
William Delano 
Dg.niel Garnet 
Lot Dx-jelley 
Isaac Hill 
Isaac Hobart 
Christopher Phillip's 
Reuben Harden 
Samuel Ramsdell, Jr. 



Five men from Capt. Freedom Chamberlain's company marched 
on the alarm of March 5j 1776 to take possession of Dorchester 
Heights. Their term of service was five days. The five men 
who served were: 



Isaiah Stetson 
Micah Poster 
Perry Harden 



Josiah Thomas 
Isaac ThoBias 



A company of one sargent, one corporal, one drummer and 
12 privates under the command of Capt. James Hatch marched 
from Pembroke's West Parish to Rhode Island on December 9, 
1776. They served for 16 days. 

Capt. James Hatch 

Sgt, Ephraim Lindsay 

Cpl. Samuel Hoi^rland 

Drummer Isaac Wade 

Pvts. Matthew Whitten Hugh Osborn 

Ebenezer Bonney Samuel Harden 

Abel Bourn Reuben Harden 






'iemmiJ'Vj 



.'iT. ,^. 









I)6rIoiern x:n; ■ . lo i)n ■ 



9. 

Pvts. Eleazer Bisbe John Bonney 

David Beals Jacob Levitt 

George Osborn Lot Dwelley 

A second company of six men under the command of Capt, 

Ichabod Bonney marched to Rhode Island on the same alarm of 

December 9th. They served 17 days. 

Joseph Josselyn Perry Harden 

Daniel Bonney Josiah Thomas 

Isaac Thomas John Ramsdell 

It is noted that there was still a third company of militia 
men that marched from the West Parish to Rhode Island on that 
alarm of the 9th day of December. However they didn't actu- 
ally leave until the 10th and served for one half month. 
This company was under the command of Capt. Josiah Gushing 
and consisted of two other officers, two sargents, a fifer 
and 13 privates. 

1st Lieut. Nathaniel Thomas 
2nd Lieut. Noah Bonney 
Sgts. Reuben Clark 

Jonathan Bonney 
Pifer Ezekiel Bonney 
Pvts. Nathaniel Gushing Howland Beals 

Joshua Barker Benjamin Barnes 

William Bonney Francis Josselyn 

Samuel Rarasin Jacob Garnnet 

Elijah Gushing Nathaniel Hogges 

Simeon Jones Nelson Bowker 

Henry Perry 

Seventeen men in Capt. John Turner's company marched to 
Rhode Island under the resolve of the General Court 6n 
September 25th, 1777. They actually marched September 28th 
for a term of service of one month and one day. 






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The 17 men were : 

Plfer Isaiah Keen 

Pvts. William Thomas Joseph Bonney 

Gershom Rarnsdell Samuel Hill 

Samuel Howland Simeon Jones 

Zephaniah Hatch Noah Perry 

Charles Bisbe Gideon Rarnsdell 

Isaac Bisbe Isaiah Bearce 

Samuel Harden Abel Bourn 

Melzar Lindsay John Allen 

Ten men rrom Capt. Ichabod Bonney 's com^pany did duty on 

Castle (Noddle's) Island in Hull in Colonel Sparhawk's 

regiment. They served for two months and were discharged 

on December 11, 1778. These men were: 

Pvts. Elijah Bisbe William Thomas 

George Osborn Henry Munroe 

Peleg Osborn Zephaniah Hatch 

James Cole Nathaniel Torrey 

Matthew VJhitten Levi Wade 

The six months volunteers under a resolve of June 5> 

1780 actually served five months and 28 days. There were 10 

men from the Vv'est Perish under this resolve. 

Pvts. Ephraim Tillson Bennett Pumpelly 

Peleg Dammon Michael Osborn 

Benjamin Cox Isaac Thomas 

Henry Monroe Daniel Russell 

Allen Dwelley Joseph Robinson 

There were 12 men from the West Parish who served in the 

Continental Army for a period of three years. They were: 

Pvts. Lot Dwelley Isaac Poster 

Fisher Hatch Jabez Hatch 

Africa Hamblin Bennett Pumpelly 

Mchael Peirce Jerrus Phillips 

Isaac Phillips David Robinson 

Linus Tower Isaac Thomas 

It is interesting to note that the average pay during 

the Revolution for a Captain was E 8, Lieutenant E5-8S, Sargent 

E2-8S, Corporal E2-ljS, and a Private E2. 



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Among those who went in the war were many officers of 
high rank. Yet in I78O, the town voted that "the officers that 
go out of this tovjn with the militia shall receive the same 
pay that the soldiers have". The resolves were very generous 
in the way of supplies for the soldiers, money raised for 
bounties and soldiers wages, for there seemed never an oppos- 
ing vote however large the request, and yet there were no 
really wealthy people in the town at that time. 

ProDiinent peopl e of the Revolutionary period 
The Rev. Gad Hitchcock, minister of the Congregational 
Church in the 2nd Precinct (now Hanson), in 1765 was invited 
by the Ancient and Honorable Artillery to give the election 
sermon. The English commander General Gage was present at 
this affair, and served as a surgeon in the Revolution. 

Elijah Gushing entertained lavishly for that day and age 
with slaves to do his bidding. There were gay parties and 
joyful occasions in the old Gushing house during the war 
years. There were three gallants of Hingham who came to 
woo the fair daughters of the house and one was General 
Benjamin Lincoln, who in the war of the Revolution received 
the sword of British General Cornwallis at Yorktown. He won 
for his bride, Mary Gushing. 

Elijah Gushing was Captain of a company of men raised 
in the West Parish and who march to Marshfield on the aiarm 
of April 19, 1775. In the company were his sons - Nathaniel 
and Elijah. The list probably included about all of the able 
bodied male residents of the Parish. 






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TEE MAR OF l8l2 l8l2__-_jjlji 

The War of l8l2 is regarded today as an unnecessary 
straggle between England and her former colonies, the 
United States. Ihe English set up a sea blockade to cut off 
French commerce. The English ordered a.nj neutral vessel 
bound for France to enter an English port and pay duty on 
her cargo and also undergo search at sea for military contra- 
band. The effect upon the United States was diastrous. Thee 
English ships practically blockaded all American ports. In 
1807 a British ship fired on the American ship The Chesa- 
peake. Irritating and oppressive events such as this and the 
Embargo Act led up to President Madison's charges against 
the British government. These charges were; the impressment 
of American seamen into the British Navy, virtual blockades 
of U. S. waters, the "Orders in Council" which drove the 
srommerce of the states from the seas, the belief that 
British agents had instigated several Indian outbreaks in 
the west. War was declared June I8, l8l2, and because of 
the turn of events, the only important issue upon which it 
was fought was the impressment of seamen. 

The country was not prepared for war with the Navy, 
having only twenty warships of all classes. The war only 
lasted about three years. The first year was chiefly a sea 
engagement, in I813 one of the major U. S. victories was 
General Harrison's defeat over the British and the Indians 
at the Thames River in Canada. The territory of Michigan 






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was thus returned, to the United States, Commodore Perry, with 
his small fleet of nine ships defeated six British ships on 
September 10th - this was one of the most brilliant engage- 
ments of the war. 

During the third year of the war both sides fought more 
stubbornly and the English with the close of the Napoleonic 
Wars were able to send more men over to fight. On July 5th 
the British were defeated again at Chippewa; and as a result, 
part of the British fleet left Niagara area and in August 
entered the Chesapeake Bay with ijOO soldiers, led by General 
Ross they marched on Washington. They took the city and 
burned the capitol, executive mansion and a few other 
buildings. The government officials fled into the 
Virginia woods. In September this same British force was 
defeated at Baltimore and this battle gave us our national 
anthem - "The Star Spangled Banner". 

England was nearly exhausted by the continuance of 
the Napoleonic Wars and several times had mentioned peace 
to the United States. In the summer of l8l3> representatives 
from the two countries met at Ghent, Belgium and discussed 
peace. The treaty was signed on December 2I4, iSlij, thus 
ending the War of 1812. 

As previously mentioned the War of l8l2 was primarily a 

sea battle, therefore the records shovr only seven men from 

Pembroke's West Parish (Hanson) taking part in the war: 

John Thomas Richard Everson 

Benjamin Thomas Nathaniel Cole 

Seth Poster John Cook 
Benjamin Bowker 



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HANSON IN THE MEXICAN WAR l8U6 - l8U8 

The main cause of this was was the annexation of Texas in 
l8ii5. In 1836 Texas revolted from Mexico and became an inde- 
pendant republic, which was recognized by the U. S. in I837. 
However, Mexico never did recognize their independance. There 
was constant friction between Texas and Mexico and Mexico 
warned the United States that if Texas joined the Union they 
would regard it as an act of war. Upon election. President Polk 
made this issue an important one, Texas claimed the Rio Grande 
as their western boundry and Mexico claiming the Nueces River, 
a stream 100 miles further east. About 2,000 square miles was 
in dispute and President Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor 
with 3,000 men to proceed to the Rio Grande from the Nueces 
River area. In doing so they met with resistance from the 
Mexicans and a small detachment of Americans were defeated. On 
May 8th and 9th American troops defeated the Mexican forces and 
on May 11th President Polk sent a message to Congress declaring 
that a state of war existed "through the act of Mexico herself". 
On May 13th I8I+6 Congress deciared war. There were four major 
campaigns being the Rio Grande, Mexico City, California, and New 
Mexico. During the course of the war about 1+3*500 American 
soldiers served in Mexico or on the northern border, more than 
half were volunteers. The superior leadership and training of 
the American forces enabled them to win every battle, although 
they were met with superior numbers. The effects on Mexico were 
so disasterous that for sometime there was no authority with which 



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Hanson in the Mexican War 181^6 - l8ij8 (Cont.) 

a treaty of peace could be negotiated. It was not until 
February 2, l8li8, that the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed 
and not until May that it was ratified. 

The records show very few men from this area end only two 

from Hanson as taking part in the Mexican War. They were: 

Joseph C. Poster, Corporal, Co. K, 1st Mass, Volunteers 
Caleb Howland, Private, Co. B, l8th Mass. Infantry 

Corporal Joseph Poster was a member of the Washington 
Guards and was called into the First Ms.ssachusetts Volunteers 
in l8lj6. Corporal Poster won a medal in the Mexican War and 
was present at the surrender of Mexican General Santa Anna 
after the capture of Mexico City. 

Poster was grandfather of Herbert Magoun of Hudson Street, 
Hanson. 






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HANSON IN THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR l898 

• The Spanish-American War, a brief war lasting only one year 
in 1898 between Spain and the United States had a serious effect 
on the world. It grew from the injustice of the Spanish Colonial 
administration in Cuba. The policies governing Cuba were severe 
and the heavy taxation brought on serious financial problems. 
One revolt after another for self-government became more and more 
insistant. General Weyler the Spanish Governor resorted to extreme 
measures of imprisoning the Cuban people. They were grossly mis- 
treated and underfed, the only t hing keeping many of them alive 
were the supplies from the United States, Reports of the atroci- 
ties had imf lamed the feelings of the American people who were 
already fed up the misrule and anarchy almost at their doors. 

President McKinley opposed recognition of the rebellion 
but when the U. S. Battleship "Maine" was blown up in Havana 
harbor itn February I898, war became inevitable. Congress 
demanded the withdrawal of Spain from Cuba but the Spanish 
government mismissed the message and declared war on April 2l\th., 
The war was primarily a sea engagement but with many small land 
battles such a group as Teddy Roosevelt's "Rough Riders" are 
remembered today. 

The City of Santiago surrendered on July 17th with this 
the Spanish sued for peace; an agreement was made on August 12th 
and a treaty of peace was signed in Paris, France on December 
10th, 1898. This treaty evacuated Cuba from Spanish rule and 
relinquished Porto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam to the U. S. 



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Hanson in the Spanish American War I898 (Cont.) 

The records show no enlistments from Hanson. However 

there were two men who served and were buried in Hanson. 

They were: 

Essen 0. Baker, 5th Regiment Infantry 

Calvin Mixter, Jr., Co. D, 5th Regt. Infantry 

Charles E. Staples of Hanson, enlisted in Charleston in 

the Msj^ine Corps and was assigned to the U. S. S, Raleigh. 

He was a captain's ordeftly and had a good opportunity to witness 

Admiral Dewey's victory at Manila Bay, and described the battle 

fully in his letters home. 



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HAKSON IN THE CIVIL WAR l86l - l86g 

The Civil War was a conflict between a divided people in 
the American republic growing out of the institution of slavery. 
After four years of war the North defeated the South who had 
upheld slavery. Hovjever, the South cannot be held responsible 
for slavery, for, from its beginning in America in 1619 by the 
Dutch its legality was recognized by the thirteen colonies. 
Slavviry was profitable in the South and unprofitable in the 
North. In l820 the power in congress of the slave states and 
the free states was about equal, at least each was alert to 
prevent the other from obtaining more power politically. 
Neither North nor South can be censured for this attitude. The 
South was blamed by the North for attempting to push slavery 
into a part of the vast unoccupied national domain, but the 
South had a like charge against the North which sought to extend 
anti-slavery views into the same areas. With Lincoln winning 
the Presidential election in i860, there was no comfort for the 
South, it was inevitable that they must secede from the Union, 
South Csrolina was the first to secede in December of i860 and 
ten others follovred, the last being Tennessee in May of 1861. 
Thus there were eleven Confederate states opposed to twenty-two 
that remained in the Union. 

By order of the South Carolina legislature, the federal 
ship bringing supplies to the Union garrison at Fort Sujjtpter 
was fired upon and forced to retire. The legislature declared 
that any further attempt to supply the fort would be considered 
an act of war, A fleet sent by President Lincoln to Fort 
Sumpter met with resistance during the trip and the Port was 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 
fired upon by Confederate forces before its arrival. Union 
Major Robert Anderson in cormriand of the Fort, retired the garri- 
son on April li[, 1861 with the honors of war. 

The conflict appeared unequal at first with the resources 
of the North much greater than the South and the South having 
only one-fourth as many white men. 

During the year I86I the first serious engagement was on 
Jul^- 21st at Bull Run where the Confederates defeated the Union 
killing all hopes of the Union marching on Richmond. There was 
also much trouble with foreign powers, particularly England, 
running in supplies to the South. The United States took action 
against this by the capture of two men bound for England and 
nearly caused war with Engladd. 

In 1862 there was much fighting in the west and along the 
Mississippi River to break the Confederate supply line from the 
western states. It was in "62" that Admiral - then Captain - 
Parragut attacked the strong defenses of New Orleans with his 
fleet of fifty wooden ships and conquered the city. In the 
east General McLellan advanced to capture Richmond, but after 
many lesser engagements the Southern General Lee forced McLellan 
back to Washington and won the Second Battle of Bull Run. 
On September 17th at Antietam, one of the greatest battles of 
the war, Lee was driven back to Virginia. Because General Mc- 
Lellan did not press his advantage he was relieved of command 
and a number of other generals followed. Ulysses S. Grant was 
starting to make a name for himself at Fort Donelson and Shiloh. 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 

Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 throwing 
an altogether different light on the war. 

The year I863 saw the Union hammering their way to Richmond 
under the command of General Hooper. However, the battles to 
follow were not Union successes. General Lee emboldened by 
success, invaded the North, and at Gettysburg, one of the 
fifteen decisive battles of the war, was pushed back after three 
days of battles. This defeat marked the turning point of the 
war. The Union had taken over control of the Mississippi and nox4 
had the top hand. 

In l86l| the Union encouraged by its victories at Gettys- 
burg and Vicksburg was determined to crush the Confederacy. 
Grant now in command sent General William T. Sherman on through 
the South to the sea to defeat Confederate General Johnston 
in Georgia. Sherman entered Atlanta in September and nearly 
destroyed it. Then began the famous "March to the sea" from 
Atlanta cutting a path right through the heart of the 
Confederacy. On December 22nd he captured Savannah and turned 
northward to unite with Grant on February of I865. The fighting 
was hard that followed and Lee had retreated into Richmond and 
fortified himself. Grant circled the city and laid siege to 
the capitol. Lee was surrounded in Richmond with about Lj.0,000 
men and Grant, the besieger, with over 100,000 captured Peters- 
burg on April 2, 1865 • General Lee evacuated Richmond and the 



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Hanson In the Civil War (Cont.) 

capital was Grant's. Southern President Jefferson Davis es- 
caped to North Carolina. On April 9th, Lee surrendered what 
remained of the Confederate Army at Appomattox Court House, 
75 miles west of Richmond, The war cost the Union 360pOO 
casualties out of 2,667,000 men who actually saw service in 
the field. The Confederates lost 260,000 out of a total of 
about l,i|00,000 enlistments. 

During the war of the Rebellion, Hanson proved its loyalty 
to the Union, and promptly responded to every demand made by the 
government, including President Lincoln's first call for troops 
on April 15, 1861. These Hanson men were among the first to set 
foot on southern soil in Apiil of *6l and were a part of the 
time-honored organization of "The Minute Men of '61". There 
can be no question that the arrival of the Third and Fourth 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiments at Portress Monroe, 
Virginia, saved that point from the attempted capture by the 
Confederacy. The Minute Men for the most part were recruited 
for only three months service but many continued their service 
throughout the entire war. Many of these men were born in 
Hanson. The first call for troops was issued April 15* l86l 
and the last of the seven organizations recruited had left 
the state before April 21, 

The most local of these regiments was the Third Mass, 
Regiment. Company A (Halifax Light Infantry) which recruited 
men from Halifax, Hanson, Pembroke, Duxbury, and some of the 
other surrounding towns. 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 
The men in Company A from Hanson were : 

Sargent, Theodore L. Bonney 

Corporal, Frederick 0. Everson 

Privates - Morton V. Bonney Privates - Francis C. Hill 

George H. Bourne Jacob P. Hill 

Alonzo Copen William W. Hood 

Charles W. Corser Willard Howard 

Ebenezer H. Gurney Jason Smith 

Reuben Smith, Jr. Josiah Bourne 
Edwin S. Thayer 

Hanson furnished fifteen men out of the [|9 that were in 

Company A at the outset of the war. 

Some of the Minute Men joined other militia outfits and Kre 

listed below: 

Fourth Mass, Regiment - Co. E (S.Abington 

(Light Infantry) 
Private John H. Perry 

Company I (Lincoln Light Infantry) 
Private William B. Harlow 

Company L (Later Company C, 29th Regiment) 
Privates Thomas G. Clark 

Edward P. Mansfield 

A total of 19 men from Hanson left as a result of President 

Lincoln *s first call to fill the ranks. 

The town had its representatives in many different regi- 
ments and in every department of the Army. Its soldiersl 
sharing the hardships of war in field, hospital and worse 
of all, the rebel prisons. 

The records that we believe to be the most accurate show 
there were twenty-five men who served the call for nine-month 
volunteers. Many of these men were a part of the first volun- 
teers and either re-enlisted or just stayed on in active service 
after their three-month enlistment was up. There were 85 men 



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Hanson In the Civil War (Cont.) 
who served as three-jear volunteers and thirty that served as 
one-yearvolunteers. Also six Hanson men served in the 100-day 
volunteer enlistment. 

The Navy claimed only three Hanson boys for service during 
the Civil War. They were - Albert S, Barker, Gustavus Percival, 
and Charles P. Bowman. 



There were twenty Hanson men who lost their lives out of 
the 131 that served the Union. (Roster of men that served in the 
Civil War from Hanson by their term of service): 
Three-Month Volunteers 



Reuben Smith Jr. 
Jason Smith 
G-eorge H. Bourne 
E. Henry Gurney 
William W. Hood 
Theodore L. Bonney 
Jacob P. Hill 
Willard Howard 



Charles W. Corson 
Frederic 0. Everson 
John H. Perry 
Edwin S. Thayer 
Morton V. Bonney 
Alonzo Copen 
William B. Harlow 
Erastus W. Everson 



Nine-Month Volunteers 

Seth M. Briggs 
Charges H. Stetson 
Isaiah Stetson 
Benjamin H. Bearce 
Thomas Gurney, II 
William W. Hood 
Augustus M. Sampson 
Thomas W. Bourne 
Josiah Bourne 
Jacob P. Hill 
Bernard C. Beal 
Algernon A. Peterson 
Lawrence McGoff 



Thatcher Keene 
John Drayton 
Morton V. Bonney 
Henry Cook 
Andrew C. Brigham 
Edwin B. Cook 
Albert M. Thayer 
Elbridge G. Fuller 
Horatio N. Hood 
Charles W. Whiting 
John Brown 
Edward Or cut t 






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Three-year Volunteers: 

Charles W. Denbarn 
Freeman P. Rowland 
Alonzo Copen 
James H. How land 
Ichabod Bosworth 
Augustus P. Elras 
Henry ¥. Whitten 
Thomas G. Clark, Jr. 
Joseph E. Prouty 
Steven Bates 
Joseph L. Leavitt 
John C. Ames 
Andrew W. Fish 
Joseph H. Ever son 
Josiah Bourne 
John Barker 
Orange S. Pratt 
Daniel B. Doland 
George T. Sampson 
Samuel D. Rams dell 
Algernon J. White 
Joshua L, Perkins 
Seth F. Turner 
Edward Smith 
George S. Golbert 
Horatio Poster 
Henry L. Ewe 11 
Francis C. Hill 
Freeman J. Burney 
Nathaniel T. Hatch 
Benjamin H. Bearce 
Isaac Bourne 
Edwin ¥. Pratt 
Cyrus Drevj 
David Kingman 
Austin Luther 
John Drayton 
Philemon W. Ramsdell 
Josiah G. Cook 
Joseph B. Loring 
L.Irvin Lane 
Charles F. Stetson 
George W, Hayward 



Henry A. Soper 
Herbert M. Luther 
Andrew J. Shaw 
Edward Y, Luther 
Edward P. Mansfield 
Jeremiah Stetson 
Edwin L. Stetson 
James Coolican 
Joseph Smith 
Theodore L. Bonney 
Otis L. Bonney 
Isaac Ramsdell 
John Lyons 
Julius ¥. Monroe 
Joseph L, Fish 
Marcus F. Ames 
E. Henry Gurney 
Nathaniel T. Howland 
Thomas F. Whiting 
Erastus ¥. Everson 
John H. Perry 
Thomas Gurney II 
Dsniel Bourne 
Calvin T. Phillips 
Thomas Drevj 
Thomas Drake 
Edward Orcutt 
Morton E. Hill 
Joseph T, Bourne 
Charles H. Reinhardt 
John F. Curtis 
John Jewett 
Charles J. Noble 
Louis C. Arnold 
Daniel S. Smith 
John Willis 
Michael Tooney 
George B. Everett 
Jason Smith 
Lorenzo T. Bates 
Reuben Willis 
Michael Donnelly 



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One-Year Volunteers j 

John D. Stebbins 
Robert B. Oakes 
Elbridge G. Bates 
Edward Holmes 
Albert Howland 
John Brown 
Florin P. Estes 
Edwin Clark 
Joseph E. Prouty 
Elijah T. Ford 
Edward C. Tew 
Charles C. Moor- e 
William A. Lavender 
John H. Page 
John F. Clancy 



Nathaniel D, W. Sprague 
James p. Jordan 
George T. Bowker 
John 0, Whitten 
George T. Delano 
Lyman B, Ramsdell 
Ger shorn B. Thomas 
James B. Soper 
George W. Turner 
John Bradley 
Benjamin F. Morrill 
Joseph Wilson 
Napoleon Telliee 
Simon Levis 
George T. Sampson 



100- Day Volunteers: 

Edwin B. Cook 
Joseph F. Bearce 
Charles H. Stetson 



Henry J. Perry 
Ger shorn B. Thomas 
Charles H. Sprague 



Listed below are the twenty men who lost their lives in the 
Civil War: 



Edward Smith 
George S, Golbert 
Henry L, Ewe 11 
Joseph T. Bourne 
James Coolican 
Stephen Bates 
Julius W. Monro e= 
Andrew W. Fish 
Edward P. Mansfield 
Horatio Foster 



John H. Perry 
Thomas Drake 
Daniel Bourne 
Austin Luther 
Morton E. Hill 
Theodore L. Bonney 
Augustus F. Elm-S 
John Lyons 
Joseph L. Fish 
George Thom.pson 



Prominent People of the Civil War Period: 

Theodore Lyman Bonney for whom, the Hanson Grand Army Post 
was named was a member of the Halifax Light Infantry Com.pany 
prior to the war. While in the Halifax Company, he passed 
through the ranks and on July 9, i860 he was commissioned 3rd 
Lietenant. On April 16, l86l the 3rd Mass. Regiment was called 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 

into service and the Halifax Company left with it as Co. A. 
The U. S. service net recognizing 3rd and i^th lieutenants, 
Bonney chose to stay in and was given the rank of sargent, in 
which capacity he served until he was mustered out in July. 
Anxious to do more for the defense of his country he re-enlisted 
in December of 1861, for three years, and became sargent in 
Company E of the First Mass. Infantry Battalion and saw service 
guarding rebel prisoners at Port Warren. In May of 1862 he 
was promoted to Orderly Sargent and transferred to Company C, 
the battalion becoming the 32nd Mass. Regiment. The regiment 
joined the Army of the Potomac in July and Bonney saw service 
with the rggiment in the Peninsular campaign, escaped the 
second battle of Bull Run and on reaching Frederick, Maryland . 
exhausted by a continued march of more than three weeks, he was 
sent back to a hospital in Washington. He later rejoined his 
regiment a nd took part in the Battle of Fredericksburg in which 
the regiment was exposed, without shelter, to the rebel fire 
for thirty hours. From Fredericksburg the regiment returned 
to Falmouth and spent the winter, with much suffering, in 
picket duty and reconnoitering. On the '27th of April the 
regiment moved forward to Chancellorsville where after several 
days of fighting they were forced again to cross the 
Rappahannock. It was during this retreat that Sargent Bonney, 
overcome by exposure and fatigue, sank by the way and was 
taken to a field hospital at Acquia Creek. After a short week 
of delirious fever he passed away on the 11th day of May, 
1863. 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 

John Scates, last of the Civil War veterans residing in 
Hanson, enlisted at the first call for volunteers - in April 
1861. In May he was mustered into the service as a member of 
Company G, First Mass, Infantry, which was attached to the 
Army of the Potomac, In time he was promoted to corporal and 
Sargent - being mustered out as sargent in May of 186)4. He 
saw much active service, being in the engagements of Blackburn's 
Ford, First Bull Run, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Poplar Hill, 
White Oak Swamp, Fair Oaks, Paach Orchard, Savage Station, 
Malvern Hill, Bristoe Station, Wapping Heights, Kelley's Ford, 
Locust Grove, Mine Run, Brandy Station, Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania Court House, and also in the recruiting service in 
Boston, After the service he came back to Massachusetts and 
found work, remaining here in Boston until l88l| when he went 
to Minneapolis Minnesota, Spending only one year in Minnesota 
he returned in I885 and settled down in Hanson, He was engaged 
in farming and lumber and held the office of Town Clerk for 
many years. Prom I88O to I881 he was Aide de Camp and member 
of the Council of Administration for the G.A.R. He was very 
active in Grand Army affairs, joining in I87O in Boston, he 
was commander of Post No.?, Boston and of the T. L. Bonney 
Post No. 127 in Hanson. Scates filled the commander's chair 
of the Hanson Post continually for 19 years starting in 1903 . 
It is a fact that when all the other veterans were gone he 
would open the meetings, take up the business of each chair, 
and close the meeting all by himself to keep alive the spirit 
of t he Grand Army in Hanson. 



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Hanson in the Civil War (Cont.) 

Albert L. Dame of Hanson, a gray-heired, sturdy veteran 
of the Civil War, was introduced to President Taft in October 
of 1912, at the State Armory in Salem at the dedication of a 
tablet erected to the memory of 8I|. officers and men of the 
First Regiment Heavy Artillery, Mass. ^Volunteer Militia. Dame 
was called unexpectedly from the ranks of his comrades and 
introduced to Taft as the man who performed one of the 
most daring deeds of the war. He saved the regimental colors 
amid a rain of shot after the color-bearer had been shot down 
at Strawberry Plain. 

They asked him to say a few words and he electrified 
the armory with the following: "We fought for the flag, 
Mr. President, and for that flag only, and we swore to defend 
it. As old as we are now, we will rally to its defense again 
and not see it sullied in Massachusetts, Essex County, or else- 
where!" 



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THE BE?rWEEN WAR PERIOD OF HANSON'S MILITARY HISTORY 

About the time of the incorporation of the town (1820) 
the Hanson Light Infantry was formed, chiefly through the in- 
fluence of Nathaniel Gollamore, who was commissioned captain, 
with Ebenezer B. Keen as lieutenant and Nathaniel Wales as 
ensign. 

It was about this time the Mr, E. B. K. Gurney, who was 
born with a talent for music, began his musical and military 
career. On his 12th birthday in September of l820 he joined 
Gapt . Job. Luther's militia company of Hanson as a fifer. At 
the age of 1$ he, as a member of a brigade band, warranted by 
General Ephraim Ward of Middleborough, and also held a musicians 
warrant from Colonel Jesse Reed of Marshfield. In l8l|5 while 
captain of Co. C of the 3rd Regiment, known as the Washington 
Guards, he organized a brass band among its members. 

In the fall of I836 a second light infantry company was 
formed in the south' part of town, its members in part belong- 
ing to other towns. This company had its armory at Martin Bryant's 
Hall in Pembroke. 

It was called the Washington Guards and its commanding 
officers were: Dsniel Collins, William D. Bearce, E.B.K. 
Gurney, and W.H.H. Bryant. The first parade was made In May 
1837. The muster-roll of the Guards nembered 82 names. In 
18I|7 it was decided to petition for disbandment, which was 
granted. 



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The Between War Period of Hanson *s Military History (Cont.) 

When the Washington Guards were originally formed in I8IO 
it was an artillery company under the name of Weshington Artillery 
At the outbreak of the Civil War it was activated again in Boston, 
this time as Company K of the 6th Massachusetts Regiment 
(Washington Light Guard), At this time however, its home was 
Boston and they did not recruit any local men. All of the 
enlistments for the Civil War being from Boston, Cambridge, 
Chelsea, and West Roxbury. The end of the Civil War also 
brought to an end the Washington Guards as an organized company. 

After the disbandment of the Washington Guards in l8l|7 
there was no organized military group in Hanson until the 
Civil War. 



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HANSON I^ WQRIT WAR I 191U - 19 l8 

World War I was many times called the war of the nations. 
This struggle engaged in by more than twenty nations, was, 
until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, unmatched in history 
for its enormous character. A total of the wards of a thousand 
years, summed up in all their horrors, cannot equal the cost, 
destruction, and misery of this conflict which commenced on 
July 28th in the year, 191^. The world still suffers from 
the catastrophe and to its after-effects many of the cMsf 
«euses of l."^r"^'iar II can be traced. 

While the embattled nations were engaged in the great 
struggle, and tragedy spread over Europe, all the evil passions 
of humanity were among them. To give a truer proportion of the 
far-flung battle line, we note that in 191^ there were sixteen 
declarations of war among different nations, in 1915 there 
were eight, 1916 brought seven more and In 1917 the United 
States declared war on Germany, along with nine other 
nations. Not all of the nations declared war X'Jith the 
expectation of active participation in it on European battle- 
fields. Some were actuated by the political aim of giving 
support to friendly powers, as for example, Panama, -"where the 
United States has imraense interests; Cuba, in sympathy with the 
United States and to prevent G-erman espionage on its soil; 
China, in remembrance of German ill treatment during the 
Boxer uprising and for territorial seizures. In addition 
to the actual declarations of war there were ten other nations 
that severed relations with Gjsrmany in 1917 and 19l8, because 



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Hanson in World War I (Coii;t.) 

of Injuries sustained or to give moral support to other nations. 

The United States did not declare a state of war with 
Turkey and Bulgaria, though much pressure was exerted in behalf 
of such action. But Turkey's relations were broken with Ameri- 
ca on April 20, 1917* after a state of war was declared with its 
principal ally. The so-called Geriuanic powers were: Austria, 
Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the German Empire, 

After four years of the horrors of war and on May 7th 
1918, the stupendous labors of the Peace Conference were con- 
cluded, and on the afternoon of that day, the two German commis- 
sioners were given a copy of the treaty for the consideration 
of their government. Diplomatic exchanges followed, during 
which Germany sought relief from many of the penalties imposed, 
and its commissioners resigned, to be replaced by others. The 
actual signing of the Armistice did not occur until June 
28th, Treaties with Austria, Bulgaria, and Turkey followed 
in the years immediately follovring. 



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Hanson in Vi/orld v¥ar I (Cont.) 



Tlie Hanson men that enlisted in tiiis great world conflict 



were as follows : 

1913: Robert A. Bearce 



1916: V/alter St, George 
Joseph King 
Prank A. Dowlar 
Harold S. O'Brien 

1917: 

Gaspare E. Lentine 
Walter R. Richards 
John G. Wee den 
Fred R, Brown 
Harold Cudworth 
Nicholas Russo 
Ralph K. Harley 
Carlos J, Reed 
Verne Severance 
Robert Faixs 
Arthvir Rogers 
Chester H. Hammond 
Albert J. Cantara 
Hiram Rogers 

1918: 

Albert C. Bur rage, Jr. 
Ernest E, Oldreive 
David A. Josselyn 
Henry D, Hammond 
John M. Sturtevant 
Me r ton G. Howard 
Wilbur B, Tarr 
Robert McLaughlin 
Howard J, Everson 
Theodore I. Hall 



1915: Edgar Thomas 
Parker V/ilson 
Harvey Ferris 
Harry Edson 



George G. Richards 
Walter H. Veo 
Andrew J, Wee den 
Arving Anthony Hammond 
Wilson S. Brown 
Frederick S. Armstrong 
Howard F. Willis 
Chester V/. Turner 
Benjamin H. Bearce 
John J. McLaughlin 
Chester Sampson 
Linus B. Hogue 
John Abbott 



Raleigh Dale y 
Vernon Hayward 
Sebato Deminico 
Gilbert V/, Hammond 
Hollis W, Ibbitson 
Arthur F. Richards 
George R. Skillins 
Harold W. Churchill 
James Mxirray Hart 



No town record of date of enlistment: 

Urban Boulanger - British Exp, Forces 

James E. Magoun - Enlisted in Europe 

Chester L, Besse - In at time of War 

?/esley P. Besse George A. Faulkner 

Dolar A. Cote Esson Baker 

Roland Ford Elton B. Thomas 

Howard Sampson 

Harrie Parker 



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Hanson in World VTar I 



(Cent.) 



Robert J. Fotrie 
oerhard Baressl 
Bdgar A. Ch-rdhill 
Kflmford Schoales 
idwsLTd Havec 



Milton V, Bacon 
Ernest V. Churcbil? 
Jack C. Sauppe 
Josepii Jerroli 



There were two men from Hanson who lost their lives in 
World War I. They were Harold 3. O'Brien of the 1st Contruc- 
tion Battalion and John Abbott a aeaber of the 327th Infantry 
Regiment, 

Wincna Robbins was the only woEan in the service Trom 
Hanson during the First World War. She was an Army Nurse. 
After the wai' she became the only woman member of the Anerisac 
Legion in town. 

It is interesting to know that Albert C. Kead who left 
the town to attend the Naval Academy, from which he graduated 
in 1906, was the first person to fly a plane across the 
Atlantic ocean. On Hay 16, 1919, Comniander Head and his crew 
flew a Navy Seaplan NC-1« from the United States to Newfoundland 
then to the Azores, finally landing in Lisbon, Portugal on 
May 27, 1919. When questioned on being the first raan to fly 
across the ocean he said jokingly, "As I rode in the cockpit 
and got out first I suppose I was a little ahead of the other 
fellows." 

During the war there was a gi^eat deal of activity on the 
homefront. Many of the townspeople were actively engaged in 
the Committee of Public Safety during the years 1917 and 1918. 



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Hanson in World War I (Cont.) 

The records show that on April 16, 1917* at the request of 
Mayor Williamson of Brockton, acting under advises from State 
authorities, a public meeting was held in the Town Hall for the 
purpose of organizing a Committee on Public Safety. A committee 
of seven was chosen and were designated "Executive Committee 
on Public Safety". The following were members j Fred W, 
Howland, N. C. Percy Brown, Harold S. Conant, and Dana M. 
Pratt. Sub-committees were chosen for finance, special aid, food, 
publicity, hygiene, and sanitation, recruiting, home guard, 
horses, motors and trucks, aindustrial survey, and home pro- 
tection. These committees held a membership of nearly 100 
people. 

Some of the work of the various committees were such things 
as Liberty loan drives, presented a resolution favoring national 
Prohibition during the war, asked congressman to secure govern- 
ment control of food supplies, presented a resolution to 
subject aliens to the draft, aided families in planting their 
gardens, conducted a public testimonial in the T^rwn Hall for 
the "Boys of '17"» canvass d tov^a for War Library Fund, 
Soldier's Y.M.C.A., Red Cross, assisted in 2nd Liberty 
Loan drive, active in securing sugar and fuel for the town and 
were responsible for the pictures of the "Boys of '1?" to be 
printed in the Town Report. 



; S-16W gnlvrollcl e. 









Hanson In World War I (Cont.) 

The Special Aid ladies met weekly and furnished our boys 
with many useful articles, sweaters, helmets, scarfs, socks, 
bandages, etc. They also saw that each Hanson man had a com- 
plete outfit. The Home Guard Committee organized Co.N-133rd 
Regiment Mass. State Guard with three officers and Sixty- three 
enlisted men. The company was mustered into the service of 
the State August 6, 1917 and held weekly drills either at the 
Town Hall or Burrage Field. Besides this they collected 3/lj. 
of the subscription of Hanson in the 2nd Liberty Loan Drive 

The Finance Committee raised all necessary funds for expen- 
ses, the Publicity Committee kept the work of all the committees 
before the public, the Pood &nd Fuel representatives were in 
Boston repeatedly to lessen the shortage of sugar and fuel. 
Hygiene and Sanitation had a small corp of nurses ready to 
volunteer for em.ergencies, the recruiting committee listed 
all men of draft age and was active on Liberty Loan Drives, 
and the Motor and Truck committee listed forty automobiles pledged 
for State service if needed. 

During 1918 the Committees held fifteen meetings. There 
Hasn*t mach activity this year except for the committees on 
Food production. Conservation and Fueld who acted largely 
under the direction of the State authorities. Through the 
efforts of the Committee on Service flag and Honor Roll with 
the names of all men in the service inscribed thereon were 
secured for display. 



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Hanson in World War I (Cont.) 

As a result of the signing of the Armistice, denoting 
for all practical purposes the winning of the war by the Allies 
and acting in consonance with the State Public Safety Committee, 
this committee at its meeting on December 1)4, 19l8, after 
closing its affairs by the appointment of sub- committees for 
that purpose voted to adjourn, after having incorporated 
in its records the results of the 14th Liberty Loan, reports of 
the War Service, Red Cross, and other drives in the town that 
year. With this action taken the Committee on Public Safety 
officially disbanded. 



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HANSON IN WORID WAR II 1939 - ISU"^ 
(United States participation 19i|l - 191^.5) 

With Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939 there was started 
what was soon to be a second World War. 

Europe was the early theater of conflict; but the fighting 
rapidly spread over more of the earth's surface than in any 
of the world's previous conflicts. 

The war raged in the deserts and jungles of Africa. It 
drew into battle the young men of Australia, New Zealand, and 
Canada. In Asia, the battles spread to Syria, Iraq, and Iran. 
The war between Japan and China, in progress since 1937, be- 
came part of this larger conflict. Then in December of 19lil, 
Japan - striking for domination of the entire Pacific - ruth- 
lessly invaded the U. S. fleet at Pearl Harbor and drew the 
United States into the war. For the first three years the tide 
of victory was almost wholly in favor of Germany and the 
nations joined with her. However toward the end of 19l|2 the 
Allies first halted further Axis e>pa.rj3i3r:>, then began to close 
in. On May 8, 191^5 Germany finally surrendered, and Japan 
after two atoraic bombings, the first on August 6th at 
Hiroshima and the second three days later at Nagasaki, accepted 
the allied surrender terms on August 15 > 19145 • 

Japan's surrender brought a world-wide wave of relief. 
But it also unleashed the usual aftermath of dissension and 
striving for postwar advantages. The first open dissent 
came when the foreign secretaries of Great Britain, Russia, 






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Hanson in World War II (Cont.) 

China, France, and Araerican Secretary of State Byrnes met 
in London - starting September 11, 19li5 ~ to draft peace 
treaties with Ital^r, Rumania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland. 
But after three weeks spent in disputes, the conference ad- 
journed without result. 

Russia iecianded a share of Japan but U. S. General Mac- 
Arthur was given the sole control of the administration of 
Japan. Russia imposed control on part of Sakhalin Island and 
Kurils, former Japanese possessions. It shared occupation 
of Korea with the United States, but agreed to withdraw from 
Manchuria in favor of China in return for Chinese recogni- 
tion of independence for outer Mongolia. 

There were constant problems of reconstruction in the years 
following the end of the war in which many of the countries 
of the world were fighting for their part of the occupation of 
the various defeated countries. It wasn't until 195^ that the 
majority of settlements were made, the last being the split- 
ting of Germany to the United States and Rusia. This after- 
math of war is still with us today, more than a decade after 
the first peace treaty was signed, with many of the same 
powers still battling for control of other countries and 
worldly recognition. 

Hanson more than fulfilled their quotas during World 
War II furnishing 322 men - nine of whom lost their lives 
in the service of their country. 



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mntum Id th« World War IT (Soiit,) 

Hft?»s«>o 3M>«»l»»d a cotter frow th^ state ors Way 1, X%t 
to orgaalse a State Gttard ^eaenre Hospany In th« tcffiin If ^a 
aslactasn felt It was nec«33«ry for tb© proteotlon uf persons 
aod property In oase of rkvt essfiarganey. A pabllo Bwetlng W9« 
held a«k! It waa d#cld»d to orgsanlRe the esosipRtsy* Kof iaal« 
f)«r«on 18 to $0 years of age, sot in cIass 1-A Selaetlva S»r» 
Vise Aot WB8 eligible to «oll8t. 

Qa May I69 19i«l we r«c«lvdd author Ixation from the stete 
to f^rm a tmitf to he known ?is Coopaiiy 10, I^s8«teh!x«ett« Bt«t« 
Ottftrd !?e8«TV«a, Oa August ?7th the oorapfiny waa eee^pt^ aa a 
ttolt of th-s Military foreea of tho CoamoKwealth, Th» wiaaion 
of th« Coa^aoy hels^ to repoll air or wfttsr-born on««sy Invaaioti* 
to aaaiat olvil authority In sapproealon of inaorreetloo, 
twmlt» or olvtl dlaturbencoa and to protect property In c«»e 
of public estastroph*. Tho Coi«paoy wsa to eonalat of k5 aa- 
listed aso ftad thre<9 offlcara, with tha fowo Ball aa hesd* 
ctuarters* 

Iq Jtt!3«, Sarrie P. Parker, l»t liamt^Baiit, lefsntry wea 
daelgnatca tta Racrultisg 0ffie«r, H.S«»,R, Ll«at®naofe Psrfcar 
rfe»lT«d tha ra»lt of Gaptalis, S[.S,©.R. ted liraRe#lat»ly reeriti- 

te« the kS K®n »»* « r««ti«at was »a<je t^r atat» r^eogisitloo, 

The C«»apa»y wae iEMipeGt«d by Ist Li«at9eM]st €harl«»a ¥• 
Bieoll, fiaalstaa by ?rlv»ta Boherfe C. lodrewa, of Co^pssy «, 
25 th Beglsisnt M*es. St a to €ks»rdi. 



Hanson in World War II (Cont.) 

On August 27th, 19I4I the company received State recogni- 
tion. 

In December the town purchased uniforms for the unit and 
weekly drills were held every Monday evening at the Town Hall 
parking area. When the summer months came on the men purchased 
lighter weight uniforms with their own funds. The oompanj'" 
being up to authorized strength and there being a waiting 
list already a request for an increase vras made to the state. 

During this year the Hanson Legion Post presented a 
Guidon to the company with which to identify the unit when on 
the street or in the field. 

In I9I42 at the Town Meeting the sum of $500.00 was voted 
for the purchase of equipment and ammunition for the company. 
It was necessary at this time to establish immediate interior 
security, the table of organization was changed from that of 
Military Police to that of Rifle Company. The authorized 
strength of such a unit is 61 enlisted men and three officers. 
For reasons of security there was no publication as to the type 
of weapons and other equipment in possession of the organiza- 
tion. Fourteen men left to join the Federal Forces most of 
which held ratings due to their State Guard training. 

On December 1, 19U3 the Hanson Com.pany was re-designated 
by orders of the Adjutant General a s the 15th Company, i|th 
Battalion, 25th Infantry. During the year the company managed 



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Hanson in World War il (Cont.) 

to keep a strength of $h, enlisted men and three officers. 
Because of the changing conditions of the war at this time 
the training was further intensified to meet such changes as 
they might occur. Manoeuvers were carried out against the 
U. S. Army troops and other units of the State Guard and a 
two-day encampment was held. All the men were required to fire 
all ordnance weapons at Wakefield Rifle Range and four quali- 
fied as experts, 15 as sharpshooters and 26 as marksman with 
small arms. There were other activities this year such as 
the installation of a short wave radio receiver and trans- 
mitter, chemical warfare instructions, and qualification and 
the indoor rifle range was in process In the basement of 
Wampatuck Hall. 

In 19l}l4. the company spent a week in August at Camp Chase, 
Hingham x^rhere they received intensive military training. 
Every man was now equipped with regulation U.S. Army uniforms, 
ordnance and field equipment furnished hj the State. The 
small arms range at V<Jampatuck Hall was now completed and 91,% 
of the company had qualified. In April qualifications w ith 
the 30 caliber rifle and submachine guns took place with many 
of the men qualifing. 

With the termination of the war with Germany and Japan in 
19i|5> the responsibilities and necessity of the Mass. State 
Guard had actually increased. The VJar Department and Adjutant 
General of Massachusetts had requested the State Guard units 
to carry on until an Act of Congress could re-establish the 
National Guard which under present plans would be about four 



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Hanson In World War II (Cont.) 

times as strong as pre-war strength. 

The company was commended by the War Department for 
excellence at the Federal Inspection March 15, 19l|5 an<i was 
expected to convert into a fine National Guard unit had this 
ever materialized in this area. Due to the fact that a Nat- 
ional Guard Unit was not organized in the vicinity, the State 
Guard Unit disbanded later in the year. 

The year 191|1 brought about the organizing of two com- 
mittees. The Committee on Public Safety and The Air Raid Pre- 
cautions Committee. These two committees represented the 
entire defense set-up for the town. 

Major Harley J. Scott was chairman of the Committee of 

Public Safety with the following people making up the committee 

Robert C. Andres John Ibbitson 

Hannah M. Baker Patricia Lewis 

Catherine A. Berigan Norman MacDonald 

Urbain Boulanger Harrie Parker 

Ralph K. Harley Philip Robiohand 

The Air Raid Precautions Committee was headed by Harrie 

Parker as Chief Warden and Daniel Lewis as Chief Deputy Warden, 

The following were members: 

James Converse Samuel King 

Henry DiMestico Patricia Lewis 

Louis George Kenneth McKenzie 

Harold F. Johnson Walter Nealj— 

Marjorie Hopkins Charles Roby 

Raymond E. Hopkins Carl Reed 

Philip Robichand Alvin Reid 
Major Harley J. Scott 



jrr.:}) II i-eVf bl'xoV; 






Hanson in World War II (Cont.) 

The first meeting of the Committee on Public Safety was 
held at the Town Hall on March 11, 19ijl, after which many 
steps were taken for the protection of lives and property in 
the town in case of enemy attack. 

Various Individuals were sent to such schools as Women's 
Defense, Air Raid Precautions, First Aid, Gas, Motor Corps, 
and others. Many of these people received certificates in 
their respective subjects and trained others in the community 
for various jobs. First Aid stations were set up in different 
parts of the town and were all equipped. Twenty men and two 
women received certificates as full-fledged Air Raid Wardens 
and were assigned to their respective neighborhoods. Maps 
were prepared showing where the wardens' areas were, first aid 
stations, etc. Each family in town was supplied with informa- 
tion concerning what to do in the event of an air raid. 

During 19U2 many classes for women were conducted such as 
:Uorae nursing, canning food, health and other. On October 19th 
the name of the Women's Division was officially changed to that 
of "War Services Division". During the month of December the 
"Block Plan" was put into effect. This was a plan to assure 
total coverage of every household by assigning a sector or 
block of the town to each of the forty chosen "Block Leaders". 
There were many practices and alerts during the year. Also 
in 19l|2, aides to the Public Safety Committee were appointed, 
there were sixteen in number and covered the following cate- 
gories: Evacuation officer and assistant. Transportation, 



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Hanson In World War II (Cont.) 

Housing, Welfare, Medical, Bomb Reconnaissance, Decontamina- 
tion, Rehabilitation, Services and Supplies, Fuel Supply, 
Wood fuel production. Identification, Property and Black- 
out Officer. 

Dne of the Plymouth County Hospital buildings at 160 
High Street was used as the Report Center which up to this point 
had been at the Town Hall. The whistles on the various indus- 
tries in town - such as the Cranberry Plant, Hospital, Wheeler 
Reflector were used as air raid signals. A new signal was 
set up on Wolkey's Store. With all of these sirens in opera- 
tion, the alert could be heard all over town. A salvage commit- 
tee was also appointed with Robert Wolkey as chairman and three 
other menbers. This committee collected approximately 75 tons 
of scrap metal and 5^0 tires during one year. 

Daniel Lewis was appointed chairman of the Committee of 
Public Safety with the passing of Major Harley J. Scott, the 
real organizer of the committee. Later Raymond E. Hopkins 
was named Chief Warden and Levi Lincoln as deputy of the Air 
Raid Committee. 

In 19lj.3 there were again many alerts, test raids, and 
practice black-outs conducted by the state. All services 
handled their assignments xijell. This year the Victory gar- 
dens were stressed as all important. Many other activities 
such as first aid classes, salvage collections were carried on 
as usual. The Girl Scouts collected two tons of tin cans. 



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BaosoQ ia Werld Mar ii (Coat.) 

HansoQ made a better ahowlng o» f^t salvage this year thaa 
aQ7 of tbe other towns, this being entirely up to the house* 
wife. 

Qa Kareh 26, 19itU sH Air Eaid Precaution serriees were 
called out for the state-wide blaek-oat. Bvex^ything went 
well* All services were called out again in Septeniber because 
of the approaching hurricane. The Report Center at 160 High 
Street was now being shared with t^ Visiting Horse Assoela* 
tiooy but the telephone room and Operations room remained 
intact so long as there was still danger ffom German sab» 
marines or **3azz Bombs." 

Zo 191|5 the Committees were more or less in a stand-by 
stage until dissolved by vote of the Board of Selectmen who 
shortly after T.E. Day on advise of the oorasittee and Velief 
that the aoaergeney was over, discontinued its activities. 

The town owes a lot to the services rendered by these 
committees during World War II. l^seir volunteer service was 
typical of our American people in times when it was i^>st 
needed. 



Bauson in World War II 



{ Gont . ) 



Honor Boll of the men and women from Hanson 
who served their country In World War II 



John 0. Anderson 
Albert B. Atwood 
Benjamin W. Atwood 
Chester W. Atwood 
Harold F. Atwood 
Horace C. Atwood 
Leo £. Aubert 
Albe t L. Baker 
Paul H. Brker 
Pauline Baker 
Robert ¥. Baker 
Stanley M, Baker 
Warren S, Baker, Jr. 
Henry A. Balboni* 
Karl 6. Baresel 
Robert H. Baresel 
Ellis L. Barnes, Jr. 
Harry S. Barnes 
Richard A. Barriault 
Ralph P. Basler 
Roy W. Basler 
Albert S. Bates, Jr. 
John F. Bellrose 
Peter E. Benson, Jr. 
Elizabeth Berigan 
Man ley J. Butter field 
fhomas S. Butter field 
Wayne H. Butter fie Id 
John A. Cameron, Jr. 
Henry A. Cantara 
George H. Carter 
Allan L. Chamberlain 
y&r£en C. Chamberlain 
John M. Chandler 
Elton R. Chetwynd 
Everett W. Churchill 
Joseph F. Clancy 
Lawrence N. Clark 
William Coit, Jr. 
Basil M. Cole 
Leonard M. Cole 
Robert L. Collins 
James M, Conway, Jr. 
Hildo J. Carreia 
Lois Carreia 
Francis fl. Cox 
James H. Craig 
Stephen C. Croghan, Jr. 
Walter L. Currier, Jr. 

Chester J. Dpigle 



William H. Berigan 
Donald A. Berry 
Vernon F. Bevan 
David Binns 
Frederic W. Binns 
Ralph H. Binns, III 
Joseph L. Bishop 
Lawrence H. Bishop 
Napoleon T. Bishop 
Harry R. Black 
Paul H. Bostwick 
Raymond Bostwick 
Donald E. Brine 
Richard B. Brine 
Thomas P. Brine 
Garland G. Brooks 
Allan M. Brown 
Edward J. Brown 
George S. Brown 
Percy E. Brown, Jr. 
Robert Francis Brown 
Robert Frederick Brown 
Wendell D. Brown 
Lloyd V. Bump 
Wallace C. Darsoh 
Leo M. DeGrasse, Jr. 
Russell DePasqua 
Albert P. Desbiens 
Louis E, Dewar 
VJilliam B. Drayton 
John E. Drayton 
Henry W. Eayrs 
Robert S. Ellis 
Warren C. Ellis 
Howard E. Estes 
Walter P. Estes 
William L. Estes, Jr. 
Wendel W. Parley 
William J. Parrell, Jr. 
Daniel Ferguson 
Thomas J, Ferguson 
Cosmo A. Per r ante 
George E. Ferris 
Edmund W. Ford 
George C, Per d, Jr. 
Albert E. Freeman 
Leo C. Freeman 
David J. Premault 
Joseph D. Premault 

James L. Gallagher 



Hanson in World War II (Cont.) 



John W. Daley 
Kenneth J. Daley, Jr 
Bthel I4ae Gaudette 
Jacqueline Gaudette 
John R. Geddes 
C^lando Giammareo 
James J. Gomes 
Charles C. Goodwin 
Ralph A. Gorham 
jferman G. CJarrlll 
Lome W, Gorrlll 
Wendell L, Gorrlll 
William R. Gorrlll 
Ralph E. Hall 
Clifford A. femmond 
Irving A. Hammond 
James Haoaaond 
Richard H. Hammond 
Warren S. HaflBoond 
William A, Hammond 
Andrew 0. Haraldstad 
Wayne P. Hardy 
Ralph K. Harley, Jr. 
Theodore F. Harrington 
Louis fi. Hartley 
Russell T. Hatch 
George J. Hewls 
Edward C. Hill 
Williera F. Hopkins 
Francis King 
Russell L. King 
Prank I. Klngaan 
John C. K'Sepka 
Edwin L. Lahey 
Eleanor Lamborghini 
Clyde E, Lane 
Marshall 0. Lane 
Malcolm R. Lavalley 
James L. Leslie 
John P. LeVangie 
Antonio Lima, Jr. 
Forrest C. Llngham 
Robert W. Llngiham 
Roy F. Llttlehale, Jr. 
Richard F. Litton 
Clifton W. Locke 
Ernest J. Longo 
Franklin E. Longo 
Marcus Lowell 
Arthur R. Uirrej 
John F. Lynch 



Dorothy Gaudette 
Russell W. Howard 
Calvin P. Howland 
Corydon M. Howland 
Henry E, Howland 
Paul C. Howland 
Albert F. Huntress 
David R. Ibbltson 
Harold R. Ibbltson 
Ira W. Ibbltson 
Robert H. Ibbltson 
Daniel N, Irving 
John W, Irving 
Wlllard P. Irving 
William E. Isaacson 
Bonald S. Jenness 
Robert C. Jenness 
Edward W. Johnson 
Arthur A. Joklnen 
Edwin M, Jokinen 
Talsto H. Joklnen 
Lawrence Joy« 
Harry L, Jurklewlcz 
Muriel Keene 
Ralph A. Keene 
Thomas Kelley 
Vincent R. Kelley 
Robert S, Kendrlck 
Clyde N. MacKanzie 
Kenneth M. MaeKenzle 
ISorman D. MacLallan 
Kenneth D. MacSween 
Robert I. Maddlgan 
Robert J. Mahoney 
Onnl A. Maki 
Prank L. Mangano 
James V. Ifongano 
Letterlo L, Mangano 
Guy Harden, Jr. 
Louis Iferden 
Edgar C, McClellan 
James E. McDuffy 
Bernard L. McLaughlin 
John W. Merrlam 
Harold C. Metcalf 
Leslie J. Milne 
Ralph G. Milne 
Clenletb R. Mitchell, Jr, 
Frederick Neilson 
Phillip A. Hellson 
Edward R. Nolllgan 



Hanson in World War II (Cont.) 



Richard L. Lynch 
Howard M, MacCleave, Jr, 
John E. MacDonald 
William F. MacDonald 
Jerome A. Nyland 
Claries A. Oertel, Jr. 
Edward K. 0«Neil 
Stanley A. Paul 
Hugh R. Peck 
Curtis C. Pierce 
Herbert A. Pierce 
Wilfred C. Pierce 
Prank C. Pina, Jr, 
John E. Potter 
Ashton H. Poole 
Lloyd C. Prario 
Albert C. Read 
Thomas Reading 
Phillls H. Reardon 
Francis C. Reed 
Gerald P. Reed 
John G. Reynolds 
Leo H, Rich 

Arthur F. Richards, Jr. 
George C. Richards, Jr. 
Laura M. Richards 
Leslie R. Richards 
Walter J. Richards 
Robert C. Richardson 
Frank A. Riddell 
James D. Riddell 
Charles R. Shurtleff 
Natalie P. Silvertri 
Anthony Silvia 
Charles F. Slaney 
Donald W. Sleeper 
Walter A. Smith 
Edwin B. Snell 
Robert M. Snodgrass 
Andrew Spinola 
Charles R. Staneck 
Stanley N. Stetson 
Charles L. Stokes 
Clifton R. Strathern 
George E, Strathern, Jr, 
George D. Sturtevant 
Daniel J. Sullivan 
Willfeam J. Sullivan 
Norman F, Tassinari 
Clarence C. Taylor 
James F. Taylor 
Walter 0. Taylor 



Elwood B. Nichols 
Leo M. Nihill 
Axel A. Nummi 
Leo. 0. Nurmi 
Robert E. Riddell 
Hope N. Ridley 
Lemuel D. Robbins 
Margaret S. Robbins 
Henry W. Roberts 
Philip J. Robichaud 
William S. Robinson 
Lowell V. Rosenberg 
Evariste J. Ruel, Jr. 
Prank G. Rummill 
Mary J. Russo 
Leo G. Sangiolo 
Domingo Santos 
George A. Santos 
John Santos 
Paul C. Sanville 
Albert E. Sayce 
Claries E. Sayce 
George Sayce 
Herbert E. Sayce 
Richard A. Sayce 
Russell F. Sayce 
Wallace S. Sayce 
William A. Severse, Jr. 
Albert W. Shay 
Robert P. Shay 
Edward J. Shes. 
William L. Treat 
Leslie N. Turner, Jr. 
Nelson A. Vigneault 
William L. Vigneault 
George H. Vining 
Thomas E. Walkey 
William R. Walkey 
Clarence H. Warwick 
Walter C. Webb 
Wilbur H. Webb 
Chester L. Weeden 
James T, Welch 
Everett N. Wetzell 
Ralph M. Wentzell 
Arthur B. Wheeler 
Roy E. Wheeler 
Clement A. White 
Henry D. White 
Leroy A. White 
Donald A. Whitman 
Herbert I. Williams, Jr, 



(.d-noD) II ibW fol'ioW «i fioset-BH 



Saobqo in World Mar II (Coot.) 



Stanley W. f^MS Haroia B. Torrey 

Walter A. ths&maM, ^« Shirley W. Towne 

Stanton 0. Thorp/ John F. Willis 
Earl W, forrey 



Listed below are the nine men from H&qsor who lost their 
liTes during World War II: 



Brandon B. Bode 11 
Albert Goodman 
i<ilffier R. Hanmood 
Harold E, Hateh 
Srneat V. Irving 
David C. Miller 
Carl )«i. Hylandy Jr. 
Qeorge H. Sayee 
Fred Yetsook 



MILITARY 




Local Militia Flag of the "Washington Guards' 
Hanson's only organized Militia 1836 - 1847 




MILITARY 




Martin Bryant's Hall - Bryantville Center 
Used by the Washington Guards as their armory 




Early Hanson Relic 
Military Drum 
(War of 1812) 



MILITARY 



FOREVER i 



PATRIOTS! 

BALL! TO TBE SMMD! 

THE HALIFAX LIGHT IJ^TANTRT 

lluw cilli'icil llii-ir scTii. c^ III fill' (Miv.'in il liir iiinr miiiitlii, mill il !■< liif-lily mwnsury thilt it« 

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Tlii- i.rKiuiiziiliiin is tin- ulilisl in IIk- Slut,', mill mis iliurtctiHl liy 

JOHN BANOOCK 

ill r.Vi. llsirM-<l ill till- Wiir ..f Isl'J. mul nils uiiKiiia lln- lir>l t" r.s|K.liii to the i-all ill the 
I'risiil.iil, April Killi. IMJI. 

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iinil.-.l t.i .-iilisl nilli.iiil ill hn. I'.ii, li Iomii Iri.iii mIiiiiiv mr.iils iiii- rii-.iMKl will Ik- .r.-iliti-d lor 

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... t 

I B*lUkX,AtlKilst25.186a. | 

Local Civil War Recruiting Poster 
Most Hanson volunteers joined this company in the early 
part of the war. It was Co. A of the 3rd, Mass. Regiment 




Last of the Grand Army Veterans 
Memorial Day early 1900's 



MILITARY 




German Howitzer obtained by the Legion in 1926 and 

later donated for scrap metal in World War II 

(Originally stood side of the Legion Hall, Robinson St.) 



^ 




jliiiiiiii iiiiy'iiiiiill'^iiM 



Taken as a prize of war by Isaac Magoun 
at Vera Cruz during the Mexican War 1846 - If 




Civil War Militia uniform worn by the 

3rd. Mass. Regt. to which many of 

Hanson's men belonged 




Portions of this uniform were worn 

by Pvt. Nathanial Hatch of Hanson 

during the Civil War in the 3rd. Mass. Cavalry 



MILITARY 




Hanson Civil War Soldiers Monument 
erected 1925 (Town Hall Grounds) 



1917 HONOR 'S^.^ frlyft^^^^^^^WJii 




World War I Memorial Plaque 
(Memorial Auditorium, Indian Head School) 







MILITARY 



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u M V 



L ± 









-® 



World War II Memorial Plaque 
(Memorial Auditorium, Indian Head School) 





;,i ;,!_r.n';v or 

TS"* i\~fTihn-_n 'IIHO SEhVJED 
n Tri" ^iR.-nCO '^ORCFS HF THE 




Granite Memorial to honor 

Hanson's Unreturned of all Wars 

(Fern Hill Cemetery) 



PROPESSIOHAI. ?EO?JM 



PRQMIKENT MEN OF HANSON 

In the history of a town there are many prominent and. 
faraouse men who in some way, however large or small, leave 
their mark on the future of that town. Among these are doc- 
tors, dentists, lawyers, and statesmen. 

The first physician to settle in what is now Hanson, was 
Dr. Gad Hitchcock, the only son of Rev. Gad Hitchcock and 
Dorothy Angler Hitchcock. He was born on November 2, 17^9. 
He attended Harvard LCollege where he studied medicine, 
graduating in I768. He married Sagie Bailey of Hanover, the 
daughter of Colonel John Bailey, and they had twelve children. 
He settled on his father's estate in the house which stands 
at the corner of High Street and County Road, known as the Gad 
Hitchcock House, now occupied by jyir. and Mrs. William Walkey. 
There was a closet in this house at the head of the front 
stairs which was know as the "skeleton closet", because it 
was there that Dr. Hitchcock hung his skeletons. Dr. Hitch- 
cock practiced in Hanson for many years until his advancing 
age compelled him to retire from active practice. He was 
followed by his son-in-law. Dr. Calvin Tilden. Dr. Hitchcock 
was a surgeon in the Revolutionary War. He was the first 
school committee of the town, and he is said to have been 
"a man of much dignity, highly educated, and one who exerted 
great influence for the moral and intellectual education of 
the young" . He died on November 29, I835. 



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Prominent Men of Hanson (Cont.) 

Dr. Calvin Tilden was born in Marshfield on September 
29, 177i|. He was the son of Deacon Samuel Tilden and Mercy 
Hatch Tilden. He was a descendent of Elder Nathaniel Tilden. 
He attended Brown University and graduated from there in I80O. 
He studied medicine with Dr. Gad Hitchcock, and in I8OJ4 he 
married his daughter, Catherine. They had eleven children, 
three of whom died in infancy. After their marriage he and 
Catherine went to Yarmouth where he began practicing as a 
physician. After a few years he returned to what is knowij 
now as Hanson to take over the medical practice of his father- 
in-law. Dr. Gad Hitchcock, who was growing too old to continue 
his active practice. He moved into the old Gad Hitchcock 
parsonage from which he continued to serve the people as 
the physician until his death June 28, I832 - two and one 
half years before the death of his father-in-law. Dr. Gad 
Hitchcock. He had been a valuable citizen, and an under- 
standing friend, and a good doctor to the townspeople of the 
West Parish and later the Town of Hanson. 

Another physician who came to what is now Hanson while 
Dr. Gad Hitchcock was carrying on his medical practice was 
Dr. Samuel Barker. He was born in 1762, the son of Captain 
Samuel Barker and Deborah Gorham Barker. He began practicing 
medicine in 1785. He came to Hanson from Scituate, having 
been a surgeon in the U. S. Navy during the Revolutionary War. 
After he settled in Hanson, he gave up his profession as a 
medical doctor for the most part to become an instructor in 



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Prominent Men of Hanson (Cont.) 

navigation and siirveying. 

In 1820 Dr. Cartier, a Prenchtnan from Martinique, came 
to Hanson from Hanover where he had spent seven years. He 
had only a small practice being somewhat advanced in years. 
He was rather eccentric, fond of music, and played the violin 
which he carried with him when he visited his patients. It 
was said of him that "he enlivened more with his music than 
his medicine". Daring his stay in Hanson he boarded at 
Captain Nathaniel Sopers'. He later returned to Martinique. 

After the death of Dr. Calvin Tilden in I832, Dr. Bowdoin 
came to Hanson to practice medicine. He remained only for 
three years. His name was originally Tower, but he changed 
it to Bowdoin to please his wife. Later, he had to change 
it back to Tower in order to legalize his claim to some 
property , 

Hanson's "Country Doctor" was Dr. Bowen Barker who for 
forty years went among the people of the town ministering to 
their ills. He was the son of Isaac Boi\ren and Elizabeth 
(Torrey) Barker and was born on March 11, I8OO. He graduated 
from Harvard Medical School in l82i|, and then he studied 
under Dr. Calvin Tilden. He began practicing medicine in 
Newton in 1825. He was beginning to win some recognition as 
a doctor when ill health obliged him to return home to HansoQ. 
He had suffered a hemorrhage of the lungs. After recovering 
sufficiently from his illness, he began practicing in his own 
town of Hanson in 1829. He was much discouraged by losing 



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Prominent Men of Hanson (Cont.) 
his first two cases, bat he was so successful in his third, 
which was equally as difficult as the first two, that he 
gained courage to continue his practice. He continued as the 
physicial of Hanson and vicinity for forty years having a 
large practice. His abilities as a physician were highly 
respected. His manner was reserved and somewhat peculiar, yet 
his words of moderation commanded attention whenever he 
spots. He always exhibited a devotion to duty and a spirit 
of self-sacrifice. He would call as readily on those V7ho would 
render his fee at the time of service as he would to those 
whom he knew would never make any return to him. Dr. Barker 
never married, but he lived and died on his paternal estate 
on Main Street in the house now occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Leo 
Stephansky. He died November 22, I87I4.. 

Dr. Calvin Pratt, coming from Bridgewater, succeeded 
Dr. Bowdoln, but he only stayed for a short time saying that 
he should not have come to Hanson had he known there was such 
a good physician as Dr. Bowen Barker. 

For ten years after Dr. Bowen Barker retired as a doctor, 
there is no record of any practicing physician who lived in 
Hanson. Therefore, we must look to a neighboring village for 
a doctor. On February 11, I869 Dr. James D. Harvey came to 
Bryantville to open up a medical practice. He boarded with 
the family of Greenleaf Kilbrith, until he and his wife took 
residence in the house now owned by Dr. John Angley. Dr. 
Harvey was born and educated in Raynham, later graduating 



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Prominent Men of Hanson (Cotlt.) 

from the University of Pennsylvania. He stayed in Bryantvllle 
only a year and a half, departing during the summer of I87O. 

The next doctor from Bryantvllle to serve Hanson was 
Dr. Warren W. Plllsbury who came In November, I872. He was 
born on September 10, l8l|8 In Manchester, New Hampshire. He 
graduated from Bowdoln Medical College In 1873, and the nest 
year he joined the Massachusetts Medical Society. A few 
years later he became a member of the American Medical 
Society. In I876 he married and brought his bride to Bryant- 
vllle where they started housekeeping in the house on the 
corner of School Street and Mattakeesett Street, now occupied 
by Dr. John Angley and family. He was well liked by the 
people and skilled as a physician, but he was unable to 
break his ties to New Hampshire, so on May 12, I877 he and 
his wife moved to Merrimac, New Hampshire. 

For the next two years Hanson, as well as Bryantvllle, 
was without a medical doctor until in 1879 Dr. Plavel S. 
Thomas began to practice in Hanson. Dr. Thomas, the son of 
Isaac and Abby Shurtleff Thomas, was born in Hanson on 
September 7, 18^2 on the farm which had been in the Thomas 
family since it was bought from the Indians in 1662. It is 
now the home of Mr. and Mrs. Francis Cox on High Street, 
next to the Congregational Church. His mother was the 
daughter of Rev. Flavel Shurtleff who preached in the South 
Hanson Baptist Church from I836 to I8I45. Dr. Thomas attended 
Hanson public schools, Hanover Academy, Phillips Andover 



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Prominent Men of Hanson (Cont.) 

Academy, and Harvard Medical School, graduating in l87U» 
Afterwards he attended and was graduated from Montreal 
Veterinary College, In 1879, the year he began practicing in 
Hanson, he married Csroline Moore Smith of Titusville, Penn- 
sylvania - previously she had lived in Hanson until her father. 
Captain Joseph Smith, a civil engineer returning from the 
Civil War, decided to move his family to Titusville, Pennsyl- 
vania. Dr. Plavel Ih.omas and his wife took up residence on 
the Smith estate, the home of the ancestors of his wife, which 
is now occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hancock on Maquan 
Street. The doctor and his wife had two children, Percival 
Shurtleff and Saba Drew. He served the town long and well, 
both as a medical doctor and a public servant. For many 
years he was on the School Committee for Hanson, a charter 
member of the Hanson Improvement Society, school doctor since 
the law requiring one was made, and town physician for over 
forty years. He was a scholarly man who wrote for medical 
and scientific magazines and who authored several books. 
He lectured on Comparative Anatomy for the College of Physicians 
and Surgons. H^s name was published in "Who's Who in America" 
1903-1905. This was a great honor inasmuch as there were about 
80 million people from which only 1[|.,[|I^.3 Americans were dis- 
tinguished enough to be chosen. He was a member of Puritan 
Lodge A. P. & A.M. of Whitman, Pilgrim Royal Arch Chapter, and 
Old Colony Commaddery, Knights Templar, The Hatherly Medical 
Club, and the Massachusetts Medical Society. 



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DR. ORLANDO W. CHARLES 

Dr. Charles settled in Bryantville on September 17> I88I 
being at that time the only doctor serving in Pembroke and 
Hanson. He was born August 20, 18^6 in Fryeburg, Maine, the 
son of Simeon and Rebecca (Woodman) Charles. He was educated 
in the public schools of Fryeburg, Fryebixrg Academy and 
Bowdoin Medical College, graduating in I88I. He married 
Elizabeth Chandler of Fryeburg in May I883 and in l885 pur- 
chased the home at the corner of Mattakeesett and School 
Streets now owned by Dr. John Angley. His hobby was collect- 
ing objects of historical value and his home was a museum of 
interesting articles. Dr. Charles retired in October 1922 
after i+l years of practice around Hanson and Bryantville, From 
then on, his eyesight began to fail and he returned to his 
old home in Fryeburg in which he died, March 6, I9I1.6, at the 
age of ninety and totally blind. 

Thus ended the colorful career of an old time country 
doctor. 



Mrs. Abbie 0. Whltmarsh 

For two score years Mrs. Abble Whltmarsh had an exten- 
sive patronage as a clairvoyant physician, many believing the^ 
wer helped in their infirmities by the advice of the spirit 
of Maggie, an Indian girl who controlled her. Her kind heart 
and open hand won her many friends. She had her home in 
Posterville and later moved to the house of Theodore Chandler 
- now owned by Pj,ank Whltmarsh on Mattakeesett Street in 
Pembroke. About 1882 she bought the place of Warren Hill 
opposite the Bryantvllle Fire Station and in the 1900' s 
went to live with her daughter, Mrs. Mary Capel in 
Bridgewater. 



Dr. James S. Chase 

Dr. Chase was a native of Harwich, He settled in 
Bryantvllle in October 190l|., bringing with hitn his bride, 
Nellie Randall of Duxbury. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home town and graduated in 190l| from Tufts 
Medical College with his brother Lawrence, a physician in 
Carver. In 190? he moved to the new house he had built on 
Main Street in Hanson now owned by Mr. M. E. Pierce. He was 
a member of the Hatherly Medical Club, school physician, and 
a member of the Hanson School Committee. He practiced medi- 
cine until I93I4. 



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Dr« G. E. Lentine 

Dr. Lentine came to Bryantville in 1907 with his bride 
Anna Hayes of Vermont and occupied the house of the late 
W. W. Bryant. A permit was granted him to open a lying in 
hospital at his residence. In 191C he moved with his wife 
and childred to Hanson to trie home now owned by l4r. R. L. 
Bellick at J47U Main Street. He was a native of the Islands 
of Malta and attended public schools of Boston. He was a 
member of the Hatherly Medical Club, an honorary member of 
Theodore Bonney Post GAR and of the Hanson Grange. He left 
Hanson to reside in Rhode Island. 



Dr. Frances L. In^lee 

Dr. Inglee was born in Boston and attended Boston public 
schools. She graduated from the University of Maine College 
of Liberal Arts with an AB degree in 1936 and Tufts Medical 
School in 19i|3. During the summer at medical school she worked 
as a physician with the Grenfell Mission of Labrador and at 
St. Anthony Newfoundland. After a rotating internship at 
the Eastern Maine General Hospital in Bangor, there follov/ed 
a pediatric internship at Johns Hopkins Hospital. She was 
a Lieut, in the U. S. Public Health Service in Germany for 
17 months, returning in 19^6 to a year's residency in Conta- 
gious Diseases at Willard Parker Hospital in New York. She 
interned at Children's Hospital in Boston. She then practiced 
pediatrics for one year and returned to Massachusetts where 



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Dr. Frances L. laglee (Cont.) 

she had a teaching fellowship at Tufts until July 1953* In 
I9I48 she married Lewis Inglee, Jr. of Amltyville, Long Island. 
They purchased the old Kingsbury Place on High Street, in 
1952 and she now practices pediatrics from an office in her 
home. She is on the staff of the Brockton Hospital and the 
Boston Floating Hospital, 



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'lod n.L eolllo ns choi'i aoIi;t 



DR. BRADFORD H. PEIRCE 

Dr. Peirce was born in Wakefield, Mass, the son of Evaline 
MacCtirdy and George Peirce. He attended Latin school in Soraer- 
ville and graduated from Harvard College in 1902, and Harvard 
Medical School in I906. 

He came to Hanson in 1919 sis the first superintendent and 
medical director of Plymouth County Hospital (the first Tuber- 
cular Hospital under the Massachusetts State Law of 1916), He 
served there \mtil his retirement in 19^3> sl veteran of 1^.0 
years of public service. 

He married Helen G, Adams of Camlsridge and they had a 
daughter, Eveline, 

Dr. Peirce served in World War I as Navy Medical Officer 
at the Officer's Material School at Harvard and at the Naval 
Hospital in New London, Connecticut. 

He was very active in community affairs, especially the 
Boy Scouts, the Girl Scouts, the Congregational Chixrch and the 
Wampatuck Lodge. 

He died in i9i?8 after several years of poor health, and ^ 
was bioried in Ferm Hill Cemetery, next to his home. 

Dr. Donald Martin succeeded him at the Plymouth County 
Hospital, serving very successfully until September 9, I960, 
when he resigned to accept a similar position with the Norfolk 
County Hospital in Braintree Highlands. 



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Dr. Bradford H« Pelrce ( Cont , ) 

Dr. Clark Street er was named Superintendent of the 
Plymouth County Hospital on October 19, I960, filling the 
vacancy created by the resignation of Dr» Martin, 



'..yqrj'd b&tUBn sr.. : 



DR. NQRMA.N DAVID BREIL 

Dr. Ereil was born in Raynhara on January 17, 1909» "the 
son of }Er, and Mrs, August W. Brell, He was one of five 
children and was educated in the Vifhitman and Holbrook public 
schools. He attended T-ufts College Pre-Medical School and 
graduated from Mid-West Medical College of Kansas City, 
Misso\iri, in 193ij- with an AID and DPH Degree, He interned 
at the Evangelical Hospital of Kansas City, 

In 1935 he joined the medical staff of the Bethlehem 
Steel Co,, where he practiced industrial medicine and surgery 
until 19if3, 

In 19^S, he became interested in the study of Hypnosis 
which he has studied extensively. He is a member of The 
American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, The New England Society 
of Clinical Hypnosis, The Society for Clinical and Experi- 
mental Hypnosis, and The American Society of Psychosomatic 
Medicine. 

Dr. Breil is a member of the American Medical Association, 
a member of the staff of the Goddard Memorial Hospital in 
Stoughton, a member of the Hanson Board of Health, and has been 
Hanson's school physician since 19^3 • 

He married Helen Cannon of Brockton in 1935. They moved 
to Hanson in March, 19i|-3 and have two children Karen and David. 

Dr, and Mrs. Breil live at 22 Main Street in the old Vifalter 
Damon House, 



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KIRK A GARLAND, D.M.D. 

Dr. Garland practiced dentistry at the corner of Joyce 
Road and West Washington Street. A few of the old time natives 
aiay remember his beautiful "Rock Haven" and the peacocks 
strutting in the sun. In his youth he travelled the country 
with the circus and married a follower of show business. He 
was elderly when he settled in Hanson, but continued to practice, 
until too feeble to do so. 



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DR. THOraS GQRHAM 

Dr. G-orhara was born in Hanson on February 6, I9IO, the 
son of Hubert A. and Annie T, Gorham, He was educated in the 
Hanson schools, graduating from Yi/hitman High with the class 
of 1923, and Tufts Dental School with the class of 193l|-. 

He interned one year at the Massachusetts Memorial 
Hospital in Boston, Dr. Gorham has practiced dentistry in 
Abington, Hanson, Plymouth, and Kingston with the exception 
of a span of about two years as a dental officer in the Naval 
Service at Sampson Naval Training Center in New York, Pearl 
Harbor and Guam, 

He held dental clinics in the Pembroke and Kingston 
schools for 17 years. He is a member of the Southeastern Dis- 
trict Dental Society and a component of the American Dental 
Association, He is also a member of the Round Table Club, an 
educational and social group in Plymouth, 

Dr. Gorham married Mary Mulliken of Kingston and they 
have two children 5- Nancy and Philip. 



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DR. ERNEST CROWLEY, D.D.S. 

Dr. Crowley was born June 25, 192ij. in Milton, Massachu- 
setts. He graduated from Milton High School, College of the 
Holy Cross and received his D.D.S. degree from University of 
Maryland, College of Dental Surgery, in Baltimore, He is 
married to the former Ethel V. Sheeley of Baltimore and they 
have three children. 

Dr. Crowley started practice in Hanson in 1951 In the 
Walkey Block and made his home in a restored old farm house 
on the corner of State Street and Broadway in Hanover. He 
was Hanson' school dentist from 195l until his resignation 
in July of 1956, 



ROBERT M. ITUTTER. D.V.M. 

Dr. Robert Nutter was born in the small town of Gisburn, 
England, the son of Mabel and Samuel Nutter. 

After arriving in the United States, he attended grade 
school in New Jersey and later moved to Ohio, where he 
attended high school. Ee entered the Veterinary School at 
the University of Pennsylvania and after pre-medical school 
graduated from Middlesex University Veterinary School, 
which is now Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts. 

During World War II, he was assigned by the U.S. Boast 
Guard as Veterinarian for the 13th Naval District (Washington 
and Oregon) to take care of sentry dogs and Beach Patrol 
Horses. A year later he was transferred to the Naval Air 
Station in Pensacola, Florida in the same type of duty. 
After his discharge, there followed a year of practice with 
another veterinarian in Quincy. 

Since 1952 he has lived on Main Street in South 
Hanson in the home once occupied by Dr. Royce Josselyn, the 
young doctor who met his untimely death in 1926, and in 
whose honor a plaque was erected on the corner of Main and 
Reed Streets, 

Dr. Nutter is the first veterinarian that the town of 
Hanson ever had and he has been very successful, with his large 
and small animal hospital. 



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Rear Admiral Albert S. Barker, U.S.N. 

Albert S. Barker was born In Hanson on March 31, I8I43. 
He lived in the house at the corner of Main Street and High 
Street, now the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Reid. Prom 
Massachusetts he was appointed to the Naval Academy at Anna- 
polis on October 25, 1859. When the Civil War began he was 
assigned to the U.S.S. Mississippi. In Parragut » s squadron 
he took part in the capture and occupation of New Orleans. 

In the early eighties, he was chosen of all the Navy to 
command the "Enterprise" in her work of taking deep-sea 
soundings and other scientific work, the results of which 
have become established facts in hydrographical and scientific 
text books. At the time of the destruction of the U.S.S. 
Maine in Havana harbor. Admiral Barker (Then a captain) was 
senior aid and confidential naval attache of John D. Long, 
Secretary of the Navy. On the beginning of hostilities, he 
was given command of the U.S.S. Newark. He was next given 
command of the famous battleship U.S.S. Oregon. 

As rear admiral he was successively commandant at the 
Norfolk and New York Navy yards, and then he went to sea as 
commander of the special battleship squadron which made the 
European cruise. He also commanded the "defence fleet" in 
the war maneuvers off the New England coast in 1903 and 
190lj. He was retired in March 31, 1905. He died January 30, 
1916. Pew men of his day, who served in the United States 
Navy, had a more active career or saw so much fighting and 



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Rear Admiral Albert S. Barker, U.S.N . (Cont. ) 

so many naval battles as Rear Admiral Barker, Although he 
was, no doubt, a stern officer aboard ship, he was a meek, 
shy person in private life. It has been said of him that ijhen 
he came to Hanson by train, he would get off and walk doijn the 
track, then cross the field in back of Mr. Calder's new store 
(now Usshers) and across Main Street into his home, unobserved. 



Commander Albert G. Read, U.S.N. 

Commander Albert C. Read, nephew of Rear Admiral Barker 
and a native born son of Hanson, was the first person to fly 
a plane across the Atlantic Ocean, He was born on March 29, 
1887 and spent his boyhood in the house at the corner of 
Main Street and High Street where I4r. and J'Irs. Alvln Reid now 
reside. His boyhood ambition vjas to discover the North Pole, 
and these are the words of his school teacher, Mrs, Josie 
Chamberlain, "To discover the North Pole, that is an achieve- 
ment worthw'hile. The difficulties of that task have baffled 
men for hundreds of years. It is only by facing difficulties 
bravely and overcoming them that you boys can win real success 
when you become men," He attended the public schools of 
Hanson and graduated from IiJhitman High School. During his 
last high school vacation he obtained a job collecting fares 
on the merry-go-round at nearby Mayflower Grove. 



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Commander Albert C. Read, U.S.N. (Gont.) 

His father. Reverend Joseph B. Read, was the pastor 
of the Hanson Baptist Church from I872 until 1833, and again 
from 1898 until 1900. His Mother, sister of Rear Admiral 
Barker, was the Baptist Sunday School Superintendent until 
1913. 

In 1903 Albert Read was the third alternate nominated 
to the U. S. Naval Academy. The principal alternate failed 
his physical examination at Annapolis. The first and second 
alternated failed in their mental tests, so it was left to 
the third alternate, the bashful boy from Hanson, to go to 
the U. S. Naval Academy at Annaplis, from whis h he graduated 
in 1906. 

On May 16, 1919 Commander Read and his crew flew a Navy 
seaplane NC-I4 from the United States to Newfoundland, then 
to the Azores, finally landing in Lisbon, Portugal on May 27, 
1919. When he was questioned about being the first man to 
fly the Atlantic, he said, jokingly, "As I rode in the cockpit 
and got out first, I suppose I was a little ahead of the 
other fellow." 



- .10 






i!.:. ;.L-X- 






GEORGE FORBES SOETSON 

George Forbes Stetson was born on April 11, I833 on 
Bonney Hill" in the house now owned by Edwin P. Grossman, 
where he lived until 1862 when he bought the house now occu- 
pied by Dale Chenoweth. He was the son of Deacon George 
Forbes Stetson and Chloe M. (Bonney) Stetson. As a boy of 
ten or twelve drawing lumber for his father from Weymouth 
Landing he watched the construction of the "Old Colony 
Railroad" on his route. His educational advantages were 
limited to the public schools of Hanson and a few terms at 
Hanover Academy. On December 3> I86I he married Dorothy Brown 
Dyer, daughter of Hervey and Ruth Dyer of Pembroke, and they 
had two children - Florence Dyer Stetson and George Hervey 
Stetson, 

He devoted his early life to shoemaking until I886 when 
he changed his vocation to farming. He served the town as 
Justice of Peace and for six years as United States Assistant 
Collector of Internal Revenue for the towns of Hanson and 
Hanover. Mr. Stetson was interested in the schools of the 
town, being a member of the school committee for several 
years. He was very earnest in his long and strenuous fight 
for the abolition of the school districts, and he wrote the 
first school report urging the ownership of all school books 
and property by the town. 

As a young man fee was a member of the Hanson Debating 
Club which, he contends was a great benefit to him in later 



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George Forbes Stetson (Cent.) 

years when he served in the State legislature. In lS6l, '62, 
'79 and '83 he was sent as a representative to the Massachu- 
setts House of Representatives where he took an active part 
in favor of prohibitory legislation. He was a "Free Soiler" 
in his early years before he became a voter, but his active 
political life was with the Republican Party which he helped 
to organize. He was interested in general anti-slavery move- 
ment, in the indignation meetings denouncing the assault on 
Charles Sumner and condemning those concerned in the execution 
of John Brown. In termperance work he took an active part, 
being a member of the old Hanson "Temperance Society". In 
1883 while in the legislature, he was house chairman of the 
Joint standing committee on the liquor law. 



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GEORGE E. BOWKER 

George E. Bowker was an intelligent, faithful, and 
efficient Town Official serving as Selectman, Assessor, and 
Chairman of Public Welfare for fifteen years. He was 
chairman of the Water Commissioners for nineteen years - since 
the department was formed. 

He was a credit to the Town of Hanson, always governed 
in his actions by what he considered best for the interests of 
the Town he served, 

Mr. Bowker represented this District in the House of 
Representatives 1911 - 1912, 



1 : ■ i ,■ ' V u 



HAROLD J. BETZOLD. JR. 

Harold J. Betzold, Jr. was born Decembeir l8, 1926 
In St. Paul, Minnesota. He attended local schools there and 
upon high school graduation, in 19l|3, enlisted in the Navy 
where he served with the Marine Raiders and was decorated 
for combat action. 

After his service he entered Rollins College in 
Winterpark, Florida, graduating in I9I49 with an A.B. degree. 
From then until 1952 he studied at the Boston University- 
School of Law where he received his L.L.3. degree. 

In 195^1 Attorney Betzold opened offices on Washington St. 
in Whitman and in t he V/alkey Block in Hanson. He is very 
active in political affairs and is the Hanson Town Counsel. 



baa, sasfio elcc. - .. . : 



flijffisESSo? or 1900, fsahlBg the J«n«?aay eapscially fto witosss ^ii 

AftfiiSf id.tii6S8ia£ th« pXftyt h« recsslned in ObttP Aaiimp'^a 
^^ gre&tep psrti of oos %r9«k: la order thet be ai^t vlalt 
Had beieoB^ cloaelf &d<}aalQt9d \Ath the livlf^g ch&ract^^r^ of 

tih® world's f^»«ftteat saor@d ptfij. 

Ha 3eear«d the fiQesI: views thefs ooaXd b«i tRken* ftnd 

hftd lEAtty of ifh«R3 richly colored by ertlats Irs Surop®, *feo 
hatf# ffiftdo ^o work & Iif« atudj. 

Mail® showing aia viaws# h® andaavorec to 6©11 t;he story 
In a waj'' Ishat woald drs's^ the JsdLnds of hla audlenoe osarer fco 
M«9 Hftfltar. 

fh9 Ieetur« ims prosented seT^rd hisses sit th& CoQgr^gft* 
tioaal ChttToh, tli« B»p6iafe Ghoreh and s% Hiofana Hall, &'iym7B 

»B m banftflti for 9<m& worti^ eai.sa©# 



FRBD STANLEY SHAW 

Fred Stanley Shaw was born in Allston, Massachusetts but 
lived on Covinty Road in Hanson for many years. 

He wrote a great many diort stories for magazines. Most 
of these magazines have gone out of existence now. Some were 
The Detective Story Magazine, The Blue Book, The Green Book, 
and Red Book. 

Mr, Shaw used as a pen name "Stanley Shaw", He had several 
books published aaaong which were "The Siren of the Snows", 
"The VBhite God's Way", "Hearts Afire" and "A Woman Tamer", 

His books were mostly Canadian Northwest acAd his short 
stories were mostly in the class of detective stories. One of 
his books "Hearts Afire" was made into a movie and for that 
purpose, of course, the title was changed. 

He also had an advertising business that at one time was 
quite thriving. He would write the copy for ads of a department 
store - (the description under the illustration) - setting up 
the ad as it would appear in the paper. Many of his clients 
were from large cities down South. 



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PAHA MOORE PRATT 

Dana Moore Pratt was one of those outstanding men whose 
own standards of living inevitably contribute to higher stan- 
dards for other individuals and the community at large. When 
he was over 70 years old he received a letter from a man who 
had been his engineering assistant when they were making the 
first plane table survey of the Blue Hills, That man said that 
throxoghout the ^0 years since they had worked together he had 
tried to follow the example set by his yo\xng foreman for honest 
work and professional accuracy as well as in daily living. He 
also remembered the pleasiire visiting the Pratts in their home. 
Two comments by people vho saw him only in the last years of 
his life indicate that he had indeed lived the kind of life 
expected of him so many years ago. When he died, a woman who 
ran a little variety store where he frequently stopped, said 
simply, "He was a gentlemen." And the doctor who tended him 
in his last illness said, "I didn't know him very long, but I 
decided that here was a man vdio would be missed". While the 
basic principles of his life and destiny are the same for any 
generation, his life typified the self-reliance and indepen- 
dence of that earlier age. Though his professional life took 
him far afield from his home town of Hanson, he was a country 
man at heart and devoted to the best interests of his own small 
town. Unlike the lives of famous men that seem too remote for 
humble imitation, the clear-cut lines of Dana Pratt's life set 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

a coxorse for other men to follow. To be s\ire, Natiire had endowed 
hira with a good brain and a fine physique, but he cultivated 
both. His was a natural, well-rounded personality, emanating 
strength. He was indeed one of those all too few "uncoramon 
common" man among us. 

Appropriately, he was born on Patriot's Day, April I9, 
1870 in a low-lying farmhouse on Elm Street in Hanson, His 
father was Edwin Pratt, a veteran of four years in the Civil 
War - who had seen Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg, The War over, 
he came home and married Sarah Beal, then went to farming. Not 
because he wanted to but because opportunities for diversity in 
employment in that day were limited. He was a hard driving 
Yankee whose great grandfather had walked to Bxmker Hill and 
the Boston Tea Party, He was used to a hard life on the battle- 
field and on the farm. He expected his young son to assijme 
responsibilities our own softer age would not consider suitable. 
At the age of ten young Dana was sent with a team of oxen and a 
load of boxlogs to Plymouth, some fifteen miles away, despite 
his mother's protests. This rxjgged education toughened his 
moral fibre for later more serious problems. When he was 
chased by a bull in his father's pasture, he turned, literally 
seized the bull by the horns, and made a flying but controlled 
esoap© to the other side of the wall. This trait of being able 
to stand up to a situation alone, if need be, and see it through 
made him a man to accept responsibility, self-assTired and 
determined. 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

His high regard for education was undoubtedly stimulated 
by his lasting respect and affection for some of his early 
Jreacherso His first one was Clara Josselyn Langill, who 
remembered him as the brightest boy she ever had in school, 
Mrs. Langill became the first woman school committee member. 
He was largely responsible for the naming of the L.Z.Thomas 
school on South Main Street, "Zelidy" as older people called 
him, was evidently a dynamic force in the lives of Hanson young 
fry of the l880's. Perhaps his best affection was reserved 
for Miss Lillian Lewis who taught him in the last years of 
Grammar school. She recognized his potential ability and gave 
him the task of assisting in teaching arithmetic to slcwer 
pupils in the hallway. It was she who encouraged him to dream 
of a higher education. While his parents were discussing this 
possibility, he stayed an extra year with Miss Lem s, then 
entered the third year of ViThitman High School, Although he had 
had no previous instruction in Latin, in a short while he was 
answering questions with the rest of the class. 

Many years later, with a family of his own to educate, 
he fovight long aad hard to keep the Town of Hanson from build- 
ing a High School of its own, which would have become, with its 
limited means, a second-rate school. He knew very well the 
necessity of a first-rate High School in the preparation of young 
people, especially if they went beyond secondary schooling. It 
was better by far to keep sending them to l^itman High School 
until the two tovms joined in building the present building. 



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Dana Moore Pcatt (Cont.) 

After a year at Thayer Academy, he entered Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology and graduated as a civil engineer with 
the ciasa of I892, His schedule for the day was a grueling one, 
for he had to do farm chores before he left in the morning and 
after he returned. More than once he fell asleep at the dinner 
table. After graduation he joined the firm of Henry P. Bryant 
in Boston, where he was rated "second to none". This Henry 
Fletcher Bryant was the son of William and Jane Bryant for 
whom Bryantville was named. 

He was married in I896 to Lucy Allen Luther who lived in 
the oldGurney home on the corner of Indian Head Street and 
Main, She was the daughter of Georgiana Gurney Luther, the 
second WDraan in towi to vote for school committee, the only 
possible voting a woman could do in those days. Her grandfather 
was Ebenezer Bourne Keene Gurney, an able and useful man who had 
been selectman for many years, a surveyor, and a lover of music. 
The Luther girls - Grace and Lucy - were in doubt for a little 
while as to ^ich one the young man was courting, f6r he spent 
most of his time doing algebra with Grace who was already a 
school teacher, 

Dana and Lucy Pratt had three children - Alan Luther, now 
of Rockland; Elizabeth Gurney (Josselyn) of Hingham; and 
Marjorie Dana Pratt who died at the age of 21, Their marriage 
proved to be a most successful one that lasted for fifty-two 
years, A few years before she died, she said simply that she 



Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

never could have fovmd anyone who wuuld have suited her any 
better. ''Jl/hen die died, he added the postscript, "She was 
sweet, and couldn't have been improved upon." The comfort 
surrounding any man's comings and goings has much to do vd. th 
his success in the outside world, but this v;as a mutual give 
and take. His masculine strength and purpose, his affectionate 
light-hearted manner could be co\Anted on at home. Unlike most 
busy professional men, he played as well as worked. As a 
young man he had dreamed of being a professional ballplayer, 
and so his children followed him on Saturday afternoons to the 
local ball games. He took the family on rides, played games 
with them, took them for vacations to the shore or for swimming 
in fresh water, and to the stock company plays at Mayflower 
Grove or to the movies. He had an uncommon knack for nonsense 
at home, and though he lacked musical sense, he was inclined 
to break out into a cl\irasy shuffle, accompanying his clattering 
feet with a ludicrous vocal rendition of "Tvirkey in the Straw", 

His proff essional obligations had taken him all over New 
England in the earlier years of his marriage, as well as to 
New Jersey, even Puerto Rico, and much of the time to New York 
and Long Island, He began to realize that he needed his family 
as his family needed him, not just occasional weekends, but 
regularly. He gave up his job and came back to Hanson with no 
Job in sight, and only his professional reputation and his con- 
fidence to be^in a new life. This kind of thinking was typical. 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

If he recognized what was right for him to do, he could about- 
face, not only in a major business move but in small personal 
matters. In preparation for business at home, he installed one 
of the first telephones in the neighborhood. When he left 
New York, he drove his first car home, after one driving lesson 
although he was absolutely devoid of any mechanical instinct. 
He substituted determination,. 

In school his weat subject had been public speaking, but 
when he began to join actively in Town Meeting discussions, 
he fovind he had plenty to say from his own business experience 
and gradually he learned to speak in public. 

Although he was appointed to various coimuittees, in 
connection with school situations, he held only two permanent 
offices, but tese he held for many years. He was elected Water 
Commissioner and served with Walter Calder and George Bowker 
for well over a decade. He was also made a trustee of the Pern 
Hill Q-eraetery and was secretary and treasurer for an equally 
long time. It was he who put the financial condition of the 
Cemetery Corporation on a sound basis. In fact, v/hatever he did, 
he did with his whole heart and head. 

He tried to enlist in the first World War as an engineer 
although he was ij.8 at the time. He was not accepted, although 
he was a rugged man of great vitality. Other men marvelled 
at the way he could tear throtigh the \mderbrush in the woody 
areas he surveyed. It was easy enough to get a place in the 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

compare of State G-uard organ i ed in Hanson under Dr. Conant, 
a retired minister with some military background. The men too 
young and those too old met for regular drilling thereafter 
and even went to Camp Devens for maneuvers. Some years after 
the VJar had ended, he disclosed casually one day to his family 
that he had been a secret service agent during the War, with 
the duty of making regular inspection trips to the i/ITheeler 
Reflector factory, at that time employed in making shells for 
ammunition* 

He made application at one time for a job as manager of a 
suburban town to the west of Boston. This was fruitless, but 
perhaps just as well. In his own town of Hanson it was once 
once said of him that in Town Meeting he was like the bell 
wether leading his flock, A man as outspoken and positive in 
opinions as he was inevitably makes enemies. There were many 
people wtio opposed him throughout the years, but as even some 
of his detractors might admit, they alsvays knew just where he 
stood, when it was a matter of the Town's best interest. 

Aware of the confusion in property ownership of lajrge 
tracts of land, he approached the Pembroke assessors about 
making a survey of the Town of Pembroke in yearly installments. 
The assessors knew they were losing revenue from unmapped 
acreage. Thereafter the Town of Pembroke voted $1,000,00 each 
year for maps until the w:. ole town had been surveyed. 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont. ) 

Over the years following lie mapped also the towns of 
Halifax, Hanson, East Bridgewater and Rockland, These maps 
were brought up to date each year as property changed hands, 
for the assessors were united in realizing the necessity of 
owning them. Knowing that these small towns were in very 
modest circumstances, he deliberately cut his price, so that 
they could afford to have the Assessors' maps. He figured at 
the end of that series of plans that he had mapped 70*000 
acres. During the height of his activity after he had settled 
down in Hanson, he was offered a chance to go to South America 
and make a survey for a copper mine for A. C. Burrage. Financi- 
ally this TTOuld have been an excellent opportvmity, but he turned 
it down, for he had made up his mind once and for all that his 
place was at home. His most ambitious job away from home at this 
time was engineering the construction of the HartiPord Fire 
Insurance Park, the hugh park in the center of the city. 

His social life, apart from visits with various members 
of his family and his in-laws was centered on the Sons of 
Veterans Meetings, He had begun his membership when the order 
was first started and so devoted to its original intent, and so 
constant in his attendance was he that when he was living in 
Brookline just after his marriage, he rode his bicycle from 
Brookline to Hanson feo attend some of the meetings. He served 
in various positions in the order; never missed Memorial Day 
observances whenever he washome. He was a member for well 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cent.) 

over fifty years. Only falling health at the last kept him 
from a meeting. He encoiiraged the members to get interested 
in informal debates on current political and historical ques- 
tions. It was only a step from this to extending this interest 
to the 8th Grade. At first, he gave a prize himself to the 
pupil who wrote the best essay on an historical subject. He 
tried to stimulate an equal interest in raathmatics. This 
didn't prove so popular, but the Sons of Veterans finally 
ass-uraed the responsibility for paying for the History prize 
until the Town took It over. It remains the Dana Pratt History 
prize. He was fond of reading American History; loved his 
native land Intensely; deplored the growing tendency of a 
large portion of the American public to expect something for 
nothing. He wanted to see people appreciate their country and 
be self-reliant. The political and moral philosophy of his 
generation of New Englanders was giving way to something less 
independent. He was not hesitant about denoxincing the trend. 
His passion for independent thought, not only for himself but 
others, as well as the fact that he had married Into a family 
of Independent women, made it easy for him to accept Woman 
Suffrage, The Sons of Veterans order was for him a vehicle 
for expressing his truly patriotic feeling. 

He was always Interested in youiig people, but he wanted 
them to play hard, work hard, study, make something of their 
native talents. He took uncommon &?ilns on occasions when he 
travelled the highway to Pembroke in the early morning and came 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

across boys and girls going to school. He to uld alv/ays give 
them a lift, unless the girls were ijnescorted by boys. Then he 
would drive by, for he didn't want those girls to think it 
would be all right for them to ride wfiith other strange men just 
because it would have been all right for them to ride with him, 
Plis interest in children extended to the little tots, viihose 
affections he often coiorted with Baker's Milk chocolate. 
His arrival in a home became synonymous many times with the 
appearance of the confection. He liked all animals; couldn't 
bear to see them caged; but he loved cats. His day closed with 
the cat in his lap; his shoes off and his feet in another chair; 
a glass of milk, a handful of crackers and either a detective 
story or a Western for a half hour or so of reading. For other 
diversion in odd moments on a winter day, he worked on a file 
of cards, which gave on each card the mileage from Hanson, size 
of the town, population and any other pertinent information. 

As a child he had been forced to go to Sunday School and 
church in an era when denominational demarcations were extremely 
narrow, and therefore important. Even if his work had not taken 
him well beyond such spiritual confinement, his innate love 
of freedom of thought and his fondness for many types of people 
certainly woxild have. To please tviro Protestant clergymen 
friends of his, he went to church on festival occasions, and 
always with the Sons of Veterans on Memorial Sunday, He s poke 
warmly, however, of a certain Monseigneiir in a Brighton Seminary, 
He was concerned only with a man's character. He "had no use" 



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Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

as he vrould reiterate for anyone or anything that seemed to him 
mean, avaricious, false or treacherous, 

Nor was he impressed by money or social position. He 
wanted always to have enough money to pay his bills and provide 
sufficiently for a decent living for his family, and for what- 
ever education they wanted, but he was never concerned with 
amassing a fortune. He mentioned once casually, as an inter- 
esting fact only, that he was a descendant of John Howland, 
the boy who was rescued after a dive - intentional or otherwise 
- from the good ship Mayflower, He had been a house guest of an 
executive of a national radio chain, but spoke as enthusiast icly 
of a boarding place in Carver, Massachusetts. 

Some people thought of him only as brusque and commanding, 
and to be sure, the dog in the house obeyed immediately when 
he heard his name spoken in that authoritative voice. So did 
his children. He was not a dishwashing hiisband, though he was 
ever ready to voice approval of his wife's accomplishments, so 
he didn't need to be doing dishes to impress her. 

Nothing was more typical of him than the manner of his 
living out the last days of his life. G-asping for breath he 
tried valiantly to give orders to two men working for him so 
that he could finish the s ix remiining jobs he had undertaken. 
After he had acquiesced to demands that he allow the visiting 
nurse to coem, he admitted ruefully that it had been "just 
stubborn pride". He prepared in those last days a newspaper 



Dana Moore Pratt (Cont.) 

notice which he wanted sent to the Boston Herald when he died, 
for he knew there would be people in Boston that would be 
interested in knowing. Then with a v/ry chuckle after a spasm 
of pain, he would say, "Now who wauld have thought I would 
go this way?" He had always expected that he v/ould die with 
his boots on. Death came 6n August 19, 194^ « He was 76 years 
old. 

It is now foxorteen years since that day, but the ineradi- 
cable imprint of his dynamic energy, his fearlessness, tempered 
with gentleness and good humor, but more especially his aware- 
ness of his responsibilities grows deeper with the years. His 
own deliberate choice as well as the chance of his birth had 
placed him in a humble spot, but the expanse of his own vnl- 
versal nature pushed aside those rural horizons. Just as 
professionally he had opened up hitherto uncharted areas for 
hvunan habitations, so in his social contacts, he opened up 
new vistas of attainment for those who really knew him. He 
would have like no better memorial than to be remembered by 
ambitious boys and girls when the DAM PRATT History prize 
is awarded. 



.ob'SAwja EX 



Mercer V» Tlllsoa 

Mr. Tlllsoa was born in Pembroke, October 19, 1837. He 
was one of the Minute Men of '61 and after his discharge re- 
enllsted on March 30, I86I4 In the Signal Corps, being dis- 
charged December 9, 1865. 

Besides his war record I^Ir, Tlllson leaves behind a 
memorial, which should always be associated with his name, in 
the form of the valuable maps, records of boundaries, etc. 
of the original town of Pembroke, all surveyed and worked 
out personally by Mr. Tlllson, who spared no effort to make 
all as near perfection as possible. 

All of the maps, accompanied by descriptions taken 
from colonial and town records, were presented to Cobb 
Library (1912). 

It is gratifying to knox^j that this fund of information, 
xjhich no one will ever collect again because of the labor 
involved, is to be preserved in a public institution where 
it will be available to all who are Interested in the early 
history of Hanson and Pembroke. 



Walter Damon 

Walter Damon, the oldest son of Elljaii and Phoebe Demon 
was born in Boston November 22, i860. His younger days were 
spent in Cleveladd, Ohio where his father had located in 
business. 






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Walter Damon (Cont.) 

About 1870 the family moved to South Hanson, his father's 
native place. 

Walter was a quiet unassuming boy, possessing gentleman- 
ly raannars and absolutely free from affectation. Though he 
liked to play boyish games with the others, that sometimes 
became a little rough, there was, through it all a natural 
refinement that stamped him as being of gentle birth and good 
training. There was nothing "stuck up" about him, the humblest 
pupil at the school was never looked down upon by Walter Damon. 

At Harvard he was a class mate of W. W. Bryant and Albert 
G. Burrage with whom he had a close friendship. 

In Hanson, he made his home in the house novj owned by 
Dr. Breil. He was interested in whatever made the community 
better and was closely identified with the life of the town 
which he served for several years as Chairman of the Select- 
men, Assessors and Overseers of the Poor. His popularity is 
shown by the unanimous vote which he received for Selectman 
and the very great regret with which the town received his 
resignation from office. 

He was Justice of the Peace for many years and also a 
civil engineer of repute. He might have attained distinc- 
tion as a lawyer but he chose to live quietly at his old 
home where his townsmen have had the benefit of his mental 
attainments and sound judgment. 



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HANSON FIRE DEPARTMENT 

Hanson fire department's first field day, August 29th, 
1908, was a financial and social success. 

The place selected for the affair was at Gushing' Corner, 
an ideal spot for the day's celebration. On the south side of 
the field a tent was erected from which ice crea, tonic, peanuts, 
etc, were dispensed to all who had the requisite nickles and 
dimes to spend. Souvenirs were hawked by boys in all parts of 
the field and found ready purchasers. By actual count there 
were six hundred persons present at one time in the afternoon. 

The hours were given over to a program of sports; the 
hundred yard dash, a fat man's race, putting the shot, hose 
coupling contest, a tug of war, a wheelbarrow race and three 
ball games. 

Elmer Benson of Whitman was the successful contestant in 
the hundred yard dash, winning a pair of fine shoes donated by 
B. P. Bowker & Company. Norman Ramsdell won the fat men's race, 
winning a derby hat donated by Oscar Johnson of Whitman. Boxes 
of cigars were the prizes for the winning teams in ball, tug of 
war and hose coupling. 

The third annual Field Day (1910) was held on the Burrage 
baseball field with the usual athletic sports and hose coupling 
contests. The department silver cup was the prize for the 
winning team of the ball game. This cup must be won three 
years in succession to be retained. 



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Hanson Fire Department (Cont.) 

Thanks is given to Mr. "Ben" P. Livermore, Chief Engineer 
of the department, for giving the boys of Hose Co. No. 2 the 
opportunity of having a new fire station in 1915. They were 
homeless so to speak and had no place to go. Meetings had to 
be held in Wampatuck Hall which was an added expense to the boys 
individually. The Fire boys, a volunteer department, have done 
much work and deserve much credit for their new home. The lot 
and foundation for Hose Company No. 3 was furnished by Mr. A.C. 
Burrage and members of Hose Company No. 3« The hoee house was 
furnished by the town. The lot, foundation, house and furniture 
at Hose Company No. 1 was furnished by members of Hose Company 
No. 1. 

The first annual report of the Fire Engineers of the Town 
of Hanson was contained in the Ninety-fourth Annual Town 
Report for the year ending 191I|. . 

It was submitted to the citizens of the town in order to 
show as clearly as possible what has been done by the town 
and what the members of these volunteer companies have done. 
The report was signed by Oliver Veo, Chief of the Fire 
iEnglneers, B. F. Livermore and E. ¥. Lane. 



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HANSON POLICE DEPARTH3NT 

Benjamin Barker was the first Constable recorded In the 
records of the Town. The first hundred years found many differ- 
ent men serving in the capacity of Constable. 

In 1893 it was voted at the Annual Town Meeting to choose 
two Constables, one for the north part of the town afld one for 
the south part. To the present day there are still two constab- 
les elected each year at the Town Election. 

In 1922 Constable John H. Ibbitson was appointed Chief of 
Police and served in the capacity until 19l|6 when the present 
Chief of Police, Kenneth N. MacKenzie, was appointed. 

The Department is under Civil Service. Modern police 
methods along with up-to-date means of radio communications 
and police equipment have greatly increased efficiency. 



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COPOTBIFEIT HALF DOLIARS 

Around 1930 parties interested in stamping silver half 
dollars out of heavy solid silverware rented a large barn on 
Holmes Street and started operations. 

First they built a false section across the rear end of 
the barn, constructing it so that anyone looking around, would 
t^ink they were looking at the end of the building. Behind this 
wall, they set up their stamping press, and started manufactur- 
ing good looking half dollars. 

The money-making operation lasted for quite some time - no 
one knows just how long - until the continuous purchasing of 
the secondhand silverware eventually caused the shopkeepers to 
become suspicious. They, in turn, reported the sales to the 
Federal Bureau of Intelligence, who evidently had been trying 
to trace the source of the counterfeit half dollars for some 
time. They quickly followed up the lead. 

It was the custom of the counterfeiters to take the 
train at North Hanson with a traveling bag filled with half 
dollars, distribute them around New York City, pick up the 
silverware for more stock and then return again to the quiet, 
country town of North Hanson. 

The Federal Bureau of Intelligence finally located the 
source of manufacturing, and with the aid of the Hanson Police 
Force, raided the barn, capturing the members of the counter- 
feiting enterprise. 






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MOONSHINE STILL 

There was a large, illegal alcohol distilling plant or 
"moonshine still" located off Hudson Street, Hanson in the year 
1923. It was situated about a half mile back from the street 
near a clear, crystal spring close by Poor Meadow River, 

The only means of transportation from this highway to 
this cleverly hidden plant was by ox cart. The sugar, grain, 
etc. used by the operators, were hauled from South Hanson by 
motor truck. 

After having operated successfully for some time, the con- 
tinuous hauling of heavy loads of supplies on Elm Street aroused 
the interest of Chief of Police, John H. Ibbitson. He decided 
to investigate the destination of this apparently large supply 
of material. It was not long before he discovered the eventual 
use to which it was being put. Chief Ibbitson contacted the 
Internal Revenue Bureau, the Chiefs of Police of East Bridge- 
water, and Whitman, and together they conducted a very success- 
ful raid. The still was operating at full capacity at the time 
of the raid, but it didn't take the officers long to slow this 
up. 

One of the partners escaped through the heavy underbrush, 
but the officers captured several of the operators, including 
a chemist who controlled the quality of the alcohol produced. 

The operators were prosecuted and the equipment confiscated 
by the officers for the Federal Government. 



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Moopshipe Sfclll (Copt.) 

Some of the alcohol fipally foupd its way ipto the radia- 
tors of quite a few of Hapson patives that followipg wipter, 
and the rumor went that it also helped check a few head 
colds. 



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SPLIT ROCK SPRING 

One of the most remarkable nattaral curiosities in this 
section is Split Rock: Spring. It lies not far from a 
quarter of amile directly back of Deacon George P. Stetson's 
home - now occupied by Mr. Edwin P. Crosman. 

Roughly its dimensions are, length - 33 ft; width - l8 ft; 
height - 9 ft. The split, nearly 13 inches in width runs 
lengthwise of the rock. It is clean cut and true as a die 
the entire length and depth with a graceful curve at one end. 

It is nearly in the center of Hanson with a natural spring 
of water only a few feet from the rock. A dipper is chained 
to the rock with which to drink from the crystallike unfailing 
supply of cold water. 

Nearby people of "the hill" found it a joy in dry seasons 
when their wells went dry. South Grammar School pupils delight- 
ed to carry their lunch there during the noon hour. Berry- 
pickers from Bill Thomas' blueberry pasture were greatly re- 
freshed as they stopped there on the way home from a day of 
picking. 

Charles Gushing made many entries in his diaries for the 
years 1858, '59, '60, '61 mentioning "Split Rock Spring" as a 
stopping place for a "cool drink of water" after a dusty vralk 
to church or to the cemetery. 



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HANSON'S FIRST WOMAN VOTER 

The first woman to brave a smoke filled room in order 
to cast a vote was Jane Rowland. 

When Jane walked into the hall, one by one, the feet 
came down from backs of chairs. It certainly took courage 
to cross that spittoon covered floor. 

The next year she persuaded Georgianna Luther to go 
with her. 

Thereafter, voting for school committee by women came 
more universal and spittoons began to disappear from the 
scene and smoking was re^eiated to the lower hall. 



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HEMRY COBB 

Mr. Cobb was born in Plympton February 3> I832. He 
lived in Halifax during the early part of Ms life, after- 
wards moving to Hanson. 

He followed the shoe trade until he was febout sixty 
years old, making shoes by hand in his little shop until 
the shoe business was transferred to the larger factories, 
when he went to work for the Commonwealth Shoe and Leather 
Company in Whitman. 

One day he had an argument with the foreman. The fore- 
man said "What are you having - one of your fits coming on, 

Cobb?" "Yes," said Cobb, "and it feels to me like the d 

one I ever had." Mr. Cobb wasn't seen for dust in a shoe 
factory after that. 

Some of the boys asked him if he hadn't anything to say 
when he was going out and these were his parting words. 

"Old Cobb has lost his Job, 
He's neither bright nor witty. 
He packed his kit almighty quick. 
And left for Forest City." 

Although Mr. Cobb lived within a stone's throw of the 
Congregational Church, he didn't go to church but once for 
over fifty years. However a more honest, upright and chari- 
table man never walked the streets of Hanson. 



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FRANK B0T3RNE 

A well known figure In North Hanson was Prank Bourne, 
He came to Hanson at the age of tvjelve and was identified, 
with the town for more the seventy-five years. 

He was a farmer and a progressive one for his day. 
Every year he planted a garden and if there was any new 
vegetable or flower to be had, he would secure It, delight 
in it, show it to his friends and share with them the product 
of his labors. 

In 1877 Mr. Bourne was elected to the Board of Select- 
men, Assessors and Overseers of the poor, where he served for 
several years. 



MISCELLANEOUS 




South Hanson Fire Deparlrnent 

Horse drawn Vehicle 

Bot1-om left: Edward Keene 

Top left: Norman MacKenzie 

Left to Right:Wili Thayer 

Angus Mac Le linn 
Irving Bryant 
Charles Burrell 
Fred Brown 
Ben Livermore 
James Lowery 
Sumner Josselyn 
John Ibbitson, driver 
Merritt Bates 

John Ibbitson 's horses, Fred and Dick 



MISCELLANEOUS 




Early Mol-or Vehicle of the 
Hanson Fire Dept. 



Left to right 

John Ibbitson, chief 
Roderick McCiellan 
Arthur G. Brown 
Ben Livermore 
Irvin Bryant 
Fred Brown, driver 



MISCELLANEOUS 




The breaking up of fhe Moon Shine Still 1923 
(Off Hudson St.) 
Left to right : 

Chief Leroy Phinney of Whitman P.D., Chief John Ibbitson of Hanson P.D,, 
Officer Fred R. Brown, Cyril Ibbitson, Franklin Phinney, Edwin Churchill 



MISCELLANEOUS 




»**♦;. 



Womens Christian Temperance Union 
(W. C. T. U.)3-level Drinking Fountain 

Presently located at Pembroke Herring Run 




This Early Hanson Resident (Box Turtle) 

dated 100 years ago, returned to this native location 

In time for the Civil War Centennial 1861 - 1961 



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f^ANSON PUR, ir.